Centrophoridae

Biscoito, Manuel, Ribeiro, Cláudia & Freitas, Mafalda, 2018, Annotated checklist of the fishes of the archipelago of Madeira (NE Atlantic): I-Chondrichthyes, Zootaxa 4429 (3), pp. 459-494: 470-472

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:17EAB027-D9FB-4B8A-9847-3AA76EC96FCB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039887A0-FFE9-FFEF-FF22-FF34FA880525

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Centrophoridae
status

 

Family Centrophoridae 

* Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)  —Ramudo; Gulper shark

Günther 1870: 420–421 | Belloc 1934: 146 | Nobre 1935: 448 | Fowler 1936: 73 | Noronha & Sarmento 1948: 122 | Maul 1948: 138 | Nunes 1953: 200| Albuquerque 1954 –56: 120 | Cadenat & Blache 1981: 54–56 | Krefft & Tortonese 1973: 38 | Compagno 1984a: 37–38 | McEachran & Branstetter 1984: 130 | Sanches 1986: 80 | Lloris et al. 1991: 223 | Carneiro et al. 2014: 13.

Maul 1948: 139 | Carneiro et al. 2014: 13 (as Centrophorus lusitanicus  )

Freitas & Biscoito 2007: 5 | Carneiro et al. 2014: 13 (as Centrophorus niaukang  )

Distribution in Macaronesia. Madeira, Azores ( Santos et al. 1997; Arruda 1997; Porteiro et al. 2010; Menezes et al. 2012), Canary Islands ( Brito et al. 2002; Brito Hernández & Sancho Rafel 2003) and Cape Verde ( Reiner 1996, 2005; Menezes et al. 2004).

Remarks. According to White et al. (2013) C. lusitanicus Bocage & Capello, 1864  and C. niaukang Teng, 1959  are considered junior synonyms of C. granulosus  . Both C. lusitanicus  and C. niaukang  had been recorded from Madeira ( Maul 1948; Freitas & Biscoito 2007). White et al. (2013) did not see the specimens in MMFAbout MMF collection (20 records, from 1940 until 2004) and doubts remain about the synonymy of the Madeiran specimens previously identified as C. niaukang  with C. granulosus  , a subject currently under study.

* ▲ Centrophorus machiquensis Maul, 1955  —Quelmo ( Fig. 6 View Figure )

Maul 1955: 5 | Krefft & Tortonese 1973: 39 | McEachran & Branstetter 1984: 131 | Lloris et al. 1991: 223 Cadenat & Blache 1981:58–63 (as Centrophorus  “forme” uyato  machiquensis  ).

Distribution in Macaronesia. r ecorded  with certitude only from Madeira. May also be present in the Canary Islands (A. Brito pers. comm.).

Remarks. Madeira is the type locality. The holotype is a mounted specimen on exhibition in the Funchal Natural History Museum ( MMFAbout MMF 3767) and there are a skin and several formalin preserved specimens in MMFAbout MMF collections, from 1941 until 1996.

The taxonomic status of this species has been questioned by Krefft & Tortonese (1973), McEachran & Branstetter (1984), Compagno (1984b) and ( Muñoz-Chapuli & Ramos (1989), all pointing in the direction of a synonymy with C. granulosus  . Cadenat & Blache (1981) also questioned the validity of C. machiquensis  , as they found not possible to separate C. machiquensis  from C. uyato (Rafinesque, 1810)  . A revision of the latter is currently under way ( White et al., 2013) and these authors recommend that C. machiquensis  should be treated as a synonym of C. uyato  , for the time being.

The authors have decided to retain C. machiquensis  as a valid species, based on morphological and ecological characters, separating it from C. granulosus  and from C. uyato  and this matter is being treated elsewhere. See also remarks under C. uyato  .

* Centrophorus squamosus (Bonnaterre, 1788)  —Xara-branca; Leafscale gulper shark

Lowe 1852: 253 | Belloc 1934: 147 | Cadenat & Blache 1981: 63–68 | McEachran & Branstetter 1984: 132 | Compagno 1984a: 43–44 | Sanches 1986 | Lloris et al. 1991: 223 | Carneiro et al. 2014:13.

Johnson 1868: 713–14 (as Machephilus dumerilli  )

Günther 1870: 422 (as Centrophorus dumerilii  )

Fowler 1936: 78 | Noronha & Sarmento 1948: 132 | Maul 1948: 139 | Nunes 1953: 244 | Albuquerque 1954 – 56: 122 | Krefft & Tortonese 1973: 44 (as Lepidorhinus squamosus  ) | Martins & Ferreira, 1995 | Freitas & Biscoito 2001 | Severino et al. 2009 | Delgado et al. 2017.

Distribution in Macaronesia. Madeira, Azores ( Santos et al. 1997; Arruda 1997; Porteiro et al. 2010; Menezes et al. 2012) and Canary Islands ( Brito et al. 2002; Brito Hernández & Sancho Rafel 2003).

Remarks. Apart from the holotype of M. dumerilli Johnson, 1868  in the BMNH collections (1865.5.20.15) and one fluid preserved specimen in the AMNHAbout AMNH (I-73241 collected on 20.10.1972), there are several formalin preserved specimens, jaws and skins in MMFAbout MMF collections (first dated from 1917 and last one from 1965). Maul (1948) refers as frequent all year, occurring offshore and indeed this is the commonest Centrophorid species in the bycatch of the black scabbard fish longline fishery in Madeira.

Centrophorus uyato (Rafinesque, 1810)  — No common name in Madeira; Little gulper shark – NEWAbout NEW RECORD ( Fig. 7 View Figure ) 

Distribution in Macaronesia. Madeira and Cape Verde ( Reiner 1996, 2005; Menezes et al. 2004).

Remarks. the usage of this name and validity of C. uyato  is being debated for a long time, as it is pointed out by Muñoz-Chapuli & Ramos (1989), White et al. (2013) and Veríssimo et al. (2014). The authors have opted to preserve the present designation, based on the key provided by Veríssimo et al. (2014).

This new record is based on a preserved specimen in BMNH 1862. 4.22.29, a 436 mm TL juvenile female caught at Madeira and presented by J. Y. Johnson. A thorough morphological comparison between this Madeiran specimen and specimens from C. machiquensis  is being done in order to support the validity of the latter, unless the revision that is under way ( White et al. 2013; Veríssimo et al. 2014) brings sound evidence that C. machiquensis  is not a valid species. See also remarks under C. machiquensis  .

* ▲ Deania calcea ( Lowe, 1839)  —Gata; Birdbeak dogfish

Lowe 1839: 92 as Acanthidium calceus 

Lowe 1849: 19 | Garman 1913: 216 | Albuquerque 1954 –56: 123 (as Acanthidium calceus  )

Lowe 1843: 93 | Günther 1870: 423 | Belloc 1934: 145 | Nobre 1935: 454 (as Centrophorus calceus  )

Capello 1872: 88 (as Centrophorus crepidalbus  )

Fowler 1936: 79 | Maul 1948: 139 | Nunes 1953: 217 | Krefft & Tortonese 1973: 42 | Nunes 1974 | Cadenat & Blache 1981: 69–72 | McEachran & Branstetter 1984: 137 | Sanches 1986 (as Deania calceus  )

Compagno 1984a: 65–66 | Carneiro et al. 2014: 13.

Distribution in Macaronesia. Madeira, Azores ( Santos et al. 1997; Arruda 1997), the Canary Islands ( Brito et al. 2002) and Cape Verde ( Hanel & John 2014).

Remarks. Madeira is the type locality. One preserved specimen in BNHMAbout BNHM collections (1861.5.19.33), skin samples in MNHNAbout MNHN (IC-AA-0025, collected by J. Cadenat in 1960 at 32° 30' N; 14° 0' W). Two preserved specimens in MMFAbout MMF collections ( MMFAbout MMF 40030, MMFAbout MMF 42319). Maul (1948) refers as frequent all year, occurring offshore. A detailed comparative study including genetic analysis, of the species of Deania  from off Portugal mainland, Madeira, Azores, Morocco, Mauritania, Cabo Verde and Namibia is being done by one of the authors (MF).

* Deania hystricosa (Garman, 1906)  —Sapata; Rough longnose dogfish

Cadenat & Blache 1981 (as Deania mauli  )

Compagno 1984a: 66–67 (as Deania histricosa  sic)

Carneiro et al. 2014: 13 | Delgado et al. 2017.

Distribution in Macaronesia. Madeira and Canary Islands ( Brito et al. 2002; Brito Hernández & Sancho Rafel 2003).

Remarks. Several formalin preserved specimens in MMFAbout MMF collections collected on 2004 and 2005. Type material of D. mauli  in MNHNAbout MNHN (1969–296, 298, 299, 300). This is the largest and probably the commonest of the three Deania  species occurring in Madeira and is caught as a by-catch of the black scabbard fish fishery. See other remark under D. calcea  .

* Deania profundorum (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912)  —Sapata; Arrowhead dogfish

Freitas & Biscoito 2007: 5–6 | Carneiro et al. 2014: 13 | Delgado et al. 2017.

Distribution in Macaronesia. Madeira, Azores ( Santos et al. 1997; Porteiro et al. 2010), Canary Islands ( Brito et al 2002; Brito Hernández & Sancho Rafel 2003) and Cape Verde ( Reiner 1996, 2005; Menezes et al. 2004).

Remarks. eight formalin preserved specimens in MMFAbout MMF collections (first dated from 1968 and last one from 2013). One specimen preserved in BMNH collections (1986.11.7.1). See other remark under D. calcea  .

MMF

Museu Municipal do Funchal

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

NEW

University of Newcastle

BNHM

Bombay Natural History Museum

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle