Sadala punicea Simon, 1880

Rheims, Cristina A. & Jäger, Peter, 2022, Revalidation of the genus Sadala Simon, 1880 with the description of a new genus of Neotropical huntsman spiders (Araneae, Sparassidae), Zootaxa 5135 (1), pp. 1-80 : 17

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5135.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0CC0D586-E099-4593-9032-EA1885F00F3B

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6820276

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/039787EF-FFB1-C91E-FF32-FF1DFB2FF9FF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sadala punicea Simon, 1880
status

 

Sadala punicea Simon, 1880 comb. rest.

Figs 12 View FIGURES 9–12 , 45–55 View FIGURES 45–50 View FIGURES 51–55 , 89 View FIGURES 89–90

Sadala punicea Simon, 1880: 328 (female holotype from Pebas   GoogleMaps [‑3.3167, ‑71.8167], Loreto, Peru, MNHN 3571 View Materials , examined).

Sparassus puniceus: Simon 1897: 35 .

Olios puniceus: Simon 1903a: 1020 ; Petrunkevitch 1911: 502; Mello-Leitão 1918: 55, fig. 31; Jäger 2020: 81 (misplaced in Olios ).

Additional material examined. BRAZIL: Amazonas: 1♂, 4♀, Presidente Figueiredo, Usina Hidrelétrica de Balbina [‑1.9000, 59.4667], 1987–1988, Equipe IBSP GoogleMaps leg. ( IBSP 7362 View Materials , 7365 View Materials , 7358 View Materials , 7369 View Materials , 87530 View Materials ) ; 2♀, Manaus, Fazenda Cabo Frio [‑2.4167, ‑59.8333], 12 March 2002, Frickman leg. ( INPA) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke [‑3.000, ‑59.8667], 7 January 1992, S. Darwich & U. Barbosa leg. ( INPA 2441 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; Acre: 1♂, Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor, Várzea Gibralta‑Pedro [‑8.0333, ‑73.5500], 20 November 1996, R GoogleMaps . S. Vieira leg. ( IBSP 9361 View Materials ) . PERU: Loreto: 1♂, Iquitos, San Juan Bautista, Zungarococha , Arboreto del UNAP (‑3.8298, ‑73.3753) GoogleMaps , 8–9 April 2013, C.A. Rheims & R . P. Indicatti leg. ( IBSP 165051 View Materials ) .

Diagnosis. Males of S. punicea resemble those of S. kaiabi spec. nov. ( Figs 13–15 View FIGURES 13–18 ) and S. yuyapichis spec. nov. ( Figs 83–85 View FIGURES 83–85 ) by the palp with embolus arising from tegulum at 4 o’clock position ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 45–50 ). They are distinguished from those of S. kaiabi spec. nov. by the RTA roughly the same width throughout ( Fig. 47 View FIGURES 45–50 ), tegulum oval and conductor surpassing the anterior margin of alveolus by half its length ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 45–50 ) (RTA tapering and distally pointed, tegulum rounded and conductor barely surpassing the anterior margin of alveolus in S. kaiabi spec. nov.); from those of S. yuyapichis spec. nov. by the embolus base not extending beyond retrocymbial margin in ventral view ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 45–50 ) (embolus base with a retrolateral swing, extending beyond retrocymbial margin in S. yuyapichis spec. nov.). Females resemble those of S. nanay spec. nov. ( Figs 35–37 View FIGURES 35–40 ) by the epigyne with MS diamond-shaped posteriorly ( Fig. 48 View FIGURES 45–50 ). They are distinguished by the MS less than 1.5 times longer than wide with rounded CO ( Fig. 48 View FIGURES 45–50 ) and vulva with internal ducts tightly twisted ( Figs 49–50 View FIGURES 45–50 ) (MS more than 1.5 times longer than wide with elliptical CO and internal ducts loosely twisted in S. nanay spec. nov.).

Description. Male ( IB 165051 View Materials ): Total length 13.6. Prosoma: 5.9 long, 5.5 wide. Opisthosoma: 7.2 long, 4.5 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.50, 0.40, 0.30, 0.39; interdistances: 0.30, 0.04, 0.45, 0.45, 0.30, 0.20. Legs: I: 34.6 (9.7, 3.2, 9.7, 9.8, 2.2); II: 37.7 (10.9, 3.3, 10.4, 10.5, 2.6); III: 26.3 (8.0, 2.6, 6.9, 6.8, 2.0); IV: 29.9 (8.9, 2.5, 7.9, 8.4, 2.2). Spination follows the generic pattern except patella I: p0; tibiae I–II: d1-0-1; tibia IV: d0; metatarsus IV: r1-1-1. Palp: RTA roughly as wide as long, concave in ventral view; PTA triangular, slightly longer than wide; subtegulum visible prolaterally in ventral view; conductor three times longer than wide ( Figs 45–47 View FIGURES 45–50 , 51–53 View FIGURES 51–55 ).

Redescription. Female (IBSP 7362): Total length 18.3. Prosoma: 7.5 long, 8.5 wide. Opisthosoma: 9.8 long, 8.5 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.54, 0.40, 0.38, 0.48; interdistances: 0.40, 0.16, 0.80, 0.74, 0.40, 0.40. Legs: I: 31.6 (9.3, 3.7, 8.1, 8.4, 2.1); II: 33.3 (9.7, 3.7, 8.8, 8.8, 2.3); III: 23.4 (7.0, 3.0, 6.0, 5.6, 1.8); IV: 27.4 (8.4, 3.0, 7.0, 6.8, 2.2). Spination follows the generic pattern. Epigyne: EF as wide as long; MAB short; TP almost 2–3 times wider than long; LL touching posteriorly; ( Figs 48 View FIGURES 45–50 , 54 View FIGURES 51–55 ). Vulva: FW laterad; GP small, rounded, arising from duct at second turn; SP spherical; FD mediad, then laterad with subdistal turn ( Figs 49–50 View FIGURES 45–50 , 55 View FIGURES 51–55 ).

Variation. Males (n = 4): total length 13.0–15.8; prosoma length 5.9–6.6; femur I length 8.5–10.0. Females (n = 6): total length 18.3–21.8; prosoma length 7.5–8.2; femur I length 8.0–9.3.

Distribution. Iquitos in Eastern Peru and Manaus in central Amazonia, Brazil ( Fig. 89 View FIGURES 89–90 ).

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Sadala

Loc

Sadala punicea Simon, 1880

Rheims, Cristina A. & Jäger, Peter 2022
2022
Loc

Olios puniceus:

Jager, P. 2020: 81
Mello-Leitao, C. F. de 1918: 55
Petrunkevitch, A. 1911: 502
Simon, E. 1903: 1020
1903
Loc

Sparassus puniceus:

Simon, E. 1897: 35
1897
Loc

Sadala punicea Simon, 1880: 328

Simon, E. 1880: 328
1880