Eurystylus ryukyus Yasunaga, Nakatani & Chérot

Yasunaga, Tomohide, Nakatani, Yukinobu & Chérot, Frédéric, 2017, Review of the mirine plant bug genus Eurystylus Stål from Japan and Taiwan (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Mirinae), with descriptions of two new species, a new synonymy and a new combinatio, Zootaxa 4227 (3), pp. 301-324: 312-316

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4227.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:62ABB516-62B1-46AF-A235-3AD772358A8A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/82FF3005-EF77-409E-817B-816602E8D9AA

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:82FF3005-EF77-409E-817B-816602E8D9AA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eurystylus ryukyus Yasunaga, Nakatani & Chérot
status

n. sp.

Eurystylus ryukyus Yasunaga, Nakatani & Chérot  , n. sp.

Figs 1View FIGURE 1 B –C, 2D, 3E –G, 4A –C, 5A –C, 6A –B, 7, Tables 1–2

Eurystylus sauteri: Miyamoto & Yasunaga, 1989: 160  (list); Yasunaga, 2001: 233 (diag.); Zheng & Lin, 2003: 328 (diag.); Nozaki et al., 2015: 16 (list) (not Poppius, 1915).

Diagnosis. Recognized by its medium size ( Table 2); wholly darkened antennal segment III; yellowish, or somewhat grayish brown pronotum speckled with many pale spots and with a pair of dark brown, small, ovoid spots on pronotal disk; usually largely darkened corium and clavus, irregularly mottled with grayish, mossy maculae; comparatively small-sized male pygophore and parameres ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 A); weakly curved endosomal PL furnished with teeth only at apical 1/3 ( Fig 5View FIGURE 5 A –B); small, thick-rimmed sclerotized ring ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A); and Y-shaped dorsal structure ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 B). Most similar to E. sauteri  , sympatric in S. Kyushu and Taiwan; distinguished by uniformly dark antennal segment III without pale base, paired dark spots on pronotum ovoid, more clear, and different forms of the male and female genitalia (cf. Figs. 4View FIGURE 4 A –C, 5A –C, 6A –B vs. 4D –I, 5D –F, 6C –D for sauteri  ). Final-instar nymph ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 D) recognized by its almost uniformly whitish green body, antennae and legs; laterally reddish brown pronotum with a pair of small, red, ovoid spots; and two pairs of reddish ocellate spots on abdominal sterna.

Description. Male: Body generally stramineous or grayish brown, partly tinged with red; dorsal surface matte, mottled with pale or grayish brown spots, with three types of vestiture (uniformly distributed, simple, dark, reclining setae, and rather sparsely distributed, golden pubescence and sericeous, scalelike setae). Head yellowish or grayish brown, somewhat darkened anterior to frons; fuscous, velvety spot on lateral margin of frons distinct. Antenna dark brown; segments I and basal half of segment II reddish brown; bases of segments II and IV white; segment III entirely darkened. Labium pale brown, reaching but not exceeding apex of mesocoxa; segments III and IV largely reddish brown. Pronotum usually pale grayish brown, with pair of rather clear dark, ovoid spots on disk, and paler mesal stripe and posterior margin; posterior inner margin of each callus with a narrow, small spot; scutellum with narrow, dark, mesal stripe, minutely speckled with pale, small spots; pleura yellowish brown, matte, with uniformly distributed, silvery, scalelike setae; scent efferent system pale grayish yellow. Hemelytron largely darkened, speckled irregularly with pale grayish, somewhat mossy maculae; cuneus dark brown, with yelloworange mark at middle; membrane pale smoky brown, narrowly semitransparent at middle, with coffee brown veins. Coxae and legs pale grayish or yellowish brown; each coxa partly darkened; all femora brown, mottled with minute pale spots; basal 1/3–1/2 of mesofemur and basal 1/3 of metafemur pale brown; latter usually with ring-like pale annulation at apical 1/3; all tibiae brown; meso- and metatibiae usually reddish, with pale ring at middle; all tarsi pale brown, with extreme apices infuscate. Abdomen grayish brown, with small dark spots at spiracles, with uniformly distributed, silvery, short, reclining setae. Male genitalia ( Figs. 4View FIGURE 4 A –C; 5A –C): Pygophore and parameres comparatively small ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 A –C); left paramere C-shaped; right paramere weakly curved; endosoma with fully set of five sclerites ( Fig 5View FIGURE 5 A –B); PL weakly curved and furnished with teeth only at apical 1/3; TL triangularly developed; seminal duct strongly constricted subapically ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5 C). Female: As in male. Female genitalia ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A – B): sclerotized ring small, ovoid, thick-rimmed ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A); posterior wall of bursae with Y-shaped dorsal structure and rather broad interramal lobe ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 B).

Measurements. See Table 2.

Etymology. Named for the frequent occurrence of this new species in the Ryukyus  , Japan; a noun in apposition.

Biology. Most individuals of this new species were collected from various inflorescences and four plant species were confirmed as the breeding hosts ( Table 1). The adults are sometimes attracted to light traps. Collecting records suggest E. ryukyus  has a multivoltine life cycle.

Discussion. This new species has been regarded as E. sauteri  since Miyamoto & Yasunaga (1989) listed an earlier record from Ishigaki Island of the Ryukyus  , although we now can no longer trace the source. Previously, a species (x) restricted to southern Japan and Taiwan with the entirely darkened antennal segment III and apically toothed endosomal PL was identified as E. sauteri  , and its close relative (y), occurring in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, with the bicolored antennal segment III and wholly toothed PL was E. luteus ( Yasunaga, 2001)  . Both species are also clearly separated each other by the male genitalia as well as shape of the final-instar immatures ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 B vs. 2C). It was not until we could access images of the holotype of E. sauteri  quite recently that we were aware of this misidentification; base of the antennal segment III of the holotype is pale ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8 C). Because the species (x) is distributed in both Japan and Taiwan (type locality of sauteri  ), no one has doubted of its wrong identity for long time.

On the other hand, the other species (y) was confirmed as true E. sauteri  . Accordingly, E. luteus  is now suspected to be conspecific with E. sauteri  , based on our examinations of the morphological characters including the genitalia and distribution patterns ( Fig. 7View FIGURE 7). To verify the definitive identity for E. luteus  , additional information on the female genitalic structures and final-instar immature form of Chinese materials is required.

Holotype ♂: JAPAN: Ryukyus  , Okinawa Island, Kunigami Village, Yona , 26.75, 128.22, on Mallotus  sp., 20–24 May 1993, T. Yasunaga ( AMNH _PBI 00380484) ( NIAES)  . Paratypes. JAPAN: Kyushu: 1♂, Kumamoto Pref., Amakusa City, Ushibuka , Tsuruha-yama Park , 13 Sep 2015, T. Nozaki ( TYCN)  ; 1♀, Amakusa City, Onuki Town , same date & collector ( TYCN)  ; Kagoshima Pref., Makurazaki City , 6 Nov 1949, J. Sonan ( TYCN)  . Amami- Oshima Island: 1♀, Amami [= former Naze] City, Koshuku , 28.37, 129.47, on Deutzia  flowers, 6 Apr 1989, T. Yasunaga ( TYCN)  ; 1♂ 2♀, Amami Is., Naze City, Chuoh Trail , 20 Jun 1998, H. Miyake ( NIAES)  ; 3♂ 4♀, Kinsakubaru , 30 Jun 2000, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♂ 1♀, same locality, 1 Jul 2000, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♂, Shinmura , 23 Jul 1964, S. Miyamoto, Y. Hirashima ( TYCN)  ; 1♀, Fukumoto, 28.26, 129.36, R. Noda (TYCN). Kume Island: 3♂ 6♀, Shimajiri , 4 Apr 2014, leg. M.L. Jing ( NMNS) 1♂, same locality and collector, 3 Apr 2014 ( NMNS)  . Okinawa Island: 8♂ 1♀, same data as for holotype ( CNC, TYCN)  ; 2♂ 1♀, same locality, 9 Apr 1996, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 4♂ 5♀, same data except for date 15–18 May 1998 ( NIAES)  ; 1♂, Okinawa Is., Kunigami, Sate , 24 May 1993, at light, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♂ 4♀, Kunigami Village, Ohkuni-pass , on Meliosma arnottiana  , 24 and 29 Jun 1999, T. Yasunaga, M. Takai ( TYCN)  ; 2♂ 4♀, same data, 26.7631, 128.2159, by UV light trap ( TYCN)  ; 6♂ 6♀, same data, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 2♂, Kunigami Village, Yonaha-dake , 26.777, 128.222, sweeping broadleaf flowers, 21 May 1993, T. Yasunaga ( TYCN)  ; 2♀, same locality, 8 Apr 1996, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♂, Okinawa Is., Higashi, Gesasi , 12 Apr 1996, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♀, Women Village, Kisenbaru , 26.49, 127.91, UV light trap, 24 Oct 1990, M. Hayashi ( TYCN)  ; 1♀, Okinawa City, Chibana , 26.36, 127.80, UV light trap, 6 Apr 1990, M. Hayashi ( TYCN)  . Ishigaki Island: 2♀, Ban’na Park , 24.38, 124.17, 4 Mar 1999, T. Yasunaga ( TYCN)  ; 1♂ 2♀, Mt. Ban’na , 24.3777, 124.1666, 8 and 15 May 1993, T. Yasunaga  , 1♀ with USIs (AMNH_PBI 00380485) (TYCN); 1♀, same locality, 27 May 1990, M. Hayashi ( TYCN)  ; 2♂, Ban’na Park , 4 Apr 1997, H. Yoshitake ( TYCN)  ; 1♀, Omoto –Takeda , 24.41, 124.18, 5 Mar 1999, T. Yasunaga ( TYCN)  ; 1♂, Omoto , 16 Oct 1994, M. Takai ( TYCN)  ; 1♂, Shiramizu , 24.4193, 124.1622, on Styrax japonica  , 3 Mar 1999, T. Yasunaga ( TYCN)  ; 1♂, Mt. Omoto-dake , 8 May 1998, at light, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♀, same data except for date 20 Oct 1999 ( NIAES)  ; 4♀, Ishigaki Is., Mt. Maese-dake , 13, 16 & 19 Oct 1999, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♂, same locality, 2–3 Feb 2001, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♀, Itona , 22 Feb 2002, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♂ 2♀, Takeda , 12 Mar 2004, 24°24′11″N, 124°11′05 E, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 2♂ 3♀, Takeda-rindo , 18–19 Mar 2012, 24°24′38″N, 124°11′08″E, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 2♀, same locality, 16 Mar 2013, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Mt. Yarabu-dake , 17 Mar 2012, 24°26′26″N, 124°05′25″E, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, same data except for data 20 Mar 2012 ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Ishigaki Is., Sukubaru Dam-side , 17 May 2008, 24°25′47″N, 124°12′42, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 1♂, Sokobaru Damside , 17 Mar 2012, 24°25′50″N, 124°12′42″E, Y. NakataniGoogleMaps  ; 1♀, Sakieda, Mt. Yarabu-dake , 17 Jun 2013, N24°26′26, 124°05′26″E, H. Yoshitake ( NIAES)  . Iriomote Island: 2♂, Fukari , 12 May 1993, M. Hayashi ( TYCN)  ; 2♀, Funaura , UV light trap, 4 Jun 2013, T. Yasunaga ( TYCN)  ; 1♀, same locality, 18 Oct 1998, at light, Y. Sawada ( NIAES)  ; 2♀, Haemida Coast , on Fraxinus griffithii  , 6 Jun 2013, T. Yasunaga ( TYCN)  ; 1♀, same locality, 11 May 1993, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ;1♂, without detailed locality, 21–22 Mar 1967, I. Hattori (NIAES); 1♀, Iriomote Is., Komi, 23 Oct 1994, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 3♂, Iriomote Is., Komi, 14 Mar 2013, N24°19′42, 123°53′57″E, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)  ; 5♂ 1♀, Iriomote Is., Komi, Airagawa River , 21 Mar 2007, 24°20′36″N, 123°54′40″E, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 3♂ 5♀, same locality, 13 Mar 2013 Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂ 1♀, Iriomote Is., Otomi, Monbanare , 22 Mar 2007, 24°17′51″N, 123°52′26″E, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 3♂ 1♀, same data except for date 15 Jun 2008, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂ 2♀, Otomi, Nishifunatsukihashi , 24°18′10″N, 123°51′34″E, 15 Mar 2013, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, Shirahama , 24°21′54″N, 123°45′17″E, 12 Mar 2013, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 2♂ 1♀, same locality, 8– 9 Apr 1997, H. Yoshitake ( TYCN)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, same locality, 20 Jun 1998, C. Ishikawa ( TYCN)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, without further locality, 19 Oct 1994, M. Takai (TYCN). TAIWAN: 1♂, Nantou County, Yuchi, TFRI Lienhuachi Research Center , 29–30 Jun 2015, H. Yoshitake ( NIAES)  ; 1♂ 5♀, Kaohsiung County, Maolin District, Shanping Forest Ecological Garden, 22°58'20"N 120°40'44"E, 16–17 Oct 2015, Y. NakataniGoogleMaps  , 1♂ with USIs (AMNH_PBI 00380486) (TFRI, NIAES); 1♂ 1♀, same data, except for collector H. Yoshitake ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, same data, except for date 19 Oct. 2015, Light Trap ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 2♂ 1♀, Kaohsiung County, Liouguei District, Zhong-Xing-Long Li, near Mt. Taiyuanshan , 22°59'22"N 120°40'44"E, 19 Oct. 2015, H. Yoshitake & Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 2♂, Pingtung, Hengchun, Manzhou Gangkou , 21°59'35"N 120°50'42"E, 14 Oct 2015, Y. Nakatani ( NIAES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂ 2♀, Pintung County, Kenting Park , 13 May 2004, C.S. Lin (1♂, genitalia dissected, misidentified as E. sauteri  , NMNS)  ; 1♀, Ilan County, Fushan , mercury light, 9 Jun 2004, W.T. Yang ( NMNS)  .

TABLE 2. Measurements for Eurystylus sauteri and E. ryukyus n. sp.

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

NIAES

National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences

NMNS

National Museum of Natural Science

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

TFRI

Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute

Kingdom

Plantae

Genus

Eurystylus

Loc

Eurystylus ryukyus Yasunaga, Nakatani & Chérot

Yasunaga, Tomohide, Nakatani, Yukinobu & Chérot, Frédéric 2017
2017
Loc

Eurystylus sauteri:

Miyamoto & Yasunaga 1989: 160
1989