Conocephalus (Anisoptera) longipennis (De Haan, 1842)

Nagar, Rajendra & Swaminathan, R., 2016, Notes on the genus Conocephalus (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae; Conocephalinae; Conocephalini) from India and description of two new species, Zootaxa 4126 (1), pp. 1-43: 24-29

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4126.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:71409CFF-5A38-493F-80D7-56D34D2739D2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038A8781-0B31-FF8A-A7CE-7251FCA8FE8C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Conocephalus (Anisoptera) longipennis (De Haan, 1842)
status

 

Conocephalus (Anisoptera) longipennis (De Haan, 1842) 

( Figs. 5View FIGURE 5, 13, 21, 29, 37, 44, 51, 58, 65, 72 & 80; Plate X & XI)

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Orthoptera  .speciesfile.org:TaxonName: 17464

Locusta (Xiphidion) longipennis De Haan, 1842: 189  ; Xiphidium longipenne Walker, 1869: 274  ; Xiphidium spinipes Stal, 1877: 47  ; Xiphidium longicorne Redtenbacher, 1891: 513  ; Anisoptera longicorne Kirby, 1906: 278  ; Anisoptera longipenne Kirby, 1906: 278  ; Anisoptera spinipes Kirby, 1906: 278  ; Xiphidion longipenne Karny, 1907: 92  ; Xiphidion longicorne Karny, 1907: 92  ; Conocephalus (Xiphidion) longipennis Karny, 1912: 11  ; Conocephalus (Xiphidion) longipennis longipennis Karny, 1931: 105  ; Conocephalus carolinensis Willemse, 1942: 98  ; Conocephalus longipennis Bolvar, 1913: 8  .

Material examined. (12 Specimens, 07Ƌ&05♀). Paratypes: 04.vi. 2013, Coll. Jhabar Mal (Khasi Hill West); 04.vi. 2013, Coll. Rajendra Nagar (Khasi Hill West); 04.vi. 2013, Coll. R. Swaminathan (Khasi Hill West) (1); 09.vi. 2013, Coll. R. Swaminathan (Bhoirymbong); 09.vi. 2013, Coll. Jhabar Mal (Bhoirymbong); 09.vi. 2013, Coll. Rajendra Nagar (Bhoirymbong); 01.v. 2012, Coll. R. Swaminathan ( TNAUAbout TNAU, Coimbatore); 01.v. 2012, Coll. Tatiana ( TNAUAbout TNAU, Coimbatore); 20.x. 2015, Coll. Rajendra Nagar, Ponmudi (Thiruvanthapuram); 20.x. 2015, Coll. T. Swaminathan, Ponmudi (Thiruvanthapuram); 20.x. 2015, Coll. R. Swaminathan, Ponmudi (Thiruvanthapuram).

Description. Male — Fastigium of vertex narrower than scape, Eyes globular, protruding outwards, apex obtuse, dorsal surface obtusely rounded. Anterior margin of pronotum slightly concave, posterior margin convex, rounded, metazona raised upwards, lateral lobes of pronotum rounded, with a tumid oval semitransparent area along posterior margin on both sides. Tegmina and hind wing fully developed, forewing unicolourous with cross vein of costal and pre-costal area regular, parallel, varying to fairly irregular, tegmina smaller than hind wing. Hind femora with 3–7 externo-ventral spines; hind tibiae with 6 apical spurs. Tenth abdominal tergite nearly unmodified, median carina visible with apical projections, very slightly straight and apical margin broadly rounded. Stridulatory file area of male left tegmen large, slightly curved, with about 70 large and 20 small teeth, main teeth very robust, which are large and spaced in middle, gradually becoming narrower towards the apex. Knee lobes of fore femora with two small external spines and internally obtusely rounded, mid femora with two external and one internal small spines; hind femora on external and internal sides with two long spines with apex black, the upper side spines longer than those lower. Coxal spines long. Tympanam on fore tibiae conchate on internal and external sides; six pairs of spines on the ventral side, dorsum smooth, mesotibia without apical spurs; hind femur without spines dorsally with 5–7 externo-ventral spines, but without intro-internal spines. Hind tibiae with 28–30 dorsointernal, 23–25 external spines, 5–7 ventro-internal and 6–9 external spines with three pairs of apical spurs. Cerci stout, cylindrical, basal area conical, apices slightly narrower and rounded; one inner spine at apex with apices pointed, tapering (with globular apex). Subgenital plate long, middle carinae raised, centre of posterior margin with a slight incision in middle, styli small, cylindrical, apices obtuse. Supra anal plate small, flat, tongue-shaped with apex rounded.

PLATE X. C. longipennis  male 1–8: 1. Dorsal view of head; 2. Dorsal view of pronotum; 3. Lateral view of pronotum; 4. Fastigium verticis; 5. Mirror on right tegmina; 6. Dorsal view of stridulatory file; 7. Tegmina; 8. Ventral view of stridulatory file on left tegmina.

PLATE XI. C. longipennis  male 9–13: 9. Hind femur; 10. Dorsal view of tenth abdominal tergite; 11. Lateral view of genitalia; 12. Dorsal view of cerci; 13. Ventral view of subgenital plate; female 14–16: 14. Lateral view of ovipositor; 15. Lateral view of cerci; 16. Ventral view of subgenital plate.

Female. Tenth abdominal tergite with median notch, apical margin rounded. Epiproct small, triangular, cerci conical at base, narrowing apically with apex obtuse. Subgenital plate slightly broader than long, rounded, triangular, apex obtuse, apical lobe triangular and rounded. Ovipositor long moderately straight and slightly curved upward, dorsal and ventral margins smooth, dorsal valve longer than ventral.

Distribution. India: Karnataka; Kerala; Meghalaya.

TNAU

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Dryophthoridae

Genus

Conocephalus

Loc

Conocephalus (Anisoptera) longipennis (De Haan, 1842)

Nagar, Rajendra & Swaminathan, R. 2016

2016
Loc

Conocephalus carolinensis

Willemse 1942: 98

1942
Loc

Conocephalus (Xiphidion) longipennis longipennis

Karny 1931: 105

1931
Loc

Conocephalus longipennis

Bolvar 1913: 8

1913
Loc

Conocephalus (Xiphidion) longipennis

Karny 1912: 11

1912
Loc

Xiphidion longipenne

Karny 1907: 92

1907
Loc

Xiphidion longicorne

Karny 1907: 92

1907
Loc

Anisoptera longicorne

Kirby 1906: 278

1906
Loc

Anisoptera longipenne

Kirby 1906: 278

1906
Loc

Anisoptera spinipes

Kirby 1906: 278

1906
Loc

Xiphidium longicorne

Redtenbacher 1891: 513

1891
Loc

Xiphidium spinipes

Stal 1877: 47

1877
Loc

Xiphidium longipenne

Walker 1869: 274

1869
Loc

Locusta (Xiphidion) longipennis

De Haan 1842: 189

1842