Stagmatoptera pia Saussure & Zehntner, 1894

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques, 2016, Taxonomic revision of Stagmatoptera Burmeister, 1838 (Mantodea: Mantidae, Stagmatopterinae), Zootaxa 4183 (1), pp. 1-78: 38-42

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4183.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0E576DCD-49EB-47DD-9CF2-14F3941BA0B5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03826A4A-FFBB-FF8C-05B4-FC4676FC1752

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Plazi

scientific name

Stagmatoptera pia Saussure & Zehntner, 1894
status

 

Stagmatoptera pia Saussure & Zehntner, 1894 

Male—Figures 30A, 32A, 34A, 36A, 38A, 40A, 42B–48B. Female—Figures 30B, 31, 33A, 35A, 37A, 39A, 41A, 49A–51A.

Stagmatoptera pia Saussure & Zehntner, 1894  , p.187 (descr.); Kirby, 1904, p.300 (cit.); Rehn, 1911, p.13 (cit.); Giglio-Tos, 1914, p.28 (redesc.); Werner, 1925b, p.383 (redesc.); Giglio-Tos, 1927, p.596 (redesc.); Terra, 1995, p.64 (cit.); Ehrmann, 2002, p.329 (cit.); Agudelo et al., 2007, p.125 (cit.); Ehrmann & Koçak, 2009, p.12 (cit.).

= Stagmatoptera nova Beier, 1930  , p.32 (descr.); Terra, 1995, p.64 (cit.); Ehrmann, 2002, p.329 (cit.); Agudelo et al., 2007, p.125 (cit.); Ehrmann & Koçak, 2009, p.12 (cit.). n. syn.

Holotype: 1♀, Brazil ( Fig. 31) ( MHNGAbout MHNG) (examined) 

Type locality. Brazil 

Synonym types: Holotype of S. nova  , 1♂, Recife , Pernambuco, 27.iv–04.v.1927, Zerny leg. ( NHMWAbout NHMW) (examined)  ; Paratype of S. nova  , 1♂, same locality as holotype ( NHMWAbout NHMW) (examined). 

Diagnosis. Spot on the stigma of males circular or slightly elongated, spot on the stigma of females circular, in both sexes with an anterior white spot and a posterior brown spot, a spot on the middle of the anterior surface of the foretibiae.

Redescription. Male —Prothorax slender, lateral margins with lightly crenulation on the prozona, smooth on the metazona. Metazona with a weakly marked central keel ( Fig. 34View FIGURE 34 A). Forecoxae with 6–11 large spines, which alternate with 1–7 smaller spines ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 A). Forefemora broad, the first three discoidal spines dark on their anterior surface; 14–15 anteroventral spines, usually 15, the first spine and all the big spines dark on their anterior surface, the 8th, 10th, and the 12th spines may present a small spot of the same coloration on their insertion. Anterior femoral spot extending from the femoral groove to the 6th anteroventral spine, rectangular, an effaced black color ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 A). Foretibiae with 11–13 posteroventral spines, and 14–16 anteroventral spines; tibial spur dark on its anterior surface, the last spine before it may be dark on its anterior surface; the tibiae have a dark spot on the middle of the anterior surface ( Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 A). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior surface of the tarsomeres I to IV. Discoidal area of the forewings with an opaque-green stripe anteriorly after the stigma, suddenly becoming hyaline. Spot on the stigma circular or slightly elongated, small, with an anterior white spot and a posterior brown spot. Discoidal area of the hindwings hyaline with or without yellow stripes on the crossveins and anal area hyaline ( Fig. 30View FIGURE 30 A).

Genitalia. Left phallomere longer than wide, sclerite L4B longer than wide; paa elongated, slightly dilated on the left side of its base, angled approximately 45° from the body axis, afterwards curving to the left, apex simple, directed ventrally ( Fig. 42View FIGURE 42 B); pda short, narrow, flattened, sharply bent 90° to the right, apex strongly sclerotized, tapered ( Fig. 45View FIGURE 45 B); afa elongated, parallel to the body axis ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 B), right margin smooth and sinuous ( Fig. 44View FIGURE 44 B), posterior apex tumid, with a projection on the right margin, rugged and strongly sclerotized, anterior apex straight, margins strongly sclerotized and tumid, without forming a groove ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 B); loa short, bent to the right ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 B); membrane adjacent to afa glabrous ( Fig. 43View FIGURE 43 B). Right phallomere with the posterior apex rounded; bm short, with an expansion on the middle ( Fig. 46View FIGURE 46 B); pia  short, weakly sclerotized ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 B–48B); pva short, sclerotized, rectangular apex ( Fig. 48View FIGURE 48 B); an elongated, apex smoothly rounded ( Fig. 47View FIGURE 47 B).

Measurements. Body length: 58–77.4; head width: 6.6–8.5; prozona length: 3.5–4.9; metazona length: 16.6–24.8; prothorax width: 3.9–5.6; forecoxae length: 11–16.5; forefemora length: 12.1–18.5; forefemora width: 2.5–3.4; foretibiae length: 6–9.1.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.44–1.72; metazona/prozona: 4.05–5.06; metazona length/prothoracic width: 3.48–4.43; metazona/forecoxae: 1.41–1.69; forefemora length/width: 4.26–5.44.

Female —Prothorax slender, lateral margins slightly crenulated. Metazona with a central keel present but weakly developed ( Fig. 35View FIGURE 35 A). Forecoxae with 7–11 large spines, which alternate with 6–10 smaller spines ( Fig. 37View FIGURE 37 A). Forefemora broad, the first three discoidal spines dark on their anterior surface; 15 anteroventral spines, the first spine and all the big spines dark on their anterior surface, the 8th, 10th, and the 12th spines may present a small spot of the same coloration on their insertion. Anterior femoral spot absent or, if the spot is present, it extends from the femoral groove to the 6th anteroventral spine, rectangular an effaced black color ( Fig. 39View FIGURE 39 A). Foretibiae with 11–12 posteroventral spines, and 15–16 anteroventral spines; tibial spur dark on its anterior surface, the last spine before it may be dark on the anterior surface; the tibiae have a dark spot on the middle of the anterior surface ( Fig. 41View FIGURE 41 A). Foretarsi with apical black spots on the anterior surface of the tarsomeres I to IV. Spot on the stigma circular, medium sized, without reaching the middle of the discoidal area, with an anterior white spot and a posterior brown spot. Costal area of the hindwings hyaline, discoidal and anal areas hyaline with yellow stripes on the crossveins ( Fig. 30View FIGURE 30 B).

Genitalia. Base of the gonapophysis VIII projecting inwards ( Fig. 49View FIGURE 49 A); bv roughly triangular ( Fig. 49View FIGURE 49 A), apex tumid, the inner surface sculpted ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 A); ib sclerotized and sculpted ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 A); pe short, weakly sclerotized, with smooth margins ( Fig. 50View FIGURE 50 A); gs weakly sclerotized, smooth ( Fig. 51View FIGURE 51 A); ls roughly rectangular, posterior process elongated, conical ( Fig. 51View FIGURE 51 A).

Measurements. Body length: 74.9–80.3; head width: 9.4–10; prozona length: 6.3–6.9; metazona length: 25.1–29.1; prothorax width: 7–7.8; forecoxae length: 17.3–19.8; forefemora length: 20.4–23.2; forefemora width: 4.3–4.8; foretibiae length: 9.9–11.4.

Ratios. Head/prothoracic-width: 1.28–1.4; metazona/prozona: 3.64–4.34; metazona length/prothoracic width: 3.39–3.73; metazona/forecoxae: 1.42–1.47; forefemora length/width: 4.53–4.83.

Remarks. Saussure & Zehntner (1894) described Stagmatoptera pia  based on a female specimen with locality label from Brazil. After examination of this exemplar, other females with more precise locality information, two male of S. nova  (holotype and paratype), as well as other S. nova  males, convinced us that all of this material represent one single species that originally had their males and females described separately. Stagmatoptera pia  and S. nova  present a congruent geographical distribution and they are similar to individuals of the corresponding sex of S. femoralis  . Therefore, we propose S. nova  as new junior synonym of S. pia  .

Distribution. Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte).

Examined material. BRAZIL: Bahia—1912, P. Serre, 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . 1913, P. Serre, 2♂ (MNHN). H. de S., 1♂ (MHNG). Campo Formoso , 24.vii.1990, Amedegnato & Poulain rec., 1♂ ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  . 1 Ondina , 25.vii.1951, 1♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP)  . Salvador, 04.vii.1984, D.H. Smith, luz UV, 1♂, 1928 ( MCTPAbout MCTP)  . Salvador, 15.iv.1985, D.H. Smith, luz UV, 1♂, 1929 ( MCTPAbout MCTP)  . Salvador, 20.ix.1985, D.H. Smith, 1♀, 1932 ( MCTPAbout MCTP)  ; Espírito Santo—Parque Soóretama, Cupido, ii-iii.1948, L. Trav., Freitas & H. Trav., 1♂ (MZSP). Linhares , 25.iv.1990, J.S. Santos, 1♂, 1922 ( MCTPAbout MCTP)  ; Pernambuco—M.H. de Saussure, 1♂ (MHNG). Weilenmann, 1♀ (MHNG); Rio Grande do Norte—Canto do Amaro, Mossoró , 18-19.vi.1996, Varela col., 2♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP)  . Canto do Amaro, Central de Resíduos, Mossoró , 01- 02.vii.1995, Equipe SEPERNA, 1♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP)  . Faz. Sombras Grandes, Mossoró , 01-02.vii.1995, Equipe SEPERNA, 1♂ ( MZSPAbout MZSP)  . Pq. Est. das Dunas Costeiras, Natal , 21.vii.1994, Equipe Zoologia 94.2, 1♀ ( MZSPAbout MZSP)  .

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Mantodea

Family

Mantidae

Genus

Stagmatoptera

Loc

Stagmatoptera pia Saussure & Zehntner, 1894

Rodrigues, Henrique Miranda & Cancello, Eliana Marques 2016

2016
Loc

Stagmatoptera nova

Beier 1930

1930
Loc

Stagmatoptera pia

Saussure & Zehntner 1894

1894