Tubulanidae Bürger, 1904,

Kajihara, Hiroshi, 2006, Four palaeonemerteans (Nemertea: Anopla) from a tidal flat in middle Honshu, Japan, Zootaxa 1163, pp. 1-47: 3-4

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.2645302

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Tubulanidae Bürger, 1904


Family Tubulanidae Bürger, 1904  (1874)

Carinellidae McIntosh, 1874: 137  .

Tubulanidae Bürger, 1904a: 10  ; Bürger, 1897 –1907: 401, 402, 405. Nomenclatural remarks

In response to Melville’s (1986) proposal, ICZN (1988) ruled under Article 40b of the third edition of the Code (ICZN 1985) that the name Tubulanidae  has precedence over, but takes the date of, its senior subjective synonym Carinellidae  . In his proposal, Melville (1986) stated that the name Carinella trilineata  “has been regarded as a synonym of Tubulanus polymorphus  since at least 1905”, referring to Bürger (1897 –1907), and that the family Tubulanidae  “should be cited with the date ‘1905 (1874)’”. The ICZN’s ruling, basically following Melville’s proposal, states that “the name Tubulanidae Bürger, 1905  (1874) ... is hereby placed on the Official List of Family­Group Names in Zoology”.

Bürger’s ( 1897 –1907) book was published in six different parts, and Melville (1986) was correct in that the relevant part about the replacement of Carinellidae  with Tubulanidae  was published in 1905 (pp. 401, 402, 405). However, the name Tubulanidae  had already appeared prior to 1905 in Bürger (1904a). Thus the family name should be cited as “ Tubulanidae Bürger, 1904  (1874)”, with the date of priority being enclosed in parentheses in accordance with Recommendation 40A of the Code (ICZN 1985, 1999).

Genus Carinina Hubrecht, 1885 

Carinina Hubrecht, 1885: 830  .

Procarinina Bergendal, 1902a: 422  , synonymised by Hylbom (1957).

Type species Carinina grata Hubrecht, 1887  , by monotypic designation; first mentioned in Hubrecht (1885) but with no specific epithet given.


Brain and lateral nerve cords situated in epidermis; body­wall musculature consisting of outer circular, diagonal (occasionally), longitudinal, and inner circular muscle layers; longitudinal muscle plate present between rhynchocoel and alimentary canal; rhynchocoel wall consisting only of circular muscle layer in many species, but is occasionally composed of thin inner longitudinal muscle layer and outer layer of interwoven longitudinal and circular muscle fibres; excretory organs with gland­like anterior parts in close connection with lateral blood vessels, nephridial canals running posteriorly from the gland­like portions inside body­wall inner circular muscle layer, at their rear turning at right angles towards body surface to open at an excretory pore; two proboscis nerves extend forward from ventral commissure of brain, entering rhynchodaeum in tip of head; no eyes.










Tubulanidae Bürger, 1904

Kajihara, Hiroshi 2006

Tubulanidae Bürger, 1904a : 10

Burger, O. 1904: 10


Hubrecht, A. A. W. 1885: 830


Bergendal, D. 1902: 422