Sadala rufa ( Keyserling, 1880 ), 2022

Rheims, Cristina A. & Jäger, Peter, 2022, Revalidation of the genus Sadala Simon, 1880 with the description of a new genus of Neotropical huntsman spiders (Araneae, Sparassidae), Zootaxa 5135 (1), pp. 1-80 : 17-21

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5135.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0CC0D586-E099-4593-9032-EA1885F00F3B

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6820278

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/039787EF-FFB1-C91A-FF32-F907FAA9FD6A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sadala rufa ( Keyserling, 1880 )
status

 

Sadala rufa ( Keyserling, 1880) comb. rest.

Figs 56–61 View FIGURES 56–61 , 90 View FIGURES 89–90

Sparassus rufus Keyserling, 1880: 263 , plate 7, fig. 145 (Female holotype from Bogota [4.6492, ‑74.0628], Bogota, Colombia, NHM 1890.7.1.3138, examined); Simon 1897: 35.

Sadala rufa: Simon 1880: 318 .

Olios rufus: Simon 1903a: 1020 ; Petrunkevitch 1911: 502; Jäger 2020: 94, figs 341–348 (misplaced in Olios ).

Olios corallinus Schmidt, 1971: 390 , fig. 2 (holotype female, 2 female paratypes assumingly from Ecuador, introduced to Germany: Hamburg, Lübeck, Mainz, depository uncertain, not examined). Jäger 2020: 81, figs 273–280 (misplaced in Olios ). syn. nov.

Note. The location of the types of O. corallinus is uncertain. Jäger (2020) illustrated an epigyne of what he believes might be a paratype, mounted on a glass slide, deposited in Senckenberg Research Institute ( SMF 25776 View Materials ), which is in accordance to that depicted by Schmidt (1971). Based on these illustrations, this species is here considered a junior synonym of S. rufa (Keyserling) .

Additional material examined. PANAMA: Colon: 1♀, Frijoles [9.1733, ‑79.7967], 25 January 1958, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69334 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♀, same data as previous specimen ( MCZ 69348 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♀; Panama Oeste : 1♀, Barro Colorado Island [9.1569, ‑79.8466], 3 July 1950, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69336 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 5♀, same locality as previous specimen, 27 June 1934, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69333 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♀, same locality as previous specimen, 30 June 1936, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69346 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♀, same locality as previous specimen, 18 February 1958, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69347 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♀, same locality as previous specimen, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute , 15 September 1980, M.H. Purdy leg. ( MCZ 69750 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 2♀, same locality as previous specimen, beach near Barbour Point [9.1605, ‑79.8194], 19 July 1950, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69335 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, 7–9 July 1936, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69149 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, 23–30 June 1939, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69131 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, 2 July 1954, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69146 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen 1–31 August 1936, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69142 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, 20 May 1964, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69126 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, 16 June–15 July 1934, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69150 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, June 1950, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69145 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, 08 July 1939, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69138 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, same locality as previous specimen, 31 July 1954, A.M. Chickering leg. ( MCZ 69135 View Materials ) GoogleMaps .

Diagnosis. Males of S. rufa resemble those of S. keyserlingi ( Figs 24–26 View FIGURES 24–29 ) and S. velox ( Figs 72–74 View FIGURES 72–77 ) by the palp with embolus, arising from tegulum at 6 o’clock position ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 56–61 ). They are distinguished from both species by the cymbium lacking hook-shaped dorsal proximal projection ( Fig. 58 View FIGURES 56–61 ) and conductor base extending from central tegulum to embolus base ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 56–61 ) (cymbium with hook-shaped dorsal proximal projection and conductor base not extending to embolus base in S. keyserlingi and S. velox ). Females are distinguished from the remaining congeners by the epigyne with TP short, more than 7 times wider than long and arising anteriorly from MS (roughly as wide as wide as long or longer than wide and arising medially or posteriorly from MS in other species) ( Fig. 59 View FIGURES 56–61 ).

Description. Male ( MCZ 69149 View Materials ): Total length 11.5. Prosoma: 5.5 long, 5.0 wide. Opisthosoma: 6.1 long, 3.6 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.40, 0.34, 0.30, 0.34; interdistances: 0.28, 0.10, 0.50, 0.42, 0.22, 0.20. Legs: I: 31.9 (8.6, 2.8, 8.8, 9.3, 2.4): II: 34.7 (9.3, 3.1, 9.7, 9.7, 2.4); III: 23.4 (7.0, 2.4, 6.1, 6.1, 1.8); IV: 26.7 (8.0, 2.2, 7.1, 7.4, 2.0). Spination follows the generic pattern except patella III: p0. Palp: RTA two times longer than wide, finger-like, pointing antero-ventrad in retrolateral view; PTA triangular, as long as wide; subtegulum visible prolaterally in ventral view; tegulum oval; conductor more than five times longer than wide, anteriorly fanned ( Figs 56–58 View FIGURES 56–61 ).

Redescription. Female ( MCZ 69333 View Materials ): total length 20.8. Prosoma: 8.8 long, 8.1 wide. Opisthosoma 11.7 long, 7.3 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.60, 0.46, 0.34, 0.48; interdistances: 0.48, 0.30, 0.78, 0.70, 0.50, 0.36. Legs: I: 37.1 (10.5, 4.5, 9.9, 10.0, 2.2); II: 39.3 (11.3, 4.5, 10.5, 10.7, 2.3); III: 29.3 (9.1, 3.7, 7.4, 7.0, 2.1); IV: 32.0 (9.8, 3.5, 7.9, 8.6, 2.2). Spination follows the generic pattern. Epigyne: EF slightly wider than long with transversal anterior groove; MAB embedded in EF; MS rectangular, wider than long; LL touching posteriorly; ( Fig. 67 View FIGURES 62–67 ). Vulva: FW postero-mediad; GP short, rounded, arising from ducts at second turn; SP elongate; FD laterad ( Figs 60–61 View FIGURES 56–61 ).

Variation. Males (n = 9): total length 11.2–12.9; prosoma length 4.9–5.7; femur I length 8.2–9.9. Females (n = 9): total length 18.1–22.8; prosoma length 8.0–9.2; femur I length 8.3–10.7.

Distribution. Panama and northwestern South America ( Colombia and possibly Ecuador) ( Fig. 90 View FIGURES 89–90 ).

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Sadala

Loc

Sadala rufa ( Keyserling, 1880 )

Rheims, Cristina A. & Jäger, Peter 2022
2022
Loc

Olios corallinus

Jager, P. 2020: 81
Schmidt, G. 1971: 390
1971
Loc

Olios rufus:

Jager, P. 2020: 94
Petrunkevitch, A. 1911: 502
Simon, E. 1903: 1020
1903
Loc

Sparassus rufus

Simon, E. 1897: 35
Keyserling, E. 1880: 263
1880
Loc

Sadala rufa:

Simon, E. 1880: 318
1880