Drosophilidae

Tidon, Rosana & Almeida, Jonathan Mendes De, 2016, FAMILY DROSOPHILIDAE, Zootaxa 4122 (1), pp. 719-751: 721-734

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4122.1.63

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scientific name

Drosophilidae
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Catalogue of Drosophilidae  of Colombia

Family Drosophilidae Rondani, 1856 

Subfamily Drosophilinae  Rondani, 1856

Tribe Cladochaetini  Grimaldi, 1990 Genus Cladochaeta Coquillett 

Cladochaeta Coquillett, 1900: 263  . Type species, Cladochaeta nebulosa Coquillett  , OD. Clastopteromyia Malloch in Malloch & McAtee, 1924: 31  . Type species, Drosophila inversa Walker  , OD. Syn. Wheeler & Takada, 1971: 225.

abbrevifusca Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 170  . Type locality: Colombia, Medellín, 5000 ft. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin)), Venezuela.

labidia Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 98  . Type locality: Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Buenaventura. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT. Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca), Panama.

mathisi Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 23  . Type locality: Colombia, Antioquia  , 5 km N El Retiro, Quebrada Boqueron. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT. Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  ).

nebulosa Coquillett, 1900: 263  . Type locality: Puerto Rico, Arroyo. HT F ( USNMAbout USNM). NE NT Distr.: Florida to Venezuela. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 103.

pruinopleura Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 26  . Type locality: Colombia, Medellín, 5000 ft. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT. Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin)).

pseudikra Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 149  . Type locality: Colombia, Sierra Nevada Mts, Campano, above Santa Marta, 5000 ft. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)).

sororia ( Williston), 1896  : 408 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent, Windward Side. LT M ( BMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela, West Indies. Refs.: Grimaldi & Nguyen, 1999: 107 (mon.).

Genus Diathoneura Duda 

Diathoneura Duda, 1925: 154  . As lapsus, no species included.

Subgenus Diathoneura Duda 

Diathoneura Duda, 1924 a: 180  . Type species, Diathoneura taetiatipennis Duda  , SD Malloch, 1934: 438. Diathoneura  . Duda, 1925: 170. Mssp. Diathoneura Duda. 

albifacies Duda, 1925: 181  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHMAbout HNHM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia, El Recuerdo)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1963: 54.

albinota (Wheeler)  , 1957: 108 ( Clastopteromyia  ). Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, about 60 km SW Panama City. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil.

dubia ( Sturtevant), 1921  : 73 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cristo. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena (Minca)), Cuba. Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57.

superba ( Sturtevant), 1916  : 342 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: Guatemala, Alta Verapaz, Trece Aguas. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Guatemala to Colombia (Magdalena (El Recuerdo, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 106; Wheeler & Takada, 1971: 239.

tessellata Duda, 1925: 174  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHMAbout HNHM). NT Distr.: Colombia, Costa Rica. Refs.: Wheeler, 1963: 56.

Tribe Drosophilini  Grimaldi, 1990

Genus Celidosoma Hardy 

Celidosom a Hardy, 1965: 66. Type species, Celidosoma nigrocincta Hardy  , OD.

nigrocincta Hardy, 1965: 67  . Type locality: USA, Hawaii, Oahu, Shofield-Waikane Trail, 2000 ft. HT F (BBM). NT, AU Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena (Minca)), Hawaii. Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57.

Genus Chymomyza Czerny 

Chymomyza Czerny, 1903: 199  . Type species, Drosophila fuscimana Zetterstedt  , SD Sturtevant, 1921: 61.

Amphoroneura de Meijere, 1911: 423  . Type species, Amphoroneura rufithorax de Meijere  , SD Okada, 1977: 352. Syn. Duda, 1924 a: 226.

Zygodrosophila Hendel, 1917: 43  . Type species, Zygodrosophila  albitarsis Hendel  , OD. Syn. Wheeler, 1981: 33.

Zygrodrosophila. Duda, 1927: 70. Mssp. Zygodrosophila Hendel. 

Zyogdrosophila. Duda, 1927: 79. Mssp. Zygodrosophila Hendel. 

Chymomgza. Duda, 1927: 70. Mssp. Chymomyza Czerny. 

bicoloripes ( Malloch), 1926  : 31 ( Drosophila  ). Type locality: Costa Rica, Alajuela, San Mateo, Higuito. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT. Distr.: Costa Rica to Bolivia. Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio)). Ref.: Wheeler, 1957: 103; Grimaldi, 1986: 353.

Genus Drosophila Fallén 

Drosophila Fallén, 1823: 4  . Type species, Musca funebris Fabricius  SD Macquart, 1835: 548.

Subgenus Dorsilopha Sturtevant

Dorsilopha Sturtevant, 1942: 28. Type species, Drosophila busckii Coquillett  , OD.

busckii Coquillett, 1901: 18  . Type locality: USA, District of Columbia, Washington. LT F ( USNMAbout USNM). Lectotype des. Bächli 1982: 292, but lectotype already mentioned in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 38. Spelling valid under Art. 33.3 1 and has been used since Aldrich, 1905. An emendation has also been made by Wheeler, 1965: 766. NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D.C) (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102.

rubrostriata Becker, 1908: 155  . Type locality: Spain, Canary Is., Tenerife, Villa Oratava. LT F ( ZMHUAbout ZMHU). Syn Sturtevant, 1918: 445. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 292.

plurilineata Villeneuve, 1911: 83  . Type locality: France, Paris. ST B ( DEIAbout DEI, ZMHUAbout ZMHU, NMWAbout NMW, MCSNM, ZMANAbout ZMAN). A HT M in ( IRSNBAbout IRSNB) acc. to Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 38. Syn. Sturtevant, 1921: 77.

rubrostriola. Buxton, 1961: 81. Mssp. rubrostriata Becker. 

Subgenus Drosophila Fallén 

Drosophila Fallén, 1823: 4  . Type species, Musca funebris Fabricius  , SD Macquart, 1835: 548.

Oinopota Kirby in Kirby & Spence, 1815: 379. Type species, Musca cellaris Linnaeus  , MO. Sherborn (1929: 4553) attributes this name to Stephens (1829: 62); Neave (1940: 399) arttributes it to Oken (1823: 251, 423), but the name is available from its first appearance in Kirby and Spence.

Oinopota Oken, 1823: 251, 423. Type species, Musca cellaris Linnaeus  , MO. In Scudder (1882: 231) as Kirby & Spence according to Verrall ( Muscidae  ). Also in Stephens (1829: 324).

Oinopota Stephens, 1829: 62, 324. Subsequent usage. Sherborn (1929: 4553) attributes this name to Stephens (1829: 62); Neave (1940: 399) attributes it to Oken (1823: 251, 423), but the name is available from its first appearance in Kirby and Spence.

Chaetodrosophilella Duda, 1923: 40  . Type species, Drosophila quadrilineata de Meijere  , MO.

Spinulophila Duda, 1923: 47  . Type species, signata Duda  , SD Sturtevant, 1927: 367.

Acrodrosophila Duda, 1924 b: 248. Type species, Drosophila testacea Roser  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus.

Acrodorosphila Duda, 1924 a: 203. Type species, Drosophila testacea Roser  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus. Preocc. Duda, 1924 b: 248.

Spinodrosophila Duda, 1924 b: 248  . Type species, Drosophila nigroparsa Strobl  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus.

Spinodrosophila Duda, 1924 a: 202  . Type species, Drosophila nigrosparsa Strobl  , MO. Proposed as a subgenus. Preocc. Duda, 1924 b: 248.

Spinulophila Duda, 1924 a: 203  . Type species, Drosophila signata Duda  , SD Sturtevant, 1927: 367. Proposed as a subgenus. Preocc. Duda, 1923.

Sordophila Wheeler, 1949 a: 171. Type species, Drosophila acanthoptera Wheeler  , OD. Proposed as a subgenus.

Acanthopterna Duda, 1925: 200  . Nom. nov. Spinodrosophila Duda. Proposed  as a subgenus.

Drosophyla Heeger, 1852: 777. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Oenopota  . Walker, 1856: xxii. Mssp. Oinopota Kirby. In the index only. Correct Spelling in text.

Oenopota  . Scudder, 1882: 231. Mssp. Oinopota Kirby. Given as Oenopota (Kirby)  Walker. (= Oinopota Kirby). 1856. Dipt., Musc. Verrall.

Arrodrosophila. Duda, 1924 b: 260. Mssp. Acrodrosophila Duda.

Chaetodrosophila. Duda, 1924 a: 180. Mssp. Chaetodrosophilella Duda. 

Dorsophila. Duda, 1924 a: 199. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Drosophita. Hendel, 1928: 293. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Drosophilla. Hendel, 1928: 293. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

Acantopterna. Hendel, 1938: 10. Mssp. Acanthopterna Duda. 

Drosphila. Okada, 1984: 570. Mssp. Drosophila Fallén. 

acroria Wheeler & Takada, 1962: 404  . Type locality: Colombia, Tequendama Falls Road near Bogotá. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Cundinamarca).

acuminanus Hunter, 1988: 302  . Type locality: Colombia, Monserrate in Bogotá, along river in aqueduct drainage of the mountain. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 198; Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 84.

albicans Frota-Pessoa, 1954: 282  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Pirassununga. HT M ( MNRJAbout MNRJ). NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Venezuela. Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

aldrichi Patterson, in Patterson & Crow, 1940: 251  . Type locality: USA, Texas, Austin. LT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NE, NT, AU Distr.: Texas, Mexico to Brazil, Australia. Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)). Refs.: De Polanco et al., 2008: 106.

altiplanica Brncic & Koref Santibañez, 1957: 69  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz. ST B ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Brncic, 1957 a: 802.

angustibucca Duda, 1925: 218  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT F ( HNHMAbout HNHM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil. Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg & Lin, 1977: 57; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

annulimana Duda, 1927: 117  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz, Mapiri, Sarampioni, 700 m. LT F (SMT). NT Distr.: Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Peru. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417.

antioquia Vilela & Bächli, 2000: 54  . Type locality: Colombia, Antioquia  , Medellín. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  ).

aracataca Vilela & Val, 1983: 374  . Type locality: Colombia, Magdalena, Recuerdo. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Colombia (Magdalena), Costa Rica and El Salvador.

arane Hunter, 1992: 195  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá, aqueduct watershed of Mt. Monserrate, 2600 m. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia.

arboloco Hunter, 1979: 376  . Type locality: Colombia, Near Bogotá. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 84; Hunter, 1992: 197.

aureopallescens Pipkin, 1964: 232  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Fort Sherman Reservation, sea level. LT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

bandeiratorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 30. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogi das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Mexico to Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)) and Argentina. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 416; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102.

bedicheki Heed & Russell, 1971: 126  . Type locality: Trinidad & Tobago, Trinidad, Narica, Nariva Swamp. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr. Trinidad, Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia), Bogota, D:C)). Refs.: Heed &Russel, 1971: 101.

bifurcada Hunter, 1992: 192  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá, aqueduct watershed of Mt. Monserrate, 2 600 m. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia.

bomarea Hunter, 1979: 379  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 85; Hunter, 1992: 197.

breuerae  Rocha, 1971: 139. Type locality: Colombia, Palmira, Facultad de Agronomia, 1000 m. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Val, 1982: 317; Vilela & Cunha, 2006: 584.

briegeri Pavan & Breuer, 1954: 459  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica (Praia Grande). LT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Panama to Brazil. Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 423.

brncici Hunter & Hunter, 1964: 733  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá. ST B ( UABCAbout UABC). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 416.

calloptera Schiner, 1868: 239  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Santarém, Fazenda Taperinha. ST F ( NMWAbout NMW). NT Distr.: Mexico to Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Peru and Brazil, Puerto Rico, Cuba. Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

Paramycodrosophila tephritoptera Hendel, 1936: 95  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Santarém, Fazenda Taperinha. ST F ( NMWAbout NMW). Comb. & syn. Burla & Pavan, 1953: 300.

canalinea Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 50  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, San Juan. T A ( USMN). NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil, Antilles. Colombia (Bogota, D.C, Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 90; Hunter, 1964: 39.

carablanca Hunter, 1979: 376  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 85; Hunter, 1992: 197.

cardini Sturtevant, 1916: 336  . Type locality: Cuba, Ciudad de la Habana, Habana. HT M ( MCZAbout MCZ). NT NE AU Distr.: Texas, Forida, Mexico to Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Argentina, Antilles; Hawaii. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

cardinoides Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 21  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga, Rio Negro), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Heed & Russel, 1971: 100; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 41.

chisaca Hunter, 1988: 299  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca, 50 km Bogotá, Chisaca  . HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

choachi Hunter, 1992: 194  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá, road to Choachi  on Mt. Guadalupe, 2 700 m. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia.

coffeata Williston, 1896: 409  . Type locality: St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent, windware side. LT M ( BMNH). Lectotype des. Vilela 1984 a: 59. NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C), Bolivia, Brazil, West Indies. Refs.: Hoenigsberg 1995 b: 177.

flavolineata Duda, 1927: 157  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz, Mapiri, Sarampioni, 700 m. HT F (SMT). Syn. Vilela & Bachli 1990: 64.

umbripennis Hendel, 1936: 99  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Santarém, Fazenda Taperinha. LT M ( NMWAbout NMW). Lectotype des. and syn. Vilela & Bachli 1990: 64

colmenares Hunter, 1988: 305  . Type locality: Colombia, Monserrate in Bogotá, along river in aqueduct drainage of the mountain. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

crossoptera Wheeler & Takada in Wheeler et al., 1962: 404  . Type locality: Panama, Bocas del Toro, Almirante. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio), Panama.

desbaratabaile Hunter, 1979: 364  . Type Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). Distr.: Colombia.

eohydey Wasserman, 1962 a: 73. Type locality: Colombia, Santander, Bucaramanga. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Honduras to Colombia (Magdalena (Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Yoon, 1996: 36.

fasciola Williston, 1896: 410  . Type locality: St. Vincent and the Granadines, St. Vincent, windware side. LT M ( BMNH). NT Distr.: West Indies, El Salvador to Guyana. Colombia (Magdalena (70 Km S Santa Marta). Refs.: Vilela, 1983: 10.

franii Hunter, 1988: 307  . Type locality: Colombia, Monserrate in Bogotá, in the aqueduct watershed on the mountain. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

freilejoni Hunter, 1979: 373  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1992: 197.

fulvimacula Patterson & Mainland, 1944  , 42. Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Sedeno Canyon near Jalapa. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Mexico (Veracruz) to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Meta (Villavicencio)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 35.

funebris ( Fabricius), 1787  : 345 ( Musca  ). Type locality: Denmark, Copenhagen [=Hafniae]. ST F ( UZMCAbout UZMC). Comb. Fallén 1823: 5. Citation of HT in Rocha Pité & Tsacas 1980: 39. PA NE NT AF OR AU Distr.: Worldwide excepts tropics. Colombia (Bogota, D.C). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter 1966: 416.

clarkii Hutton, 1901: 91  . Type locality: New Zealand, Christchurch. T A ( LCNZ). Syn. Wheeler et al. 1962: 396.

dudai Maloch, 1934: 444  . Type locality: Chile, La Araucania, Angol. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). Syn. Wheeler et al. 1962: 396.

Leucophenga atkinsoni Miller, 1921: 302  . Type locality: New Zealand. ST B ( BMNH?). Comb. & syn. Harrison, 1959: 298.

fuscolineata Duda, 1925: 213  . Type locality: Costa Rica. Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHMAbout HNHM). As HT in Wheeler, 1963: 53. Lectotype des. Bachli 1984: 241. NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 99; Hunter & Navarro 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

castanea Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 51  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Sedeno Canyon near Jalapa. T A ( USNMAbout USNM). Syn. Vilela & Bachli 1990: 65.

fumosa Pavan & Cunha, 1947  : 31. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. LT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Lectotype des. Val 1982: 314. Syn. Vilela & Bächli 1990: 65.

gasici Brncic, 1957 b: 92  . Type locality: Chile, Taarapacá, Arica, Camarones. LT M ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Antioquia  , Magdalena, Caldas, Nariño), Ecuador, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 416; Vilela & Bächli, 2004 a: 74.

griseolineata Duda, 1927: 161  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Petrópolis. LT M ( ZMHUAbout ZMHU). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)), Ecuador, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 41.

hansonioides Pipkin, 1966 a: 4  . Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, 2500 ft. LT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Rio Raposo)). Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

hydei Sturtevant, 1921: 101  . Type locality: USA, Florida, Lakeland. HT M ( MCZAbout MCZ). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Meta (Villavicencio)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177, Yoon, 1996: 36.

hydei  ssp. yucatanensis Spencer, 1940: 160  . Type locality: Mexico, Yucatán, Mérida & Chichen Itza. ST A (CWW).

yucatanensis  setosa  Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 46. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Preocc. Villeneuve, 1921. Syn. Patterson & Wheeler 1949: 230.

marmoria Hutton, 1901: 91  . Type locality: New Zealand, Auckland. T A ( LCNZ). Syn. Viella & Bächli 1990: 93. Suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1712.

immigrans Sturtevant, 1921: 83  . Type locality: USA, New York, White Plains. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 416; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1109; Yoon, 1996: 38. cilifemur Villeneuve, 1923: 28  . Type locality: France, Strasbourg. LT M ( MNHNP). Syn. Chatton & Aubertot 1924: 283. Lectotype des. Rocha Pité & Tsacas 1980: 38.

flexipilosa Pipkin, 1964: 238  . Type locality: Panama, Chiriquí, El Volcán. LT M ( USNMAbout USNM). Lectotype des. Pipkin & Wirth, 1965: 147. Syn. Pipkin, 1966 b: 131.

brouni Hutton, 1901: 91  . Type locality: New Zealand, Auckland. T A ( LCNZ). Suppresed by ICZN Opinion 1712. Syn. Harrison, 1952: 514.

incompta Wheeler & Takada in Wheeler et al., 1962: 408  . Type locality: Panama, Bocas del Toro, Almirante. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: West Indies, Mexico to Argentina.

leukorrhyna Pipkin, 1964: 224  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Madden Forest. LT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

limbinervis Duda, 1925: 215  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHMAbout HNHM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177.

lindae Wheeler, 1968: 431  . Type locality: Colombia, Cauca, S Piendamó, about 30 km N Popayán  . HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru.

maculifrons Duda, 1927: 122  . Type locality: Peru, Rosalina, Urubamba River.  HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417.

guaramunu Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 39  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Amalia. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 75.

margarita Hunter, 1979: 379  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 88; Hunter, 1992: 198.

martensis Wasserman & Wilson, 1957: 151  . Type locality: Colombia, Santa Marta. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)), Venezuela, West Indies. Refs.: De Polanco, et al., 2008: 106.

mediodelta Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 21  . Type locality: Colombia, El Recuerdo. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Colombia. Hunter, 1966: 423.

medioparva Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 28  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, Turrialba. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Colombia.

mediopictoides Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 24  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, Turrialba. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Colombia. Hunter, 1966: 423.

mediostriata Duda, 1925: 223  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. HT M ( HNHMAbout HNHM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil and Bolivia. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Amazonas (Leticia), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Villa del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177, Yoon, 1996: 42.

crocina Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 34  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Córdoba. ST B ( USMN). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 100.

campestris Burla in Pavan, 1950: 9  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Pirassununga, Goiás, Palma, Monjolinho, Território of Acre, Moa, Baia, Sobrado, Salitre. ST B ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP)?. Syn. Wheeler, 1970: 14.

melina Wheeler, 1962: 246  . Type locality: St Lucia, B.W.I. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio), Valle del Cauca ( Popayan  )), Panama, West Indies.. Refs.: Wheeler et al., 1962: 397. gilva Wheeler & Takada in Wheeler et al., 1962: 407  . Type locality: St. Lucia. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). Preocc. Burla, 1956.

mercatorum Patterson & Wheeler, 1942: 93  . Type locality: USA, California, Santa Barbara Country, Santa Barbara. LT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). Lectotype des. Vilela 1983: 38. NE, PA, NT, AF, AU Distr. Cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Caldas (Manizalles), Meta (Villavivencio), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Yoon, 1996: 34.

carinata Grimshaw, 1901: 70  . Type locality: USA, Hawaii, Kona, 4000 ft & Olaa. ST F ( BMHN). Syn. Hardy, 1965: 204. Suppresed by ICZN 1977: 164.

pararepleta Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 52  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Reduced to subspecies by Wharton 1944: 183.

mesophragmatica Duda, 1927: 205  . Type locality: Peru, Cuzco, 3 200 m. LT M (SMT). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C) Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417. andina Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 59  . Type locality: Peru, Huancayo. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 80.

metzii Sturtevant, 1921: 78  . Type locality: Cuba, Herradura. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: West Indies, Mexico to Colombia, Trinidad, Cuba, Ecuador and Galápagos. Ref.: Hunter, 1964: 39.

moju Pavan, 1950: 19  . Type locality: Brazil, Pará, Belém. LT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil and Bolivia. Colombia (Meta (Villavicencio). Refs.: Vilela, 1983: 18.

neocardini Streisinger, 1946: 111  . Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Teffé. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Brazil, Mexico to Peru. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)). Refs.: Heed & Russel, 1971: 98.

neomorpha Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 33  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Barro Colorado I. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Mexico to Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Rio Raposo)), Trinidad. Refs.: Heed & Russel, 1971: 99.

nigrasplendens Pipkin, 1964: 217  . Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, 2500 ft. LT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)), Panama, Peru, Trinidad. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 147.

nigricincta Frota-Pessoa, 1954  : 289.Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira, near São Paulo. HT M (MNRJ). NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Panama, Venezuela. Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995a: 87, 1995b: 177.

nigricruria Patterson & Mainland, in Patterson, 1943: 136  . Type locality: Mexico, Jalisco, El Medinena. T A ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Mexico to Argentina. Refs.: Wasserman & Wilson, 1957: 146.

orkui Brncic & Koref-Santibanez, 1957: 69  . Type locality: Peru, Cuzco, Saczihuaman. ST B?. NT Distr.: Colombia, Peru. Refs.: Brncic, 1957 a: 801.

ornatifrons Duda, 1927: 162  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Petrópolis. LT M ( ZMHUAbout ZMHU). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Ecuador, Uruguay. Refs.: Kastritsis, 1969.

guarani Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 36  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira, near São Paulo. HT M MZUSPAbout MZUSP. Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 76.

pallidipennis Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 32  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. LT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Mexico to Peru and Argentina. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 42.

paraguayensis Duda, 1927: 185  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Petrópolis. LT M ( ZMHUAbout ZMHU). NT Distr.: Brazil, Chile, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)), Ecuador, Paraguay. Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; Bächli et al, 2000: 79.

medionotata Frota-Pessoa, 1954: 288  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica. HT M ( MNRJAbout MNRJ). Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 102.

paranaensis Barros, 1950: 266  . Type locality: Brazil, Paraná, Pôrto Capitão Heitor. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.:. El Salvador to Argentina. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Meta (Villavicencio)). Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 35.

pseudomercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975: 363  . Type locality: Brazil, Mato Grosso, Campo Grande. ST B ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 20.

paramercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975: 365  . Type locality: Brazil, Mato Grosso, Campo Grande. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 20.

parthenogenetica Stalker, 1953: 347  . Type locality: Mexico, Puebla, Atlixco. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr. Mexico to Trinidad, Colombia ( Antioquia  (Monteria), Atlantico (Barranquilla)). Ref. Heed & Russel, 1971: 99.

pavani Brncic, 1957 b: 88  . Type locality: Chile, Santiago, La Florida. ST A ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Argentina, Chile, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Ecuador. Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86.

pellewae Pipkin & Heed, 1964: 263  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Barro Colorado I. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Ref. Pipkin, 1968: 140.

peruensis Wheeler, 1959: 183  . Type locality: Peru, Urubamba River. HT M (SMT). NT Distr.: Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru. Refs.: Vilela & Pereira, 1985: 438.

maculipennis Duda, 1927: 167  . Type locality: Peru. Urubamba River. HT F (SMT). Preocc. Gimmerthal, 1847.

polychaeta Patterson & Wheeler, 1942: 102  . Type locality: USA, Texas, Galveston. ST B ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: Widespread in tropical and subtropical areas, accidentally introduced in England, Belgium and Netherlands. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)). Refs.: Yoon, 1996: 38.

baole Burla, 1954 a: 187  . Type locality: Ivory Coast, near Abidjan. HT M (ZMZ). Syn. Vouidibio et al., 1985: 182

asper Lin & Tseng, 1971: 69  . Type locality: Taiwan, Hua-lien, Feng-lin. HT M (IZT). Syn. Zhang et al., 1996: 327.

pattersoni Mainland, 1948: 59  . Nomen nudum (Hawaii). Author not verified.

pattersoni Patterson & Wheeler, 1949: 229  . Nomen nudum (Hawaii).

pattersoni Hardy, 1952: 470  . Nomen nudum (Hawaii).

polymorpha Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 19  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Bertioga. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Guatemala to Argentina. Colombia (Amarca (Cundin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Meta (Villavicencio), Norte de Santander (Cucuta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Heed & Russel, 1971: 98.

popayan Vilela & Bächli, 2004 b: 37  . Type locality: Colombia, Cauca, 30 km N Popayán  . HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Colombia, Panama, Venezuela.

promeridiana Wasserman, 1962 b: 94  . Type locality: Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Palmira. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia. (Valle del Cauca, Palmira).

repleta Wollaston, 1858: 117  . Type locality: Portugal, Madeira, Funchal. LT M ( BMNH). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 b: 177.

punctulata Loew, 1862: 232  . Type locality: Cuba. ST B MCZAbout MCZ. Syn. Becker, 1905: 222.

adspersa Mik, 1886 a: 328  . Type locality: Ghana, Ashanti. LT M NMWAbout NMW. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 295. Syn. Becker, 1905: 219.

nigropunctata van der Wulp, 1891: 216. Type locality: Indonesia, Java. HT M not in (RNH) or ( ZMANAbout ZMAN). Syn. Bezzi, 1912: 3.

maculiventris van der Wulp, 1897: 142  . Type locality: Sri Lanka, Kekirawa. HT M ( HNHMAbout HNHM). Syn. Duda, 1924 c: 299.

austrorepleta Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 48  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Syn. Wharton, 1944: 178.

betari Dobzhasnky & Pavan, 1943: 48  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Iporanga. LT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 19. Lectotype des. Vilela, 1983: 89.

brunneipalpa Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 53  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Apiaí. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Syn. Vilela in Wheeler, 1981: 19.

reticulata Wheeler, 1957: 101  . Type locality: Colombia, 30 km NW Medellín, 8000 ft. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Bucaramanga), Venezuela.

schildi Malloch, 1924: 10  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Alaiuela, San Mateo, Higuito. HT F ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil. Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 86; Wheeler, 1963: 57.

Paramycodrosophila poeciloptera Duda, 1925: 226  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( HNHMAbout HNHM). Lectotype des. and syn. Wheeler, 1963: 57.

poecila Burla & Pavan, 1953: 311  . N. n. poeciloptera Duda, 1925  . See Wheeler, 1959: 184.

setula Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 18  . Type locality: Colombia, Fusagasugá. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM) NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil, Colombia (Cundinamarca).

starmeri Wasserman, Koepfer & Ward, 1973: 1239  . Type locality: Venezuela, Lara, 10-15 km W Barquisimeto. HT M?. NT Distr.: Venezuela to Chile. Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)). Refs.: De Polanco et al., 2008: 106.

sticta Wheeler, 1957: 96  . Type locality: Honduras, Lancetilla. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura, Palmira)). Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 146.

tibialis Wheeler, 1957: 100  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Cartago, Turrialba. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura), Costa Rica, Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 146.

trapeza Heed & Wheeler, 1957: 25  . Type locality: Costa Rica, La Lola. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil.

trifiloides Wheeler, 1957: 81  . Type locality: Colombia, Rionegro, near Bucaramanga. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Santander (Rio Negro, near Bucaramanga)), Honduras. Wheeler, 1957: 82.

tripunctata Loew, 1862: 231  . Type locality: USA, District of Columbia, Washington. T F ( MCZAbout MCZ). NE NT Distr.: Iowa to New Jersey, Texas and Florida; Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 298; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

modesta Sturtevant, 1916: 338  . Type locality: USA, Alabama, Mobile Country, Kushla. HT M MCZAbout MCZ. Syn. Sturtevant, 1921: 82.

unipunctata Patterson & Mainland in Patterson, 1943: 182  . Type locality: Mexico, San Luis Potosí, Tamazunchale. T A ( USNMAbout USNM). NE NT Distr.: Mexico to Brazil. Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Antioquia  (Medellin, Rio Negro)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; 1995 b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 43.

uniseta Wasserman, Koepfer & Ward, 1973: 1240  . Type locality: Venezuela, Falcón, 2 Km E Coro. HT M?. Type material not located by Vilela, 1983: 80. NT Antilles, Venezoela, Colombia (La Guajira (Riohacha: Camarones), Magdalena (Santa Marta), Huila (Desierto de la Tatacoa: Rosalia)),. Refs.: De Polanco et al., 2008: 106.

viracochi Brncic & Koref-Santibanez, 1957: 70  . Type locality: Peru, Cuzco, Machu Picchu. ST B ( MNHNS). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Peru, Venezuela. Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 417.

virilis Sturtevant, 1916: 330  . Type locality: USA, New York. HT M ( MCZAbout MCZ). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: Widespread, peridomestic. Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39, Hunter, 1966 b: 423.

brevicornis Duda, 1935: 76  . Type locality: Russia, Ussuri, Spassk District, Yakovlevka. HT F ( ZISPAbout ZISP). Syn. Sidorenko, 1993: 254.

xanthopallescens Pipkin, 1964: 230  . Type locality: Panama, Panama, Cerro Campana, 2500 ft. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Colombia (Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura)), Panama. Refs.: Pipkin et al., 1966: 142.

Subgenus Phloridosa Sturtevant

Phloridosa Sturtevant, 1942: 28. Type species, Drosophila floricola Sturtevant  , OD (= lutzii Sturtevant  ).

lutzii Sturtevant, 1916: 340  . Type locality: Cuba, Ciudad de la Habana, Habana (=Havana). HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NE NT Distr.: Antilles, California, Cuba, Florida, Mexico to Argentina. Colombia (Bogota, D:C). Refs.: Hunter, 1960. floricola Sturtevant, 1942: 42  . Type locality: USA, California, Los Angeles County. ST B AMNHAbout AMNH?. Syn. Vilela & Bächli, 1990: 132.

Subgenus Siphlodora Patterson & Mainland

Siphlodora Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 25. Type species, Drosophila sigmoides Loew  , OD.

flexa Loew, 1866: 182  . Type locality: Mexico, Distrito Federal, El Desierto de Los Leones. ST B ( MCZAbout MCZ). NE NT Distr.: Antilles, Cuba, Mexico to Argentina. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin), Valle del Cauca (Palmira). Refs.: Wheeler, 1957: 80; Vilela & Bächli, 2000: 29.

Subgenus Sophophora Sturtevant 

Sophophora Sturtevant, 1939: 139  . Type species, Drosophila melanogaster Meigen  , OD.

ananassae Doleschall, 1858: 128  . Type locality: Indonesia, Maluku, Ambon. T A?. NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: peridomestic in tropical and subtropical areas. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87.

imparata Walker, 1859: 126  . Type locality: Indonesia, Maluiku, Aru Is. T F not in ( BMNH). Syn. de Meijere, 1908: 159. Citation of HT in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 42.

similis Lamb, 1914: 347  . Type locality: Seychelles, Silhoutte, Mare aux Cochons, over 1000 ft, Mahé, Cascade Estate, 800 ft or above. ST M ( CUMZAbout CUMZ) not in ( BMNH). Preocc. Williston 1986. Syn. Duda 1926: 98. Citation of HT in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 43.

errans Malloch, 1933: 21  . N. n similis Lamb. 

caribea Sturtevant, 1916: 335  . Type locality: Cuba, Ciudad de la Habana, Habana (=Havana). HT M ( MCZAbout MCZ). Syn. Duda, 1926: 98.

azteca Sturtevant & Dobzhansky, 1936: 577  . Type locality: Mexico, Oaxaca, Cerro San José. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NE NT Distr.: California to Texas, Mexico to Colombia. Refs.: Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 302.

bocainensis Pavan & Cunha, 1947  : 35. Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica. ST B?. NT Distr.: Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin, Rionegro))) and Venezuela to Brazil and Argentina. Refs.: Wheeler & Magalhães, 1962: 166.

capricorni Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 14  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Vila Atlântica, near Praia Grande. HT M ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Panama to Brazil. Colombia (Bogota, D:C) (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177; Yoon, 1996: 21.

changuinolae Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962: 169  . Type locality: Panama, Changuinola. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Panama to Brazil. Colombia (Amazonas (Leticia)).

emarginata Sturtevant, 1942: 36  . Type locality: Guatemala, Izabal, Quirigua. ST B ( AMNHAbout AMNH)?. NT Distr.: Mexico to Peru. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Magalhães, 1962: 146; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 22.

equinoxialis Dobzhansky, 1946: 209  . Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Teffé. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil, Cuba. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 300.

fumipennis Duda, 1925: 220  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Catargo, La Suiza de Turrialba. LT M ( ZMHUAbout ZMHU). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87.

kikkawai Burla, 1954 b: 47  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro; Japan. ST B (ZMZ). Invalid neotype des. Hardy, 1965: 528. PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: Mexico to Brazil; Asia ( India to Japan); Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Samoa; Mauritius. Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423.

montium  (var.) atropyga Duda, 1924 a: 215  . Type locality: Indonesia, Java, Taiwak, Tainan, Mt. Hoozan, Nantou, Chichi (= Chip Chip), Polisha, Vietnam, India, Matheran, 800 m. ST A ( ZMANAbout ZMAN, HNHMAbout HNHM). Syn. Wheeler, 1949 a: 187.

montium  (var.) xanthopyga Duda, 1924 a: 215  . Type locality: Indonesia, Java, Taiwan, or Vietnam, T A?. Syn. Wheeler, 1949 a: 189.

megalagitans Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962: 165  . Type locality: Colombia, Santander, Cerra de Par Rico, E Bucaramanga. HT M ( USNMAbout USNM). NT Distr.: Bolivia, Colombia.

melanogaster Meigen, 1830: 85  . Type locality: Germany, Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Hamburg, Austria. LT M ( MNHNP). NE PA OR NT AF AU Distr.: cosmopolitan, Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al. 1969: 201; Hoenigsberg et al. 1977: 300; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

fasciata Meigen, 1830: 84  . Type locality: Germany, Hamburg. LT M ( NMWAbout NMW). Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294. Syn. Duda, 1924 c: 280 (with ampelophila  ).

approximata Zetterstedt, 1847: 2557  . Type locality: Sweden, Smaland. LT F ( ZILAbout ZIL). Syn. Basden, 1961: 186. Citation of HT in NRSAbout NRS in Rocha Pité & Tsacas, 1980: 43. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294.

immatura Walker, 1849: 1108  . (not given). T A ( BMNH). Syn. Bächli & Vilela, 1991: 27.

ampelophila Loew, 1862: 231  . Type locality: Cuba. ST B MCZAbout MCZ, ( ZMHUAbout ZMHU). Syn. Austen, 1905: 276.

uvarum Rondani, 1875: 145  . Type locality: Italy. LT M ( MZLSAbout MZLS). Syn & lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294.

balteata Bergroth, 1894: 75  . Type locality: Australia, Queensland, central Queensland, Farm Coomooboolaro near Duaring. ST A?. Type not located by Bächli 1982. Syn. Bock, 1980: 343.

pilosula Becker, 1908: 156  . Type locality: Spain, Canary Is., Tenerife. LT M ( ZMHUAbout ZMHU). Syn. Frey, 1936: 106. Lectotype des. Bächli, 1982: 294.

emulata Ray-Chaudhuri & Mukherjee, 1941: 216  . India, West Bengal, Calcutta. T A?. Syn. Gupta, 1974: 20. Type not located by Bächli, 1982.

artificialis Kozhevnikov, 1936: 729  . Metaphase chromosomes, as difference to melanogaster  , accepted as indication. No types. Syn. Brake & Bächli, 2008.

nebulosa Sturtevant, 1916: 327  . Type locality: St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent. ST B ( BMNH). NE NT Distr.: Florida, Antilles, Mexico to Uruguay. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Valle del Cauca (Palmira)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87 Yoon, 1996: 21.

parabocainensis Carson, 1954: 149  . Type locality: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Feliz. LT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia (Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

parasaltans Magalhães, 1956: 276  . Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Alto Rio Negro near the mouth of the Uaupes River, tributary of the Rio Negro. T A?. NT Distr.: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador. Refs.: Magalhães, 1962.

paulistorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, in Burla et al. 1949: 301  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Mogí das Cruzes. HT A ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al. 1977: 300; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87.

prosaltans Duda, 1927: 164  . Type locality: Paraguay, Hohenau, 250 m. HT F (SMT). NT Distr.: Mexico to Argentina. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga)). Refs.: Magalhães, 1962: 141; Hunter, 1966: 423, Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; Yoon, 1996: 22.

pseudoobscura Frolova in Frolova & Astaurov, 1929: 212  . Type locality: North America. ST A?. NE NT AU Distr.: British Columbia to Montana, s. to California, Missouri & Panama, Colombia (Bogota, D:C), Bolivia; New Zealand (introduced). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 417; Hoenigsberg et al., 1983 a; Campos & Hoenigsberg, 1995; Yoon, 1996: 11.

pseudoobscura  ssp. bogotana Ayala & Dobzhansky, 1975: 216  . Type locality: Colombia, near Bogotá. HT M ( CASAbout CAS).

saltans Sturtevant, 1916: 328  . Type locality: Cuba, Guantánamo. HT M ( MCZAbout MCZ). NT Distr.: Cuba, Mexico to Brazil. Refs.: Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 298.

septentriosaltans Magalhães & Buck, in Magalhães, 1962: 142  . Type locality: Colombia, Aracataca  . ST B ( USNMAbout USNM) NT Distr.: Colombia.

simulans Sturtevant, 1919: 153  . Type locality: USA, Florida, Lakeland. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH). NT NE PA AF OR AU Distr.: cosmopolitan. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Amazonas (Leticia), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1960: 86; Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 14.

sturtevanti Duda, 1927: 167  . Type locality: Bolivia, La Paz, Mapiri, Sarampioni, 700 m. HT F (SMT). Junior synonym of D. earley  and D. pilifacies  , but is the only name wich has been used in numerous articles acc. to Magalhães, 1962. NT Distr.: Belize to Brazil, Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Santander (Bucaramanga)), Antilles. Refs.: Magalhães, 1962; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87; Yoon, 1996: 22.

earlei Sturtevant, 1916: 329  . Type locality: Cuba, Herradura. HT M ( AMNHAbout AMNH).

pilifacies Malloch, 1926: 29  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Alajuela, San Mateo, Higuito. HT F ( USNMAbout USNM).

biopaca Sturtevant, 1942: 37  . Type locality: Guatemala, Izabal, Quirigua. ST B ( AMNHAbout AMNH)?. Syn. Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943: 17.

sucinea Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 31  . Type locality: Mexico, Puebla, Petlalcingo. T A?. NT Distr.: Mexico (Puebla) to Ecuador. Colombia ( Antioquia  (Medellin), Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Yoon, 1996: 21.

tolteca Patterson & Mainland, 1944: 32  . Type locality: Mexico, Veracruz, Córdoba. T A?. NT Distr.: Mexico (Veracruz) to Bolivia. Colombia (Bogota, D:C, Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter, 1964: 39; Hunter, 1966: 423; Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102.

tropicalis Burla & Cunha, 1949  : 302. Type locality: Brazil, Goiaz, Palma. HT M? ( MZUSPAbout MZUSP). NT Distr.: El Salvador to Brazil and Bolivia. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 300.

willistoni Sturtevant, 1916: 327  . Type locality: Peru, Lima, near Lima. HT M ( CASAbout CAS). NT Distr.: s. USA to Uruguay, Antilles, Galápagos. Colombia (Cundinamarca (Fusagasugá), Magdalena (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta)). Refs.: Hunter & Navarro, 1969: 1102; Hoenigsberg et al., 1977: 300; Hoenigsberg et al., 1983 b; Hoenigsberg, 1995 a: 87, 1995b: 177.

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

DEI

Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

ZMAN

Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoologie, Zoologisch Museum

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

UABC

Universidad Autonoma de Baja California

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

UZMC

Universidad del Zulia

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

CUMZ

Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History

ZIL

Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

NRS

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet

MZLS

Musee Zoologique

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Drosophilidae

Loc

Drosophilidae

Tidon, Rosana & Almeida, Jonathan Mendes De 2016

2016
Loc

aldrichi Patterson, in Patterson & Crow, 1940 : 251

De 2008: 106Patterson 1940: 251

2008
Loc

martensis

De 2008: 106Wasserman 1957: 151

2008
Loc

starmeri

De 2008: 106Wasserman 1973: 1239

2008
Loc

uniseta

De 2008: 106Wasserman 1973: 1240

2008
Loc

flexa

Vilela 2000: 29Loew 1866: 182

2000
Loc

polychaeta

Yoon 1996: 38Patterson 1942: 102

1996
Loc

asper

Zhang 1996: 327Lin 1971: 69

1996
Loc

limbinervis

Hoenigsberg 1995: 177Duda 1925: 215

1995
Loc

paraguayensis

Bachli 2000: 79
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87Duda 1927: 185

1995
Loc

tripunctata

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87Loew 1862: 231

1995
Loc

unipunctata Patterson & Mainland in Patterson, 1943 : 182

Yoon 1996: 43
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87Patterson 1943: 182

1995
Loc

parabocainensis

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87Carson 1954: 149

1995
Loc

brevicornis

Sidorenko 1993: 254

1993
Loc

acuminanus

Hunter 1992: 198
Vilela 1990: 84Hunter 1988: 302

1992
Loc

chisaca

Hunter 1992: 197Hunter 1988: 299

1992
Loc

colmenares

Hunter 1992: 197Hunter 1988: 305

1992
Loc

franii

Hunter 1992: 197Hunter 1988: 307

1992
Loc

freilejoni

Hunter 1992: 197Hunter 1979: 373

1992
Loc

immatura

Bachli 1991: 27Walker 1849: 1108

1991
Loc

arboloco

Hunter 1992: 197
Vilela 1990: 84Hunter 1979: 376

1990
Loc

bomarea

Hunter 1992: 197
Vilela 1990: 85Hunter 1979: 379

1990
Loc

carablanca

Hunter 1992: 197
Vilela 1990: 85Hunter 1979: 376

1990
Loc

flavolineata

Vilela 1990: 64Duda 1927: 157

1990
Loc

umbripennis

Vilela 1990: 64Hendel 1936: 99

1990
Loc

castanea

Vilela 1990: 65Patterson 1944: 51

1990
Loc

guaramunu

Vilela 1990: 75Dobzhansky 1943: 39

1990
Loc

margarita

Hunter 1992: 198
Vilela 1990: 88Hunter 1979: 379

1990
Loc

crocina

Vilela 1990: 100Patterson 1944: 34

1990
Loc

guarani

Vilela 1990: 76Dobzhansky 1943: 36

1990
Loc

medionotata

Vilela 1990: 102Frota-Pessoa 1954: 288

1990
Loc

lutzii

Vilela 1990: 132Sturtevant 1942: 42Sturtevant 1916: 340

1990
Loc

peruensis

Vilela 1985: 438Wheeler 1959: 183

1985
Loc

baole

Vouidibio 1985: 182Burla 1954: 187

1985
Loc

coffeata

Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Vilela 1984: 59Williston 1896: 409

1984
Loc

fuscolineata

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Bachli 1984: 241
Hunter 1969: 1102Duda 1925: 213

1984
Loc

busckii

Bachli 1982: 292
Rocha 1980: 38
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Wheeler 1965: 766
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86Coquillett 1901: 18

1982
Loc

adspersa

Bachli 1982: 295
Becker 1905: 219Mik 1886: 328

1982
Loc

fasciata

Bachli 1982: 294
Duda 1924: 280Meigen 1830: 84

1982
Loc

uvarum

Bachli 1982: 294Rondani 1875: 145

1982
Loc

Zygodrosophila

Wheeler 1981: 33Hendel 1917: 43

1981
Loc

pseudomercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975 : 363

Wheeler 1981: 20Magalhaes 1975: 363

1981
Loc

paramercatorum Magalhães & Malogolowkin-Cohen, 1975 : 365

Wheeler 1981: 20Magalhaes 1975: 365

1981
Loc

betari Dobzhasnky & Pavan, 1943 : 48

Wheeler 1981: 19Pavan 1943: 48

1981
Loc

brunneipalpa

Wheeler 1981: 19Dobzhansky 1943: 53

1981
Loc

plurilineata

Rocha 1980: 38
Sturtevant 1921: 77Villeneuve 1911: 83

1980
Loc

balteata

Bock 1980: 343Bergroth 1894: 75

1980
Loc

nigrocincta

Hoenigsberg 1977: 57Hardy 1965: 67

1977
Loc

Amphoroneura de Meijere, 1911 : 423

Okada 1977: 352
Duda 1924: 226Meijere 1911: 423

1977
Loc

albicans

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hoenigsberg 1977: 57Frota-Pessoa 1954: 282

1977
Loc

angustibucca

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hoenigsberg 1977: 57Duda 1925: 218

1977
Loc

emulata

Gupta 1974: 20Ray-Chaudhuri 1941: 216

1974
Loc

Cladochaeta

Wheeler 1971: 225Malloch 1924: 31Coquillett 1900: 263

1971
Loc

bedicheki

Heed 1971: 126Heed 1971: 101

1971
Loc

breuerae

Vilela 2006: 584
Val 1982: 317
Rocha 1971: 139

1971
Loc

neocardini

Heed 1971: 98Streisinger 1946: 111

1971
Loc

neomorpha

Heed 1971: 99Heed 1957: 33

1971
Loc

parthenogenetica

Heed 1971: 99Stalker 1953: 347

1971
Loc

campestris Burla in Pavan, 1950 : 9

Wheeler 1970: 14Pavan 1950: 9

1970
Loc

calloptera

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102Schiner 1868: 239

1969
Loc

fulvimacula

Yoon 1996: 35
Hunter 1969: 1102

1969
Loc

pallidipennis

Yoon 1996: 42
Hunter 1969: 1102Dobzhansky 1943: 32

1969
Loc

polymorpha

Heed 1971: 98
Hunter 1969: 1102Dobzhansky 1943: 19

1969
Loc

repleta

Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Hunter 1969: 1102Wollaston 1858: 117

1969
Loc

ananassae

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102Doleschall 1858: 128

1969
Loc

equinoxialis

Hunter 1969: 1102Dobzhansky 1946: 209

1969
Loc

fumipennis

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102Duda 1925: 220

1969
Loc

nebulosa

Yoon 1996: 21
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102Sturtevant 1916: 327

1969
Loc

paulistorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, in Burla et al. 1949 : 301

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102Burla 1949: 301

1969
Loc

sturtevanti

Yoon 1996: 22
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102Duda 1927: 167

1969
Loc

willistoni

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102Sturtevant 1916: 327

1969
Loc

pellewae

Pipkin 1968: 140Pipkin 1964: 263

1968
Loc

briegeri

Hunter 1966: 423Pavan 1954: 459

1966
Loc

brncici

Hunter 1966: 416Hunter 1964: 733

1966
Loc

mediodelta

Hunter 1966: 423Heed 1957: 21

1966
Loc

mediopictoides

Hunter 1966: 423Heed 1957: 24

1966
Loc

paranaensis

Yoon 1996: 35
Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423Barros 1950: 266

1966
Loc

viracochi

Hunter 1966: 417Brncic 1957: 70

1966
Loc

prosaltans

Yoon 1996: 22
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423Duda 1927: 164

1966
Loc

sucinea

Yoon 1996: 21
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423Patterson 1944: 31

1966
Loc

flexipilosa

Pipkin 1966: 131
Pipkin 1965: 147

1965
Loc

carinata

Hardy 1965: 204Grimshaw 1901: 70

1965
Loc

kikkawai

Hunter 1966: 423
Hardy 1965: 528
Hunter 1964: 39Burla 1954: 47

1965
Loc

annulimana

Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39Duda 1927: 117

1964
Loc

canalinea

Hunter 1964: 39Patterson 1944: 50

1964
Loc

cardini

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39Sturtevant 1916: 336

1964
Loc

cardinoides

Yoon 1996: 41
Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Heed 1971: 100
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1964: 39Dobzhansky 1943: 21

1964
Loc

gasici

Vilela 2004: 74
Hunter 1966: 416
Hunter 1964: 39Brncic 1957: 92

1964
Loc

griseolineata

Yoon 1996: 41
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39Duda 1927: 161

1964
Loc

maculifrons

Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39Duda 1927: 122

1964
Loc

mediostriata

Yoon 1996: 42
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1964: 39Duda 1925: 223

1964
Loc

mercatorum

Yoon 1996: 34
Hunter 1964: 39Patterson 1942: 93

1964
Loc

mesophragmatica

Vilela 1990: 80
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39Dobzhansky 1943: 59Duda 1927: 205

1964
Loc

metzii

Hunter 1964: 39Sturtevant 1921: 78

1964
Loc

virilis

Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39Sturtevant 1916: 330

1964
Loc

capricorni

Yoon 1996: 21
Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39Dobzhansky 1943: 14

1964
Loc

emarginata

Yoon 1996: 22
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39Sturtevant 1942: 36

1964
Loc

tolteca

Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39Patterson 1944: 32

1964
Loc

approximata

Bachli 1982: 294
Rocha 1980: 43
Basden 1961: 186Zetterstedt 1847: 2557

1961
Loc

hydei

Yoon 1996: 36
Hoenigsberg 1995: 177
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86Sturtevant 1921: 101

1960
Loc

immigrans

Yoon 1996: 38
Rocha 1980: 38
Hunter 1969: 1109
Hunter 1966: 416
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86
Chatton 1924: 283Villeneuve 1923: 28Sturtevant 1921: 83

1960
Loc

pavani

Hunter 1960: 86Brncic 1957: 88

1960
Loc

melanogaster

Hoenigsberg 1995: 87
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hoenigsberg 1969: 201
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86Meigen 1830: 85

1960
Loc

pseudoobscura Frolova in Frolova & Astaurov, 1929 : 212

Yoon 1996: 11
Hunter 1966: 417
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86Frolova 1929: 212

1960
Loc

simulans

Yoon 1996: 14
Hunter 1969: 1102
Hunter 1966: 423
Hunter 1964: 39
Hunter 1960: 86Sturtevant 1919: 153

1960
Loc

Leucophenga atkinsoni

Harrison 1959: 298Miller 1921: 302

1959
Loc

poecila

Wheeler 1959: 184Burla 1953: 311

1959
Loc

altiplanica Brncic & Koref Santibañez, 1957: 69

Brncic 1957: 802

1957
Loc

nigricruria Patterson & Mainland, in Patterson, 1943 : 136

Wasserman 1957: 146Patterson 1943: 136

1957
Loc

orkui

Brncic 1957: 69Brncic 1957: 801

1957
Loc

Paramycodrosophila tephritoptera

Burla 1953: 300Hendel 1936: 95

1953
Loc

brouni

Harrison 1952: 514Hutton 1901: 91

1952
Loc

montium

Wheeler 1949: 187Duda 1924: 215

1949
Loc

montium

Wheeler 1949: 189Duda 1924: 215

1949
Loc

tropicalis

Hunter 1969: 1102
Burla 1949: 302

1949
Loc

fumosa

Vilela 1990: 65
Val 1982: 314
Pavan 1947: 31

1947
Loc

bocainensis

Wheeler 1962: 166
Pavan 1947: 35

1947
Loc

pararepleta

Wharton 1944: 183Dobzhansky 1943: 52

1944
Loc

austrorepleta

Wharton 1944: 178Dobzhansky 1943: 48

1944
Loc

yucatanensis

Patterson 1949: 230
Dobzhansky 1943: 46

1943
Loc

biopaca

Dobzhansky 1943: 17Sturtevant 1942: 37

1943
Loc

pilosula

Bachli 1982: 294
Frey 1936: 106Becker 1908: 156

1936
Loc

Diathoneura

Malloch 1934: 438
Duda 1925: 170Duda 1924: 180

1934
Loc

Spinulophila

Sturtevant 1927: 367Duda 1923: 47

1927
Loc

Spinulophila

Sturtevant 1927: 367Duda 1924: 203

1927
Loc

similis

Rocha 1980: 43
Duda 1926: 98Lamb 1914: 347

1926
Loc

caribea

Duda 1926: 98Sturtevant 1916: 335

1926
Loc

Spinodrosophila

Duda 1924: 202Duda 1924: 248

1924
Loc

maculiventris van der Wulp, 1897 : 142

Duda 1924: 299Wulp 1897: 142

1924
Loc

Chymomyza

Sturtevant 1921: 61Czerny 1903: 199

1921
Loc

modesta

Sturtevant 1921: 82Sturtevant 1916: 338

1921
Loc

rubrostriata

Bachli 1982: 292
Sturtevant 1918: 445Becker 1908: 155

1918
Loc

imparata

Rocha 1980: 42
Meijere 1908: 159Walker 1859: 126

1908
Loc

punctulata

Becker 1905: 222Loew 1862: 232

1905
Loc

ampelophila

Austen 1905: 276Loew 1862: 231

1905
Loc

Oenopota

Scudder 1882: 231

1882
Loc

Drosophila Fallén, 1823 : 4

Macquart 1835: 548Fallen 1823: 4

1835
Loc

Drosophila Fallén, 1823 : 4

Macquart 1835: 548Fallen 1823: 4

1835
Loc

funebris (

Rocha 1980: 39
Hunter 1966: 416
Hunter 1964: 39
Fallen 1823: 5
Fabricius 1787: 345

1787
Loc

abbrevifusca

Grimaldi 1999: 170

Loc

labidia

Grimaldi 1999: 98

Loc

mathisi

Grimaldi 1999: 23

Loc

nebulosa

Coquillett 1900: 263

Loc

pruinopleura

Grimaldi 1999: 26

Loc

pseudikra

Grimaldi 1999: 149

Loc

Diathoneura

Duda 1925: 154

Loc

albifacies

Duda 1925: 181

Loc

tessellata

Duda 1925: 174

Loc

Chaetodrosophilella

Duda 1923: 40

Loc

Spinodrosophila

Duda 1924: 248

Loc

Acanthopterna

Duda 1925: 200

Loc

acroria

Wheeler 1962: 404

Loc

antioquia Vilela & Bächli, 2000 : 54

Vilela 2000: 54

Loc

aracataca

Vilela 1983: 374

Loc

arane

Hunter 1992: 195

Loc

bifurcada

Hunter 1992: 192

Loc

choachi

Hunter 1992: 194

Loc

desbaratabaile

Hunter 1979: 364

Loc

fasciola

Williston 1896: 410

Loc

clarkii

Hutton 1901: 91

Loc

dudai

Maloch 1934: 444

Loc

hansonioides

Pipkin 1966: 4

Loc

hydei

Spencer 1940: 160

Loc

marmoria

Hutton 1901: 91

Loc

lindae

Wheeler 1968: 431

Loc

medioparva

Heed 1957: 28

Loc

moju

Pavan 1950: 19

Loc

ornatifrons

Duda 1927: 162

Loc

maculipennis

Duda 1927: 167

Loc

pattersoni

Mainland 1948: 59

Loc

pattersoni

Patterson 1949: 229

Loc

pattersoni

Hardy 1952: 470

Loc

popayan Vilela & Bächli, 2004 b : 37

Vilela 2004: 37

Loc

promeridiana

Wasserman 1962: 94

Loc

Paramycodrosophila poeciloptera

Duda 1925: 226

Loc

setula

Heed 1957: 18

Loc

trapeza

Heed 1957: 25

Loc

Sophophora

Sturtevant 1939: 139

Loc

errans

Malloch 1933: 21

Loc

azteca

Sturtevant 1936: 577

Loc

changuinolae

Wheeler 1962: 169

Loc

megalagitans

Wheeler 1962: 165

Loc

artificialis

Kozhevnikov 1936: 729

Loc

parasaltans Magalhães, 1956 : 276

Magalhaes 1956: 276

Loc

pseudoobscura

Ayala 1975: 216

Loc

saltans

Sturtevant 1916: 328

Loc

earlei

Sturtevant 1916: 329

Loc

pilifacies

Malloch 1926: 29