Stagmatoptera supplicaria ( Burmeister, 1838 )

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques, 2016, Taxonomic revision of Stagmatoptera Burmeister, 1838 (Mantodea: Mantidae, Stagmatopterinae), Zootaxa 4183 (1), pp. 1-78: 60-69

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4183.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0E576DCD-49EB-47DD-9CF2-14F3941BA0B5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03826A4A-FFA5-FFE1-05B4-F93D71F51313

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stagmatoptera supplicaria ( Burmeister, 1838 )
status

 

Stagmatoptera supplicaria ( Burmeister, 1838) 

Male—Figures 32F, 34F, 36F, 38F, 40F, 42F –48F, 56A. Female—Figures 33E, 35E, 37E, 39E, 41E, 49E –51E, 56B.

Mantis (Acontistes) supplicaria Burmeister, 1838  , p.542 (descr.).

Mantis supplicaria, Charpentier, 1844  , p.303 (cit.).

Stagmatoptera supplicaria, Saussure, 1871b  , p.94, t.1, f.11 (redesc.); Stål, 1877, p.72; Westwood, 1889, p.16 (cit.); Kirby, 1904, p.299 (cit.); Rehn, 1911, p.12, t. 5 f. 5 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1914, p.26 (redesc.); Werner, 1925a, p.166 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1927, p.595 (redesc.); Terra, 1995, p.65 (cit.); Ehrmann, 2002. p.330 (cit.); Agudelo et al., 2007, p.126 (cit.); Ehrmann & Koçak, 2009, p.12 (cit.).

Mantis precaria Linnaeus, 1758 de Stoll, 1787  , p.51, t.17, f.62 (descr.); Saussure, 1869, p. 67 (cit.); Saussure, 1870, p. 232 (cit.)—misidentification.

= Mantis hyalina De Geer, 1773 de Burmeister, 1838  , p.532—misidentification (redesc.).

= Mantis flavipennis Audinet Serville, 1839  , p.182 (descr.); De Haan, 1842, p.74 (cit.).

= Stagmatoptera flavipennis, Giglio-Tos, 1914  , p.27 (redesc.); Giglio-Tos, 1927, p.595 (redesc.); Beier, 1930, p.31 (cit.); Terra, 1995, p.64 (cit.); Ehrmann, 2002, p.328 (cit.); Agudelo et al., 2007, p.125 (cit.); Ehrmann & Koçak, 2009, p.12 (cit.).

Stagmatoptera abdominalis (Olivier, 1792) Werner, 1925a  , p.167 (redesc.); Jantsch, 1994, p.160, f.1-7 (redesc.)—misidentification.

Type: Unknown.

Type locality. Unknown.

Diagnosis. Spot on the stigma of males with a brown stripe and a small brown spot, spot on the stigma of the females a large oval spot almost reaching the margin of the discoidal area.

Redescription. Male —Antennomeres serrate. Prothorax slender, lateral margins slightly crenulated on the prozona, smooth on the metazona. Metazona with a weakly marked central keel ( Fig. 34View FIGURE 34 F). Forecoxae with 5–11 large spines, which alternate with 0–11 smaller spines ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 F). Forefemora slender, the first three discoidal spines black on their anterior surface; 15–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15, the first spine and all the large spines black on their anterior surface, the 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th spines may present a small spot of the same coloration on their insertion, the 15th spine presents a large spot of the same coloration that extends to the femoral brush. Anterior femoral spot extending from the femoral groove to the 6th spine, rectangular, starting dark on the groove and fading towards the apex of the femora ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 F). Foretibiae with 10–13 posteroventral spines, usually 12, and 13–17 anteroventral spines, usually 15; tibial spur and the spine before it black on their anterior surface, the tibiae have a black spot on the middle of their anterior surface ( Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 F). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior and posterior surface of the tarsomeres I to IV, and a basal black spot on the anterior surface of tarsomere I. Discoidal area of the forewings hyaline, or hyaline with a narrow opaque-green stripe anteriorly after the stigma. Spot on the stigma medium sized, with a distal brown stripe and a proximal brown spot. Hindwings completely hyaline ( Fig. 56View FIGURE 56 A).

Genitalia. Left phallomere longer than wide; sclerite L4B longer than wide; paa elongated, slightly dilated on the left side of its base, angled approximately 45° from the body axis, afterwards curving to the left, apex simple, directed ventrally ( Fig. 42View FIGURE 42 F); pda short, narrow, bent to the right, apex strongly sclerotized, tapered ( Fig. 45View FIGURE 45 F); afa short, parallel to the body axis ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 F), right margin smooth, slightly sinuous ( Fig. 44View FIGURE 44 F), posterior apex tumid, rugged, sclerotized, with two projections, one on the right margin and the other apical, anterior apex bent to the right, margins sclerotized, tumid, without forming a groove ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 F); loa short, bent to the right ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 F); membrane adjacent to afa glabrous ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 F). Right phallomere with the posterior apex angular; bm short with a gentle expansion on the middle ( Fig. 46View FIGURE 46 F); pia  short, strongly sclerotized ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 F –48F); pva short, sclerotized, rectangular apex ( Fig. 48View FIGURE 48 F); an elongated, apex smoothly rounded ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 F).

Measurements. Body length: 63.5–86.9; head width: 7.1–8.5; prozona length: 4–5.1; metazona length: 17.1–24.6; prothorax width: 4.6–6.1; forecoxae length: 11.8–15.1; forefemora length: 13.7–17.5; forefemora width: 2.4–3.3; foretibiae length: 6.5–8.8.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.3–1.77; metazona/prozona: 4.17–5.5; metazona length/prothoracic width: 3.9–5.05; metazona/forecoxae: 1.41–1.69; forefemora length/width: 5.24–6.33.

Female —Prothorax slender, lateral margins slightly crenulated. Metazona with a weakly marked central keel ( Fig. 35View FIGURE 35 E). Forecoxae with 7–16 large spines, which alternate with 4–12 smaller spines ( Fig. 37View FIGURE 37 E). Forefemora slender, the first three discoidal spines black on their anterior surface; 14–17 anteroventral spines, usually 15, the first spine and all the big spines black on their anterior surface, the 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th spines may present a small spot of the same coloration on their insertion, the 15th spine presents a large spot of the same coloration that extends to the femoral brush. Anterior femoral spot extending from the femoral groove to the 6th spine, rectangular, starting dark on the groove and fading towards the apex of the femora ( Fig. 39View FIGURE 39 E). Foretibiae with 11–12 posteroventral spines, and 14–17 anteroventral spines, usually 15; tibial spur and the spine before it black on their anterior surface, the tibiae have a black spot on the middle of their anterior surface ( Fig. 41View FIGURE 41 E). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior and outer surface of the tarsomeres I to IV, and a basal black spot on the anterior surface of tarsomere I. Spot on the stigma oval, large sized, almost reaching the margin of the discoidal area, with an anterior white spot, a proximal dark-brown spot and a postero-lateral light-brown spot. Costal area of the hindwings hyaline, discoidal and anal areas yellow, their margins hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins ( Fig. 56View FIGURE 56 B).

Genitalia. Base of the gonapophysis VIII projecting inwards ( Fig. 49View FIGURE 49 E); bv roughly triangular, internal margins dilated ( Fig. 49View FIGURE 49 E), the inner surface sculpted ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 E); ib sclerotized, sculpted ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 E); pe elongated, sclerotized, with smooth margins ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 E); gs sclerotized, smooth ( Fig. 51View FIGURE 51 E); ls rectangular, posterior process short, conical ( Fig. 51View FIGURE 51 E).

Measurements. Body length: 71.6–93.3; head width: 9.3–10; prozona length: 6–7.2; metazona length: 25.8–32.1; prothorax width: 6.5–8.4; forecoxae length: 17.3–20.2; forefemora length: 19.8–23; forefemora width: 3.8–4.5; foretibiae length: 9.1–11.1.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.19–1.45; metazona/prozona: 3.84–5.02; metazona length/prothoracic width: 3.6–4.65; metazona/forecoxae: 1.41–1.65; forefemora length/width: 5.07–5.85.

Remarks. Stagmatoptera supplicaria  was described by Burmeister (1838) based on the description and illustrations presented by Stoll (1787, 1813). Audinet-Serville (1839) described S. flavipennis  based on the same description and illustrations. This situation prompted Kirby (1904) to synonymize both species under the name S. supplicaria  . However, Giglio-Tos (1914, 1927) disagreed with Kirby (1904) and distinguished both species on the basis of certain differences in the shape of the apex of the female forewings and the coloration of male forewings. After examining specimens attributed to both species we concluded that these differences are insufficent to warrant a separation into two different species. Therefore, we reinstate the synonymy first proposed by Kirby (1904). Stagmatoptera supplicaria  exhibits marked sexual dimorphism in the spot on the stigma and, like S. binotata  , it is widepread in the Amazon rainforest.

Distribution. Bolivia, Brazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela.

Examined material. BOLIVIA: Sara , 750m, J. Steinbach S.V., 1♀ ( ZMBAbout ZMB)  . BRAZIL: Hamburgo / Magdalena [?], 800m, 1♀ ( ZMBAbout ZMB)  ; Amazonas—Manaus , 11.vi.1976, J.M. Santos, 1♂ ( MCTPAbout MCTP)  ; Pará—H. de Saussure, 1♂ (MHNG). Tucurui, Bagagem , 04.viii.1980, eq. Nunes de Mello, 1♂ ( INPAAbout INPA)  . COLOMBIA: Alto Rio Opon, Santander del Sur , 1400m, 14.ii.1949, Prof Richter, 1♂ ( NHMWAbout NHMW)  . Alto Rio Opon, Santander del Sur , 800- 900m, i.1950, Prof Richter, 1♀ ( NHMWAbout NHMW)  . Upin, Südamerika, 1♂ (ZMB). ECUADOR: Stat. rech. Yasuni, cflt. rios Tiputini / Tivacuno , Napo, forêt de plateau/lisiéres, 05-15.ii.1995, S. Poulain rec., 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . FRENCH GUIANA: 1♀ ( ZMBAbout ZMB)  . 2♀ (MHNG). [?] de Géographie, 1913, M. Guitton [?], 1♀ (MNHN). 1900-1901, 1♀ (MNHN). Charvein , ii.1914, R. Benoist, 1♀ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . Maroni, 1903, F. Geay, 1♀ (MNHN). Nouveau Chantier, 2♀ (MNHN). [Barrage] Petit Saut , lumière, 10.ii.1994, P.E. Roubrandt, 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . Route de Kaw, PK33, ii.1985, G. Tavakilian rec., 1♂ (MNHN). Route de Régina, PK79, 15.ii.1994, L. & A. Sénégaux, 1♂ (MNHN). St- Jean-du-Maroni, iv-v.1914, R. Benoist, 1♀ (MNHN). St-Jean-du-Maroni, 1914, R. Benoist, 1♀ (MNHN). St. Laurent du Maroni , 1♀ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . St-Laurent-du-Maroni, v.1919, 1 ♂ (MNHN). Station Saut Pararé, Réserve Naturelle des Nouragues , 40 m, Régina , 18.ix.2009, 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . PERU: Iquitos , [Loreto], 12-16.viii.1988, Beaudouin leg., 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . Rio Ampiyacu , Loreto, 1♀ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . SURINAME: H. de Saussure, 1♀ ( MHNGAbout MHNG)  . TRINIDAD & TOBAGO: Trinidad, 1♂ ( ZMBAbout ZMB)  . VENEZUELA: Sawariapo, Alto Orinoco , viii.1946, René Lichy, 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . Yavita , Amazonas, ix.1947, René Lichy, 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  .

ZMB

Museum f�r Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Mantodea

Family

Mantidae

Genus

Stagmatoptera

Loc

Stagmatoptera supplicaria ( Burmeister, 1838 )

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques 2016

2016
Loc

Stagmatoptera abdominalis

(Olivier, 1792) Werner 1925

1925
Loc

Stagmatoptera flavipennis

Giglio-Tos 1914

1914
Loc

Stagmatoptera supplicaria

Saussure 1871

1871
Loc

Mantis supplicaria

Charpentier 1844

1844
Loc

Mantis flavipennis

Audinet Serville 1839

1839
Loc

Mantis (Acontistes) supplicaria

Burmeister 1838

1838
Loc

Mantis hyalina

De Geer, 1773 de Burmeister 1838

1838
Loc

Mantis precaria

Linnaeus, 1758 de Stoll 1787

1787