Anapisa holobrunnea (Talbot)

Przybyłowicz, Łukasz & Bąkowski, Marek, 2011, Anapisa monotonia Kiriakoff, 1963 – a junior synonym of Anapisa holobrunnea (Talbot, 1932), with new records of Arctiinae (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) from Ghana, Zootaxa 3031, pp. 54-60: 54-55

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.206669

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Anapisa holobrunnea (Talbot)


Anapisa holobrunnea (Talbot) 

( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1)

Apisa holobrunnea Talbot, 1932  . Bull. Hill Mus. 4: 174.

Anapisa monotonia Kiriakoff, 1963  . Mem. de l’Inst. Fran. d’Afrique Noire 66: 402, syn. nov.

Material examined. Holotype of A. monotonia  3, [blue rectangular label] “I.F.A.N., NIMBA ( Guinée), Lamotte et Roy, VII · XII [19] 51 ” ( MNHN). Syntypes of A. holobrunnea  2 3, Massadou, Nr. Macenta, 1600 ft, 13–17.v. 26; French Guinea, C. L. Collenette ( BMNH); Additional material: 2 3 Ajenjua Bepo Forest Reserve; 24–30.VIII. 2006 (AMU, ISEA); 4 3 Mamang River Forest Reserve; 31.VIII. – 04.IX. 2006 (AMU, ISEA).

Distribution. New for Ghana. Until now known only from south Guinea: Mt. Nimba and Macenta near Massadou. New data from Ghana ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 G –I) suggest that the species is wider distributed across Western Equatorial Africa.

Description. Male genitalia ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 H –I) ( Ghana, gs - S 135, ISEA) Uncus directed ventrally, moderately elongated, flattened distally, dully pointed terminally; basal portion latero-ventrally with elongate setae. Tegumen large with two lateral ventrally directed pointed processes beneath uncus. Saccus large, broad, fused with vinculum in one conspicuous plate expanded laterally towards tegumen. Pedunculus and vinculum widely fused forming together with tegumen and saccus-vinculum complex a wide, sclerotized ring surrounding phallus. Valva reduced, consisting of two processes: one pointed towards tip, second club-like. Phallus short, wide; vesica with two prominent, sclerotized, elongated sacks pointed terminally, covered with numerous, short setae. For comparison a sketch of the male genitalia of the holotype of A. monotonia  is provided in Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 J (gs – P 75, MNHN). The female remains unknown.

Remarks. Anapisa monotonia  ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 D –F, J) was described from Mt. Nimba in Guinea based on a single male collected at light at Ziéla (550 m a.s.l.). Examination of the type deposited in MNHN revealed that the specimen is conspecific with Apisa holobrunnea  ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 A –C) described 31 years earlier by Talbot. His description is very short but comprehensively points out all diagnostic characters of the species. Therefore, an additional redescription of the imago habitus is unnecessary. The male genitalia, however, were neither depicted nor described before, although one of the two syntypes of A. holobrunnea  deposited in BMNH has been dissected by Kiriakoff. The genitalia of this specimen bear laterally, beneath the uncus, two ventrally directed pointed processes which correspond with the same structures found both in the type of A. monotonia  and the specimens from Ghana. The processes on the illustrated genitalia are oriented upwards and therefore they are not easily visible – their location is indicated by black arrows ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 H).


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle














Anapisa holobrunnea (Talbot)

Przybyłowicz, Łukasz & Bąkowski, Marek 2011

Anapisa monotonia

Kiriakoff 1963

Apisa holobrunnea

Talbot 1932