Cactophagus LeConte

Anderson, Robert S., 2002, The Dryophthoridae of Costa Rica and Panama: Checklist with keys, new synonymy and descriptions of new species of Cactophagus, Mesocordylus, Metamasius and Rhodobaenus (Coleoptera; Curculionoi, Zootaxa 80, pp. 1-94: 22-23

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.156033

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6D9F45FE-587D-4161-A54E-DB83C10A112F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/01363A23-1468-5B49-FECC-F939FCBBEC1A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cactophagus LeConte
status

 

Genus Cactophagus LeConte 

Cactophagus LeConte 1876: 331  .

Phyllerythrurus Chevrolat 1885 a: 92  .

Paradiaphorus Chevrolat 1885 b: 287  . New synonymy.

Cactophagoides Champion 1910: 89  . New synonymy. Eucactophagus Champion 1910: 96  .

Type species: Sphenophorus validus LeConte 1858: 80  . Designation by monotypy.

This is a large tropical genus with about 60 described species. There are 28 species of Cactophagus  known from Costa Rica and 24 from Panama with 18 species shared between the two countries. The genus occurs from the southern United States to Argentina.

Herein I group all species that lack a lateral line on the aedeagus (with the exception of Rhodobaenus  species) as Cactophagus  . This includes the previously recognized genera Cactophagoides Champion  (with two described Costa Rican species) and Paradiaphorus Chevrolat  (with a single described Brazilian species). When the extent of variation within species of Cactophagus  is considered, it is quite clear that both forms are autapomorphic Cactophagus  . Were they to be considered distinct at the generic level then a further breakdown of remaining Cactophagus  species into a number of smaller genera would be necessary.

Species of Cactophagus  are associated generally with monocotyledons such as arums ( Araceae  ), orchids ( Orchidaceae  ), bromeliads (Bromeliadaceae), palms ( Arecaceae  ), and bananas ( Musaceae  ) but at least two species are associated with cacti ( Cactaceae  ). Adults of most species are diurnal. The genus was revised by Vaurie (1966, 1967). Immature stages were described by Anderson (1948).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Dryophthoridae

Loc

Cactophagus LeConte

Anderson, Robert S. 2002
2002
Loc

Cactophagoides

Champion 1910: 89
1910
Loc

Eucactophagus

Champion 1910: 96
1910
Loc

Phyllerythrurus

Chevrolat 1885: 92
1885
Loc

Paradiaphorus

Chevrolat 1885: 287
1885
Loc

Cactophagus

LeConte 1876: 331
1876