Drosophilidae

Tidon, Rosana & Almeida, Jonathan Mendes De, 2016, FAMILY DROSOPHILIDAE, Zootaxa 4122 (1), pp. 719-751: 721-734

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4122.1.63

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scientific name

Drosophilidae
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Catalogue of Drosophilidae  of Colombia

Family Drosophilidae Rondani, 1856 

Subfamily Drosophilinae  Rondani, 1856

Tribe Cladochaetini  Grimaldi, 1990 Genus Cladochaeta Coquillett 

Cladochaeta Coquillett, 1900: 263  . Type species, Cladochaeta nebulosa Coquillett  , OD. Clastopteromyia Malloch in Malloch & McAtee, 1924: 31  . Type species, Drosophila inversa Walker  , OD. Syn. Wheeler & Takada, 1971: 225.

abbrevifusca Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 170  . Type locality: Colombia, Medellín, 5000 ft. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin)), Venezuela.

labidia Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 98  . Type locality: Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Buenaventura. HT M ( AMNH). NT. Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca), Panama.

mathisi Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 23  . Type locality: Colombia, Antioquia  , 5 km N El Retiro, Quebrada Boqueron. HT M ( AMNH). NT. Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  ).

nebulosa Coquillett, 1900: 263  . Type locality: Puerto Rico, Arroyo. HT F ( USNM). NE NT Distr.: Florida to Venezuela. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 103.

pruinopleura Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 26  . Type locality: Colombia, Medellín, 5000 ft. HT M ( AMNH). NT. Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin)).

pseudikra Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 149  . Type locality: Colombia, Sierra Nevada Mts, Campano, above Santa Marta, 5000 ft. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)).

sororia ( Williston), 1896  : 408 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent, Windward Side. LT M ( BMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela, West Indies. Refs.: Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 107 (mon.).

Genus Diathoneura Duda 

Diathoneura Duda, 1925: 154  . As lapsus, no species included.

Subgenus Diathoneura Duda 

Diathoneura Duda, 1924 a: 180  . Type species, Diathoneura taetiatipennis Duda  , SD Malloch, 1934: 438. Diathoneura  . Duda, 1925: 170. Mssp. Diathoneura Duda. 

albifacies Duda, 1925: 181  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia, El Recuerdo)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1963: 54.

albinota (Wheeler)  , 1957: 108 ( Clastopteromyia  ). Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, about 60 km SW Panama City. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil.

dubia ( Sturtevant), 1921  : 73 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cristo. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena (Minca)), Cuba. Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57.

superba ( Sturtevant), 1916  : 342 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: Guatemala, Alta Verapaz, Trece Aguas. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Guatemala to Colombia (Magdalena (El Recuerdo, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 106; Wheeler & Takada, 1971: 239.

tessellata Duda, 1925: 174  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHM). NT Distr.: Colombia, Costa Rica. Refs.: Wheeler, 1963: 56.

Tribe Drosophilini  Grimaldi, 1990

Genus Celidosoma Hardy 

Celidosom a Hardy, 1965: 66. Type species, Celidosoma nigrocincta Hardy  , OD.

nigrocincta Hardy, 1965: 67  . Type locality: USA, Hawaii, Oahu, Shofield-Waikane Trail, 2000 ft. HT F (BBM). NT, AU Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena (Minca)), Hawaii. Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57.

Genus Chymomyza Czerny 

Chymomyza Czerny, 1903: 199  . Type species, Drosophila fuscimana Zetterstedt  , SD Sturtevant, 1921: 61.

Amphoroneura de Meijere, 1911: 423  . Type species, Amphoroneura rufithorax de Meijere  , SD Okada, 1977: 352. Syn. Duda, 1924 a: 226.

Zygodrosophila Hendel, 1917: 43  . Type species, Zygodrosophila  albitarsis Hendel  , OD. Syn. Wheeler, 1981: 33.

Zygrodrosophila. Duda, 1927: 70. Mssp. Zygodrosophila Hendel. 

Zyogdrosophila. Duda, 1927: 79. Mssp. Zygodrosophila Hendel. 

Chymomgza. Duda, 1927: 70. Mssp. Chymomyza Czerny. 

bicoloripes ( Malloch), 1926  : 31 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: Costa Rica, Alajuela, San Mateo, Higuito. HT M ( USNM). NT. Distr.: Costa Rica to Bolivia. Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio)). Ref.: Wheeler, 1957: 103; Grimaldi, 1986: 353.

Genus Drosophila Fallén 

Drosophila Fallén, 1823: 4  . Type species, Musca funebris Fabricius  SD Macquart, 1835: 548.

Subgenus Dorsilopha Sturtevant

Dorsilopha Sturtevant, 1942: 28. Type species, Drosophila busckii Coquillett  , OD.

busckii Coquillett, 1901: 18  . Type locality: USA, District of Columbia, Washington. LT F ( USNM). Lectotype des. Bächli 1982: 292, but lectotype already mentioned in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 38. Spelling valid under Art. 33.3 1 and has been used since Aldrich, 1905. An emendation has also been made by Wheeler, 1965: 766. NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D.C) (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102.

rubrostriata Becker, 1908: 155  . Type locality: Spain, Canary Is., Tenerife, Villa Oratava. LT F ( ZMHU). Syn Sturtevant, 1918: 445. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 292.

plurilineata Villeneuve, 1911: 83  . Type locality: France, Paris. ST B ( DEI, ZMHU, NMW, MCSNM, ZMAN). A HT M in ( IRSNB) acc. to Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 38. Syn. Sturtevant, 1921: 77.

rubrostriola. Buxton, 1961: 81. Mssp. rubrostriata Becker. 

Subgenus Drosophila Fallén 

Drosophila Fallén, 1823: 4  . Type species, Musca funebris Fabricius  , SD Macquart, 1835: 548.

Oinopota Kirby in Kirby & Spence, 1815: 379. Type species, Musca cellaris Linnaeus  , MO. Sherborn (1929: 4553) attributes this name to Stephens (1829: 62); Neave (1940: 399) arttributes it to Oken (1823: 251, 423), but the name is available from its first appearance in Kirby and Spence.

Oinopota Oken, 1823: 251, 423. Type species, Musca cellaris Linnaeus  , MO. In Scudder (1882: 231) as Kirby & Spence according to Verrall ( Muscidae  ). Also in Stephens (1829: 324).

Oinopota Stephens, 1829: 62, 324. Subsequent usage. Sherborn (1929: 4553) attributes this name to Stephens (1829: 62); Neave (1940: 399) attributes it to Oken (1823: 251, 423), but the name is available from its first appearance in Kirby and Spence.

Chaetodrosophilella Duda, 1923: 40  . Type species, Drosophila quadrilineata de Meijere  , MO.

Spinulophila Duda, 1923: 47  . Type species, signata Duda  , SD Sturtevant, 1927: 367.

Acrodrosophila Duda, 1924 b: 248. Type species, Drosophila testacea Roser  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus.

Acrodorosphila Duda, 1924 a: 203. Type species, Drosophila testacea Roser  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus. Preocc. Duda, 1924 b: 248.

Spinodrosophila Duda, 1924 b: 248  . Type species, Drosophila nigroparsa Strobl  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus.

Spinodrosophila Duda, 1924 a: 202  . Type species, Drosophila nigrosparsa Strobl  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus. Preocc. Duda, 1924 b: 248.

Spinulophila Duda, 1924 a: 203  . Type species, Drosophila signata Duda  , SD Sturtevant, 1927: 367. Proposed as a subgenus. Preocc. Duda, 1923.

Sordophila Wheeler, 1949 a: 171. Type species, Drosophila acanthoptera Wheeler  , OD. Proposed as a subgenus.

Acanthopterna Duda, 1925: 200  . Nom. nov. Spinodrosophila Duda. Proposed  as a subgenus.

Drosophyla Heeger, 1852: 777. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Oenopota  . Walker, 1856: xxii. Mssp. Oinopota Kirby. In the index only. Correct Spelling in text.

Oenopota  . Scudder, 1882: 231. Mssp. Oinopota Kirby. Given as Oenopota (Kirby)  Walker. (= Oinopota Kirby). 1856. Dipt., Musc. Verrall.

Arrodrosophila. Duda, 1924 b: 260. Mssp. Acrodrosophila Duda.

Chaetodrosophila. Duda, 1924 a: 180. Mssp. Chaetodrosophilella Duda. 

Dorsophila. Duda, 1924 a: 199. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Drosophita. Hendel, 1928: 293. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Drosophilla. Hendel, 1928: 293. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Acantopterna. Hendel, 1938: 10. Mssp. Acanthopterna Duda. 

Drosphila. Okada, 1984: 570. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

acroria Wheeler & Takada, 1962: 404  . Type locality: Colombia, Tequendama Falls Road near Bogotá. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Cundinamarca).

acuminanus Hunter, 1988: 302  . Type locality: Colombia, Monserrate in Bogotá, along river in aqueduct drainage of the mountain. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 198; Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 84.

albicans Frota-Pessoa, 1954: 282  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Pirassununga. HT M ( MNRJ). NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Venezuela. Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

aldrichi Patterson, in Patterson & Crow, 1940: 251  . Type locality: USA, Texas, Austin. LT M ( AMNH). NE, NT, AU Distr.: Texas, Mexico to Brazil, Australia. Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)). Refs.: De Polanco et al., 2008: 106.

altiplanica Brncic & Koref Santibañez, 1957: 69  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz. ST B ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Brncic, 1957 a: 802.

angustibucca Duda, 1925: 218  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT F ( HNHM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil. Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

annulimana Duda, 1927: 117  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz, Mapiri, Sarampioni, 700 m. LT F (SMT). NT Distr.: Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Peru. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417.

antioquia Vilela & Bächli, 2000: 54  . Type locality: Colombia, Antioquia  , Medellín. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  ).

aracataca Vilela & Val, 1983: 374  . Type locality: Colombia, Magdalena, Recuerdo. HT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena), Costa Rica and El Salvador.

arane Hunter, 1992: 195  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá, aqueduct watershed of Mt. Monserrate, 2600 m. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia.

arboloco Hunter, 1979: 376  . Type locality: Colombia, Near Bogotá. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 84; Hunter, 1992: 197.

aureopallescens Pipkin, 1964: 232  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Fort Sherman Reservation, sea level. LT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

bandeiratorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 30. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogi das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Mexico to Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)) and Argentina. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 416; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102.

bedicheki Heed & Russell, 1971: 126  . Type locality: Trinidad & Tobago, Trinidad, Narica, Nariva Swamp. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr. Trinidad, Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia), Bogota, D:C)). Refs.: Heed &Russel, 1971: 101.

bifurcada Hunter, 1992: 192  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá, aqueduct watershed of Mt. Monserrate, 2 600 m. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia.

bomarea Hunter, 1979: 379  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 85; Hunter, 1992: 197.

breuerae  Rocha, 1971: 139. Type locality: Colombia, Palmira, Facultad de Agronomia, 1000 m. HT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Val, 1982: 317; Vilela & Cunha, 2006: 584.

briegeri Pavan & Breuer, 1954: 459  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica (Praia Grande). LT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Panama to Brazil. Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 423.

brncici Hunter & Hunter, 1964: 733  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá. ST B ( UABC). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 416.

calloptera Schiner, 1868: 239  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Santarém, Fazenda Taperinha. ST F ( NMW). NT Distr.: Mexico to Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Peru and Brazil, Puerto Rico, Cuba. Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

Paramycodrosophila tephritoptera Hendel, 1936: 95  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Santarém, Fazenda Taperinha. ST F ( NMW). Comb. & syn. Burla & Pavan, 1953: 300.

canalinea Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 50  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, San Juan. T A ( USMN). NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil, Antilles. Colombia (Bogota, D.C, Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 90; Hunter, 1964: 39.

carablanca Hunter, 1979: 376  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 85; Hunter, 1992: 197.

cardini Sturtevant, 1916: 336  . Type locality: Cuba, Ciudad de la Habana, Habana. HT M ( MCZ). NT NE AU Distr.: Texas, Forida, Mexico to Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Argentina, Antilles; Hawaii. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

cardinoides Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 21  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. HT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga, Rio Negro), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Heed & Russel, 1971: 100; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 41.

chisaca Hunter, 1988: 299  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca, 50 km Bogotá, Chisaca  . HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

choachi Hunter, 1992: 194  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá, road to Choachi  on Mt. Guadalupe, 2 700 m. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia.

coffeata Williston, 1896: 409  . Type locality: St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent, windware side. LT M ( BMNH). Lectotype des. Vilela 1984 a: 59. NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C), Bolivia, Brazil, West Indies. Refs.: Hoenigsberg 1995 b: 177.

flavolineata Duda, 1927: 157  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz, Mapiri, Sarampioni, 700 m. HT F (SMT). Syn. Vilela & Bachli 1990: 64.

umbripennis Hendel, 1936: 99  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Santarém, Fazenda Taperinha. LT M ( NMW). Lectotype des. and syn. Vilela & Bachli 1990: 64

colmenares Hunter, 1988: 305  . Type locality: Colombia, Monserrate in Bogotá, along river in aqueduct drainage of the mountain. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

crossoptera Wheeler & Takada in Wheeler et al., 1962: 404  . Type locality: Panama, Bocas del Toro, Almirante. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio), Panama.

desbaratabaile Hunter, 1979: 364  . Type Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CAS). Distr.: Colombia.

eohydey Wasserman, 1962 a: 73. Type locality: Colombia, Santander, Bucaramanga. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Honduras to Colombia (Magdalena (Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Yoon, 1996: 36.

fasciola Williston, 1896: 410  . Type locality: St. Vincent and the Granadines, St. Vincent, windware side. LT M ( BMNH). NT Distr.: West Indies, El Salvador to Guyana. Colombia (Magdalena (70 Km S Santa Marta). Refs.: Vilela, 1983: 10.

franii Hunter, 1988: 307  . Type locality: Colombia, Monserrate in Bogotá, in the aqueduct watershed on the mountain. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

freilejoni Hunter, 1979: 373  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

fulvimacula Patterson & Mainland, 1944  , 42. Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Sedeno Canyon near Jalapa. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Mexico (Veracruz) to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Meta (Villavicencio)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 35.

funebris ( Fabricius), 1787  : 345 ( Musca  ). Type locality: Denmark, Copenhagen [=Hafniae]. ST F ( UZMC). Comb. Fallén 1823: 5. Citation of HT in Rocha Pité & Tsacas 1980: 39. PA NE NT AF OR AU Distr.: Worldwide excepts tropics. Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter 1966: 416.

clarkii Hutton, 1901: 91  . Type locality: New Zealand, Christchurch. T A ( LCNZ). Syn. Wheeler et al. 1962: 396.

dudai Maloch, 1934: 444  . Type locality: Chile, La Araucania, Angol. HT M ( USNM). Syn. Wheeler et al. 1962: 396.

Leucophenga atkinsoni Miller, 1921: 302  . Type locality: New Zealand. ST B ( BMNH?). Comb. & syn. Harrison, 1959: 298.

fuscolineata Duda, 1925: 213  . Type locality: Costa Rica. Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHM). As HT in Wheeler, 1963: 53. Lectotype des. Bachli 1984: 241. NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 99; Hunter & Navarro 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

castanea Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 51  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Sedeno Canyon near Jalapa. T A ( USNM). Syn. Vilela & Bachli 1990: 65.

fumosa Pavan & Cunha, 1947  : 31. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. LT M ( MZUSP). Lectotype des. Val 1982: 314. Syn. Vilela & Bächli 1990: 65.

gasici Brncic, 1957 b: 92  . Type locality: Chile, Taarapacá, Arica, Camarones. LT M ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Antioquia  , Magdalena, Caldas, Nariño), Ecuador, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 416; Vilela & Bächli, 2004 a: 74.

griseolineata Duda, 1927: 161  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Petrópolis. LT M ( ZMHU). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)), Ecuador, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 41.

hansonioides Pipkin, 1966 a: 4  . Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, 2500 ft. LT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Rio Raposo)). Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

hydei Sturtevant, 1921: 101  . Type locality: USA, Florida, Lakeland. HT M ( MCZ). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Meta (Villavicencio)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177, Yoon, 1996: 36.

hydei  ssp. yucatanensis Spencer, 1940: 160  . Type locality: Mexico, Yucatán, Mérida & Chichen Itza. ST A (CWW).

yucatanensis  setosa  Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 46. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSP). Preocc. Villeneuve, 1921. Syn. Patterson & Wheeler 1949: 230.

marmoria Hutton, 1901: 91  . Type locality: New Zealand, Auckland. T A ( LCNZ). Syn. Viella & Bächli 1990: 93. Suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1712.

immigrans Sturtevant, 1921: 83  . Type locality: USA, New York, White Plains. HT M ( AMNH). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 416; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1109; Yoon, 1996: 38. cilifemur Villeneuve, 1923: 28  . Type locality: France, Strasbourg. LT M ( MNHNP). Syn. Chatton & Aubertot 1924: 283. Lectotype des. Rocha Pité & Tsacas 1980: 38.

flexipilosa Pipkin, 1964: 238  . Type locality: Panama, Chiriquí, El Volcán. LT M ( USNM). Lectotype des. Pipkin & Wirth, 1965: 147. Syn. Pipkin, 1966 b: 131.

brouni Hutton, 1901: 91  . Type locality: New Zealand, Auckland. T A ( LCNZ). Suppresed by ICZN Opinion 1712. Syn. Harrison, 1952: 514.

incompta Wheeler & Takada in Wheeler et al., 1962: 408  . Type locality: Panama, Bocas del Toro, Almirante. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: West Indies, Mexico to Argentina.

leukorrhyna Pipkin, 1964: 224  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Madden Forest. LT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

limbinervis Duda, 1925: 215  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177.

lindae Wheeler, 1968: 431  . Type locality: Colombia, Cauca, S Piendamó, about 30 km N Popayán  . HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru.

maculifrons Duda, 1927: 122  . Type locality: Peru, Rosalina, Urubamba River.  HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417.

guaramunu Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 39  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Amalia. HT M ( MZUSP). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 75.

margarita Hunter, 1979: 379  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 88; Hunter, 1992: 198.

martensis Wasserman & Wilson, 1957: 151  . Type locality: Colombia, Santa Marta. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)), Venezuela, West Indies. Refs.: De Polanco, et al., 2008: 106.

mediodelta Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 21  . Type locality: Colombia, El Recuerdo. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Colombia. Hunter, 1966: 423.

medioparva Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 28  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, Turrialba. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Colombia.

mediopictoides Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 24  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, Turrialba. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Colombia. Hunter, 1966: 423.

mediostriata Duda, 1925: 223  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. HT M ( HNHM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil and Bolivia. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Amazonas (Leticia), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Villa del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177, Yoon, 1996: 42.

crocina Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 34  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Córdoba. ST B ( USMN). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 100.

campestris Burla in Pavan, 1950: 9  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Pirassununga, Goiás, Palma, Monjolinho, Território of Acre, Moa, Baia, Sobrado, Salitre. ST B ( MZUSP)?. Syn. Wheeler, 1970: 14.

melina Wheeler, 1962: 246  . Type locality: St Lucia, B.W.I. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio), Valle del Cauca ( Popayan  )), Panama, West Indies.. Refs.: Wheeler et al., 1962: 397. gilva Wheeler & Takada in Wheeler et al., 1962: 407  . Type locality: St. Lucia. HT M ( USNM). Preocc. Burla, 1956.

mercatorum Patterson & Wheeler, 1942: 93  . Type locality: USA, California, Santa Barbara Country, Santa Barbara. LT M ( AMNH). Lectotype des. Vilela 1983: 38. NE, PA, NT, AF, AU Distr. Cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Caldas (Manizalles), Meta (Villavivencio), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Yoon, 1996: 34.

carinata Grimshaw, 1901: 70  . Type locality: USA, Hawaii, Kona, 4000 ft & Olaa. ST F ( BMHN). Syn. Hardy, 1965: 204. Suppresed by ICZN 1977: 164.

pararepleta Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 52  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSP). Reduced to subspecies by Wharton 1944: 183.

mesophragmatica Duda, 1927: 205  . Type locality: Peru, Cuzco, 3 200 m. LT M (SMT). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C) Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417. andina Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 59  . Type locality: Peru, Huancayo. HT M ( MZUSP). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 80.

metzii Sturtevant, 1921: 78  . Type locality: Cuba, Herradura. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: West Indies, Mexico to Colombia, Trinidad, Cuba, Ecuador and Galápagos. Ref.: Hunter, 1964: 39.

moju Pavan, 1950: 19  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Belém. LT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil and Bolivia. Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio). Refs.: Vilela, 1983: 18.

neocardini Streisinger, 1946: 111  . Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Teffé. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Brazil, Mexico to Peru. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)). Refs.: Heed & Russel, 1971: 98.

neomorpha Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 33  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Barro Colorado I. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Mexico to Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Rio Raposo)), Trinidad. Refs.: Heed & Russel, 1971: 99.

nigrasplendens Pipkin, 1964: 217  . Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, 2500 ft. LT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)), Panama, Peru, Trinidad. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 147.

nigricincta Frota-Pessoa, 1954  : 289.Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira, near São Paulo. HT M (MNRJ). NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Panama, Venezuela. Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995a: 87, 1995b: 177.

nigricruria Patterson & Mainland, in Patterson, 1943: 136  . Type locality: Mexico, Jalisco, El Medinena. T A ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Mexico to Argentina. Refs.: Wasserman & Wilson, 1957: 146.

orkui Brncic & Koref-Santibanez, 1957: 69  . Type locality: Peru, Cuzco, Saczihuaman. ST B?. NT Distr.: Colombia, Peru. Refs.: Brncic, 1957 a: 801.

ornatifrons Duda, 1927: 162  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Petrópolis. LT M ( ZMHU). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Ecuador, Uruguay. Refs.: Kastritsis, 1969.

guarani Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 36  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira, near São Paulo. HT M MZUSP. Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 76.

pallidipennis Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 32  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. LT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Mexico to Peru and Argentina. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 42.

paraguayensis Duda, 1927: 185  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Petrópolis. LT M ( ZMHU). NT Distr.: Brazil, Chile, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Ecuador, Paraguay. Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; Bächli et al, 2000: 79.

medionotata Frota-Pessoa, 1954: 288  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica. HT M ( MNRJ). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 102.

paranaensis Barros, 1950: 266  . Type locality: Brazil, Paraná, Pôrto Capitão Heitor. HT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.:. El Salvador to Argentina. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Meta (Villavicencio)). Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 35.

pseudomercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975: 363  . Type locality: Brazil, Mato Grosso, Campo Grande. ST B ( MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 20.

paramercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975: 365  . Type locality: Brazil, Mato Grosso, Campo Grande. HT M ( MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 20.

parthenogenetica Stalker, 1953: 347  . Type locality: Mexico, Puebla, Atlixco. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr. Mexico to Trinidad, Colombia ( Antioquia  (Monteria), Atlantico (Barranquilla)). Ref. Heed & Russel, 1971: 99.

pavani Brncic, 1957 b: 88  . Type locality: Chile, Santiago, La Florida. ST A ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Argentina, Chile, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Ecuador. Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86.

pellewae Pipkin & Heed, 1964: 263  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Barro Colorado I. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Ref. Pipkin, 1968: 140.

peruensis Wheeler, 1959: 183  . Type locality: Peru, Urubamba River. HT M (SMT). NT Distr.: Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru. Refs.: Vilela & Pereira, 1985: 438.

maculipennis Duda, 1927: 167  . Type locality: Peru. Urubamba River. HT F (SMT). Preocc. Gimmerthal, 1847.

polychaeta Patterson & Wheeler, 1942: 102  . Type locality: USA, Texas, Galveston. ST B ( AMNH). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: Widespread in tropical and subtropical areas, accidentally introduced in England, Belgium and Netherlands. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)). Refs.: Yoon, 1996: 38.

baole Burla, 1954 a: 187  . Type locality: Ivory Coast, near Abidjan. HT M (ZMZ). Syn. Vouidibio et al., 1985: 182

asper Lin & Tseng, 1971: 69  . Type locality: Taiwan, Hua-lien, Feng-lin. HT M (IZT). Syn. Zhang et al., 1996: 327.

pattersoni Mainland, 1948: 59  . Nomen nudum (Hawaii). Author not verified.

pattersoni Patterson & Wheeler, 1949: 229  . Nomen nudum (Hawaii).

pattersoni Hardy, 1952: 470  . Nomen nudum (Hawaii).

polymorpha Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 19  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Bertioga. HT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Guatemala to Argentina. Colombia (Amarca (Cundin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Meta (Villavicencio), Norte de Santander (Cucuta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Heed & Russel, 1971: 98.

popayan Vilela & Bächli, 2004 b: 37  . Type locality: Colombia, Cauca, 30 km N Popayán  . HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia, Panama, Venezuela.

promeridiana Wasserman, 1962 b: 94  . Type locality: Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Palmira. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia. (Valle del Cauca, Palmira).

repleta Wollaston, 1858: 117  . Type locality: Portugal, Madeira, Funchal. LT M ( BMNH). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177.

punctulata Loew, 1862: 232  . Type locality: Cuba. ST B MCZ. Syn. Becker, 1905: 222.

adspersa Mik, 1886 a: 328  . Type locality: Ghana, Ashanti. LT M NMW. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 295. Syn. Becker, 1905: 219.

nigropunctata van der Wulp, 1891: 216. Type locality: Indonesia, Java. HT M not in (RNH) or ( ZMAN). Syn. Bezzi, 1912: 3.

maculiventris van der Wulp, 1897: 142  . Type locality: Sri Lanka, Kekirawa. HT M ( HNHM). Syn. Duda, 1924 c: 299.

austrorepleta Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 48  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSP). Syn. Wharton, 1944: 178.

betari Dobzhasnky & Pavan, 1943: 48  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. LT M ( MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 19. Lectotype des. Vilela, 1983: 89.

brunneipalpa Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 53  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Apiaí. HT M ( MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 19.

reticulata Wheeler, 1957: 101  . Type locality: Colombia, 30 km NW Medellín, 8000 ft. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bucaramanga), Venezuela.

schildi Malloch, 1924: 10  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Alaiuela, San Mateo, Higuito. HT F ( USNM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil. Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 86; Wheeler, 1963: 57.

Paramycodrosophila poeciloptera Duda, 1925: 226  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHM). Lectotype des. and syn. Wheeler, 1963: 57.

poecila Burla & Pavan, 1953: 311  . N. n. poeciloptera Duda, 1925  . See Wheeler, 1959: 184.

setula Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 18  . Type locality: Colombia, Fusagasugá. HT M ( USNM) NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil, Colombia (Cundinamarca).

starmeri Wasserman, Koepfer & Ward, 1973: 1239  . Type locality: Venezuela, Lara, 10-15 km W Barquisimeto. HT M?. NT Distr.: Venezuela to Chile. Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)). Refs.: De Polanco et al., 2008: 106.

sticta Wheeler, 1957: 96  . Type locality: Honduras, Lancetilla. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura, Palmira)). Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 146.

tibialis Wheeler, 1957: 100  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Cartago, Turrialba. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura), Costa Rica, Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 146.

trapeza Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 25  . Type locality: Costa Rica, La Lola. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil.

trifiloides Wheeler, 1957: 81  . Type locality: Colombia, Rionegro, near Bucaramanga. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Santander (Rio Negro, near Bucaramanga)), Honduras. Wheeler, 1957: 82.

tripunctata Loew, 1862: 231  . Type locality: USA, District of Columbia, Washington. T F ( MCZ). NE NT Distr.: Iowa to New Jersey, Texas and Florida; Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 298; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

modesta Sturtevant, 1916: 338  . Type locality: USA, Alabama, Mobile Country, Kushla. HT M MCZ. Syn. Sturtevant, 1921: 82.

unipunctata Patterson & Mainland in Patterson, 1943: 182  . Type locality: Mexico, San Luis Potosí, Tamazunchale. T A ( USNM). NE NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil. Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Antioquia  (Medellin, Rio Negro)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; 1995 b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 43.

uniseta Wasserman, Koepfer & Ward, 1973: 1240  . Type locality: Venezuela, Falcón, 2 Km E Coro. HT M?. Type material not located by Vilela, 1983: 80. NT Antilles, Venezoela, Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)),. Refs.: De Polanco et al., 2008: 106.

viracochi Brncic & Koref-Santibanez, 1957: 70  . Type locality: Peru, Cuzco, Machu Picchu. ST B ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Peru, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 417.

virilis Sturtevant, 1916: 330  . Type locality: USA, New York. HT M ( MCZ). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: Widespread, peridomestic. Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39, Hunter, 1966 b: 423.

brevicornis Duda, 1935: 76  . Type locality: Russia, Ussuri, Spassk District, Yakovlevka. HT F ( ZISP). Syn. Sidorenko, 1993: 254.

xanthopallescens Pipkin, 1964: 230  . Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, 2500 ft. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

Subgenus Phloridosa Sturtevant

Phloridosa Sturtevant, 1942: 28. Type species, Drosophila floricola Sturtevant  , OD (= lutzii Sturtevant  ).

lutzii Sturtevant, 1916: 340  . Type locality: Cuba, Ciudad de la Habana, Habana (=Havana). HT M ( AMNH). NE NT Distr.: Antilles, California, Cuba, Florida, Mexico to Argentina. Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Hunter, 1960. floricola Sturtevant, 1942: 42  . Type locality: USA, California, Los Angeles County. ST B AMNH?. Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 132.

Subgenus Siphlodora Patterson & Mainland

Siphlodora Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 25. Type species, Drosophila sigmoides Loew  , OD.

flexa Loew, 1866: 182  . Type locality: Mexico, Distrito Federal, El Desierto de Los Leones. ST B ( MCZ). NE NT Distr.: Antilles, Cuba, Mexico to Argentina. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin), Valle del Cauca (Palmira). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 80; Vilela & Bächli, 2000: 29.

Subgenus Sophophora Sturtevant 

Sophophora Sturtevant, 1939: 139  . Type species, Drosophila melanogaster Meigen  , OD.

ananassae Doleschall, 1858: 128  . Type locality: Indonesia, Maluku, Ambon. T A?. NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: peridomestic in tropical and subtropical areas. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87.

imparata Walker, 1859: 126  . Type locality: Indonesia, Maluiku, Aru Is. T F not in ( BMNH). Syn. de Meijere, 1908: 159. Citation of HT in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 42.

similis Lamb, 1914: 347  . Type locality: Seychelles, Silhoutte, Mare aux Cochons, over 1000 ft, Mahé, Cascade Estate, 800 ft or above. ST M ( CUMZ) not in ( BMNH). Preocc. Williston 1986. Syn. Duda 1926: 98. Citation of HT in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 43.

errans Malloch, 1933: 21  . N. n similis Lamb. 

caribea Sturtevant, 1916: 335  . Type locality: Cuba, Ciudad de la Habana, Habana (=Havana). HT M ( MCZ). Syn. Duda, 1926: 98.

azteca Sturtevant & Dobzhansky, 1936: 577  . Type locality: Mexico, Oaxaca, Cerro San José. HT M ( AMNH). NE NT Distr.: California to Texas, Mexico to Colombia. Refs.: Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 302.

bocainensis Pavan & Cunha, 1947  : 35. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica. ST B?. NT Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin, Rionegro))) and Venezuela to Brazil and Argentina. Refs.: Wheeler & Magalhães, 1962: 166.

capricorni Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 14  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica, near Praia Grande. HT M ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Panama to Brazil. Colombia (Bogota, D:C) (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 21.

changuinolae Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962: 169  . Type locality: Panama, Changuinola. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Panama to Brazil. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)).

emarginata Sturtevant, 1942: 36  . Type locality: Guatemala, Izabal, Quirigua. ST B ( AMNH)?. NT Distr.: Mexico to Peru. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Magalhães, 1962: 146; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 22.

equinoxialis Dobzhansky, 1946: 209  . Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Teffé. HT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil, Cuba. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 300.

fumipennis Duda, 1925: 220  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( ZMHU). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87.

kikkawai Burla, 1954 b: 47  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro; Japan. ST B (ZMZ). Invalid neotype des. Hardy, 1965: 528. PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: Mexico to Brazil; Asia ( India to Japan); Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Samoa; Mauritius. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423.

montium  (var.) atropyga Duda, 1924 a: 215  . Type locality: Indonesia, Java, Taiwak, Tainan, Mt. Hoozan, Nantou, Chichi (= Chip Chip), Polisha, Vietnam, India, Matheran, 800 m. ST A ( ZMAN, HNHM). Syn. Wheeler, 1949 a: 187.

montium  (var.) xanthopyga Duda, 1924 a: 215  . Type locality: Indonesia, Java, Taiwan, or Vietnam, T A?. Syn. Wheeler, 1949 a: 189.

megalagitans Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962: 165  . Type locality: Colombia, Santander, Cerra de Par Rico, E Bucaramanga. HT M ( USNM). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia.

melanogaster Meigen, 1830: 85  . Type locality: Germany, Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Hamburg, Austria. LT M ( MNHNP). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al. 1969: 201; Hoenigsberg et al. 1977: 300; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

fasciata Meigen, 1830: 84  . Type locality: Germany, Hamburg. LT M ( NMW). Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294. Syn. Duda, 1924 c: 280 (with ampelophila  ).

approximata Zetterstedt, 1847: 2557  . Type locality: Sweden, Smaland. LT F ( ZIL). Syn. Basden, 1961: 186. Citation of HT in NRS in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 43. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294.

immatura Walker, 1849: 1108  . (not given). T A ( BMNH). Syn. Bächli & Vilela, 1991: 27.

ampelophila Loew, 1862: 231  . Type locality: Cuba. ST B MCZ, ( ZMHU). Syn. Austen, 1905: 276.

uvarum Rondani, 1875: 145  . Type locality: Italy. LT M ( MZLS). Syn & lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294.

balteata Bergroth, 1894: 75  . Type locality: Australia, Queensland, central Queensland, Farm Coomooboolaro near Duaring. ST A?. Type not located by Bächli 1982. Syn. Bock, 1980: 343.

pilosula Becker, 1908: 156  . Type locality: Spain, Canary Is., Tenerife. LT M ( ZMHU). Syn. Frey, 1936: 106. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294.

emulata Ray-Chaudhuri & Mukherjee, 1941: 216  . India, West Bengal, Calcutta. T A?. Syn. Gupta, 1974: 20. Type not located by Bächli, 1982.

artificialis Kozhevnikov, 1936: 729  . Metaphase chromosomes, as difference to melanogaster  , accepted as indication. No types. Syn. Brake & Bächli, 2008.

nebulosa Sturtevant, 1916: 327  . Type locality: St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent. ST B ( BMNH). NE NT Distr.: Florida, Antilles, Mexico to Uruguay. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87 Yoon, 1996: 21.

parabocainensis Carson, 1954: 149  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Feliz. LT M ( AMNH). NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

parasaltans Magalhães, 1956: 276  . Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Alto Rio Negro near the mouth of the Uaupes River, tributary of the Rio Negro. T A?. NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador. Refs.: Magalhães, 1962.

paulistorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, in Burla et al. 1949: 301  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT A ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al. 1977: 300; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87.

prosaltans Duda, 1927: 164  . Type locality: Paraguay, Hohenau, 250 m. HT F (SMT). NT Distr.: Mexico to Argentina. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Magalhães, 1962: 141; Hunter, 1966: 423, Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; Yoon, 1996: 22.

pseudoobscura Frolova in Frolova & Astaurov, 1929: 212  . Type locality: North America. ST A?. NE NT AU Distr.: British Columbia to Montana, s. to California, Missouri & Panama, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Bolivia; New Zealand (introduced). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hoenigsberg et al., 1983 a; Campos & Hoenigsberg, 1995; Yoon, 1996: 11.

pseudoobscura  ssp. bogotana Ayala & Dobzhansky, 1975: 216  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CAS).

saltans Sturtevant, 1916: 328  . Type locality: Cuba, Guantánamo. HT M ( MCZ). NT Distr.: Cuba, Mexico to Brazil. Refs.: Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 298.

septentriosaltans Magalhães & Buck, in Magalhães, 1962: 142  . Type locality: Colombia, Aracataca  . ST B ( USNM) NT Distr.: Colombia.

simulans Sturtevant, 1919: 153  . Type locality: USA, Florida, Lakeland. HT M ( AMNH). NT NE PA AF OR AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Amazonas (Leticia), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 14.

sturtevanti Duda, 1927: 167  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz, Mapiri, Sarampioni, 700 m. HT F (SMT). Junior synonym of D. earley  and D. pilifacies  , but is the only name wich has been used in numerous articles acc. to Magalhães, 1962. NT Distr.: Belize to Brazil, Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga)), Antilles. Refs.: Magalhães, 1962; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; Yoon, 1996: 22.

earlei Sturtevant, 1916: 329  . Type locality: Cuba, Herradura. HT M ( AMNH).

pilifacies Malloch, 1926: 29  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Alajuela, San Mateo, Higuito. HT F ( USNM).

biopaca Sturtevant, 1942: 37  . Type locality: Guatemala, Izabal, Quirigua. ST B ( AMNH)?. Syn. Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 17.

sucinea Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 31  . Type locality: Mexico, Puebla, Petlalcingo. T A?. NT Distr.: Mexico (Puebla) to Ecuador. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 21.

tolteca Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 32  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Córdoba. T A?. NT Distr.: Mexico (Veracruz) to Bolivia. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102.

tropicalis Burla & Cunha, 1949  : 302. Type locality: Brazil, Goiaz, Palma. HT M? ( MZUSP). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil and Bolivia. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 300.

willistoni Sturtevant, 1916: 327  . Type locality: Peru, Lima, near Lima. HT M ( CAS). NT Distr.: s. USA to Uruguay, Antilles, Galápagos. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 300; Hoenigsberg et al., 1983 b; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

DEI

Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

ZMAN

Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoologie, Zoologisch Museum

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

UABC

Universidad Autonoma de Baja California

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

UZMC

Universidad del Zulia

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

CUMZ

Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History

ZIL

Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

NRS

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet

MZLS

Musee Zoologique

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Drosophilidae

Loc

Drosophilidae

Tidon, Rosana & Almeida, Jonathan Mendes De 2016
2016
Loc

aldrichi Patterson, in Patterson & Crow, 1940 : 251

De 2008: 106
Patterson 1940: 251
2008
Loc

martensis

De 2008: 106
Wasserman 1957: 151
2008
Loc

starmeri

De 2008: 106
Wasserman 1973: 1239
2008
Loc

uniseta

De 2008: 106
Wasserman 1973: 1240
2008
Loc

flexa

Vilela 2000: 29
Loew 1866: 182
2000
Loc

polychaeta

Yoon 1996: 38
Patterson 1942: 102
1996
Loc

asper

Zhang 1996: 327
Lin 1971: 69
1996
Loc

limbinervis

Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Duda 1925: 215
1995
Loc

paraguayensis

Bachli 2000: 79
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Duda 1927: 185
1995
Loc

tripunctata

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Loew 1862: 231
1995
Loc

unipunctata Patterson & Mainland in Patterson, 1943 : 182

Yoon 1996: 43
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Patterson 1943: 182
1995
Loc

parabocainensis

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Carson 1954: 149
1995
Loc

brevicornis

Sidorenko 1993: 254
1993
Loc

acuminanus

Hunter 1992: 198
Vilela 1990: 84
Hunter 1988: 302
1992
Loc

chisaca

Hunter 1992: 197
Hunter 1988: 299
1992
Loc

colmenares

Hunter 1992: 197
Hunter 1988: 305
1992
Loc

franii

Hunter 1992: 197
Hunter 1988: 307
1992
Loc

freilejoni

Hunter 1992: 197
Hunter 1979: 373
1992
Loc

immatura

Bachli 1991: 27
Walker 1849: 1108
1991
Loc

arboloco

Hunter 1992: 197
Vilela 1990: 84
Hunter 1979: 376
1990
Loc

bomarea

Hunter 1992: 197
Vilela 1990: 85
Hunter 1979: 379
1990
Loc

carablanca

Hunter 1992: 197
Vilela 1990: 85
Hunter 1979: 376
1990
Loc

flavolineata

Vilela 1990: 64
Duda 1927: 157
1990
Loc

umbripennis

Vilela 1990: 64
Hendel 1936: 99
1990
Loc

castanea

Vilela 1990: 65
Patterson 1944: 51
1990
Loc

guaramunu

Vilela 1990: 75
Dobzhansky 1943: 39
1990
Loc

margarita

Hunter 1992: 198
Vilela 1990: 88
Hunter 1979: 379
1990
Loc

crocina

Vilela 1990: 100
Patterson 1944: 34
1990
Loc

guarani

Vilela 1990: 76
Dobzhansky 1943: 36
1990
Loc

medionotata

Vilela 1990: 102
Frota-Pessoa 1954: 288
1990
Loc

lutzii

Vilela 1990: 132
Sturtevant 1942: 42
Sturtevant 1916: 340
1990
Loc

peruensis

Vilela 1985: 438
Wheeler 1959: 183
1985
Loc

baole

Vouidibio 1985: 182
Burla 1954: 187
1985
Loc

coffeata

Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Vilela 1984: 59
Williston 1896: 409
1984
Loc

fuscolineata

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Bachli 1984: 241
Hunter 1969: 1102
Duda 1925: 213
1984
Loc

busckii

Bachli 1982: 292
Rocha 1980: 38
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Wheeler 1965: 766
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86
Coquillett 1901: 18
1982
Loc

adspersa

Bachli 1982: 295
Becker 1905: 219
Mik 1886: 328
1982
Loc

fasciata

Bachli 1982: 294
Duda 1924: 280
Meigen 1830: 84
1982
Loc

uvarum

Bachli 1982: 294
Rondani 1875: 145
1982
Loc

Zygodrosophila

Wheeler 1981: 33
Hendel 1917: 43
1981
Loc

pseudomercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975 : 363

Wheeler 1981: 20
Magalhaes 1975: 363
1981
Loc

paramercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975 : 365

Wheeler 1981: 20
Magalhaes 1975: 365
1981
Loc

betari Dobzhasnky & Pavan, 1943 : 48

Wheeler 1981: 19
Pavan 1943: 48
1981
Loc

brunneipalpa

Wheeler 1981: 19
Dobzhansky 1943: 53
1981
Loc

plurilineata

Rocha 1980: 38
Sturtevant 1921: 77
Villeneuve 1911: 83
1980
Loc

balteata

Bock 1980: 343
Bergroth 1894: 75
1980
Loc

nigrocincta

Hoenigsberg 1977: 57
Hardy 1965: 67
1977
Loc

Amphoroneura de Meijere, 1911 : 423

Okada 1977: 352
Duda 1924: 226
Meijere 1911: 423
1977
Loc

albicans

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hoenigsberg 1977: 57
Frota-Pessoa 1954: 282
1977
Loc

angustibucca

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hoenigsberg 1977: 57
Duda 1925: 218
1977
Loc

emulata

Gupta 1974: 20
Ray-Chaudhuri 1941: 216
1974
Loc

Cladochaeta

Wheeler 1971: 225
Malloch 1924: 31
Coquillett 1900: 263
1971
Loc

bedicheki

Heed 1971: 126
Heed 1971: 101
1971
Loc

breuerae

Vilela 2006: 584
Val 1982: 317
Rocha 1971: 139
1971
Loc

neocardini

Heed 1971: 98
Streisinger 1946: 111
1971
Loc

neomorpha

Heed 1971: 99
Heed 1957: 33
1971
Loc

parthenogenetica

Heed 1971: 99
Stalker 1953: 347
1971
Loc

campestris Burla in Pavan, 1950 : 9

Wheeler 1970: 14
Pavan 1950: 9
1970
Loc

calloptera

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Schiner 1868: 239
1969
Loc

fulvimacula

Yoon 1996: 35
Hunter 1969: 1102
1969
Loc

pallidipennis

Yoon 1996: 42
Hunter 1969: 1102
Dobzhansky 1943: 32
1969
Loc

polymorpha

Heed 1971: 98
Hunter 1969: 1102
Dobzhansky 1943: 19
1969
Loc

repleta

Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Hunter 1969: 1102
Wollaston 1858: 117
1969
Loc

ananassae

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Doleschall 1858: 128
1969
Loc

equinoxialis

Hunter 1969: 1102
Dobzhansky 1946: 209
1969
Loc

fumipennis

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Duda 1925: 220
1969
Loc

nebulosa

Yoon 1996: 21
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Sturtevant 1916: 327
1969
Loc

paulistorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, in Burla et al. 1949 : 301

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Burla 1949: 301
1969
Loc

sturtevanti

Yoon 1996: 22
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Duda 1927: 167
1969
Loc

willistoni

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Sturtevant 1916: 327
1969
Loc

pellewae

Pipkin 1968: 140
Pipkin 1964: 263
1968
Loc

briegeri

Hunter 1966: 423
Pavan 1954: 459
1966
Loc

brncici

Hunter 1966: 416
Hunter 1964: 733
1966
Loc

mediodelta

Hunter 1966: 423
Heed 1957: 21
1966
Loc

mediopictoides

Hunter 1966: 423
Heed 1957: 24
1966
Loc

paranaensis

Yoon 1996: 35
Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Barros 1950: 266
1966
Loc

viracochi

Hunter 1966: 417
Brncic 1957: 70
1966
Loc

prosaltans

Yoon 1996: 22
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Duda 1927: 164
1966
Loc

sucinea

Yoon 1996: 21
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Patterson 1944: 31
1966
Loc

flexipilosa

Pipkin 1966: 131
Pipkin 1965: 147
1965
Loc

carinata

Hardy 1965: 204
Grimshaw 1901: 70
1965
Loc

kikkawai

Hunter 1966: 423
Hardy 1965: 528
Hunter 1964: 39
Burla 1954: 47
1965
Loc

annulimana

Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Duda 1927: 117
1964
Loc

canalinea

Hunter 1964: 39
Patterson 1944: 50
1964
Loc

cardini

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Sturtevant 1916: 336
1964
Loc

cardinoides

Yoon 1996: 41
Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Heed 1971: 100
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1964: 39
Dobzhansky 1943: 21
1964
Loc

gasici

Vilela 2004: 74
Hunter 1966: 416
Hunter 1964: 39
Brncic 1957: 92
1964
Loc

griseolineata

Yoon 1996: 41
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Duda 1927: 161
1964
Loc

maculifrons

Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Duda 1927: 122
1964
Loc

mediostriata

Yoon 1996: 42
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1964: 39
Duda 1925: 223
1964
Loc

mercatorum

Yoon 1996: 34
Hunter 1964: 39
Patterson 1942: 93
1964
Loc

mesophragmatica

Vilela 1990: 80
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Dobzhansky 1943: 59
Duda 1927: 205
1964
Loc

metzii

Hunter 1964: 39
Sturtevant 1921: 78
1964
Loc

virilis

Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39
Sturtevant 1916: 330
1964
Loc

capricorni

Yoon 1996: 21
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39
Dobzhansky 1943: 14
1964
Loc

emarginata

Yoon 1996: 22
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39
Sturtevant 1942: 36
1964
Loc

tolteca

Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39
Patterson 1944: 32
1964
Loc

approximata

Bachli 1982: 294
Rocha 1980: 43
Basden 1961: 186
Zetterstedt 1847: 2557
1961
Loc

hydei

Yoon 1996: 36
Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86
Sturtevant 1921: 101
1960
Loc

immigrans

Yoon 1996: 38
Rocha 1980: 38
Hunter 1969: 1109
Hunter 1966: 416
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86
Chatton 1924: 283
Villeneuve 1923: 28
Sturtevant 1921: 83
1960
Loc

pavani

Hunter 1960: 86
Brncic 1957: 88
1960
Loc

melanogaster

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hoenigsberg 1969: 201
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86
Meigen 1830: 85
1960
Loc

pseudoobscura Frolova in Frolova & Astaurov, 1929 : 212

Yoon 1996: 11
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86
Frolova 1929: 212
1960
Loc

simulans

Yoon 1996: 14
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86
Sturtevant 1919: 153
1960
Loc

Leucophenga atkinsoni

Harrison 1959: 298
Miller 1921: 302
1959
Loc

poecila

Wheeler 1959: 184
Burla 1953: 311
1959
Loc

altiplanica Brncic & Koref Santibañez, 1957: 69

Brncic 1957: 802
1957
Loc

nigricruria Patterson & Mainland, in Patterson, 1943 : 136

Wasserman 1957: 146
Patterson 1943: 136
1957
Loc

orkui

Brncic 1957: 69
Brncic 1957: 801
1957
Loc

Paramycodrosophila tephritoptera

Burla 1953: 300
Hendel 1936: 95
1953
Loc

brouni

Harrison 1952: 514
Hutton 1901: 91
1952
Loc

montium

Wheeler 1949: 187
Duda 1924: 215
1949
Loc

montium

Wheeler 1949: 189
Duda 1924: 215
1949
Loc

tropicalis

Hunter 1969: 1102
Burla 1949: 302
1949
Loc

fumosa

Vilela 1990: 65
Val 1982: 314
Pavan 1947: 31
1947
Loc

bocainensis

Wheeler 1962: 166
Pavan 1947: 35
1947
Loc

pararepleta

Wharton 1944: 183
Dobzhansky 1943: 52
1944
Loc

austrorepleta

Wharton 1944: 178
Dobzhansky 1943: 48
1944
Loc

yucatanensis

Patterson 1949: 230
Dobzhansky 1943: 46
1943
Loc

biopaca

Dobzhansky 1943: 17
Sturtevant 1942: 37
1943
Loc

pilosula

Bachli 1982: 294
Frey 1936: 106
Becker 1908: 156
1936
Loc

Diathoneura

Malloch 1934: 438
Duda 1925: 170
Duda 1924: 180
1934
Loc

Spinulophila

Sturtevant 1927: 367
Duda 1923: 47
1927
Loc

Spinulophila

Sturtevant 1927: 367
Duda 1924: 203
1927
Loc

similis

Rocha 1980: 43
Duda 1926: 98
Lamb 1914: 347
1926
Loc

caribea

Duda 1926: 98
Sturtevant 1916: 335
1926
Loc

Spinodrosophila

Duda 1924: 202
Duda 1924: 248
1924
Loc

maculiventris van der Wulp, 1897 : 142

Duda 1924: 299
Wulp 1897: 142
1924
Loc

Chymomyza

Sturtevant 1921: 61
Czerny 1903: 199
1921
Loc

modesta

Sturtevant 1921: 82
Sturtevant 1916: 338
1921
Loc

rubrostriata

Bachli 1982: 292
Sturtevant 1918: 445
Becker 1908: 155
1918
Loc

imparata

Rocha 1980: 42
Meijere 1908: 159
Walker 1859: 126
1908
Loc

punctulata

Becker 1905: 222
Loew 1862: 232
1905
Loc

ampelophila

Austen 1905: 276
Loew 1862: 231
1905
Loc

Oenopota

Scudder 1882: 231
1882
Loc

Drosophila Fallén, 1823 : 4

Macquart 1835: 548
Fallen 1823: 4
1835
Loc

Drosophila Fallén, 1823 : 4

Macquart 1835: 548
Fallen 1823: 4
1835
Loc

funebris (

Rocha 1980: 39
Hunter 1966: 416
Hunter 1964: 39
Fallen 1823: 5
Fabricius 1787: 345
1787
Loc

abbrevifusca

Grimaldi 1999: 170
Loc

labidia

Grimaldi 1999: 98
Loc

mathisi

Grimaldi 1999: 23
Loc

nebulosa

Coquillett 1900: 263
Loc

pruinopleura

Grimaldi 1999: 26
Loc

pseudikra

Grimaldi 1999: 149
Loc

Diathoneura

Duda 1925: 154
Loc

albifacies

Duda 1925: 181
Loc

tessellata

Duda 1925: 174
Loc

Chaetodrosophilella

Duda 1923: 40
Loc

Spinodrosophila

Duda 1924: 248
Loc

Acanthopterna

Duda 1925: 200
Loc

acroria

Wheeler 1962: 404
Loc

antioquia Vilela & Bächli, 2000 : 54

Vilela 2000: 54
Loc

aracataca

Vilela 1983: 374
Loc

arane

Hunter 1992: 195
Loc

bifurcada

Hunter 1992: 192
Loc

choachi

Hunter 1992: 194
Loc

desbaratabaile

Hunter 1979: 364
Loc

fasciola

Williston 1896: 410
Loc

clarkii

Hutton 1901: 91
Loc

dudai

Maloch 1934: 444
Loc

hansonioides

Pipkin 1966: 4
Loc

hydei

Spencer 1940: 160
Loc

marmoria

Hutton 1901: 91
Loc

lindae

Wheeler 1968: 431
Loc

medioparva

Heed 1957: 28
Loc

moju

Pavan 1950: 19
Loc

ornatifrons

Duda 1927: 162
Loc

maculipennis

Duda 1927: 167
Loc

pattersoni

Mainland 1948: 59
Loc

pattersoni

Patterson 1949: 229
Loc

pattersoni

Hardy 1952: 470
Loc

popayan Vilela & Bächli, 2004 b : 37

Vilela 2004: 37
Loc

promeridiana

Wasserman 1962: 94
Loc

Paramycodrosophila poeciloptera

Duda 1925: 226
Loc

setula

Heed 1957: 18
Loc

trapeza

Heed 1957: 25
Loc

Sophophora

Sturtevant 1939: 139
Loc

errans

Malloch 1933: 21
Loc

azteca

Sturtevant 1936: 577
Loc

changuinolae

Wheeler 1962: 169
Loc

megalagitans

Wheeler 1962: 165
Loc

artificialis

Kozhevnikov 1936: 729
Loc

parasaltans Magalhães, 1956 : 276

Magalhaes 1956: 276
Loc

pseudoobscura

Ayala 1975: 216
Loc

saltans

Sturtevant 1916: 328
Loc

earlei

Sturtevant 1916: 329
Loc

pilifacies

Malloch 1926: 29