Amphidraus zipa , Galvis, William, 2017

Galvis, William, 2017, Nineteen new species of Amphidraus Simon, 1900 (Salticidae: Euophryini) from Colombia, with comments about their conservation, Zootaxa 4286 (1), pp. 1-40: 26-29

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4286.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6A22EB50-0146-465A-8E2A-523E2F8FE470

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0386A719-5731-906C-FF21-F91AFB5BFE8C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Amphidraus zipa
status

sp. nov.

Amphidraus zipa  sp. nov.

Figs 15a –dView FIGURES 15, 19c –dView FIGURES 19, 23f –gView FIGURES 23, 25f, 25lView FIGURES 25, 27View FIGURE 27

Types. Holotype: male from Camino Real , Parque Nacional Natural Tamá, Santander, Colombia, 2500 m [7.297492°N, 72.263947°W], VI.1999, E. González ( ICN –Ar 3363)GoogleMaps  . Paratype: one female from Sendero Binacional , Parque Nacional Natural Tamá, Santander, Colombia, 2470 m [7.297492°N, 72.263947°W], unknown coll. ( ICN –Ar 3364).GoogleMaps 

Etymology. The epithet is a noun in apposition that honors one of the four supreme rulers of the Muisca Confederation, ancient inhabitants of the central Andean highlands of the present-day Colombia’s Eastern Range: the Zipa  , the Zaque  , the Iraca and the Tundama  .

Diagnosis. Males of A. zipa  sp. nov. are similar to those of A. tundama  sp. nov by the shape of the RTA, the presence of basal widening of the embolus (bwe), and the absence of a dorsal tibial spur (DTS) in the palp. However, they can be distinguished from those by the curved and longer embolus, the presence of a bilobed process on the embolic disc (PED), the presence of a proventral and proximal femoral widening (PvFw, black arrow in Figs 15aView FIGURES 15, 23gView FIGURES 23), and a pointed basal widening of the embolus (bwe) ( Figs 15a –bView FIGURES 15, 23f –gView FIGURES 23). Females of A. zipa  sp. nov. are similar to those of A. tundama  sp. nov. by the general disposition of the internal structures of the epigyne, but can be recognized for the their longer copulatory ducts, larger spermathecae, and the absence of the bilobed medial and posterior pocket in the epigyne ( Figs 15c –dView FIGURES 15, 25f, 25lView FIGURES 25).

Description. Male (holotype). Total length: 2.96. Carapace brown, 1.47 long, 0.72 wide, 0.92 high ( Fig. 19cView FIGURES 19). OC black, 0.83 long. Anterior eye row 1.18 wide and posterior 1.02 wide. Sternum brown, 0.56 long, 0.52 wide. Labium brown, 0.16 long, 0.23 wide. Chelicerae brown with five retromarginal and two promarginal teeth. Palp brown with long white hairs on patella and tibia, with slender and curved RTA, a proventral and proximal femoral widening (PvFw), presence of basal widening of the embolus, bilobed PED and a straight TL ( Figs 15a –bView FIGURES 15). Legs 4312, all yellow with dark brown marks. Leg macrosetae: femur, I d 1 di; II d 1 di, p 1 di; III d 2 di, p 1 di; IV d 2 di; patella, III –IV r 1 me; tibia, I v 2-2 -2; II v 1-2 -2; III v 1 -0-1, p 1-0-1, r 1-0-1; IV v 1 -0-1, p 0-1-1, r 0-1-1; metatarsus, I –II v 2-2; III v 2 -0-1, p 1-0-1, r 2 di; IV v 1 di, p 1-0-2, r 1-1-2. Abdomen brown with a reticulated dark brown pattern of marks, and medial transversal light brown stripes ( Fig. 19cView FIGURES 19).

Female (paratype). Total length 3.78. Carapace dark brown, 1.71 long, 1.24 wide, 0.78 high ( Fig. 19dView FIGURES 19). OC black, 0.81 long. Anterior eye row 1.16 wide and posterior 1.09 wide. Sternum yellow, 0.67 long, 0.54 wide. Labium yellow, 0.11 long, 0.23 wide. Chelicerae yellowish, with four retromarginal and two promarginal teeth.

Legs 4312, all yellow. Leg macrosetae: femur, II –IV d 1 di; patellae, III r 1 me; tibiae, I v 2-2 -2; II v 2-2 -2, p 1 di; III –IV v 1 pr, p 1-1, r 1-1; metatarsus, I v 2-2; II v 2-2, p 1 di; III –IV v 1 -0-1, p 1-0-2, r 1-0-2. Abdomen gray with a dark brown reticulated pattern of marks, and transversal lighter stripes ( Fig. 19dView FIGURES 19). Epigyne ( Figs 15c –dView FIGURES 15, 25f, 25lView FIGURES 25) with anterior copulatory openings, a posterior single medial pocket, long copulatory ducts and rounded spermathecae.

Distribution. Colombia (Santander) ( Fig. 27View FIGURE 27). Known altitudinal distribution: 2470–2500 m.

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Amphidraus