Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869 )

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z., 2021, Taxonomic review of the Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) agenor species group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 734, pp. 1-64 : 19-22

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5852/ejt.2021.734.1233

publication LSID




persistent identifier


treatment provided by


scientific name

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869 )


Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869) View in CoL

Fig. 6 View Fig , Map 4

Pinotus centralis Harold, 1869: 502 View in CoL (original description)

Pinotus centralis View in CoL – Blackwelder 1944: 69.

Dichotomius centralis View in CoL – Halffter & Matthews 1966: 1. — Kohlmann & Solís 1997: 345.


Dichotomius centralis is separated from the other species in the group by the following combination of characters: pronotum covered by dense subrugose punctures. Elytral striae strongly marked, wide and crenulate, easily observable by unaided eye, punctures undefined and crenulate, separated by the width of a puncture.

Material examined

Lectotype (here designated) NICARAGUA • ♂; “Nicaragua” [white, hw] / “Sallé Coll.” [white, p]/ “ Pinotus centralis type Harold apud. Sallé” [white, hw]/ “722” [green, p]/ “Type” [white, rounded with red margin, p]/ “B.C.A. p52 sp3” [white, p]/ “LECTOTYPE” [red with black margins, p]/ “ Pinotus centralis LECTOT. Ha. Det, F. Vaz-de-Mello, 2011 ” [white with black margins, phw]; BMNH.


NICARAGUA • 1 ♀; “Type” [white, rounded with red margin, p]/ “Nicaragua” [white, p]/ “Sallé Coll.” [white, p] / “ Pinotus centralis type. Harold. Apud Sallé” [white with black margins, hw] /“B.C.A. p.52 sp.3” [white, p]/ “PARALECTOTYPE” [yellow with black margins, p]/ “NHMUK 010847042” [white, p]; BMNH .

Additional material BELIZE • 2 ♀♀; R. Carstoon [Sarstoon River]; B. Honduras [British Honduras]; Blancaneau B.C.A; p52. Sp3; BMNH 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Chiquibul Forest Res., Las Cuevas field station; 500–700 m a.s.l.; 88º59′ W, 16º44′ N; May–Jun. 1997; D. Inward leg.; BMNH 2005-78 GoogleMaps .

COSTA RICA • 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; P. Biolley; BMNH 1900-261 1 ♂; V.P. B.C.A; p52. Sp3; BMNH. – Cartago 3 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀; Paraiso ; 300 ft a.s.l.; Champion; B.C.A; p52. Sp3; BMNH. – Guanacaste 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Cañas , 3 km N of Hacienda La Pacífica; 90 m a.s.l.; 5–6 Jun. 1979; H. and A. Howden leg.; CEMT 1 ♂; forest, carrion trap; 17 Jul. 1966; S. Peck leg.; CEMT 26 ♂♂, 25 ♀♀; Santa Rosa NP, S Santa Rosa Estac. Biol.; 277 m a.s.l.; 10º52′10.4″ N, 85º35′56.6″ W; SEC. FORRESR; 15–19 Nov. 2003; L.G. Uhler leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Santa Rosa NP, Cuajiniquil-Sta. Helena ; 10º54′28.8″ N, 85º43′14.1″ W; 33 m a.s.l.; 14–18 Nov. 2003; Manfred Uhler leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 9 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀; Guanacaste Prov; 300 m a.s.l.; Hacienda Poco Sol , 34 km N of Liberia; May–Jun. 1989; BMNH 5 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀; Guanacaste Prov. 11 km SW of Santa Rosa, nr Nancite Beach; May–Jun. 1989; BMNH 4 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Guanacaste Prov. ; 10º50′ N, 85º37′ W; 300 m a.s.l.; bosque humido [Humedo]; May–Jun. 1989; BMNH GoogleMaps .

GUATEMALA • 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; Suchitepequez, Cuyatenango, Chacalte Sia ; V Jun. 1993; E. Espana; CEMT .



MEASUREMENTS. Length: 18.5 mm.

HEAD. Most of clypeal and genal surface rugose. Cephalic carina wider than high, anterior surface rugose. Median tubercle twice as high as lateral tubercles, conical in shape and not emarginated at apex; surface smooth, posterior portion rugose. Ventral clypeal process truncate and distally expanded (see Fig. 2B View Fig ).

PRONOTUM. Twice as wide as long. Anterior portion displaying accentuated declivity, dense sub-rugose punctures reaching antero-lateral fossae, separated by the width of a puncture ( Fig. 6D View Fig ). Pronotal disc covered by simple punctures, each of these punctures with fine microsculpture. Longitudinal sulcus weakly impressed. Anterior and posterior margins bearing row of disorganized ocellate punctures. Hypomeron middle edge smooth, without punctures. External margin with single row of disorganized long setae, all approximately same length.

ABDOMEN. Mesosternum and metepisternum covered by large ocellate setigerous punctures. Metasternum setigerous punctures restricted mainly to lateral and anterior areas.Anterior lobe pilosity does not connect with lateral pilosity through margins of mesocoxa (see Fig. 2H View Fig ). Lateral ocellate punctures separated by three times width of a puncture, setae long reaching metepisternal suture, suture visible. Longitudinal sulcus weakly marked. Ocellate punctures along anterior margin of each sternite, denser in lateral areas. Pygidium surface covered by simple punctures, basal margin bearing dense ocellate punctures.

ELYTRA. Surface of interstriae with shagreened microsculpture (see Fig. 2J View Fig ). Striae strongly marked, wide and crenulate, easily detectable without stereoscope, separated by one time width of puncture ( Fig. 6H View Fig ).

LEGS. Metacoxa posterior edge bearing single row of organized ocellate setigerous punctures, separated by width of a puncture.


Morphological variation

Females ( Fig. 6B View Fig )

As males except for the following characters:

HEAD. Surface completely rugose. Fronto-clypeal carina quadridentate, median tubercles higher than lateral.

PRONOTUM. Weak medial knob, inconspicuous, observable in lateral view. Anterior and lateral surface covered by subrugose punctures fading towards medial disc. Hypomeron setae longer and denser than in males.

ELYTRA. Striae wider. Striae punctation undefined, crenulate and separated by half, or less width of a puncture.


This species occurs in Belize, Costa Rica and Guatemala. The original description specified that the type series was collected in Granada, Nicaragua. Other published works report it for El Salvador ( Kohlmann & Solís 1997; López-Guerrero 2005). López-Guerrero (2005) argues that it is marginally likely to find this species in the south of Mexico, precisely in the state of Chiapas due to the proximity to Guatemala.


United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]
















Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) centralis ( Harold, 1869 )

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z. 2021

Dichotomius centralis

Kohlmann B. & Solis A. 1997: 345
Halffter G. & Matthews E. G. 1966: 1

Pinotus centralis

Blackwelder R. E. 1944: 69

Pinotus centralis

Harold E. 1869: 502
GBIF Dataset (for parent article) Darwin Core Archive (for parent article) View in SIBiLS Plain XML RDF