Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981

Kuhlmann, Michael, 2012, Revision of the South African endemic bee genus Redivivoides Michener, 1981 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Melittidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 34, pp. 1-34: 19-24

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.34

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B4F3BFEB-60AE-4F15-BB1D-41B3E7BEC299

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038587E4-FFC4-FFFB-FD9F-F9F9939EFD9E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981
status

 

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981 

Figs 12View Fig, 13View Fig, 14View Fig

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981: 121-122, figs 80, 82-84 (p. 43), 97 (p. 48), Holotype ♀ (type locality: Clanwilliam, South Africa) ( Snow Entomological Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence). 

Diagnosis

Females of R. simulans  can be separated from other Redivivoides  species by a combination of the following characters: metasomal terga at least partly red (at least on a narrow stripe on the apical part of the discs of T1 – T3), metasomal terga with surface between punctures smooth and shiny ( Fig. 12DView Fig), scutum at least on the disc between punctures smooth and shiny ( Fig. 12CView Fig), and head about as long as wide ( Fig. 12BView Fig). These characters also apply to males ( Fig. 13CView Fig) but genitalia and S6 – S8 ( Fig. 13View Fig D–H) should be checked to avoid potential confusion with the unknown male of R. kamieskroonensis  .

Both sexes of R. simulans  were described in detail by Michener (1981).

Material examined

Specimens examined (56 specimens): SOUTH AFRICA: 2 ♀♀, 40 km N Port Nolloth [28°54’3” S, 16°44’3” E], 11 Sep. 2001 ( CUIC, RCMK)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Skurfkop St., 3118AB [31°10’ S, 18°20’ E], 18 Aug. 1983, V.B. Whitehead, white Hermannia  prostrate ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Farm Sarrisam, 3017DA [30°40’ S, 17°40’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, K. Steiner, Hermannia  sp. ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Ouberg Pass, 27 km SE Vanrhynsdorp , Fynbos [31°48’07” S, 18°55’00” E], 380 m, 9 Aug. 2011, M. Kuhlmann ( RCMK)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, near Ratelfontein [31°56’ S, 18°31’ E], 21 Sep. 2007, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Koinonia [32°01’42” S, 18°39’34” E], 24 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 1 ♂, Ratelfontein / Olaf Bergfontein [32°02’ S, 18°35’ E], 7 Oct. 1995, F.W., S.K. & R.W. Gess, visiting yellow fls. semiprostrate Hermannia  sp., Sterculiaceae  , 95/96/273 ( AMGS)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, Trawal , 15 km SSW [32°02’ S, 18°35’ E], 21 Sep. 2007, T.L. Griswold ( EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, S Skurfkop [32°03’26”S, 18°40’27” E], 24 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Lamberts Bay [32°04’21” S, 18°22’12” E], 160 m, 13 Sep. 2005, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 5 ♀♀, 1 ♂, 5 km N Clanwilliam [32°08’1” S, 18°51’3” E], 94 m, 20 Sep. 2001 ( CUIC)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 11 km N Clanwilliam [32°05’08” S, 18°49’25” E], 21 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 20 mi. W. of Clanwilliam [32°09’ S, 18°36’ E], 19 Sep. 1966, C.D. Michener ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 9 km W Clanwilliam [32°10’11” S, 18°48’21” E], 22 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 8 Sep. 1966, M. & C.D. Michener ( EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Droogerivier, Sandberg Sta. , 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 24 Aug. 1987, V.B. Whitehead, Homeria  ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Farm Droogerivier, 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 8 Sep. 1987, K. Steiner, Lessertia rigida  ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Droogerivier, Sandberg Sta. , 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, V.B. Whitehead, Homeria  ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Klein Alexandershoek to Het Kruis [32°20’ S, 18°46’ E], 26 Sep. 1985, F.W. & S.K. Gess ( AMGS)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Citrusdal [32°36’42” S, 18°59’49” E], 12 Sep. 2005, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, Sauer, 26 km W Piketberg [32°50’36” S, 18°33’58” E], 21 Oct. 2008, C. Eardley ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 5 ♀♀, Sauer, 26 km W Piketberg [32°50'37” S, 18°33’58” E], 21 Oct. 2008, BN Danforth, on Hermannia  ( CUIC)GoogleMaps  ; 4 ♀♀, Sauer [32°50’ S, 18°34’ E], 21 Oct. 2008, T.L. Griswold ( EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Atlantis , 3 km W, [33°34’ S, 18°27’ E], 150 m, 8-12 Oct. 2002, M. E. Irwin, F.D. Parker ( EMUS)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Ganzekraal, 3318CB [33°40’ S, 18°20’ E], 22 Sep. 1999, K. Steiner, Nemesia affinis  ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  .

Additional material

Additional records from the database of the South African Museum, Cape Town (material in SAMC, no data on number or sex of specimens available): SOUTH AFRICA: Goegap Reserve, 4 km from tarred road on circular drive, Springbok [29°40’ S, 18°00’ E], 13 Aug. 1993, Whitehead, Zygophyllum  GoogleMaps  ; Klipfontein [29°44’ S, 17°33’], 3 Aug. 1988, Whitehead, Zygophyllum, Bowesdorp, L. Namaqualand [30°09’ S, 17°56’ E], Sep. 1941, South African Museum  GoogleMaps  ; Grootvlei, Kamieskroon [30°10’ S, 17°50’ E], 24 Aug. 1990, Whitehead, Indigofera  GoogleMaps  ; Farm Dik Nek on road to Hondeklipbaai [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, WhiteheadGoogleMaps  ; Farm Dik Nek [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E] 130 m, 9 Aug. 1991, 14 Aug. 1993, Steiner ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; Diknek, Garies [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E], 18 Aug. 1995, Whitehead / Macpherson, Nemesia  GoogleMaps  ; Wallekraal, Namaqualand [30°22’ S, 17°29’ E], Oct. 1950, South African MuseumGoogleMaps  ; Garies, Little Namaqualand [30°33’ S, 17°58’ E], Jun. 1930, South African MuseumGoogleMaps  ; Garies , 9 km E. of Soutfontein [30°33’ S, 17°58’ E], 22 Aug. 1990, Whitehead, Lebeckia  GoogleMaps  ; Kotzesrus, 12.6 km N. on rd to Groenrivier [30°58’ S, 17°49’ E], 12 Aug. 1997, Whitehead, Heliophila  GoogleMaps  ; Kotzesrus, Hardevlei [30°58’ S, 17°49’ E], 28 Aug. 1997, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; Nieuwoudtville [31°22’ S, 19°07’ E], 31 Aug. 1985, Whitehead / Macpherson, Lotonotis serpens  GoogleMaps  ; Garies , Farm Sariesaam [30°40’ S, 17°40’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, SteinerGoogleMaps  ; 6.5 km N of Klawer t/o on N7 [31°45’ S, 18°39’ E], 6 Aug. 1989, Steiner, Homeria minuata  GoogleMaps  ; Skurfkop station [31°56’ S, 18°36’ E], 18 Aug. 1983, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; Lamberts Bay [32°05’ S, 18°18’E], 28Sep.1977, WhiteheadGoogleMaps  ; Farm Skarpdam [32°05’S, 18.22’E], 9Sep.1987, Steiner / Whitehead, Nemesia    ; 12 km N of Clanwilliam [32°05’ S, 18°52’ E], 11 Aug. 1985, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; 11 km N of Clanwilliam [32°06’ S, 18°52’ E], 21 Aug. 1985, Whitehead / MacphersonGoogleMaps  ; Kompagniesdrif , 19 km E. of Lamberts Bay [32°08’ S, 18°29’ E], 14 Sep. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; Graafwater [32°08’ S, 18°35’ E], Oct. 1947, South African Museum ExpeditionGoogleMaps  ; 10 km E of Bidouw Valley [32°08’ S, 19°19’ E], 8 Sep. 1985, PickerGoogleMaps  ; Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 11 Aug. 1984, PickerGoogleMaps  ; Ramskop campsite, Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 22 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Macpherson, Trachyandra muricata  GoogleMaps  ; Leipoldtville, Elands Bay [32°12’ S, 18°28’ E], Oct. 1947, South African Museum ExpeditionGoogleMaps  ; Elands Bay [32°17’ S, 18°20’ E], 20 Sep. 1988, Whitehead, Polycarena seluginoides  GoogleMaps  ; Elands Bay [32°17’ S, 18°20’ E], 26 Sep. 1985, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; Farm Skerpheuwel [32°18’ S, 18°20’ E], 28 Aug. 1987, Steiner, Nemesia  GoogleMaps  ; Farm Droogerivier [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 8 Sep. 1987, SteinerGoogleMaps  ; Droogerivier ( Droërivier ), Sandberg sta. [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, Whitehead, Homeria  GoogleMaps  ; 11 Aug. 1988, Whitehead, Cysticapnos    ; 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner, Lessertia rigida    ; Farm Droogerivier ( Droërivier ) [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner, Lessertia rigida  / Cysticapnos vesicarius  GoogleMaps  ; Paleisheuwel, Alexanderhoek [32°18’ S, 18°43’ E], 12 Sep. 1991, Whitehead, Cysticapnos  GoogleMaps  ; Holfontein , 20 km S of Clanwilliam [32°20’ S, 18°55’ E], 29 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Steiner, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; 28.8 km N of Citrusdal t/o [32°20’ S, 19°00’ E], 8 Aug. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; Farm Klawervlei , 23 km south of Clanwilliam [32°23’ S, 18°56’ E], 20 Aug. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia  , Lachenalia mutabilis  GoogleMaps  ; Koraanshoogte , 13.5 km north of Citrusdal t/o [32°28’ S, 19°00’ E], 20 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Macpherson, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; Oorwinningsfontein , 33 km N of Piketberg [32°36’ S, 18°44’ E], 30 Aug. 1987, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; 30 Jul. 1987, Whitehead, Hermannia    ; Eendekuil, Aroenfontein [32°40’ S, 18°53’ E], 19 Aug.1992, WhiteheadGoogleMaps  ; 1 km S of Droëryskloof Sta., Eendekuil [32°40’ S, 18°53’ E], 30 Aug. 1986, Whitehead, Hermannia  GoogleMaps  ; Sauer, Suurfontein [32°50’ S, 18°40’ E], 1 Sep. 1994, Whitehead / Macpherson, Nemesia  GoogleMaps  ; Piketberg [32°54’ S, 18°44’ E], 21 Sep. 1985, WhiteheadGoogleMaps  ; Berg River, Jantjiesfontein [33°05’ S, 18°25’ E], 25 Sep. 1991, WhiteheadGoogleMaps  ; Hopefield, Jantjiesfontein [33°05’ S, 18°25’ E], 17 Sep. 1991, Whitehead, Indigofera  GoogleMaps  ; 12 km SE of Yzerfontein t/o [33°20’ S, 18°17’ E], 28 Sep. 1988, Whitehead, Nemesia versicolor  GoogleMaps  ; between Darling and Yzerfontein [33°20’ S, 18°17’ E], 18 Sep. 1986, Steiner, Heliophila  GoogleMaps  ; Montagu Rocks, Bainskloof [33°35’ S, 19°08’ E], 31 Sep. 1990, Steiner, Moraea ramosissima  GoogleMaps  ; Ganzekraal [33°40’ S, 18°20’ E], 22 Sep. 1999, Steiner, Nemesia affinis  GoogleMaps  ; Darling road, 18 Sep. 1986, Whitehead, Heliophila    .

Distribution

This is the most common and widespread of all Redivivoides  species and has been found in most parts of the winter rainfall area ( Fig. 14View Fig).

Floral hosts

Asphodelaceae  : Trachyandra muricata  ; Brassicaceae  : Heliophila  spec.; Fabaceae  : Indigofera  spec., Lebeckia  spec., Lessertia rigida  , Lotonotis hirsuta  (= serpens  ); Fumariaceae  : Cysticapnos vesicaria  ; Hyacinthaceae  : Lachenalia mutabilis  ; Iridaceae  : Moraea miniata  , M. ramosissima  , Moraea  spec.; Scrophulariaceae  : Nemesia affinis  , N. versicolor  , Nemesia  spec., Polycarena phyllopodioides  (= seluginoides  ); Sterculiaceae  : Hermannia  spec.; Zygophyllaceae  : Zygophyllum  spec.

Seasonal activity

(June) July – October.

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute

AMGS

Albany Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Melittidae

Genus

Redivivoides

Loc

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981

Kuhlmann, Michael 2012
2012
Loc

Redivivoides simulans

Michener 1981: 121
1981