Bairdia amygdaloides Brady, 1866

Maddocks, Rosalie F., 2013, New and poorly known species of Neonesidea (Bairdiidae, Ostracoda, Crustacea) from French Frigate Shoals, the Hawaiian Islands, Zootaxa 3608 (6), pp. 457-510: 461-462

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Bairdia amygdaloides Brady, 1866


Bairdia amygdaloides Brady, 1866 

History. Brady (1866) described Bairdia amygdaloides  from " Australia, 17 fathoms (Prof. Jukes's soundings)." Brady's drawings show a smooth, siliquose LV, a dorsally arched RV of a different species, and a juvenile LV interior. The name is sometimes included in checklists, but the identity and provenance of the species described by Brady have not been clarified. In the absence of type fixation and a topotypic population, the species is not recognizable.

Brady (1880) reported B. amygdaloides  from six Challenger stations, including Hawaii ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2. L – H). It is likely that these records apply to several species, none of which is the true (unrecognizable) B. amygdaloides  . Brady figured two morphotypes, one smaller and more tumid, but it is not known whether any of the illustrated specimens were from Hawaii. The high-arched lateral outline, densely punctate surface, and large size are traits found in many genera and species of bairdiids.

Brady (1890) reported B. amygdaloides  from localities near Fiji, New Caledonia, and Samoa. His description itemized traits that are now known to be common throughout the genus Neonesidea  and not of specific value. He did not provide illustrations or dimensions, and it is likely that several species and genera were included within his material. Chapman (1902) reported B. amygdaloides  from Funafuti but did not illustrate it.

Maddocks (1969, pp. 19–20) did not reclassify B. amygdaloides  into Neonesidea  , as implied by Kempf (1986, p. 213). She merely suggested that the material erroneously identified under this name by Brady (1890) might include one or more species of Neonesidea  . This is not a nomenclatural action.

Holden (1967) synonymized Brady's (1880, not 1866) identification of B. amygdaloides  from Hawaii (only) with his new species B. kauaiensis  . He illustrated several instars of B. kauaiensis  and compared them with Brady's illustrations. As Figure 2View FIGURE 2. L – H shows, it is unlikely that Brady's (1880) illustrated specimens belong to N. kauaiensis  . He mentioned finding two specimens at Clipperton Island, but this identification was not confirmed by Allison & Holden (1971).

Holden (1976) reported fossils of N. kauaiensis  from Midway, emphasized the invisibility of the pitting and reclassified it in Neonesidea  . As Figure 2View FIGURE 2. L – H shows, it is likely that the Midway population is not conspecific with either Brady's (1880) or Holden's (1967) Hawaiian material.

Conclusions: The true B. amygdaloides  is unrecognizable at present, and this name (though available) is best treated as a nomen dubium until useful type or topotypic material can be examined. The Hawaiian record belongs to another, unidentified species.