Chrysogorgia multiflora Deichmann, 1936

Cordeiro, Ralf T. S., Castro, Clovis B. & Pérez, Carlos D., 2015, Deep-water octocorals (Cnidaria: Octocorallia) from Brazil: Family Chrysogorgiidae Verrill, 1883, Zootaxa 4058 (1), pp. 81-100 : 85-87

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4058.1.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BA3DD6C8-38B0-4EE0-80B4-C316E814C3D1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5626192

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/038887EF-9C05-FF9A-1F84-F916B3B7FDE6

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Chrysogorgia multiflora Deichmann, 1936
status

 

Chrysogorgia multiflora Deichmann, 1936

( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 F)

Chrysogorgia fewkesi var. multiflora Deichmann, 1936: 231 , Pl. 22, Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 , Pl. 23, Figs. 51–52.—Bayer, 1951: 272.—Bayer, 1959: 27–29, Fig. 13 a–i.

? Chrysogorgia quadruplex: Grasshoff, 1981: 223 .

Chrysogorgia multiflora: Cairns, 2001: 767 –769, Figs. 7–8 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 .

Types: Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, MCZ 4854.

Type locality: 13 ° 10 ' 10 "N, 61 ° 18 ' 15 "W (off southwestern St. Vincent, Lesser Antilles), 1048 m depth.

Material examined: MNRJ 1829, 01° 52 'N, 46 ° 54 'W, off mouth of the Amazon River, 320 m depth; MOUFPE-CNI 200, 04° 41 ’ 45 ”S, 36 ° 31 ’ 10 ”W, Potiguar Basin, 375–408 m depth (6 colonies).

Diagnosis (based on Cairns 2001): Colonies bottlebrush, wiry, to 25 cm in height with branching sequence 2 / 5 R. Distance between branches 1–4 mm, orthorstiche interval 6–22 mm. First internode 10–14 mm long, usually with 2–4 polyps. Internodes per branch 4–9, usually 5. Body wall of polyps with curved spindles transversely arranged, spindle length to 1.08 mm. Coenenchymal elongate plates to 0.77 mm long. Tentacular sclerites longitudinally arranged, curved spindles, but usually shorter (to 0.86 mm). Pinnular sclerites finely granular, often medially-constricted, rectangular scales to 0.20 mm long.

Remarks: Since Bayer (1959), there have been no new record of C. multiflora in the South Atlantic. Here, its latitudinal distribution is expanded to the south by approximately three degrees (~ 1400 km).

Distribution: Florida, Bahamas, Lesser Antilles and Brazil, from the Amazonas River mouth (Bayer, 1959) to the Potiguar Basin, Rio Grande do Norte State; 320–1280 m depth.

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Alcyonacea

Family

Chrysogorgiidae

Genus

Chrysogorgia

Loc

Chrysogorgia multiflora Deichmann, 1936

Cordeiro, Ralf T. S., Castro, Clovis B. & Pérez, Carlos D. 2015
2015
Loc

Chrysogorgia multiflora:

Cairns 2001: 767
2001
Loc

Chrysogorgia quadruplex:

Grasshoff 1981: 223
1981