Simulium (Gomphostilbia) decuplum Takaoka & Davies, 1995

Takaoka, Hiroyuki, Ya’Cob, Zubaidah & Sofian-Azirun, Mohd, 2018, Classification, annotated list and keys for the black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Peninsular Malaysia, Zootaxa 4498 (1), pp. 1-65: 14-16

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4498.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:334E786F-2793-4F10-909C-4ABBDA4075ED

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03951057-FFC4-CA66-FF3D-109DFCCAFDCA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Simulium (Gomphostilbia) decuplum Takaoka & Davies, 1995
status

 

13. Simulium (Gomphostilbia) decuplum Takaoka & Davies, 1995 

Simulium (Gomphostilbia) decuplum Takaoka & Davies, 1995: 46  –50 (Female, pupa and larva).

This species was described from females, pupae and larvae (Takaoka and Davies, 1995). It is characterized in the female by the elongate sensory vesicle, in the male by abdominal segments 2, 6 and 7 each with a pair of shiny dorsolateral patches, in the pupa by the gill with 10 short slender filaments, and in the larva by the deep postgenal cleft approaching the posterior margin of the hypostoma.

It is widely distributed throughout the mainland of Peninsular Malaysia. The aquatic stages were found in small streams at low to high elevations (159–1,750 m) in Cameron Highlands (Ya’cob et al., 2016b).

This species was recorded from Thailand ( Takaoka and Saito, 1996) and Assam, India ( Borah et al., 2012). Takaoka et al. (2018c) noted that S. (G.) decuplum  in Thailand is morphologically and molecularly divided into five new species and that the previous record of S. (G.) decuplum  from Thailand by Takaoka and Saito (1996) might have been based on S. (G.) huaikaeoense Takaoka, Srisuka & Low  , one of five new species, and true S. (G.) decuplum  has not been collected from Thailand. Similarly, the record of this species from Assam, India ( Borah et al., 2012) should be reconfirmed. There is a possibility that the species identified as S. (G.) decuplum  in Assam is one of five new species described by Takaoka et al. (2018c).

The male of this species is here described for the first time.

Male. Body length 1.9–2.2 mm. Head. Slightly wider than thorax. Upper eye consisting of 13–15 vertical columns and 14–16 horizontal rows of large facets. Face brownish black. Clypeus brownish black, moderately covered with yellow short hairs interspersed with dark brown longer hairs. Antenna composed of scape, pedicel and nine flagellomeres, dark brown except scape, pedicel and base of first flagellomere yellow, or dark brown except base of first flagellomere yellow; first flagellomere elongate, 1.8 times as long as second one. Maxillary palp with five segments, light brown, proportional lengths of third, fourth, and fifth segments 1.0:1.2:2.4; third segment ( Fig. 1A View Figure ) widened apically; sensory vesicle ( Fig. 1A View Figure ) globular, small, 0.16 times as long as third segment, and with small opening. Thorax. Brownish black to black, whitish-gray pruinose and shiny along lateral margins and on prescutellar areas, covered with yellow short hairs. Scutellum brownish black, with dark brown upright long hairs and yellow short hairs. Postnotum brownish black to black and bare. Pleural membrane bare. Katepisternum brownish black to black, shiny, covered with dark brown short hairs and yellow fine short hairs. Legs. Foreleg: coxa and trochanter light to medium brown; femur light to medium brown with apical cap dark brown; tibia dark brown except median large portion on outer surface light to medium brown; tarsus brownish black, with moderate dorsal hair crest; basitarsus somewhat dilated, 6.6–6.9 times as long as its greatest width. Midleg: coxa dark brown to brownish black; trochanter medium brown except base light brown; femur medium brown with apical cap dark brown; tibia medium to dark brown except extreme base yellow; tarsus dark brown except basal one-fifth or onefourth of basitarsus dark yellow to light brown. Hind leg: coxa dark brown; trochanter dark yellow to light brown; femur medium brown except basal tip yellow to dark yellow and apical cap dark brown; tibia light to medium brown except basal tip yellow, and subbasal area and apical cap dark brown; tarsus ( Fig. 1B View Figure ) dark brown except little more than basal three-fifths of basitarsus (though base light brown) and little less than basal half of second tarsomere yellow to grayish yellow; basitarsus ( Fig. 1B View Figure ) narrow, nearly parallel-sided (though somewhat tapered in apical one-third), 5.3–5.6 times as long as wide, and 0.61–0.64 times as wide as greatest width of tibia, which is as wide as femur; calcipala ( Fig. 1B View Figure ) well developed, as long as wide, and 0.5 times as wide as greatest width of basitarsus; pedisulcus ( Fig. 1B View Figure ) well developed. Wing. Length 1.5–1.6 mm. costa with dark brown spinules and dark brown hairs except basal portion with patch of yellowish hairs. Subcosta without hairs. Hair tuft on base of radius dark brown. Basal portion of radius fully haired. Basal cell absent. Halter  . Dull white except basal stem partially darkened. Abdomen. Basal scale medium brown, with fringe of medium-brown long hairs. Dorsal surface of abdomen medium to dark brown except basal half of segment 2 yellow, covered with dark brown short to long hairs; segments 2, 6 and 7 each with pair of shiny dorsolateral patches, when illuminated at certain angles.

Genitalia. Coxite in ventral view ( Fig. 1C View Figure ) nearly rectangular, 1.3 times as long as its greatest width. Style in ventral view ( Fig. 1C View Figure ) slender, tapered toward apex, markedly curved inward, with apical spine; style in ventrolateral view ( Fig. 1D View Figure ) slightly tapered toward basal one-third, moderately tapered to apical one-fourth, then somewhat widened toward blunt apex; style in lateral view with apical one-fourth markedly curved mediodorsally. Ventral plate in ventral view ( Fig. 1C View Figure ) transverse, much wider than long, tapered posteriorly, with anterior margin produced anteromedially, posterior margin much concave medially, and densely covered with microsetae on ventral surface except each anterolateral portion bare; basal arms of moderate length, divergent, then parallel-sided; ventral plate in lateral view (Fig. E) nearly flat, not produced ventrally; ventral plate in caudal view ( Fig. 1F View Figure ) flat, moderately covered with microsetae except both lateral areas mostly bare; ventral margin slightly concave ventromedially and dorsal margin widely concave. Median sclerite in lateral view ( Fig. 1E View Figure ) arising from near anterior tip of ventral plate and directed dorsally; median sclerite in caudal view ( Fig. 1G View Figure ) flat, narrowly pigmented mediolongitudinally. Paramere ( Fig. 1H View Figure ) slender, with several long distinct hooks and few smaller ones near apex. Aedeagal membrane ( Fig. 1I View Figure ) not pigmented, densely covered with short microsetae. Ventral surface of tenth abdominal segment without distinct hairs near posterior margin on each side. Cercus ( Fig. 1J, K View Figure ) not well defined, with 9 or 10 hairs.

Specimens examined. Two males reared from pupae collected from a stream (width 0.6 m, water temperature 23.9˚C, partially shaded, elevation 388 m, 04°23’429” N, 101°36’265” E), moderately flowing in a forest, Sungai Koyan , Raub, Pahang, Malaysia, 20-XII-2011, by H. Takaoka, Z. Ya’cob & M. Sofian-Azirun  ; 1 male reared from a pupa collected from a fast flowing stream (width 3.1 m, water temperature 23.9˚C, exposed to the sun, elevation 1,315 m, 04°34'573" N, 101°20'430" E), Simpang Pulai , Perak, Malaysia, 19-XII-2011, by H. Takaoka, Z. Ya’cob & M. Sofian-Azirun  ; 1 male reared from a pupa collected from a slow flowing stream (width 0.4 m, water temperature 19.4˚C, shaded, elevation 1,033 m, 04°24'672" N, 101°22'213" E), Jalan Tapah , Cameron Highlands, Malaysia, 19-XII-2011, by H. Takaoka, Z. Ya’cob & M. Sofian-Azirun. 

Remarks. The male of this species is most similar to that of S. (G.) huaikaeoense Takaoka, Srisuka & Low  from Thailand in many characters including the number of upper-eye large facets, relative length of the fore basistarsus against its greatest width, wing length and genitalia.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Simuliidae

Genus

Simulium

Loc

Simulium (Gomphostilbia) decuplum Takaoka & Davies, 1995

Takaoka, Hiroyuki, Ya’Cob, Zubaidah & Sofian-Azirun, Mohd 2018

2018
Loc

Simulium (Gomphostilbia) decuplum

Takaoka & Davies 1995: 46

1995