Stagmatoptera binotata Scudder, 1869

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques, 2016, Taxonomic revision of Stagmatoptera Burmeister, 1838 (Mantodea: Mantidae, Stagmatopterinae), Zootaxa 4183 (1), pp. 1-78: 8-14

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4183.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0E576DCD-49EB-47DD-9CF2-14F3941BA0B5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03826A4A-FF99-FFA8-05B4-FA7373D8177E

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Plazi

scientific name

Stagmatoptera binotata Scudder, 1869
status

 

Stagmatoptera binotata Scudder, 1869 

Male—Figures 2A, 3A, 5A, 7A, 9A, 11A, 13A –19A. Female—Figures 2B, 4A, 6A, 8A, 10A, 12A, 20A –22A.

Stagmatoptera binotata Scudder, 1869  , p.341 (descr.); Saussure, 1871b, p. 94 (cit.); Westwood, 1889, p.16 (cit.); Kirby, 1904, p.300 (cit.); Rehn, 1911, p.12 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1914, p. 29 (redesc.); Werner, 1925a, p.166 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1927, p.596 (redesc.); Beier, 1930, p.31 (cit.); Jantsch & Corseuil, 1988, p.233 (cit.); Terra, 1995, p.64 (cit.); Ehrmann, 2002, p.328 (cit.); Agudelo et al., 2007, p.125 (cit.); Ehrmann & Koçak, 2009, p.11 (cit.).

= Mantis (S.) rogatoria Burmeister, 1838  non M. rogatoria Stoll, 1813  , p. 540 (descr.); De Haan, 1842, p.74 (cit.).

= Stagmatoptera rogatoria, Saussure, 1870  , p. 231 (cit.); Rehn, 1904, p.571 (cit.); Kirby, 1904, p.300 (syn. with S. praedicatoria  ).

= Stagmatoptera praedicatoria Saussure, 1870  , p.232 (descr.); Saussure, 1871, p.92, t.1, f.10 (cit.); Stål, 1877, p.72 (cit.); Westwood, 1889, p.16, t.4, f.6 (cit.); Rehn, 1904, p.571 (syn. w/ S. rogatoria  ); Kirby, 1904, p.300 (cit.); Rehn, 1911, p.12 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1914, p. 29 (syn. with S. binotata  ).

Syntypes. 1♂ and 1♀, Napo River or Marañon River (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University) (not examined).

Type locality. Napo River or Marañon River.

Synonym types. Syntype of S. praedicatoria  , 1♀, Alto Amazon., M. Brunner d. W. (MHNG) (examined). Syntype of S. praedicatoria  , 1♂, Manaus, [AM], M. Brunner d. W. (MHNG) (examined).

Diagnosis. Prothorax strongly crenulated in both sexes, femoral internal spot triangular, nitid black.

Redescription. Male —Prothorax slender, lateral margins with strong crenulation. Metazona with a conspicuous central keel ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 A). Forecoxae with 6–13 large spines, which alternate with 2–10 smaller spines ( Fig.7View FIGURE 7 A). Forefemora slender, the first three discoidal spines black on their anterior surface; 11–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15, the first and all large spines black on their anterior surface; the 8th, 10th and 12th spines may feature a small black spot on their insertion. Anterior femoral spot extending from femoral groove to the 6th anteroventral spine, triangular and nitid black color ( Fig. 9View FIGURE 9 A). Foretibiae with 9–12 posteroventral spines, usually 10 or 11 and 12–17 anteroventral spines, usually 15; tibial spur black on its anterior surface ( Fig. 11View FIGURE 11 A). Foretarsi with black apical spots on the anterior surface of tarsomeres I –IV. Discoidal area of forewings opaque-green, becoming either gradually or suddenly hyaline towards the posterior end. Spot on stigma circular, medium sized, reaching the middle of discoidal area, with a crescent-shaped white spot surrounded by a circular brown spot and in the center a small semi-hyaline region. Discoidal and anal areas of hindwings completely hyaline or hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins of the anterior-most halves ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 A).

Genitalia. Left phallomere longer than wide, sclerite L4B approximately as long as wide; apical process (paa) elongated, slightly dilated on the left side of its base, angled approximately 45° from the body axis, apex expanded and bilobate, directed ventrally ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 A); distal process (pda) long, broad, flattened, sharply bent 90° to the right, apex strongly sclerotized and slightly tapered ( Fig. 16View FIGURE 16 A); apofisi falloid (afa) elongated, parallel to the body axis ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 A), right margin smooth and sinuous ( Fig. 15View FIGURE 15 A), posterior apex simple and undivided, slightly rough surface and moderately sclerotized, anterior apex bent 90° to the right, left margin becoming progressively more sclerotized towards the apex ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 A); Membranous lobe (loa) elongated and straight ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 A); membrane adjacent to the afa glabrous ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 A). Right phallomere with posterior apex rounded; Medial arm (bm) short, with the apex slightly expanded making a gentle elevation ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17 A); Ventral plate ( pia  ) elongated, moderately sclerotized ( Figs. 18View FIGURE 18 A –19A); Ventral process (pva) elongated, moderately sclerotized, apex rounded ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A); Anterior apodeme (an) elongated, apex smoothly rounded ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 A).

Measurements. Body length: 70.1–81; head width: 6.5–7.3; prozona length: 4.4–5.3; metazona length: 22.2–26.5; prothorax width: 4.5–5.5; forecoxae length: 12.2–15.7; forefemora length: 14.7–18.1; forefemora width: 2.2–2.7; foretibiae length: 6.6–8.1.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.29–1.57; metazona/prozona: 4.52–5.1; metazona length/prothoracic width: 4.44–5.3; metazona/forecoxae: 1.64–1.82; forefemora length/width: 6.22–7.17.

Female —Prothorax slender, lateral margins with strong crenulation. Metazona with conspicuous central keel ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A). Forecoxae crenulated, with 6–15 large spines, which alternate with 4–13 smaller spines ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8 A). Forefemora elongated and slender, the first three discoidal spines black on their anterior surface; 14–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15, the first spine and all the large spines black on their anterior surface, the 8th, 10th and 12th spines may present a small black spot on their insertion. Anterior femoral spot extending from the femoral groove to the 6th anteroventral spine, triangular and nitid black color ( Fig. 10View FIGURE 10 A). Foretibiae with 9–12 posteroventral spines, usually 10 or 11, and 14–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15; tibial spur black on the anterior surface ( Fig. 12View FIGURE 12 A). Foretarsi with black apical spots on the anterior surface of tarsomeres I –IV. The spot on the stigma circular, medium sized, reaching the middle of the discoidal area, with a crescent-shaped white spot surrounded by a circular brown spot and in the center a small semi-hyaline region. Costal area of the hindwings hyaline, discoidal and anal areas hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 B).

Genitalia. Base of gonapophysis VIII projecting inwards ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 A); Basivalvula (bv) roughly rectangular, anterior internal margins curving outwardly ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 A), all the internal surfaces sculpted ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 A); Interbasivalvula (ib) weakly sclerotized ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 A); Posterolateral extensions (pe) elongated, weakly sclerotized, with smooth margins ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 A); Sclerite on the dorsal wall of genital papilla (gs) almost membranous, smooth ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 A); Laterosternal shelf (ls) oval, posterior process short, triangular ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 A).

Measurements. Body length: 78.4–96.1; head width: 8.1–9.6; prozona length: 6.1–7.8; metazona length: 28.4–35.8; prothorax width: 6.7–8.3; forecoxae length: 17.8–22.3; forefemora length: 21.1–26.3; forefemora width: 3.2–4.4; foretibiae length: 9.2–11.9.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.12–1.26; metazona/prozona: 4.14–4.78; metazona length/prothoracic width: 3.95–4.44; metazona/forecoxae: 1.47–1.66; forefemora length/width: 5.89–7.12.

Remarks. Scudder described Stagmatoptera binotata  in 1869 based on one specimen most likely collected from Peru. Since then this species has been collected in several other localities across the Amazon rainforest. However, two specimens from the MCTP collection have labels indicating localities witin Rio Grande do Sul state, in Brazil, far from the Amazon. These records are dubious, because it is very likely that these specimens are mislabeled.

Distribution. Brazil (Amapá, Amazonas, Pará, Rio Grande do Sul [?], Rondônia), French Guiana, Peru.

Examined material. BRAZIL: Rio Purus , 1904, J.A. Martins-Barbosa, 1♀ ( MNHN)  ; Amapá—Alto Amapari, vii-viii.1959, J. Lane, 1♂ (MZSP). Serra do Navio , xi.1964, E. Dente col., 1♀ ( MZSP)  ; Amazonas—Benjamin Constant , v.1961, Dirings col., 1♂ 1♀ ( MZSP)  . B. Constant, 19.viii.1984, J. Kuhn, 1♂, 1224 (MCTP). B. Constant, 1983, J. Kuhn, 1♂, 0 726 (MCTP). Benj. Const. 13.viii.1980, J. Maia leg., 1♀, 0 534 (MCTP). Benj. Const., 17.i.1983 [?], J. Kuhn, 1♀, 0 725 (MCTP). Benj. Const., 07.ix.1979, A. Maia leg., 1♂, 0 0 99 (MCTP). Paxiúba, Rio Abacaxis, Borba , 04°28’48”S 58°34’24”W, 02-04.vi.2008, J.A. Rafael e equipe, 1♂ ( INPA)GoogleMaps  . Paraná de Urariá, Fortaleza , 24.ii.1972, EPA [Expedição Permanente da Amazônia], 1♂ ( MZSP)  .

Humaitá , ix.1980, Andrade col., 1♀ ( MZSP)  . Estirão da Preta, Rio Liberdade, Ipixuna , 07°21’46,7”S 71°52’07,1”W, 11-15.v.2011, J.A. Rafael, D. Takiya, A. Somavilla & A. Agudelo, 1♀ ( INPA)GoogleMaps  . Est. Mn., CEPLAC, Itacoatiara , 06.v.1976, Eduardo col., 1♂ ( INPA)  . Resev Unini, Rio Unini, Manapana , 01°53’18”S 62°27’46”W, 11- 12.vi.2004, A. Silva F. & L. Aquino, 1♂ ( INPA)GoogleMaps  . C1 ASA Manaus , 12.iii.1986, P.E. Gonçalves col., 1♀ ( INPA)  . Campus INPA, Manaus , 22.iii.1988, Celia col., 1♀ ( INPA)  . Campus INPA, Manaus , 08.iv.1988, da Silva, B.M. col., 1♀ ( INPA)  . Vale do Sol II, Aleixo, Manaus , 29.iii.1986, Vera Lucia L. Lima col., 1♀ ( INPA)  . Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Manaus , 02°55’51”S 59°58’59”W, floresta úmida, 06-10.iii.2007, L.M. Fusari leg., 1♀ ( INPA)GoogleMaps  . São Lázaro, Manaus , 08.v.1988, Leite, S.S. col., 1♀ ( INPA)  . Um Est Amo 1 km 60, Res Camp , 05.iv.1976, Germano G. Neto, 1♀ ( INPA)  ; Pará—PA, Schulz, 1♂ (MHNG). Tipo de S. rogatória  , PA, 1♀ (ZMB). PA, 2♀ (ZMB). Belém , 16.ii.1983, A.L. Henriques, 1♀ ( INPA)  . Capitão Poço , 26.ii.1978, P. Tadeu, 1♂ ( MZSP)  . Liverpool, Foz do Taipuru , 12.xi.1969, EPA [Expedição Permanente da Amazônia], 1♂ ( MZSP)  . Santo Antonio de Tauá, PA, 5-15.x.1979, Michel Boulard rec., 1♂ (MNHN); Rio Grande do Sul—Nova Petrópolis , 24.iii.1979, V. Lima leg., 1♀, 0 439 ( MCTP)  . Porto Alegre , 03.iv.1980, E. Acauan leg., 1♂, 0 0 91 ( MCTP)  ; Rondônia—Porto Velho , 28.ix.1979, J. Campbell, 1♂ ( INPA)  . FRENCH GUIANA: Env. St. Georges Oyapok, 1900, F. Geay, 3♂ ( MNHN)  . Route de Régina, 1984, Piège lumineux, S. Boucher, 1♂ (MNHN). PERU: Estiron, Rio Ampiyacu   , Loreto, 15-22.v.1966, B. Malkin col., 1♀ ( MZSP)  . Jenaro Herrera, 4°55’S 73°40’WGoogleMaps  , Loreto, ix.1987, Piège lumineux, G. Couturier col., 1♂ ( MNHN)  . Estiron, Rio Ampiyacu , Loreto, xii.1982, S. Poulain rec., 2♂ ( MNHN)  . Estiron, Chemin de Paucar, Rio Ampiyacu , Loreto, xii.1983, Forêt primaire non inondable, C. Amedegnato & S. Poulain rec., 2♂ ( MNHN)  .

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Mantodea

Family

Mantidae

Genus

Stagmatoptera

Loc

Stagmatoptera binotata Scudder, 1869

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques 2016
2016
Loc

Stagmatoptera rogatoria

Saussure 1870
1870
Loc

Stagmatoptera praedicatoria

Saussure 1870
1870
Loc

Stagmatoptera binotata

Scudder 1869
1869
Loc

Mantis (S.) rogatoria

Burmeister 1838
1838
Loc

M. rogatoria

Stoll 1813
1813