CLADORHIZIDAE Dendy, 1922

Vacelet, Jean, 2020, Carnivorous sponges (Porifera, Cladorhizidae) from the deep South Pacific (New Caledonia) with the description of three new species of the genus Abyssocladia and remarks on genus Cercicladia, Zootaxa 4767 (2), pp. 257-276 : 258

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4767.2.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6A6A15AA-9B6D-4168-8857-29E183D965B9

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3798804

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/0390B806-9820-FB51-FF10-FED1FF1AF8A6

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

CLADORHIZIDAE Dendy, 1922
status

 

Family CLADORHIZIDAE Dendy, 1922  

Type species. Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872: 65   .

Diagnosis. Carnivorous sponges that have adapted to feeding on small, typically crustacean, prey. Adaptations to carnivory include partial or complete reduction of the aquiferous system, erect habit with radiating processes with either a basal disc or root (rhizoid) processes for anchoring in soft sediment. Axial or abaxial skeleton composed of monactinal or diactinal megascleres, from which extend extra-axial branches. Microscleres include palmate, arcuate and anchorate (an)isochelae and their derivatives, including placochelae and cercichelae; sigmas, forceps or micro(subtylo)styles (microspined, and also spear-shaped in a few cases), and trochirhabds (from Hestetun et al. 2016).