Amphidraus zaque , Galvis, William, 2017

Galvis, William, 2017, Nineteen new species of Amphidraus Simon, 1900 (Salticidae: Euophryini) from Colombia, with comments about their conservation, Zootaxa 4286 (1), pp. 1-40: 25-26

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4286.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6A22EB50-0146-465A-8E2A-523E2F8FE470

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0386A719-5730-9069-FF21-FD21FA8DFF3C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Amphidraus zaque
status

sp. nov.

Amphidraus zaque  sp. nov.

Figs 14a –dView FIGURES 14, 19a –bView FIGURES 19, 23d –eView FIGURES 23, 25e, 25kView FIGURES 25, 27View FIGURE 27

Types. Holotype: male from Finca Alirio González , Vereda Montealegre, Topaipí, Cundinamarca, Colombia, 1377 m, 5.400916°N, 74.294016°W, 18–23.X.2012, M. Medrano, A. García ( ICN –Ar 3378)GoogleMaps  . Paratype: one female from Finca Pedro Méndez , Vereda Montealegre, Topaipí, Cundinamarca, Colombia, 1511 m, 5.399216°, 74.299716°W, M. Medrano, A. García ( ICN –Ar 3379). 

Etymology. The epithet is a noun in apposition that honors one of the four supreme rulers of the Muisca Confederation, ancient inhabitants of the central Andean highlands of the present-day Colombia’s Eastern Range: the Zaque  , the Zipa  , the Iraca and the Tundama  .

Diagnosis. Males of A. zaque  sp. nov. are similar to those of A. semicanus ( Simon, 1902)  , A. sikuani  sp. nov., A. sotairensis  sp. nov. and A. tanimuca  sp. nov. by their bilobed RTA. However, they can be distinguished from those by their halberd-like RTA with a long embolic filament (EF), and a bump in the trochanter ( Figs 14a –bView FIGURES 14). Females of A. zaque  sp. nov. can be easily distinguished from those of the remaining known females of the genus for the longer and coiled copulatory ducts, with more than three coils before the insertion in the spermathecae, with the first part of the copulatory ducts upright, and slender spermathecae with a long anterior lobe after the fertilization ducts ( Figs 14c –dView FIGURES 14, 25e, 25kView FIGURES 25).

Description. Male (holotype). Total length: 2.79. Carapace dark brown with a dorsal oval yellowish mark, 1.53 long, 1.14 wide, 0.84 high ( Fig. 19aView FIGURES 19). OC black, 0.63 long. Anterior eye row 1.17 wide and posterior 1.05 wide. Sternum dark brown, 0.57 long, 0.49 wide. Labium dark brown, 0.18 long, 0.24 wide. Chelicerae reddish brown with four retromarginal and two promarginal teeth. Palp brown with distal femur and patella with long white hairs, with a halberd-like RTA, and long tegular lobe (TL), long embolic filament (EF), and a bump in the trochanter (black arrow in the Fig. 14aView FIGURES 14) ( Figs 14a –bView FIGURES 14, 23d –eView FIGURES 23). Legs 4132, all yellow with dark brown marks. Leg macrosetae: femur, II d 1 di, p 1 di; III d 2 di, p 1 di; patella, III –IV r 1 me; tibia, I v 2-2 -2; II v 1-2 -1, p 1 di; III –IV v 0-1-1, p 0-1-1, 0-1-1; metatarsus, I v 2-2; II v 2-2, p 1 di; III v 1 -0-1, p 1-0-2, r 1-0-2; IV v 1 di, p 1-0-2, r 1-0-2. Abdomen brown with a reticulated light brown pattern of marks ( Fig. 19aView FIGURES 19).

Female (paratype). Total length 3.08. Carapace yellow with two posterior dark brown longitudinal stripes, 1.47 long, 1.07 wide, 0.82 high ( Fig. 19bView FIGURES 19). OC black, 0.65 long. Anterior eye row 1.12 wide and posterior 0.99 wide. Sternum dark yellow, 0.59 long, 0.44 wide. Labium dark yellow, 0.15 long, 0.19 wide. Chelicerae dark yellow, with five tiny retromarginal and two promarginal teeth. Legs 4312, all yellow. Leg macrosetae: femur, II –III d 1 di; patellae, III –IV r 1 me; tibiae, I v 2-2 -2; II v 2-2 -2, p 1 di; III v 1 pr, p 1-1, r 1-1; IV v 1 -0-1, p 1-1, r 1- 1; metatarsus, I v 2-2; II v 2-2, p 1 di; III v 1 -0-1, p 1-0-2, r 1-0-2; IV p 1-0-2, r 1-0-2. Abdomen gray, with a dark brown reticulated pattern of marks ( Fig. 19bView FIGURES 19). Epigyne ( Figs 14c –dView FIGURES 14, 25e, 25kView FIGURES 25) with anterior copulatory openings, a posterior single medial pocket, longer and coiled copulatory ducts, with more than three laps until the insertion in the spermathecae, with the first part of the copulatory ducts upright, and medial to anterior slender spermathecae with a long anterior lobe after the fertilization ducts.

Comments. The type material was collected in a pitfall trap in a corn crop.

Distribution. Colombia (Cundinamarca) ( Fig. 27View FIGURE 27). Known altitudinal distribution: 1377–1511 m.

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Amphidraus