Aetana gaya Huber, 2015

Huber, Bernhard A., Nuñeza, Olga M. & Ung, Charles Leh Moi, 2015, Revision, phylogeny, and microhabitat shifts in the Southeast Asian spider genus Aetana (Araneae, Pholcidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 162, pp. 1-78 : 42-46

publication ID 10.5852/ejt.2015.162

publication LSID


persistent identifier

taxon LSID

treatment provided by


scientific name

Aetana gaya Huber

sp. nov.

Aetana gaya Huber View in CoL , sp. nov.

Figs 104 View Figs 99–104 , 126–144 View Figs 126–129 View Figs 130–136 View Figs 137–144 , 169–171 View Figs 163–177


Distinguished from closest known relatives ( A. kinabalu , A. lambir Huber , sp. nov., A. indah Huber , sp. nov., A. poring Huber , sp. nov.) by shape of prolatero-ventral apophysis of male palpal femur ( Fig. 126 View Figs 126–129 ; single pointed process without side branch); also by apophysis on male palpal trochanter (longer and more sclerotized than in A. kinabalu and A. lambir Huber , sp. nov.; shorter than in A. indah Huber , sp. nov. and A. poring Huber , sp. nov.), by shapes of sclerites on procursus ( Figs 126–127 View Figs 126–129 ), and by female genitalia ( Figs 128–129 View Figs 126–129 , 169–171 View Figs 163–177 ; short and wide epigynum with straight posterior margin; distinctive internal structures).


Named for the type locality; noun in apposition.

Material examined


MALAYSIA-BORNEO: ♂, Sabah, Gaya Island , forest along small stream (6.014–6.018° N, 116.020° E), 30–80 m a.s.l., among rocks and tree buttresses, 4 Aug. 2014 (B.A. Huber, S.B. Huber), ZFMK (Ar 13974).


Other material

MALAYSIA-BORNEO: Sabah, 12 ♂♂, 13 ♀♀, 3 juvs, same data as holotype, ZFMK (11 ♂♂, 12 ♀♀; Ar 13975-76) and SMK (1 ♂, 1 ♀); same data, 7 ♀♀, 2 juvs, in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Bor 165).


Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 2.5, carapace width 0.9. Leg 1: 32.6 (7.6 + 0.4 + 7.6 + 14.2 + 2.8), tibia 2: 4.4, tibia 3: 2.8, tibia 4: 4.2; tibia 1 L/d: 96. Distance PME-PME 370 µm, diameter PME 105 µm, distance PME-ALE 25 µm; AME absent.

COLOR. Carapace pale ochre with black lateral bands and wide brown median band including ocular area. Clypeus pale ochre with pair of brown marks at rim. Sternum medially ochre, laterally slightly darker. Legs ochre to light brown, indistinct darker rings on femora (subdistally) and tibiae (proximally and subdistally); tips of femora and tibiae whitish. Abdomen grey with dorsal and lateral pattern of black and white marks; ventrally with small brown marks near spinnerets and in genital area.

BODY. Habitus as in Fig. 104 View Figs 99–104 ; ocular area slightly raised, each triad on short stalk directed toward lateral ( Figs 130–131 View Figs 130–136 ); carapace without thoracic furrow ( Fig. 135 View Figs 130–136 ; only dark line in anterior part); clypeus slightly more protruding than usual; sternum wider than long (0.75/0.55), unmodified. Gonopore with four epiandrous spigots ( Fig. 143 View Figs 137–144 ). Spinnerets as in Figs 141–142. View Figs 137–144

CHELICERAE. As in A. lambir Huber , sp. nov. (cf. Fig. 115 View Figs 113–117 ), with pair of proximal lateral apophyses and pair of simple distal apophyses in very lateral position; without modified hairs; without stridulatory ridges.

PALPS. As in Figs 126–127 View Figs 126–129 , coxa unmodified; trochanter with short ventral apophysis with small teeth prolaterally and small prolateral branch; femur with rounded retrolatero-ventral apophysis, long pointed prolatero-ventral apophysis without side branch, with small ventral process. Tarsal organ capsulate ( Fig. 134 View Figs 130–136 ). Procursus complex ( Figs 137–140 View Figs 137–144 ); retrolatero-ventral process with simple tip ( Fig. 136 View Figs 130–136 ). Bulb simple, with short and wide embolus.

LEGS. Without spines, with curved hairs dorsally on metatarsi 1 and 2 only (mostly on proximal half), with few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2.5%; prolateral trichobothrium absent on tibia 1, present on other tibiae. Tarsus 1 with ~30 pseudosegments, distally fairly distinct.

Male (variation)

Tibia 1 in 10 other males: 7.2–8.1 (mean 7.6).


In general similar to male; eye triads closer together (distance PME-PME 185 µm), not on stalks ( Fig. 132 View Figs 130–136 ); clypeus less protruding; no curved hairs on metatarsi. Tibia 1 in 11 females: 4.9–5.8 (mean 5.3). Epigynum short and wide plate ( Fig. 144 View Figs 137–144 ), slightly protruding, with pair of distinctive curved darker marks ( Figs 128 View Figs 126–129 , 169 View Figs 163–177 ). Internal genitalia as in Figs 129 View Figs 126–129 and 171 View Figs 163–177 , with sclerotized structures but apparently without sclerotized pockets, with pair of lateral membranous pockets.

Natural history

Most specimens were found close to the ground among logs, but some (mostly juveniles) built their webs in less protected places higher on trees.


Known from Gaya Island only ( Fig. 5 View Fig ).


Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"


Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig


Sarawak Museum













GBIF Dataset (for parent article) Darwin Core Archive (for parent article) View in SIBiLS Plain XML RDF