Phrosina semilunata Risso, 1822

Violante-Huerta, Marco, Sanvicente-Añorve, Laura, Hermoso-Salazar, Margarita & Marrón-Becerra, Aurora, 2021, Morphological variations of Phrosina semilunata Risso, 1822 juveniles (Crustacea Amphipoda: Hyperiidea), new evidence from the Gulf of Mexico, Zootaxa 4995 (3), pp. 594-600 : 596-597

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Phrosina semilunata Risso, 1822


Phrosina semilunata Risso, 1822

( Figs. 2–3 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 )

Phrosina semilunata Risso 1822: 245 .

Dactylocera nicaeensis Milne-Edwards 1830: 393 .

Phrosina longispina Bate 1862: 320–321 , pl 51, fig. 7.

Phrosina pacifica Stebbing 1888: 1430 .

Phrosina australis Stebbing 1888: 1431 .

Megallecto thirioti Gotto 1986: 185–189 , figs. 1–8. Misidentified as parasitic copepod from two heads of P. semilunata females ( Huys 2001).

Material examined. 1 specimen ♀ 2 mm (ICML-LESP 0044) from station 2, level 1; 2 specimens: 1 ♂ 2 mm and 1 ♀ 1 mm (ICML-LESP 0045) from station 5, level 1; 2 specimens ♀ <1 mm (ICML-LESP 0046) from station 8, level 4; 1 specimen ♀ 1 mm (ICML-LESP 0047) from station 9, level 2; 1 specimen ♀ 2 mm (ICML-LESP 0048) from station 13, level 4; 1 specimen ♀ 1 mm (ICML-LESP 0049) from station 25, level 1.

Diagnosis. Head with rostrum ending in two sharp, triangular points. Eyes grouped in two fields on each side of head. Pereonites 1 & 2 fused. Pereopods 3 & 4 subchelate, carpus with the distal margin dentate, and one large tooth-like process. Pereopod 5 broader than other pereopods; anterodistal margin of carpus with large tooth-like processes, forming folding hand with the propodus, longer than carpus; dactylus absent or fused with propodus. Pereopod 6 similar to pereopod 5, but smaller. Pereopod 7 reduced to basis, sometimes with an additional small article. Uropoda rounded, broadened distally (adapted from Vinogradov et al. 1996; Zeidler 2004).

Description of juveniles from the Gulf of Mexico. Total body length ≤ 2 mm, head and pereon broader than pleon which is relatively slender. Head rounded and equal in length to pereonites 1–5 combined. Rostrum small with two acute horns (or points) dorsally, more prominent in males than in females. Eyes occupying most of head surface and ommatidia clearly grouped in two fields on each side. Antennae 1 attached under the rostrum and divided into three segments, the third segment longer than the first two; length of antennae 1 of males more than twice the rostrum, with some setae at the outer proximal margin; length of antennae 1 of females shorter than rostrum, with setae at the tip. Antennae 2 of males, attached at the lower margin of head, as long as antennae 1; absent in females. Pereon shorter (about 0.65x) than pleon and urosome combined. Pereonites 1 & 2 fused. Pereonites 5–7 dorsally wider than remainder. Gnathopods 1 & 2 simple and similar in shape; gnathopod 2 longer and more slender than gnathopod 1. Pereopods 3 & 4 subchelate, similar in shape; pereopod 4 longer than pereopod 3; distal margin of carpus smooth, armed with a large smooth (non-dentated) conical process, parallel to propodus; rest of segments are very similar to adults. Pereopod 5 wider and longer than any other pereopod; distal margin of carpus armed with several wide irregular teeth, forming a folding hand with the propodus; propodus longer than carpus, merus and ischium combined; dactylus absent. Pereopod 6 similar to but smaller than pereopod 5. Pereopod 7 reduced to broad basis, without additional articles. Rami of pleopoda consist of only four segments; each segment with two plumose setae at the distal margin. Uropods 1–3 lanceolate with serrated margins from the half-length to the tip (distal margin), armed with one prominent spine distally. Telson small and rounded, twice as wide as long, width at the base shorter than the width of the distal margin of the last urosomite.

Remarks. The juvenile individuals observed here have most of the diagnostic characters of the species observed in the adult state, mainly in the shape of antennae 1 & 2, gnathopods 1 & 2 and pereopods 5–7, but some structures were different: in pereopods 3 & 4 the distal margin of the carpus is smooth with a large process parallel to the propodus, the rami of the pleopoda consist of only four segments (these increase with growth), uropods 1–3 are more lanceolate with one large distal spine, and the telson is rounded ( Figs. 2–3 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 ). Recently, Bano & Kazmi (2008) observed similar differences in the shape of the uropoda and telson of small (around 3.2 mm) individuals.














Phrosina semilunata Risso, 1822

Violante-Huerta, Marco, Sanvicente-Añorve, Laura, Hermoso-Salazar, Margarita & Marrón-Becerra, Aurora 2021

Megallecto thirioti

Gotto, R. V. 1986: 189

Phrosina pacifica

Stebbing, T. R. R. 1888: 1430

Phrosina australis

Stebbing, T. R. R. 1888: 1431

Phrosina longispina

Bate, C. S. 1862: 321

Dactylocera nicaeensis

Milne-Edwards, H. 1830: 393

Phrosina semilunata

Risso, A. 1822: 245