Aglaophenia trifida L. Agassiz, 1862, L. Agassiz, 1862

Calder, Dale R., 2013, Some shallow-water hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from the central east coast of Florida, USA, Zootaxa 3648 (1), pp. 1-72: 49

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Aglaophenia trifida L. Agassiz, 1862


Aglaophenia trifida L. Agassiz, 1862  

Fig. 14d View FIGURE 14

Aglaophenia cristata McCrady, 1859: 202   [not Aglaophenia cristata ( Lamarck, 1816)   = Aglaophenia pluma ( Linnaeus, 1758)   ]. Aglaophenia trifida L. Agassiz, 1862: 358   .

Type locality. USA: South Carolina, Sullivan’s Island (stranded on the beach) and Charleston ( McCrady 1859: 203, as Aglaophenia cristata   )   .

Voucher material. Off Sebastian Inlet , 27°51.5’N, 80°09.5’W, 26 m, 01.iii.1974, Smith-McIntyre grab, R/ V Gosnold Station 222/276E, one colony, 8.5 cm high, without gonophores, ROMIZ B1126 GoogleMaps   .— Nearshore off Fort Pierce, 27°29.6’N, 80°17.0’W, 5–8 m, 02.v.1975, one colony, 4.5 cm high, without gonophores, coll. F. Stanton, ROMIZ B3980 GoogleMaps   .— Nearshore off Fort Pierce, 27°29.6’N, 80°17.0’W, 7–8 m, 10.vii.1975, SCUBA, one colony, 4.2 cm high, without gonophores, coll. F. Stanton, ROMIZ B3981 GoogleMaps   .

Remarks. This hydroid was first described as Aglaophenia cristata ( Lamarck, 1816)   by McCrady (1859). He suspected it was distinct from that European species, now known as Aglaophenia pluma ( Linnaeus, 1758)   , but had no material of the eastern Atlantic form to verify his conjecture. The binomen A. trifida   was applied to the species a short time later by L. Agassiz (1862). Although Agassiz neither described nor illustrated it, the specific name trifida   is nevertheless available from that work because a bibliographic reference to McCrady’s earlier description (ICZN Art. 12.2) was provided.

Aglaophenia rigida Allman, 1877   , described from material collected during explorations of the Gulf Stream region by L.F. de Pourtalès, is morphologically similar to A. trifida   . The two had been distinguished by Fraser (1944) based on the number of cusps on the hydrothecal margin, with eight reported in A. rigida   and nine in A. trifida   . After examinating type material of A. rigida   and finding nine rather than eight cusps to be present, I synonymized the two names ( Calder 1983).

Aglaophenia trifida   resembles A. pluma   , a European species re-described on the basis of a neotype by Svoboda & Cornelius (1991). Median inferior nematothecae extend a greater distance along the abcauline wall of the hydrotheca in A. pluma   , and its corbulae are shorter (usually with about 5–10 ribs instead of 12–14). Aglaophenia trifida   is held to be distinct here.

Nutting (1900) found Aglaophenia rigida   (= A. trifida   ) to be abundant along the Carolina coast south of Cape Hatteras in Albatross collections, and concluded that it was likely the most abundant species of the genus Aglaophenia Lamouroux, 1812   on the American Atlantic seaboard. Fraser’s (1912b) report of this rather large species (as A. rigida   ) from Sargassum   near Beaufort, North Carolina, is regarded here as a misidentification. Records of A. trifida   from areas outside the southern United States need verification.

Reported distribution. Atlantic coast of Florida. First record.

Western Atlantic. North Carolina ( Nutting 1900, as Aglaophenia rigida   ) to Brazil (Oliveira et al. submitted), and including the Gulf of Mexico ( Calder & Cairns 2009) and the Caribbean Sea ( Fraser 1944, as Aglaophenia rigida   ).

Elsewhere. Questionably reported from the eastern Pacific ( Fraser 1948, as Aglaophenia rigida   ).














Aglaophenia trifida L. Agassiz, 1862

Calder, Dale R. 2013

Aglaophenia cristata

Agassiz, L. 1862: 358
McCrady, J. 1859: 202