Lithobius (Lithobius) viriatus Sseliwanoff, 1878

Simaiakis, Stylianos Michail, Akkari, Nesrine & Zapparoli, Marzio, 2016, The centipedes of Peloponnisos and first records of genus Eurygeophilus in the East Mediterranean (Myriapoda: Chilopoda), Zootaxa 4061 (4), pp. 301-346: 317-318

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4061.4.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:677D76B8-DEC3-4950-BFC3-63B87D136F2D

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038D8783-8E11-FFA8-FF42-FF29FFA11852

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Plazi

scientific name

Lithobius (Lithobius) viriatus Sseliwanoff, 1878
status

 

15. Lithobius (Lithobius) viriatus Sseliwanoff, 1878 

(1) Lithobius (Oligobothrus) corcyraeus Verhoeff, 1899: 456  . (2) Lithobius (Oligobothrus) forficatus calamatanus Verhoeff, 1899: 456  . (3) L. piceiavus Verhoeff, 1901: 440  , 451.

(4) L. corcyraeus Verh.  : Verhoeff, 1901: 451.

(5) L. forficatus calamatanus Verh.  : Verhoeff, 1901: 451.

(6) Lithobius corcyraeus Verh.  : Attems, 1929 c: 300 (pars).

(7) Lithobius romanus Mein.  : Attems, 1929 c: 300 (pars).

(8) Lithobius corcyraeus Verh.  : Kanellis, 1959: 22.

(9) Lithobius diana Verh.  : Kanellis, 1959: 23.

(10) Lithobius piceus romanus Mein.  : Kanellis, 1959: 25 (pars). (11) Lithobius forficatus calamatanus Verh.  : Kanellis, 1959: 23. (12) Lithobius forficatus calamatanus Verhoeff  : Eason, 1983: 127. (13) Lithobius (Lithobius) viriatus Sseliwanoff  : Zapparoli, 1994: 54. (14) Lithobius (Lithobius) viriatus Sseliwanoff, 1878  : Zapparoli, 2002: 39, Fig. 18.

General distribution. Europe: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy, Ukraine. West Asia: Caucasus, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Turkey ( Zapparoli 2002; Minelli et al. 2006).

Chorotype. S-European (SEU).

Records in Peloponnisos (3, 7, 10) ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6). Ahaia: Aroania Ori, near Likouria (13, 14); Patra (1, 4, 6, 8, 14). Arkadia: pass 6–7 km E Langadia, 1050 m (14); Levidi, Menalon Ski Resort (14); Oros Menalon, Vitina (13, 14); Tripoli (loc. typ. of Lithobius forficatus calamatanus Verhoeff, 1899  ) (2, 5, 11, 12, 14). Korinthia: Oros Killini, Ano Sinikia Trikala, 1500 m (13, 14). Lakonia: Taigetos, Poliana, 1000 m (13, 14); Taigetos, Poliana, 1000–1300 m (13, 14); Taigetos, near refuge, 1650–1700 m (13, 14); Taigetos, near refuge (14); Parnonas, between Vamvakou and the refuge, 1420 m (13, 14). Messinia: Kalamata (loc. typ. of Lithobius forficatus calamalanus Verhoeff, 1899  ) (2, 5, 11, 12, 14); near Kalamata (loc. typ. of Lithobius piceiavus Verhoeff, 1901  ) (3, 9, 14).

New records from Mt. Parnonas ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6). 7 exx., Arkadia, Stravorachi, west of Kastanitsa (loc. 5), 1485 m, N 37.238169 / E 22.610705, 26 Oct. 2014; 1 ex., Arkadia, Kastanitsa west, Xeromoukalo stream (loc. 6), 1235 m, N 37.25273 / E 22.628614, 26 Oct. 2014; 2 exx., Arkadia, Platanos north by the river (loc. 8), 410 m, N 37.326315 / E 22.65768, 27 Oct. 2014; 4 exx., Arkadia, Arnomousga, mountain refuge "G. Papatheodorou" (loc. 12), 1400 m, N 37.258463 / E 22.58999, 27 Oct. 2014; 1 ex., Arkadia, Xirolakki, east of Prastos (loc. 14), 585 m, N 37.269119 / E 22.713849, 28 Oct. 2014; 1 ex., Arkadia, Kastanitsa crossroad to Moni Kontolinas (loc. 17), 1200 m, N 37.249969 / E 22.641182, 28 Oct. 2014; 4 exx., Arkadia, Agios Ioannis Theologos church, mountain refuge (loc. 19), 1610 m, N 37.226653 / E 22.591896, 29 Oct. 2014; 9 exx., Arkadia, Kastanitsa to Agios Vasileios, east of Gaitanorachi (loc. 20), 1455 m, N 37.224892 / E 22.643886, 29 Oct. 2014; 19 exx., Arkadia, Kastanitsa to Parnonas refuge, crossroad to Agios Vasileios (loc. 21), 1560 m, N 37.224316 / E 22.616548, 29 Oct. 2014; 1 ex., Arkadia, Vamvakou to Parnonas refuge, before refuge (loc. 23), 1320 m, N 37.217932 / E 22.598182, 29 Oct. 2014; 11 ex., Arkadia, Parnonas mt. refuge (loc. 24), 1480 m, N 37.220203 / E 22.613662, 29 Oct. 2014; 14 exx., Arkadia, Mavrovouni, mountain plateau west of Sitaina (loc. 25), 1330 m, N 37.300473 / E 22.615434, 30 Oct. 2014; 1 ex., Arkadia, Leonidio to Moni Elonis, 4 km W of Leonidio (loc. 31), 170 m, N 37.160461 / E 22.798198, 30 Apr. 2015; 4 exx., Arkadia, Parnonas mountain refuge to Agios Vasileios, 2 km SW of the refuge (loc. 36), 1570 m, N 37.225902 / E 22.62279, 1 May 2015; 2 exx., Arkadia, Parnonas mountain refuge to Agios Vasileios, 4.5 km SW of the refuge (loc. 37), 1440 m, N 37.226428 / E 22.641807, 1 May 2015; 1 ex., Arkadia, Prastos, 4 km N of the village (loc. 40), 1240 m, N 37.231459 / E 22.667264, 1 May 2015; 1 ex., Arkadia, Prastos, 3 km N of the village (loc. 41), 1215 m, N 37.239358 / E 22.671086, 1 May 2015; 1 ex., Arkadia, Prastos to Kastanitsa, 3 km E of Prastos (loc. 42), 525 m, N 37.259315 / E 22.698692, 1 May 2015; 2 exx., Arkadia, Moni Malevis, 600 m W of the monastery (loc. 43), 905 m, N 37.328598 / E 22.571381, 2 May 2015; 4 exx., Arkadia, Moni Malevis, 400 m W of the monastery (loc. 44), 890 m, N 37.327387 / E 22.574035, 2 May 2015; 3 exx., Arkadia, Xirokampi to Sitaina, 4 km SE of Xirokampi (loc. 46), 1140 m, N 37.318658 / E 22.612073, 2 May 2015; 1 ex., Arkadia, Xirokampi to Sitaina, 6.5 km SE of Xirokampi (loc. 47), 1200 m, N 37.311646 / E 22.626663, 2 May 2015; 1 ex., Arkadia, Xirokampi to Sitaina, 7.5 km SE of Xirokampi (loc. 48), 1150 m, N 37.31695 / E 22.629196, 2 May 2015; 11 ex., Arkadia, Kronion Oros, mountain plateau W of Agios Ilias church (loc. 54), 1650 m, N 37.287021 / E 22.605119, 3 May 2015; 1 ex., Arkadia, Kronion Oros, slopes N of Agios Ilias church (loc. 55), 1655 m, N 37.288658 / E 22.606911, 3 May 2015.

New records from Peloponnisos ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6). 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, Argolida, Mt Didimon (Ligourio), 600–1000 m, 3 Jun. 2005, G. Osella.

Ecological notes. 30–2400 m; a woodland species, in Abies cephalonica  and Fagus sylvatica  woods, in montane open habitats, in caves, and in agroecosystems ( Verhoeff 1899; Dobroruka 1965; Zapparoli 1994, 1996).