Cymodusa ypy Onody & Penteado-Dias

Onody, Helena C. & Penteado-Dias, Angélica Maria, 2019, Description of the first species of Cymodusa Holmgren from Brazil (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Campopleginae), Zootaxa 4545 (3), pp. 434-440: 435-437

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Cymodusa ypy Onody & Penteado-Dias

sp. nov.

Cymodusa ypy Onody & Penteado-Dias  , sp. nov.

( Figures 1–9View FIGURE 1View FIGURE 2View FIGURES 3–8)

Material examined. Holotype: BRAZIL. São Paulo: 1 ♀ (# DCBU 28233View Materials), São Carlos, Fazenda Jacutinga, 21 o 50’S 47 o 53’W, Armadilha Malaise, 17.ii.2008, A. M. Penteado-Dias col.GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: BRAZIL. Goiás: 2 ♀ (# MZSP 21105View Materials, 21106View Materials), Uruaçu, Serra da Mesa Survey , 14°16.9’S 48°55.7’W, along permanente stream, N. F. Johnson col.GoogleMaps  , YPT, 26.v.1996 and 31.v.1996.; Mato Grosso do Sul: 1 ♀ (# MZSP 52514View Materials), Bodoquena, Fazenda Califórnia, 20°41’55.9’’S 56°52’49.4’’W, Malaise 6, 6-22.xii.2011, C. Lamas, S. Nihei, eq. colGoogleMaps  .; 7 ♀, 9 ♂ (# DCBU 83948View Materials, 83958View Materials, 83959View Materials, 83963View Materials, 83992View Materials, 83993View Materials, 83995View Materials, 83998View Materials, 83969View Materials, 84011View Materials, 84037- 84039View Materials, 84042View Materials, 85543View Materials, 85553View Materials), Campo Grande, Fazenda Escola UCDB, Pasto , 20 o 24’13.16’’S 54 o 36’45.69’’W, Armadilha Malaise 1, 01-30.iv.2010, J. B. B. Oliveira col.GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, 5 ♂ (# DCBU 84663View Materials, 84666View Materials, 84670View Materials, 84676View Materials; # MZSP 57565View Materials, 57566View Materials) same data except 20 o 24’9.60’’S 54 o 36’47.32’’W, Armadilha Malaise 2GoogleMaps  ; Minas Gerais: 1 ♀ (# DCBU 151327View Materials), Santana do Riacho, PARNA da Serra do Cipó, 19 o 21’10.2’’S 43 o 36’24.5’’W, 786 m, Armadilha Malaise , 20.iii.2009, M. O. Gonzaga col.GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (# DCBU 143384View Materials), Timóteo, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, 19 o 39’30.7’’S 42 o 34’32.2’’W, 266 m, Armadilha Malaise , 19.iv.2011, A. J. Santos col.GoogleMaps  ; SÃO PAULO: 1 ♀ (# DCBU 121748View Materials), Luiz Antônio, ESEC de Jataí , 21 o 36.58’S 47 o 48.24’W, Armadilha Malaise 0 1, 538 m, 15.ii.2014, A. S. Soares colGoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (# DCBU 121766View Materials), same data except  ; 2 ♀ (# DCBU 224704View Materials, 224706View Materials), same data except 11.ix.2014GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (# MZSP 57567View Materials), same data except 05.ii.2015; 0GoogleMaps  1 ♀ (# DCBU 17996View Materials), Jaboticabal, UNESP, Horto Florestal, Mata Ciliar , 21 o 14’8.7’’S 48 o 17’4.8’’W, Armadilha Malaise , 11.xii.2008, C. Araújo col.GoogleMaps  ; 4 ♀ (# DCBU 106706-106709View Materials), Matão, Fazenda Cambuhy, 21 o 37’43.6’’S 48 o 32’43.6’’W, Armadilha Malaise 0 5, 542 m, 04.i.2010, A. M. Penteado-Dias col.GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (# DCBU 62285View Materials), Pontal, Usina Bela Vista, 20 o 54’48’’S 48 o 08’0.3’’W, Armadilha Malaise , 11.xi.2010, I. F. Melo col.GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (# DCBU 17967View Materials), Rio Claro, Usina Pq. Do Corumbataí, 20 o 27’06’’S 47 o 35’32’’W, Armadilha Malaise , 22.xi.2009, A. M. Penteado Dias col.GoogleMaps  ; 23 ♀, 22 ♂ (# DCBU 28234-28260View Materials, 28332-28348View Materials), São Carlos, Fazenda Jacutinga, 21 o 50’S 47 o 53’W, Armadilha Malaise , 17.ii.2008, A. M. Penteado-Dias col.GoogleMaps  ; 10 ♀, 6 ♂ (# DCBU 17957-17961View Materials, 17970-17973View Materials, 17975-17979View Materials; # MZSP 57569View Materials, 57570View Materials), same data except Fazenda Vale do Quilombo, Mata , 21 o 50’50’’S 47 o 47’12’’W, 18.ii.2009, E.M. Shimbori col.GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (# DCBU 178037View Materials), same data except Fazenda Canchim, EMBRAPA, 21 o 57.78’S 47 o 51’W, Armadilha Malaise 0 2, 876 m, 01.viii.2011, C. S. Souza e eq. colGoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (# MZSP 57568View Materials), same data except Mata Sede, Armadilha Moericke , 1-5.viii.2013, A. S. Soares & L. A. M. colsGoogleMaps  .; 1 ♀ (# DCBU 139393View Materials), same data except sentido reflorestamento, Armadilha Moericke 0 2, 870 m, 26-29.v.2014, A. S. Soares e eq. colsGoogleMaps  .

Description. Female ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Fore wing length 3.7–5.0 mm.

Head. Head mostly coriaceous, punctate, frons coriaceous to rugose; antenna with 34–36 flagellomeres, first flagellomere 5.0 × as long as width and 1.5 × as long as the second flagellomere; occipital carina complete, meeting hypostomal carina before mandible base and distant from lateral ocelli 1.5 × their diameter; eyes hairy and strongly convergent ventrad ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 3–8); lateral ocellus separated from eye and distance between lateral ocelli by 1.0 × their diameter; tentorial pit touching inner margin of eye; malar space short, base of mandible nearly touching lower eye margin; mandibles short, upper tooth as long as the lower tooth; apical margin of clypeus rounded and weakly convex; gena narrow.

Mesosoma  . Mesosoma  mostly coriaceous, punctate, except lower part of pronotum and upper part of mesopleuron striate and propodeum rugose; epomia present; mesoscutum without notaulus ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 3–8); scutellum without lateral carina; epicnemial carina present, reaching 0.5 posterior margin of pronotum; sternaulus distinct anteriorly ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 3–8); mesopleural fovea strong; propodeum long, with apex projecting between bases of hind coxae less 0.5 × the length of hind coxa, basal area and areola separated by anterior transverse carina, petiolar and superomedia areas not separated and elongate ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 3–8), spiracle small, round and distant from pleural carina by 1.0 × its own diameter; fore wing without areolet, vein cu-a slightly distad Rs&M, vein 2m-cu with one bulla; hind wing with Cu1 and distal abscissa of 1A absent, first abscissa of Rs as long as 1rs-m, four distal hamuli; legs with tarsal claws pectinate only at the base.

Metasoma. Metasoma mostly coriaceous; first tergite smooth at its base and apex, 5.0 × as long as posteriorly broad; second tergite 4.0 × as long as wide, tyridium separated from the base of the second tergite by 4.3 × its length ( Fig. 8View FIGURES 3–8); sixth and seventh tergites deeply emarginate apically; ovipositor 1.3 × as long as the hind tibia.

Coloration. Predominantly black. Mandibles (except their apex), palpi and tegulae yellowish white. Anterior and mid legs with coxa, trochanter and trochantellus yellowish white, last tarsomere brown and remaining segments orange. Posterior legs with coxa and trochanter (except their yellowish white apex) black, trochantellus and tibial spurs yellowish white, femur and tibia orange brown, tarsus brown. Tergites I-III black, tergites II and III apically and laterally orange, and the remaining tergites orange brown to brown. Ovipositor sheaths dark brown. Wings hyaline, pterostigma brown.

Male ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2). Similar to female in structure and color except: eyes not strongly convergent, sometimes not so hairy, and tentorial pit distant from the inner margin of eye ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 3–8); first flagellomere 3-4 × as long as width; darker abdomen, but tergites II and III orange to orange brown at least laterally.

Distribution. BRAZIL: Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais and São Paulo States ( Fig. 9).

Host. Unknown.

Etymology. The specific name derives from Tupy language (y py = the first) in reference to the fact that this is the first species of the genus to be formally described for Brazil.

Comments. The new species fits well within the diagnosis of the Cymodusa  genus (see Introduction) and seems to belong to the “ melanocera  ” group proposed by Sanborne (1986) with females having eyes very strongly converging ventrad, tentorial pit touching inner margin of eye, and antennal flagellum uniformly black. Cymodusa ypy  sp nov. differs from the similar species, C. nicolei  , and from the other two Neotropical species, C. melanocera  and C. montana  , by the following combination of characters: first flagellomere 5.0 × as long as wide; areolet absent in fore wing; propodeal carination well developed, areola and basal area of propodeum not confluent; tergite II 4.0 × as long as wide and tergites VI and VII deeply emarginate in dorsal view; antenna uniformly black; fore and mid coxae and trochanters light yellow; tergites II and III orange to orange brown, at least laterally. The record of this new species extends significantly the distribution range for the genus in South America, where it was previously only known from Ecuador. In Brazil, Cymodusa ypy  sp nov. occurs in the central and southeastern regions of the country, including areas of Atlantic Forest, Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado) and Pantanal biomes, and is also found in agroecosystems.


Entomological Society of Egypt