Paraphlebia Selys in Hagen, 1861

Ortega-Salas, Héctor, González-Soriano, Enrique & Jocque, Merlijn, 2022, Untangling the waterfall damsels: a review of the Mesoamerican genus Paraphlebia Selys in Hagen, 1861 (Odonata: Thaumatoneuridae) with descriptions of 11 new species, Zootaxa 5089 (1), pp. 1-66 : 5-7

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5089.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E12F2B20-A84A-48E2-9C77-B281F1BFC62E

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https://treatment.plazi.org/id/039887EB-3022-FFEA-FF73-FC1BF434FB3C

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scientific name

Paraphlebia Selys in Hagen, 1861
status

 

Paraphlebia Selys in Hagen, 1861

Paraphlebia Selys 1860: 435 (nomen nudum); Hagen [Selys in Hagen] 1861: 71 ( Paraphlebia zoe type species, by monotypy); Selys 1862: 8–9 (genus description); Felder in Felder et al. 1864: Tab. 83, fig. 6 (junior homonym); Brauer 1868: 361 (Agrionina key); Scudder 1882: 233 (cat.); Selys 1886: 33 (key); Kirby 1890: 122 (cat.); Calvert 1901: 59 (addition of generic characters); Higgins 1901: 136 (gizzard formulae); Calvert 1902: 31 (comparison with Thaumatoneura McLachlan, 1897 ); Calvert 1903: 133–134 (discussion on mimicry with Palaemnema Selys ); Calvert 1908: 461, 467 (distribution and biogeographic affinities); Cockerell 1908: 70 (comparison with Megalagrion umbratum (Scudder, 1890) and Trichocnemis aliena (Scudder, 1892) ; Calvert 1913: 260–261, 263 (legion Podagrion key, relationship with Phenacolestes Cockerell, 1908 ); Tillyard 1917: 284 (transferred to Megapodagrioninae); Munz 1919: 28 (fig. 69; Megapodagrionidae key); Kennedy 1925: 303 (comparison with megapodagrionids); Beatty & Beatty 1968: 807 (first mention of males colour and behaviour dimorphism); Paulson 1982: 251 (distribution); Bridges (1994: III.38; cat.); González-Soriano & Novelo-Gutiérrez 2007: 113 (distribution in Mexico); Fogarty et al. 2008 (support as sister group of Thaumatoneura ); Novelo-Gutiérrez 2008: 29 (larva description); Kalkman et al. 2010: 123 (discussion on larval characters and comparison with megapodagrionids); González-Soriano & Paulson 2011: 303 (discussion on endemism in Chiapas); Dijkstra et al. 2013: 20 (transferred to Thaumatoneuridae ); Hämäläinen 2016: 38 (cat.); Cuevas-Yañez et al. 2015: 517 (conservation status of P. zoe , P. hyalina and P. quinta ).

Paraphleoia Hagen 1861, Davies & Tobin 1984: 42 (typo or misprint in cat.).

Note on the authorship of Paraphlebia

Selys (1860) first mentioned Paraphlebia zoe Selys in a note comparing its coloration with that of Palaemnema paulina Drury, 1773 . However, he did so before the completion of the work where he originally intended to describe this species ( Selys 1862) making P. zoe Selys, 1860 a nomen nudum for not complying with the provisions of Art. 12 in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature ( ICZN 1999). Hagen (1861) introduced Paraphlebia zoe Selys linking the name for the first time to a specimen from Mexico which was deposited in a collection (“Collection of Selys Longchamps”), and providing a (very succinct) diagnosis. This publication year was mainanied in some consequent works with various authorships given as: P. zoe to Hagen, 1861 ( Kirby 1890), P. zoe to Selys in Hagen, 1861 ( Calvert 1901), P. zoe to Hagen, 1861 ( Davies & Tobin 1984). Garrison (1991) discussed the authorship of Paraphlebia and P. zoe and decided that they were not “… adequately described, much less diagnosed.” Therefore, he considered them as nomina nuda, which made P. zoe Selys, 1862 the available name. From this point onwards, the authorship of the genus was attributed in different ways, e.g., Paraphlebia Hagen, 1861 ( Bridges 1994); Paraphlebia Selys in Hagen, 1861 ( Garrison et al. 2010; Hämäläinen 2016); Paraphlebia Selys, 1861 ( Dijkstra et al. 2013).

The authorship was revised in the present study. Paraphlebia zoe Selys in Hagen, 1861 was found to be the available name (for the reasons explained above) and therefore, Paraphlebia Selys in Hagen, 1861 should be considered the valid name by monotypy.

Diagnostic (modified from Garrison et al. 2010): Abdomen medium to large size (34.9–48.3 mm). Colouration highly variable: body dark brown to black with metallic green reflections with pale areas blue ( Figs. 6–7 View FIGURES 2–11 , 26 View FIGURES 20–27 , 152 View FIGURES 152–154 , 160–167 View FIGURES 158–160 View FIGURES 161–163 View FIGURES 164–166 View FIGURES 167–169 ), yellowish (e.g., Fig. 22 View FIGURES 20–27 ) or cream (e.g., postclypeus in Figs. 170–171 View FIGURES 170–171 ); in preserved specimens the blue colouration can fade and appear cream or yellowish ( Figs. 2–5 View FIGURES 2–11 , 15 View FIGURES 12–19 , 29 View FIGURES 28–34 ). Head: frons rounded, location of most posterior point of head at level of eyes. Thorax: prothorax posterior margin entire ( Fig. 110 View FIGURES 105–116 ), with a medial bump ( Fig. 108 View FIGURES 105–116 ) or deeply cleft ( Fig. 116 View FIGURES 105–116 ); with ( Figs. 107–108 View FIGURES 105–116 , 121–122 View FIGURES 117–128 ) or without ( Figs. 110–120 View FIGURES 105–116 View FIGURES 117–128 ) laterally or posterolaterally directed lobes, subquadrate ( Figs. 123 View FIGURES 117–128 ) or with two corniform dorsolateral projections ( Figs. 103 View FIGURES 95–104 , 105–106 View FIGURES 105–116 ); pterothorax second line complete ( Figs. 14–15, 19–20 View FIGURES 12–19 View FIGURES 20–27 ) or reduced ( Figs. 16, 18 View FIGURES 12–19 , 23 View FIGURES 20–27 ); thorax ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 12–19 ) and dorsum of S9–10 and cerci can become pruinose in mature individuals ( Figs. 34–35 View FIGURES 28–34 View FIGURES 35–43 , 152–157 View FIGURES 152–154 View FIGURES 155–157 , 161 View FIGURES 161–163 , 164, 166–169 View FIGURES 164–166 View FIGURES 167–169 , 171 View FIGURES 170–171 ); female mesostigmal plate with rounded ( Fig. 138 View FIGURES 138–143 ) or angulated ( Fig. 139 View FIGURES 138–143 ) depressions mesad to mesostigmal lobe. Wings: hyaline, often with amber tint ( Figs. 38, 41–44, 46–48 View FIGURES 35–43 View FIGURES 44–51 , 52–53, 55 View FIGURES52–61 ), with the tip slightly smoky ( Fig. 158 View FIGURES 158–160 , 170 View FIGURES 170–171 ♀ –171), or with an apical black tip with metallic blue reflections ( Figs. 39–40 View FIGURES 35–43 , 45, 49–51 View FIGURES 44–51 , 54 View FIGURES52–61 , 153 View FIGURES 152–154 , 164– 167 View FIGURES 164–166 View FIGURES 167–169 , 170 View FIGURES 170–171 ♂) in P. zoe preceded by a milky-white patch ( Figs. 54 View FIGURES52–61 , 170 View FIGURES 170–171 ); no accessory crossveins basal to CuP, 1 or rarely 2 distal to it, shared with Thaumatoneura ; CuP closer to antenodal 1 than to 2; petiolation ending well beyond CuP for a distance as long as CuP or longer; vein descending from subnodus proximal to first post-quadrangular Vx to slightly distal to second post-quadrangular Vx; RP 3 slightly proximal to subnodus to slightly distal to subnodus; IR2 arising distal to subnodus; two or more supplementary sectors between IR1 and RP2, one supplementary sector between Rp2 and IR2 and two between IR2 and RP3, field between CuA and posterior margin with ( Figs. 57, 59 View FIGURES52–61 ) or without supplementary veins ( Figs. 56, 58, 60–61 View FIGURES52–61 ) and with one ( Fig. 60 View FIGURES52–61 ) to two ( Figs. 56, 58 View FIGURES52–61 ) supplementary sectors or lacking supplementary sector nor vein ( Fig. 61 View FIGURES52–61 ); pterostigma as long as four or more underlying cells, with proximal margin subequal to or slightly shorter than distal margin; legs with hind femora reaching mid-length of S2 or shorter. Abdomen: genital ligula lacking paired flagella on distal segment ( Fig. 1a, d View FIGURE 1 ); S1 dark ( Fig. 16 View FIGURES 12–19 ) or with lateral pale markings ( Figs. 35–37 View FIGURES 35–43 ); S2 with a pale ventrolateral horizontal lines ( Figs. 33–37 View FIGURES 28–34 View FIGURES 35–43 ); S3–7 with pale basal spots or rings ( Figs. 34–37 View FIGURES 28–34 View FIGURES 35–43 ); S8 black (figs 33–35) or with a pale basal spot ( Figs. 36–37 View FIGURES 35–43 ); S8–10 pruinose on dorsum in males ( Figs. 152–154 View FIGURES 152–154 ), the pruinescence can be absent in young individuals ( Fig. 168 View FIGURES 167–169 ), females with variable pale markings ( Figs. 129–137 View FIGURES 129–137 ); dorsum of male S10 approximately flat. Cerci ( Figs. 62–80 View FIGURES 62–66 View FIGURES 67–72 View FIGURES 73–78 View FIGURES 79–84 ): forcipate, in dorsal view the first third of their length straight and slightly laterad, then bending inwards; from 30-80% two medial flanges and on the distal 0.2–0.35 a distal lobe; mediodorsal flange can be well ( Figs. 62–72 View FIGURES 62–66 View FIGURES 67–72 ) or poorly developed ( Figs. 73–80 View FIGURES 73–78 View FIGURES 79–84 ) and in dorsal view its mesal margin smoothly curved ( Figs. 63–65 View FIGURES 62–66 , 70 View FIGURES 67–72 ), nearly straight ( Figs. 67–69, 71 View FIGURES 67–72 , 73–79 View FIGURES 73–78 View FIGURES 79–84 ), or convex ( Figs. 66 View FIGURES 62–66 , 72 View FIGURES 67–72 , 80 View FIGURES 79–84 ); distal margin of mediodorsal flange variously shaped and armed with a sclerotized tooth ( Figs. 67–71 View FIGURES 67–72 , 73–80 View FIGURES 73–78 View FIGURES 79–84 ), a blade ( Figs. 63, 65–66 View FIGURES 62–66 , 72 View FIGURES 67–72 ), or neither ( Fig. 64 View FIGURES 62–66 ); paraprocts rudimentary, with a single lobe ( Figs. 83–86 View FIGURES 79–84 View FIGURES 85–94 ), a poorly developed superior lobe delimited by a shallow transverse groove ( Figs. 87–94 View FIGURES 85–94 ), or well-developed superior and inferior branches ( Figs. 95–97 View FIGURES 95–104 ); females with ovipositor surpassing posterior margin of S10 and going beyond the posterior margin of the cerci ( Figs. 131–137 View FIGURES 129–137 ) or not ( Figs. 129–130 View FIGURES 129–137 ); valves of ovipositor as in Fig. 1d View FIGURE 1 .

Species accounts

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Odonata

Family

Megapodagrionidae

Loc

Paraphlebia Selys in Hagen, 1861

Ortega-Salas, Héctor, González-Soriano, Enrique & Jocque, Merlijn 2022
2022
Loc

Paraphlebia

Hamalainen, M. 2016: 38
Cuevas-Yanez, K. & Rivas, M. & Munoz, J. & Cordoba-Aguilar, A. 2015: 517
Dijkstra, K. - D. B. & Bechly, G. & Bybee, S. M. & Dow, R. A. & Dumont, H. J. & Fleck, G. & Garrison, R. W. & Hamalainen, M. & Kalkman, V. J. & Karube, H. & May, M. L. & Orr, A. G. & Paulson, D. R. & Rehn, A. C. & Theischinger, G. & Trueman, J. W. H. & van Tol, J. & von Ellenrieder, N. & Ware, J. L. 2013: 20
Gonzalez-Soriano, E. & Paulson, D. R. 2011: 303
Kalkman, V. J. & Choong, C. Y. & Orr, A. G. & Schutte, K. 2010: 123
Novelo-Gutierrez, R. 2008: 29
Gonzalez-Soriano, E. & Novelo-Gutierrez, R. 2007: 113
Paulson, D. R. 1982: 251
Beatty, G. H. & Beatty, A. F. 1968: 807
Kennedy, C. H. 1925: 303
Munz, P. A. 1919: 28
Tillyard, R. J. 1917: 284
Calvert, P. P. 1913: 260
Calvert, P. P. 1908: 461
Cockerell, T. D. A. 1908: 70
Calvert, P. P. 1903: 133
Calvert, P. P. 1902: 31
Calvert, P. P. 1901: 59
Higgins, H. T. 1901: 136
Kirby, W. F. 1890: 122
Selys, L. M. - E. de 1886: 33
Scudder, S. H. 1882: 233
Brauer, F. 1868: 361
Selys, L. M. - E. de 1862: 8
Selys, L. M. - E. de 1860: 435
1860