Stagmatoptera reimoseri Beier, 1929

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques, 2016, Taxonomic revision of Stagmatoptera Burmeister, 1838 (Mantodea: Mantidae, Stagmatopterinae), Zootaxa 4183 (1), pp. 1-78: 51-56

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4183.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0E576DCD-49EB-47DD-9CF2-14F3941BA0B5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03826A4A-FFAC-FF9D-05B4-FA6671241506

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stagmatoptera reimoseri Beier, 1929
status

 

Stagmatoptera reimoseri Beier, 1929 

Male—Figures 32D, 34D, 36D, 38D, 40D, 42D–48D, 54A. Female—Figures 33C, 35C, 37C, 39C, 42C, 49C–51C, 54B.

Stagmatoptera hyaloptera, Perty, 1832 in Werner, 1925b  , p.382—misidentification (redescr.). Stagmatoptera reimoseri Beier, 1929  , p. 252 (descr.); Ehrmann, 2002, p.330 (cit.); Agudelo et al., 2007, p.126 (cit.); Ehrmann & Koçak, 2009, p.12 (cit.).

Holotype: 1♂, Santa Sofia , Paraguay, 1908, Reimoser leg. ( NHMWAbout NHMW) (examined). 

Paratypes: 1♀, Santa Sofia , Paraguay, 1908, Reimoser leg. ( NHMWAbout NHMW) (examined)  ; 1♀, San Luis , Paraguay, 1908, Reimoser leg. (not examined)  ; 1♀, São Paulo (not examined). 

Type locality. Santa Sofia , Paraguay. 

Diagnosis. Spot on the stigma in both sexes with an anterior white spot and two lateral brown spots that may or may not reach each other, prothorax broad and short, forecoxae almost reaching the mesothorax, frontal shield with four carinae in both sexes.

Redescription. Male —Frontal shield with four carinae. ( Fig. 32View FIGURE 32 D). Prothorax short, broad, lateral margins slightly crenulated on the prozona, smooth on the metazona. Metazona with a weakly marked central keel ( Fig. 34View FIGURE 34 D). Forecoxae with 5–8 large spines, which alternate with 0–5 smaller spine ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 D). Forefemora elongated and broad, the first three discoidal spines dark on their anterior surface; 14–15 anteroventral spines, usually 15, the first spine and all the big spines dark on the anterior surface, the 10th and the 12th spines may present a small spot of the same coloration on their insertion. Anterior femoral spot extending from the femoral groove to the 8th internal spine, rectangular, an effaced black color that may be a little stronger on the base of the spines ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 D). Foretibiae with 9–11 posteroventral spines, usually 11, and 14–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15; tibial spur green on its anterior surface ( Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 D). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior surface of the tarsomeres I to IV.

Discoidal area of the forewings with an opaque-green stripe anteriorly, gradually or suddenly becoming hyaline. Spot on the stigma medium sized, with an anterior white spot and two lateral brown spots, posteriorly open. Hindwings hyaline ( Fig. 54View FIGURE 54 A).

Genitalia. Left phallomere longer than wider; sclerite L4B longer than wider; paa elongated, slightly dilated on the left side of its base, straight, the tip bent 45° to the left, apex simple, directed ventrally ( Fig. 42View FIGURE 42 D); pda very short, broad, flattened, sharply bent to the right, compressed in two places, a very strong compression after the bent, and another at the base of the apex, the latter strongly sclerotized and tapered ( Fig. 45View FIGURE 45 D); afa elongated, parallel to the body axis ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 D), right margin rugged and sinuous ( Fig. 44View FIGURE 44 D), posterior apex tumid with two projections, one on the right margin and the other on the posterior margin, rugged and strongly sclerotized, anterior apex straight, margins strongly sclerotized and tumid, forming a groove ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 D); loa short, bent to the right and anteriorly ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 D); membrane adjacent to afa pilous ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 D). Right phallomere with the posterior apex truncated; bm short, with an expansion on the middle ( Fig. 46View FIGURE 46 D); pia  short, strongly sclerotized ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 D–48D); pva elongated, sclerotized, angular apex ( Fig. 48View FIGURE 48 D); an elongated, apex abruptly rounded ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 D).

Measurements. Body length: 60–64.3; head width: 7.7–8.3; prozona length: 4.6–5.2; metazona length: 14.7–16.4; prothorax width: 5.5–6.1; forecoxae length: 11.8–13.8; forefemora length: 14.8–15.8; forefemora width: 3.6–3.9; foretibiae length: 7.9–9.

Ratios. head/prothoracic-width: 1.31–1.4; metazona/prozona: 2.94–3.35; metazona length/prothoracic width: 2.49–2.72; metazona/forecoxae: 1.17–1.25; forefemora length/width: 3.82–4.39.

Female —Frontal shield with four carinae ( Fig. 33View FIGURE 33 C). Prothorax short, broad, lateral margins slightly crenulated. Metazona with a weakly marked central keel ( Fig. 35View FIGURE 35 C). Forecoxae with 6–8 large spines, which alternate with 1–12 smaller spine ( Fig. 37View FIGURE 37 C). Forefemora elongated and broad, the first three discoidal spines dark on their anterior surface; 14–15 anteroventral spines, usually 15, the first spine and all the big spines dark on the anterior surface, the 10th and the 12th spines may present a small spot of the same coloration on their insertion.

Anterior femoral spot extending from the femoral groove to the 8th internal spine, rectangular, an effaced black color ( Fig. 39View FIGURE 39 C). Foretibiae with 10–12 posteroventral spines, usually 11, and 13–16 anteroventral spines, usually 15; tibial spur green on its anterior surface ( Fig. 41View FIGURE 41 C). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior surface of tarsomeres I to IV. Spot on the stigma medium sized, with an anterior white spot and two lateral brown spots that do not reach each other posteriorly. Costal area hyaline, discoidal and anal areas hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins ( Fig. 54View FIGURE 54 B).

Genitalia. Base of the gonapophysis VIII projecting inwards ( Fig. 49View FIGURE 49 C); bv roughly triangular ( Fig. 49View FIGURE 49 C), the inner surface sculpted ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 C); ib sclerotized and sculpted ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 C); pe short, weakly sclerotized, with smooth margins ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 C); gs sclerotized, sculpted ( Fig. 51View FIGURE 51 C); ls roughly rectangular, posterior process short, conical ( Fig. 51View FIGURE 51 C).

Measurements. Body length: 58.3–76.6; head width: 8.8–10.7; prozona length: 5.5–6.7; metazona length: 16.1–21.4; prothorax width: 6.8–8.6; forecoxae length: 14.4–19.5; forefemora length: 17.2–21.7; forefemora width: 4.3–5.4; foretibiae length: 8.8–11.8.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.17–1.34; metazona/prozona: 2.76–3.33; metazona length/prothoracic width: 2.26–2.49; metazona/forecoxae: 1.02–1.2; forefemora length/width: 3.82–4.29.

Remarks. Stagmatoptera reimoseri  was described by Beier (1929) based on a few specimens housed on NHMWAbout NHMW collection. A few years earlier Werner (1925) mistakenly identified these same specimens as S. hyaloptera  .

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Tocantins), Paraguay. Examined material. BRAZIL: Mato Grosso— Mato Verde, 13.iii.1945, Raymundo P. Luz, 1♀, ( MZSPAbout MZSP); Minas Gerais—Lavras, 194?, C. Braga, 1♀ ( MZSPAbout MZSP). Sete Lagoas, iii.1963, F. Werner, U. Martins & L. Silva, 1♀ ( MZSPAbout MZSP); São Paulo—Botucatu, x.1970, Abílio col., 1♀ ( MZSPAbout MZSP). Botucatu, iv.1972, P. Assumpção & A. Clarot, 1♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP). Botucatu, 12.iii.1980, R. Carvalho, 1♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP). Faz. Itaquerê, Nova  Europa, 23.iv.1968, K. Lenko col., 1♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP). Rio Claro, 25.ii.1943, Pd. F.S. Pereira col., 1♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP). S. Paulo, 1♀ ( NHMWAbout NHMW); Tocantins—Miranorte, iv.1965, L. Gomes col., 1♀ ( MZSPAbout MZSP).

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Mantodea

Family

Mantidae

Genus

Stagmatoptera

Loc

Stagmatoptera reimoseri Beier, 1929

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques 2016

2016
Loc

Stagmatoptera reimoseri

Beier 1929

1929
Loc

Stagmatoptera hyaloptera

Perty, 1832 in Werner 1925

1925