Estoloides perforata ( Bates, 1872 )

Santos-Silva, Antonio, Wappes, James E. & Galileo, Maria Helena M., 2018, Descriptions and synonymies in American Desmiphorini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae), Zootaxa 4375 (4), pp. 451-501: 453-454

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4375.4.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:557EA161-F356-4536-A0E0-34AF7A102234

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0380274E-FB08-3E1E-FCD1-2A96101DFE5D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Estoloides perforata ( Bates, 1872 )
status

 

On Estoloides perforata ( Bates, 1872) 

Estoloides perforata  was found to be the most common species in the collections examined. According to Bates (1872) (translated): “Similar to Esthlogena porosa  , but shorter and with tarsal claws divaricate as in Estola  . Dark, pubescence dark ocherous, frons, thorax and elytra coarsely, sparsely punctate, on the elytra slightly aligned, elytral apex rounded; pronotum not tuberculate; antenna black, antennomeres IV –XI with grayish basal ring; body beneath and legs with dense gray pubescence. Long. 4 ½ – 5 ½ lines [9.52–11.64 mm]. Male and female. Also found in Venezuela.” Examination of photographs of two syntypes show considerable difference in the dorsal punctation, see Fig. 9View FIGURES 1–12. 1 with dark areas irregularly surrounding the punctures (which we are considering the typical form of the species), versus Bezark (2017), which lacks them. Such differences indicate the type series of Estoloides perforata  may encompass more than one species. Only by examining all syntypes will it be possible to know if all of them belong to the same species. Until this happens it is not possible to designate a lectotype.

The most common variations found in E. perforata  are:

1. Dorsal pubescence from slightly grayish to orange; 2. Pronotal punctation from slightly fine to coarse; 3. Elytral punctation from slightly fine to coarse; 4. Pubescence on scutellum from distinctly contrasting with that on elytra to not contrasting, evenly covering entire surface to denser laterally (in this later case, central area with a small to large glabrous, or nearly so, area on center-basal region);

5. Antenna surpassing elytral apex by 2.5 to 4 segments in male, 1 to 2 segments in female; 6. Tarsi from entirely light to entirely dark.

A feature that best helps recognition of E. perforata  is the grayish pubescence on ventral side of the body, as well as on the sides of humerus, basal third of the epipleura (distinctly contrasting with remaining elytral pubescence), and sides of prothorax.

In summary, it is likely that E. perforata  is a complex of very similar species. However, if so, no character pointed out by Bates (1872, 1885), or Breuning (1940, 1974a), nor found by us, can consistently separate them.

Material examined. MEXICO, Chiapas: 1 km S Ocosingo , 3.VII.1986, Wappes, col. 1 male ( ACMT)  ; 1 male, 30.IX –01.X.1986, Wappes, col. (ACMT); 1 male, 2 females, 18.X.1988, Wappes, col. (ACMT); 1 male, 39 km S Palenque , 1.X.1986, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; Palenque Area , 1 male, 4.VII.1986, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; Parque Laguna Bélgica , 1 female, 5. VII.1 986, Giesbert col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA)  . HONDURAS, 10 km W Siguatepeque , 1 male, 22.V.1978, Giesbert col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA)  . Olancho: La Muralla National Park , 1 male, 1 female, 24–27.V.1995, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; 2 males, 1 female, 24–27.V.1995, Wappes col. (MZSP); 10 males, 3 females, 24.V.1995, Morris col. (RFMC); 1 male, 1.VI.1995, R. Turnbow col. (FSCA); 1 male, 2.VI.1995, R. Turnbow col. (FSCA). Atlántida: La Ceiba (C.U.R.L.A.), 1 female, 30.VIII.1984, C. W. O’Brien col. ( ACMT)  ; Lancetilla (golf course), 2 males, 1 female, 28.V.1993, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  ; ( Jardín Botánico ), 2 females, 6.XII.1995, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  . Comayagua: 9 km WSW Siguatepeque , 1 female, 2.XII.1995, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  . El Paraíso: El Portillo (Apaguis Mts.), 7 km S. Danli , 2 males, 3 females, 12.X.1993, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  . Copán: 27 km SW La Entrada , 1 male, 9.X.1993, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  ; 19 km SW Santa Rosa de Copan , 1 male, 7.X.1993, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  ; 1 male, 8.X.1993, F. Skillman col. (FWSC). Francisco Morazán: 4–17 km SE Danlí , 1 female, 27.XI.1995, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  . Santa Bárbara: El Merendón (lower slopes), 1 male, 10.X.1993, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  . Lempira: 30 km N Gracias , 2 males, 7.X.1993, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  ; Belén, 2 males, 1 female, 6.X.1993, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  . Intibucá  : 7 km W San Juan, 1 male, 3.XII.1995, R. Turnbow col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA)  . GUATEMALA, Baja Verapaz: Biotopo del Quetzal (ca. 5200’), 1 male, 25.V –1.VI.1989, Giesbert col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA); vic. Purulhá (1500 m)  , 1 male, 26.V.1997, Giesbert col. (FSCA); 6–9 km E Purulhá (ca. 5000’), 1 male, 15–24.IV.1990, Giesbert col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA). NICARAGUA, Nueva Segovia: Cerro Jesus (13º58’N / 86º10’W, 1300 m)GoogleMaps  , 1 female, 7–13.VI.2015, Wappes & Morris col. ( ACMT). Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur: Bluefields , 1 female, 11.VI.2002, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  . COSTA RICA, Heredia: Estación El Ceibo (10 km SE La Virgem , 450–550 m, 10º20’N / 84º05’W), 1 female, 7–14.IV.2003, E. G. Riley col. ( ACMT)GoogleMaps  . Cartago: La Suiza de Turrialba , 1 male, no date indicated, Pablo Schild col. ( MZSPAbout MZSP)  ; Turrialba , 1 female, 13.III.1970, no collector indicated ( MZSPAbout MZSP); (600 m)  , 1 female, 10.III.1970, V. Becker col. (MZSP). Puntarenas: Monteverde , 1 female, 6.8. I.1990, F. Skillman col. ( FWSC)  ; Punta Leona , 1 male, 29.VI –3.VII.2001, J. & A. Rifkind col. ( RFMC)  ; 1 male, 26.II.1987, Giesbert col. (FSCA); 1 male, 1 female, 11–14.IV.1981, Giesbert col. (FSCA); 1 female, 19–26.IV.1988, Giesbert col. (FSCA); 1 female, 11–13.V.1996, Giesbert col. (FSCA); 1 female, 29–31.XII.1979, Giesbert col. (FSCA); 1 male, 24.II.1987, Giesbert col. (FSCA); Las Alturas ( San Vito ), 2 males, 1 female, VI.1996, Giesbert & Hovore col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA)  . Guanacaste: La Fortuna Volcan (Miravalles, Cabro sector), 2 males, 26.VI.2001, J. & A. Rifkind col. ( RFMC)  . Alajuela: Albergue Heliconias (760 m), 1 male, 25–27.VI.2001, J. & A. Rifkind col. ( RFMC)  . PANAMA, Bocas del Toro  : 16 km W Chiriqui Grande, 1 male, 21–22.II.1999, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; 40 km W Chiriqui Grande, 1 female, 10.V.1999, Morris & Wappes col. ( RFMC)  . Chiriqui: Santa Clara (1540 m, Finca Hartmann , 08º50’34.8”N / 82º45’43.9”W), 1 female, 17–22.II.2012, Bezark col. ( MZSPAbout MZSP)GoogleMaps  ; 1 male, 1 female, 4–7.VII.1997, Morris & Wappes col. (RFMC); 4 km E Boqueti, 1 male, 16.V.1996, Wappes, Huether & Morris col. ( ACMT); Ojo de Agua ( Fca. Hartmann , 8.86159ºN / 82.74339ºW)GoogleMaps  , 1 female, E. G. Riley col. (ACMT); Cerro Punta Area , 1 female, 13.V.1981, Wappes col. ( RFMC)  . Coclé: El Valle , 1 male, 19.II.1999, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  . Colón: San Lorenzo Forest ( STRIAbout STRI, Crane site, 9º17’N / 79º58’W)GoogleMaps  , 1 male, 5–7.X.2003, F. Ødegaard col. (RFMC); 2 males, 1 female, 23.X.2003, F. Ødegaard col. (RFMC); 20 km E Portobello , 2 males, 2 females, 14–17.II.1999, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; 1 female, 14–17.II.1999, Wappes col. (MZSP); 1 male, 1 female, 24.II.1999, Wappes col. (ACMT); vicinity of Fort Sherman , 1 male, 24.II. 999, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; vicinity of Palenque , 1 male, 17.II.1999, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; 4.5 km NE Palenque , 1 male, 1 female, 25.II –4.III.1992, Giesbert col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA)  . Panama: 10 km E Canita , 1 male, 29.VI.1997, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; 25 km SE Canita on Corredor Sur (9.15321ºN / 78.69283ºW), 1 male, 9.VIII.2011, E. Riley col. ( MZSPAbout MZSP)GoogleMaps  ; Bayano distr. (2.5 km W Ipiti ), 1 female, 11–22.V.1996, Wappes, Huether & Morris col. ( ACMT)  ; Cerro Jefé (3000’), 1 female, 13.II.1999, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; (2200’), 1 male, 11–12.V.1996, Wappes, Huether & Morris col. (ACMT); Cerro Campana (2000’), 1 female, 10–20.V.1981, Wappes col. ( ACMT)  ; 2 males, 18–19.V.1984, Giesbert col. (FSCA); 17 km N El Llano , 1 female, 8.I.1983, Giesbert col. ( FSCAAbout FSCA)  ; 1 male, 1 female, 17.II.1987, Giesbert col. (FSCA). Veraguas: 2–5 km S Santa Fé , 1 female, 19.II.1999, Wappes col. ( MZSPAbout MZSP). 

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

STRI

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Cerambycidae

Genus

Estoloides

Loc

Estoloides perforata ( Bates, 1872 )

Santos-Silva, Antonio, Wappes, James E. & Galileo, Maria Helena M. 2018

2018
Loc

Estola

Fairmaire & Germain 1859

1859