Neopleurophora kungi, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93 : 33-34

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Neopleurophora kungi

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora kungi , sp. nov.

( Figs. 2 View FIGURES 1–7 , 72–75 View FIGURES 72–75 , 175 View FIGURES 160–195 , 212 View FIGURES 196–233 , 240–241 View FIGURES 240–245 , 284–285 View FIGURES 284–287 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrial medial process not bifurcated, slightly curved, apically tapered. Epandrial right posterior margin with large, pointed projection.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, BRAZIL: Amazonas : Manaus , Reserva Ducke, Igarapé Barro Branco, 12– 27.i.2005, Malaise trap, A. Henriques col. ( MZUSP) . Paratypes: ECUADOR: 1♂, Sucumbios: Sacha Lodge , 0.5ºS, 75.5ºW,–3.vii.1994, Malaise trap, 270 m, P. Hibbs col. ( LACM) GoogleMaps ; BRAZIL: 1♂, same data as holotype, but 12–22.iv.2004 ( INPA) ; 1♂, Rondônia: Guajará-Mirim, Rio Ouro Preto, Bananal , 20–27.x.1995, Malaise trap, J.A. Rafael & A. Henriques col. ( MZUSP) .

Description. Male. Body length, 2.5 mm. Head. Frons black, anterior apex yellow, pubescent, without median furrow. Flagellomere 1 yellowish-brown, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus yellowish-brown, oval; one upper genal and two lower genal small setae. Thorax. Scutum and pleural sclerites light brown, sometimes scutum yellowish-brown anteriorly; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum brown, posteriorly yellow. Legs yellowish-brown, hind femur brown at apex. Forefemur with ventral row of five strong setae near apex. Foretibia with one dorsal seta at basal fourth and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 4.8. Midtibia with one anterodorsal and one posterodorsal setae at basal third ( Fig. 175 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/length ratio, 0.40), with ventral row of eight strong setae near base ( Figs. 240–241 View FIGURES 240–245 ). Hind tibia with one anterodorsal and four posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 212 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.44 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter yellow. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with lighter posterior band. Hypopygium light brown ( Figs. 72–75 View FIGURES 72–75 ). Epandrial medial process apically tapered, slightly curved, not bifurcated, esclerotized at apex. Epandrial right posterior margin with large, pointed projection, subepandrial setulose process present. Hypandrium left lobe large; right lobe narrow. Hypoproct with two setae. Phallus ( Figs. 284–285 View FIGURES 284–287 ). Basiphallus without dorsal process. Core plate flattened, bilobed. Epiphallus covered with medium size scales, connected to the right arm at the left of the phallus. Ventral plate well developed, bifurcated at apex into two dented processes.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Southwestern and northern Amazonia in Brazil and in Amazonian Ecuador.

Etymology. The specific epithet is given after Giar-Ann Kung, great friend and author of some papers on phorid taxonomy. With her help, together with the support from Weiping Xie and Dr. Brian Brown, it was possible to access most of the material used in this study, at the LACM.

Comments. Neopleurophora kungi is hypothesized to be close to N. ptychodrilus and N. manauara based on the presence of the phallic ventral plate bearing apical teeth.


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia