Plebeia droryana (Friese)

Roig-Alsina, Arturo & Alvarez, Leopoldo J., 2017, Southern distributional limits of Meliponini bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in the Neotropics: taxonomic notes and distribution of Plebeia droryana and P. emerinoides in Argentina, Zootaxa 4244 (2), pp. 261-268: 262-263

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4244.2.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F32D35E7-5247-44ED-81F8-CB4EC4F552D1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039287EC-FF83-FF8E-44EB-FB3B1624AE7F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Plebeia droryana (Friese)
status

 

Plebeia droryana (Friese) 

( Figs. 1–5View FIGURES 1 – 5, 15View FIGURES 15 – 16)

Trigona droryana Friese, 1900: 391  ( Brazil: 2 workers and 2 males from Espirito Santo, and several workers from Bahia, Drory leg. Type specimens lost). 

Diagnosis. The worker of Plebeia droryana  is characterized by the following combination of features: the narrow paraocular yellow band, over two thirds as long as the eye ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1 – 5); the uninterrupted yellow band beginning close to the anterior margin of the scutum and continued on the axilla, and all around the posterior margin of the scutellum ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1 – 5); the longitudinal yellowish band on the middle of the clypeus; the sparse punctation of the scutum (punctures between notauli separated by 2 puncture diameters) with shiny integument between punctures; the unbranched hairs on the disk of the scutum; and the reduced malar space, 0.3 times the diameter of the third flagellomere. The male is characterized by the peculiar shape of the fifth metasomal sternum ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1 – 5), with fingerlike lateral lobes twisted latero-posteriorly and bearing a brush of very long plumose setae. The genital capsule and the sixth metasomal sternum are as in figures 3 and 5.

Comments. We have not been able to locate any syntype of P. droryana  , and we use the name here as it has been interpreted by J. S. Moure (specimens identified by him in collections). This species has been the subject of numerous studies of anatomy, social behavior, ecology, etc. ( Camargo & Pedro 2007). The identity of the species dealt with, at least in most of these works, is illustrated by Cortopassi-Laurino (1978) in her dissertation on the males of P. droryana  . Cortopassi-Laurino (1978, plate AB2) presents drawings of the male metasomal sterna, including the diagnostic fifth sternum. This usage is followed here. The designation of a neotype would be desirable, but we have insufficient acquaintance with the distribution and variation of the species in Brazil in order to select such a specimen. Furthermore, this is a delicate matter, taking into account the nearly nine printed columns of references for P. droryana  in the catalog of Camargo & Pedro (2007), which deal with multiple aspects of the biology of the species. Plebeia droryana  is widespread in the province of Misiones and in the Yungas (including parts of the provinces of Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta and Tucumán), but it does not occur in the intervening Chaco region. Its distribution extends to the south to some localities in the northeast of the province of Buenos Aires ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 15 – 16).

Material studied: (934♀ 55♂) ARGENTINA  . Buenos Aires: 3♀, Capital Federal, Jardín Botánico Facultad Agronomía , 29-XII-1994, 24-I-2006, A. Roig Alsina ( MACN)  ; 1♂, San Miguel, 22-XI-2003, G. Zubarán ( MACN)  ; 1♀, Pdo. Florencio Varela, 5 Km SE Bosques, 15-XI-1997, A. Roig Alsina (MACN); 43♀, Capital Federal, Jardín Botánico Facultad Agronomía , 10-XI-2008, 27-XI-2008, G. Cilla ( MACN)  ; 2♀ 12♂, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, 18-XI-2013, L. Compagnucci ( MACN)  . Catamarca; 1♀, La Viña , 9-XI-1942, Ogloblin ( MLP)  ; 1♀, Tapso , 2-XII-1942, Ogloblin ( MLP)  . Jujuy; 10♀  , Jujuy ( MACN)  ; 6♀, San Lorenzo, 1-X-1911, Jørgensen ( MLP)  ; 2♀, Caimancito , 9-XI-1942 ( MLP)  ; 1♀, San Salvador de Jujuy, 13-IX-2009, Meriggi-Alvarez ( MLP)  ; 10♂, El Fuerte , Depto. Santa Bárbara, (- 24.266S - 64.416W, 1423 m.a.s.l), 2-XII-2010GoogleMaps  , Flores ( MLP); 3♂, San Lucas , Depto. Valle Grande, (- 25.533S - 65.083W, 1896 m.a.s.l), 16-XI-2010GoogleMaps  , Flores ( MLP)  . Misiones; 1♀  , Misiones, 11-X-1909, Jørgensen ( MLP)  ; 1♀, Misiones, 30-IX-1910, Jørgensen ( MLP)  ; 7♀, Misiones ( MACN)  ; 1♀, Puerto Rico, 29-III-1 949 ( MLP)  ; 1♀, San Ignacio , XII-1946, J. Montes ( MLP)  ; 16♀, Loreto, 15-III-1949, 17- III-1949, Ogloblin ( MLP)  ; 6♀ 1♂, Loreto, Ogloblin ( MLP)  ; 5♀ 2♂, Loreto, III-1950, Ogloblin ( MLP)  ; 1♀, Loreto, II-1946 ( MLP)  ; 12♀, El Dorado, 9-XII-1945, Schenkel ( MLP)  ; 9♀, General Manuel Belgrano , 15-V-1949 ( MLP)  ; 9♀, San Pedro, Reserva Esmeralda , (- 26.893S - 53.878W, 528 m. a.s.l), 13-XII-2011, 14-XII-2011, 15-XII- 2011, Alvarez-Aquino ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, San Ignacio , (- 27.254S - 55.31W, 168 m. a.s.l), 12-XII-2011, Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 6♀, Puerto Iguazú , (- 25.604S - 54.586W, 178 m. a.s.l), 25-IX-2012, Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 11♀, Parque Nacional Iguazú , Dest. Apepú, (- 25.563S - 54.596W, 217m. a.s.l), 5-7-IX-2013, Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 14♀, Parque Nacional Iguazú , (- 25.69S - 54.478W, 241 m. a.s.l), 1-12-IX-2013, Ramello ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 2♀, Parque Nacional Iguazú , (25.69S - 54.478W, 241 m. a.s.l), 9-IX-2013, 10-IX-2013, Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 224♀, Parque Nacional Iguazú , 19-IX-2008, 23-IX-2008, 26-IX-2008, 17-XI-2008, 18-XI-2008, 16-XII-2008, 13-II-2008, 14-II-2009, Zamudio-Collesselli-Gómez de Olivera ( MLP)  ; 250♀, Parque Nacional Iguazú , 19-IX-2008, 23-IX-2008, 26-IX-2008, 17-XI-2008, 18-XI-2008, 16-XII-2008, 13-II-2 0 0 8, 14-II-2009, Zamudio-Collesselli-Gómez de Olivera (IBSI-Api)  ; 1♀, Puerto Iguazú , (- 25.604S - 54.586W, 178 m. a.s.l), 20-III-2013, Lucia ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Puerto Iguazú , 10-XII-2012, Zamudio ( MLP)  ; 22♀, Puerto Aguirre (= Puerto Iguazú ), III-1 934, Kenet-Hayward ( MACN)  ; 2♀, Parque Nacional Iguazú , 10-XI- 1973, Willink-Tomsic ( IFML)  ; 21♀, Puerto Bemberg , Alto Paraná, 7-21-III-1934, K.J. Hayward ( NHMUK)  ; 3♂, Puerto Bemberg , Alto Paraná, 13-14-XII-1933, K.J. Hayward ( NHMUK)  ; 1♀, San Pedro, Reserva Esmeralda , 27- I-2004, F. Vossler ( MACN)  ; 4♀, Urugua-í , IX-2005, F. Vossler ( MACN)  ; 3♀, Aristóbulo del Valle , 11-XII-1995, N. Pascual ( MACN)  ; 1♀, Loreto, II-1945, Viana ( MACN)  ; 10♀, Oberá , 4-III-2010, M. Ferreira ( MACN)  ; 2♀ 13♂, Oberá (- 27.47°S - 55.10°W, 340 m. a.s.l), 28-IV-2014, L. Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 5♀, Montecarlo (- 26.57°S - 54.74°W, 340 m. a.s.l), 29-IV-2014, L. Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 7♀, Oberá, Guaraní (- 27.52°S - 55.16°W), 28-IV-2014, L. Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  . Salta; 17♀, El Portezuelo , 7-XI-1935, Tosti ( MLP)  ; 1♀, Tablillas , II-1944, Duret-Martínez ( MLP)  ; 1♀, Urundel , 2-XII-1952, Ogloblin ( MLP)  ; 2♀, Finca del Rey (= Parque Nacional El Rey ), 31-XI-1952, Obloblin ( MLP)  ; 1♀ 2♂, Saucelito , 1-XII-1952, Ogloblin ( MLP)  ; 14♀, Valle Morado , (- 23.507S - 64.783W, 390 m. a.s.l), 14-16-XII- 2012, Alvarez ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, Rta. 34 Km 1552, 15-XI-2009, Meriggi-Alvarez ( MLP)  ; 1♂, Dpto. General San Martín (- 22.292°S - 63.84°W, 880 m. a.s.l), 21-25-VII-2011, L. Pagano ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 6♀, Río Pescado 20 Km N. Orán, (369 m. a.s.l), 27-II-1964, Weyrauch ( IFML)  ; 1♀, Río Pescado ca. Orán (22˚53’ S 64˚27’ W), 11-20-VII-1970, Porter ( IFML)  ; 1♀, Urundel , 26-XI-1979, Willink-Fidalgo-Domínguez ( IFML)  ; 18♀ 1♂, Rosario de Lerma , XII-1992, A. Roiga Alsina-L. Horovitz ( MACN)  ; 1♀, Rosario de la Frontera, El Naranjo , XI-1950, R.N. Orfila ( MACN)  . Tucumán; 1♂, Tacanas  , San Pedro de Colalao, Arnau ( MLP)  ; 2♀, Tucumán, 24-XI-1942 ( MLP)  ; 7♀, Reserva Forestal , 18-XI-51 ( MLP)  ; 1♀, Guasapampa (= Huasa Pampa ), 1-XII-1940 ( MLP)  ; 1♀, Manantiales (= Manantial ), 7-XII-1942 ( MLP)  ; 12♀, Alpachiri , (- 27.334S - 65.741W, 611 m. a.s.l), 29-III-2012, Alvarez-Lucia-Gennari ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 5♀, Rta. 365, (-27.354S -65.802W, 628 m.a.s.l), 29-III-2012, Alvarez-Lucia-Gennari (MLP); 4♀, Dique el Cadillal, 31-X-2013, Alvarez-Lucia (MLP); 6♀ 3♂, Tucumán, (430 m. a.s.l), 1-XI-1964, 10-X-1966, 10-V-1967, 18-XI-1967, 20-XII-1968, 21-XII-1969,  - XII-1969, Weyrauch (IFML); 1♂, San Miguel de Tucumán, X-1947  , Córdoba ( IFML)  ; 2♂, San Pedro de Colalao, II-1958, Arnau ( IFML)  ; 3♀, Parque Sierra San Javier, Horco Molle , (700 m. a.s.l), 15-I-1976, Stange ( IFML)  ; 1♀, Horco Molle , 17-18-X-1964, Haedo Rossi ( IFML)  ; 2♀, Tacanas , Depto. Trancas, 16-XII-1976, Stange ( IFML)  ; 1♀, Raco , 1-I-1974, Stange ( IFML)  ; 1♀, San Miguel de Tucumán, Stange ( IFML)  ; 3♀, El Cadillal , 4-I-1976, Stange ( IFML)  ; 3♀, San Pedro de Colalao, (- 26.24°S - 65.484°W 1080 m.a.s.l), 5-XI-2013, Alvarez-Lucia ( MLP)GoogleMaps  ; 82♀ 13♂, INTA EEA Famaillá, (-27.02S -65.381W, 374 m.a.s.l), Alvarez-Lucia-Gennari (MLP); 3♀, El Cadillal , 7-XI-1993, A. Roig Alsina ( MACN)  ; 2♀, Tafi Viejo , III-1917 ( MACN)  ; 12♀, Yerba Buena , 21-XII-2010, Gennari ( MACN)  ; 16♀, Graneros , 2-X-2010, Gennari ( MACN)  .

MACN

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

MLP

Museo de La Plata

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Genus

Plebeia

Loc

Plebeia droryana (Friese)

Roig-Alsina, Arturo & Alvarez, Leopoldo J. 2017
2017
Loc

Trigona droryana

Friese 1900: 391