Neopleurophora dorsimaculata, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93 : 31-32

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.3657.1.1

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Neopleurophora dorsimaculata

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora dorsimaculata , sp. nov.

( Figs. 68–71 View FIGURES 68–71 , 174 View FIGURES 160–195 , 211 View FIGURES 196–233 , 238–239 View FIGURES 234–239 , 282–283 View FIGURES 280–283 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrial medial process approximately square, with pointed apical edges; hypandrium left lobe large, with serrated dorsal and posterior margins.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, COSTA RICA: Puntarenas 5 km SW Rincon , 8.7ºN, 83.51ºW, 31.v–, Malaise trap, 40 m, B. Brown & V. Berezovskiy col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps . Paratypes: COSTA RICA: 1♂: Pandora Estrella Valley , 28.iii.1984, Malaise trap, D.V. Manley col. ( LACM) ; 1♂, Puntarenas 3km SW Rincon , 8.68ºN, 83.48ºW, iii–v.1989, Malaise trap, 10 m, P. Hanson col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same data but ix–xi.1989 GoogleMaps ; 3♂, Prov. Limón: R.B. Hitoy Cerere: Valle de La Estrella , 18.ix–7.x.2003, Malaise trap, 560 m, E. Rojas, B. Gamboa & W. Arana col. ( LACM) .

Description. Male. Body length, 2.6 mm. Head. Frons dark brown, except for yellow anterior margin, pubescent; apparently vestigial median furrow near ventral apex. Flagellomere 1 orange, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus yellowish-brown; two upper genal and one lower genal setae. Thorax. Scutum dark brown, with large anterolateral area yellowish-brown, pleural sclerites yellowish-brown, anepisternum brown posteriorly, setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum dark brown, with medial and posterior areas light brown. Legs yellowish-brown, hind femur brown near apex. Forefemur with ventral row of four strong setae near apex. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at basal third and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 5.1. Midtibia with one anterodorsal and one posterodorsal setae at basal fourth ( Fig. 174 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/ length ratio, 0.40), with 3–4 ventral, strong setae ( Figs. 238–239 View FIGURES 234–239 ). Hind tibia with one anterodorsal and three posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 211 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.46 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter yellowish-brown. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with yellow, posterior band. Tergites 2, 3 and 4 with large posterior yellow bands, extending along tergite posterior three fourths. Hypopygium yellowish-brown ( Figs. 68– 71 View FIGURES 68–71 ). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, with two pointed apical edges. Epandrial right posterior margin with no projections; subepandrial setulose process present. Hypandrium left lobe large, with serrated, dorsal and posterior margins; right lobe small. Hypoproct with two setae. Phallus ( Figs. 282–283 View FIGURES 280–283 ). Basiphallus without dorsal process. Core plate flattened, bilobed. Epiphallus with thin, transparent scales, connected to the right arm laterally at the left of the phallus. Ventral plate long, flattened, connected basally with an elongated pointed process that extends under the core plate.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Known from different localities at low and medium altitudes in Costa Rica.

Etymology. The specific epithet dorsimaculata refers to the large, dark brown macula at the scutum, and is derived from the Latin roots dorsum (dorsal) and macula (spot).


Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County













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