Eulimnadia hansoni , Brian V Timms, 2016
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Eulimnadia hansoni sp. nov.
( Figs 9View FIGURE 9 E, 14)
Etymology. This species is named for Sue and Roger Hanson, present owners of Bloodwood Station, Paroo, where the type locality is. This is a reward for their hospitality and assistance over many years to shrimp ecologists and taxonomists and recognition of their wise stewardship of the property which is central in the biodiversity hotspot for large branchiopods.
Type locality. New South Wales, Paroo district, Bloodwood Station, 125 km NW of Bourke, Marsilea Pond, 29 o 32 ’ 13.5 ”S, 144 o 52 ’ 26.0”E, 12 November, 1999, BVT.
Type material. Holotype. Male deposited in Australian Museum, Sydney, length 5.3 mm, height 3.1 mm, registration number AM P 97809View Materials.
Allotype. Female deposited in Australian Museum, Sydney, length 5.6 mm, height 3.8 mm, registration number AM P 97810View Materials.
Paratypes. Five females, 4.7 x 3.1 mm, 4.7 x 3.1 mm, 4.6 x 3.1 mm, 4.2 x 2.6 mm, 4.1 x 2.6 mm, registration number AM P 97811View Materials.
Other Material. New South Wales: 125 km NW of Bourke, Bloodwood Station, small unnamed pond NW of Monogan’s Pan, 29 o 26 ’ 51.3 ”S, 144 o 48 ’ 39.4 ”E, 6 June 2007, BVT, AM P 97812View Materials; Bloodwood Station, Lower Crescent Pool, 29 o 32 ’ 36.5 ”S, 144 o 51 ’ 29.4 ”E, 29 April 1998, BVT, AM P 97813View Materials; 130 km NW of Bourke, Tredega Station, a blackbox swamp near homestead, 29 o 28 ’ 57.8 ”S, 144 o 52 ’ 02.8”E, 22 February 2011, MS & BVT, AM P 97814View Materials; Queensland: Currawinya Nat Pk, creek between Paroo R and Lake Kaponyee, 28 o 50 ’ 00.3”S, 144 o 21 ’ 16.0”E, 17 May 1996, AM P 97815View Materials; 47 km E of Thargomindah, roadside pool, 28 o 05’ 12.4 ”S, 144 o 16 ’ 40.3 ”E, 27 February 2011, MS & BVT, AMPAbout AMP 85610View Materials; via Thargomindah, a coolabah swamp, 28 o 50 ’ 51.9 ”S, 143 o 53 ’ 54.4 ”E, 26 February 2011, MS & BVT, AM P 85611View Materials.
Diagnosis. Egg with about 30 deep polygons, each with a central linear depression and marginally fringed. 18 trunk segments. Clasper with about 8 spines of uniform length at junction of the two palpomeres of the large palp and with a similar spine mediolaterally on basal palpomere. Cercopod setae short, usually not much longer than diameter of cercopod, and numbering about 12–15. Telsonic spines about 15, generally fairly evenly spaced and sized.
Description. Egg ( Fig 9View FIGURE 9 E) spherical, diameter 185–192 Μm (n = 5), with about 30 deep polygons, each with a central linear depression, marginally fringed, the fringe extruded into weak spines mainly at polygon junctions. These spines about the same length as the depth of each polygon. Tertiary layer spongiform and surface microporous.
Male. Head ( Fig 14View FIGURE 14 C) with ocular tubercle prominent, the compound eye occupying most (ca 80 %) of it. Rostrum subequal in size to ocular tubercle, asymmetrical and most prominent dorsally with a rounded apex and an ocellus basodorsally. Frons-rostrum angle about 110 o. Dorsal organ posterior to eye by about its height, pedunculate about height of ocular tubercle.
First antenna distinctly longer than peduncle of second antennae, and with 8 lobes, each with numerous short sensory setae.
Second antenna with a spinose peduncle and each flagella with 8 antennomeres, dorsally with 1–4 spines and ventrally with 1–4 longer setae. Basal and distal antennomeres with minimal spines, though setae maximal on distal antennomeres.
Carapace ( Fig 14View FIGURE 14 A) elongated oval, pellucid and with hardly any indication of growth lines. Adductor muscle scar at about 30 o to the horizontal axis of carapace.
Thoracopods. Eighteen pairs, the first two modified as claspers ( Fig 14View FIGURE 14 G). Claspers with palm trapezoidal, apical club rounded with thick denticles distomedially and spine apicolaterally, moveable finger of normal curved structure and palps of typical structure. Moveable finger terminating in a suctorial disc distoventrally and with many small pits distodorsally. Long palp subequal in length to the palm in the first clasper and about 1.5 x longer in second clasper; both two-segmented with about 8 spines at their junctions. Each with a spine medolaterally on the basal palpomere. All these spines a little longer than palpomere diameter. Other thoracopods of typical structure for Eulimnadia , decreasing in size and complexity after 10 th thoracopod.
Trunk. Dorsal surface with 1–2 short spines medially or posteriorly on each of the posterior 12 trunk segments.
Telson ( Fig 14View FIGURE 14 E) with about 15 pairs of dorsal spines; a little variation in size and spacing. Most spines naked. Caudal filaments originating from a mound a little higher than the dorsal telsonic floor and between the 3 rd and 4 th spine. This dorsal floor sloping evenly posteriorly to base of cercopod. Cercopod a little longer than telson dorsum, the basal 80 % hardly thinning to a small naked spine, then rapidly thinning to an acute apex. About 15 short setae (all a little longer than cercopod diameter) on dorsum of basal 80 % and a cirrus of tiny denticles dorsolaterally on apical 20 % of cercopod. All setae two-segmented and with more setules on distal segment than on basal. Prominent spiniform projection beneath the cercopods at the ventroposterior corner of the telson.
Hermaphrodite. Head ( Fig 14View FIGURE 14 D) with ocular tubercle prominent, with compound eye occupying most (ca 80 %) of it. Rostrum a smooth bulge at an angle of about 160 o to the frons and with the ocellus basodorsal. Ocellus about 40 % size of eye. Dorsal organ posterior to eye bya bout its height, pedunculate and asymmetrical and subequal in height to ocular tubercle.
First antenna subequal in length to the peduncle of second antenna, with six small lobes each with many short sensory setae. Second antenna as in male.
Carapace ( Fig 14View FIGURE 14 B) as in male, though dorsum more vaulted.
Thoracopods. Eighteen of typical Eulimnadia structure.
Trunk dorsum with 3–9 setae terminally, these setae few, short and stout on posterior few segments, numerous and longer on segments 8–15 and hardly any setae on anterior trunk segments 1–7.
Telson ( Fig 14View FIGURE 14 F) as in male, though with 14 cercopod setae.
Variability. Many meristic structures vary numerically so that telsonic spines can number 12–16, cercopod setae 11–15, first antennal lobes 7–9 in male and 5–7 in females, and clasper palp spines 7–9. Eggs can lack spines (maybe they have worn off in older eggs) and can have about 40 polygons. Only rarely do antennomeres of the second antenna number more than 8, and then only to 9.
Comments. While many features are within the range usually seen in Eulimnadia , the cercopod setae are distinctive as they are short and numerous, whereas in many other species they are long (e.g. E. dahli ) or distinctly fewer in number (e.g. E. centenaria sp. nov.). In having about 15 telsonic spines fairly uniform in size and spacing, this species is distinct from others with fewer spines (e.g. E. uluruensis sp. nov.), irregular spacing and size (e.g. E. centenaria sp. nov.), or with> 16 spines (e.g. E. contraria sp. nov.). Many Australian species of Eulimnadia have 5 spines at the palpomere junctions, but E. hansoni has 8 spines plus another midlaterally on the basal palpomere, to make this species unique. The eggs are also distinctive with their frilled polygons, though these can be like those of E. dahli and E. gnammaphila sp. nov. eggs in form, there are differences, with those of E. hansoni with about 30 polygons and with a frothy surface.
Eulimandia hansoni could be any one of four of Schwentner et al ’s (2015) species G, H, K or 0, such was the high syntopy in many Paroo sites.
Few males occur in the collections, suggesting androdiocious mode of reproduction (Weeks et al., 2008).
Distribution. Central and northern Paroo and Bulloo River systems. It may be more widespread as specimens in AM P 10145View Materials from Central Australia and AM P 91993View Materials from near Aramac, central Qld have some similarities, but there are too few specimens for a detailed study.
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