Lictorella carolina Fraser, 1911

Calder, Dale R. & Choong, Henry H. C., 2018, Names of hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) established by Charles McLean Fraser (1872 - 1946), excluding those from Allan Hancock Expeditions, Zootaxa 4487 (1), pp. 1-83: 37

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4487.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:524B23B9-8EAA-4BD6-8937-A1B8F1C057B9

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0392282A-FFC2-FFC0-AEC1-5B4E1BE3F8C9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lictorella carolina Fraser, 1911
status

 

Lictorella carolina Fraser, 1911 

Lictorella carolina Fraser, 1911: 53  , pl. 4, figs. 3–5.

Zygophylax carolina  .— Rees & Vervoort, 1987: 71.

Zygophylax carolinus Cairns et al., 1991: 24  .

Holotype. See Remarks below.

Type locality. USA, Washington: San Juan Archipelago ( Fraser 1911).

Current status. Valid, as Zygophylax carolina ( Fraser, 1911)  .

Remarks. Fraser (1911) described Lictorella carolina  from a single detached specimen that may not have constituted a complete colony. Rees & Vervoort (1987) considered an “imperfectly preserved specimen labelled: ‘ Lictorella carolina Fraser.  San Juan. T. Kincaid’" in the NMNHAbout NMNH to be type material and probably the holotype of the species (No. 70625, with No. 34084 on a separate label). The collection could not be located in the online database of the NMNHAbout NMNH under either number during this study. Neither could the specimen be found during a visit by one of us ( DRC) to the NMNHAbout NMNH in September 2017. Hydroids of L. carolina  in the Fraser Hydroid Collection at the RBCMAbout RBCM ( BCPMAbout BCPM 976-00334-001: Trinity Islands, 20 August 1914, 91 m, dry; BCPMAbout BCPM 976-00335-001: Gulf of Alaska) (Arai 1977) are not types.

Additional information on morphology of this species, beyond the original description, exists in Fraser (1914b). Rees & Vervoort (1987) remarked that the hydroid, as Zygophylax carolina  , was “insufficiently described” and founded on sterile material. Nevertheless, Z. carolina  has been listed as valid in Cairns et al. (2002, as Z. carolinus  ), Antsulevich (2015), and WoRMS.

NMNH

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

RBCM

Royal British Columbia Museum

BCPM

British Columbia Provincial Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Hydrozoa

Order

Leptothecata

Family

Lafoeidae

Genus

Lictorella

Loc

Lictorella carolina Fraser, 1911

Calder, Dale R. & Choong, Henry H. C. 2018

2018
Loc

Lictorella carolina

Fraser, 1911 : 53

Loc

Zygophylax carolina

Rees & Vervoort, 1987 : 71

Loc

Zygophylax carolinus Cairns et al., 1991 : 24

Cairns et al., 1991 : 24