Prionospio austella , Delgado-Blas, Víctor Hugo, 2015

Delgado-Blas, Víctor Hugo, 2015, Prionospio (Polychaeta, Spionidae) from the Grand Caribbean Region, with the descriptions of five new species and a key to species recorded in the area, Zootaxa 3905 (1), pp. 69-90: 71-73

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3905.1.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6C454B4B-E32D-4B55-B195-32A575BCC858

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039D3B4F-813F-124C-FF3A-DF82F54FFCF7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Prionospio austella
status

sp. nov.

Prionospio austella  sp. nov.

Figure 1View FIGURE 1 A – X

Material examined. GULF OF MEXICO. Yucatan: Off Alacranes Island, E15, 22° 26 'N, 90 ° 27 'W, 91.2 m, 30 October 1990, DINAMO II, holotype ( CNAP-ICML, UNAMAbout UNAM: POH-09-00).

Description. A large species. Holotype incomplete, 17.0 mm long with 51 chaetigers, 1.0 mm wide. Color in alcohol, opaque, white. Prostomium bottle-shaped, truncate on anterior margin, with a small medial peak ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 A), posteriorly tapered, with a long, narrow caruncle extending to the anterior edge of chaetiger 3 without (not observed) nuchal organs on either side ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 A). Two pairs of orange subdermal eyes, arranged in a trapezoid: first pair crescent-shaped, posterior pair with large eyespots ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 A). Palps lost. Peristomium moderate, collar-like, surrounding the prostomium, partially fused dorsally with large rounded notopodial lamellae of chaetiger 1 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 B). Neuropodial postchaetal lamellae on chaetiger 1 large, rounded ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 C), slightly shorter than the notopodial lamellae.

Four pairs of long, thin branchiae present on chaetigers 2–5; first pair longest and thickest, extending up to chaetiger 6. Pairs 1 and 4 with long, dense digitiform pinnules on the posterior face, branchiae with smooth, long, naked distal tips ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 D). Distribution of pinnules on these two pairs similar, pinnules numerous, distributed in the middle region, but pair 4 with longer, naked distal tips; the central stem of branchial pairs 1 and 4 pinnate, elongate. Pairs 2 and 3 apinnate, densely ciliated laterally, triangular, wider, with short sharp tips ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 E); branchiae subequal in size and length to the notopodial lamellae and smaller than those on pair 4.

Notopodial postchaetal lamellae triangular on chaetigers 2–5 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 F, G); largest on chaetigers 3–5 with prolonged tips directed upwards; lamellae wider and squarer with triangular tips on chaetiger 6 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 H), becoming elongated, square on chaetiger 8 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 I). Lamellae of chaetiger 13 gradually becoming smaller, rounder ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 J, K). Notopodial lamellae of middle and posterior chaetigers small, wider, dorsally directed with subtriangular dorsal edge ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 L). Notopodial lamellae united across dorsum, forming low dorsal folds on chaetigers 6–11 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 M). Chaetiger 3 with the ventral and dorsal edges of the notopodial and neuropodial lamellae touching. Notopodial prechaetal lamellae very large on chaetigers 2–7, basally fused with the notopodial postchaetal lamellae ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 F – H), smaller on chaetigers 8–26 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 I – K) and rudimentary from chaetiger 27.

Neuropodial postchaetal lamellae on chaetiger 2–3 large and subtriangular, ventrally pointed ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 N, O), largest on chaetiger 2; becoming oval on chaetigers 4–8 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 P), and subsequently rounded and small on far posterior chaetigers ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 Q). Neuropodial prechaetal lamellae large on chaetigers 3–11 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 O, P), not basally fused to postchaetal lamellae, progressively decreasing in size on subsequent chaetigers. Interparapodial pouches lacking.

All capillaries thicker on anterior notopodial chaetigers, alimbate, heavily granulated, with very long capillary tips ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 R), arranged in two rows, the anterior row shorter than posterior row; notopodial and neuropodial capillaries of chaetiger 1 with short, thin chaetae, notopodial chaetae longer. Chaetae of middle notopodia arranged in two rows, with the dorsal chaetae long and ventral chaetae short, without granulations ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 T); posterior notopodia with thinner, shorter chaetae than middle notopodia. Anterior neuropodial capillaries slender, heavily granulated, alimbate, with very long capillary tips ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 S). Chaetae of middle neuropodial capillaries slender, not granulated, with long capillary tips ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 U); posterior neuropodial capillaries with thinner, shorter chaetae than those on the middle neuropodia. Sabre chaetae in neuropodia from chaetiger 10, up to two per fascicle, stout, long, with slightly curved tips, distinctly granulated, without sheaths ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 V). Neuropodial hooded hooks ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 W) from chaetiger 16, up to 10 per fascicle, accompanied by up to three capillaries. Notopodial hooded hooks ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 X) from chaetiger 46, up to four per fascicle, accompanied by up to three capillaries; all hooks with four pairs of small teeth above long main tooth, without secondary hood ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 W, X); hooks with a slightly curved main tooth, neuropodial hooks with a thicker tooth and a very large principal hood ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 W); notopodial hooks with very large stems ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 X).

Pygidium not known.

Remarks. From the descriptions of the 35 previously known species in the P. s t e en s t r up i group ( Sigvaldadóttir & Mackie, 1993: Table 2; Blake, 1996; Sigvaldadóttir 1997; Zhou & Li 2009), Prionospio austella  is very similar to P. steenstrupi  in having a bottle-shaped prostomium that is truncate on the anterior margin; large, subtriangular neuropodial lamellae on chaetiger 2 and ventrally pointed, low dorsal folds on the postbranchial chaetigers. However, P. austella  can be distinguished from the redescription of P. steenstrupi  by Sigvaldadóttir & Mackie (1993) in that the former has a prostomium with a small medial peak on the anterior margin; wider and more rounded notopodial lamellae with triangular tips on chaetiger 6, becoming square on chaetiger 8; dorsally directed notopodial lamellae with subtriangular dorsal edges on the middle and posterior chaetigers; low dorsal folds limited to chaetigers 6–11; large, rounded neuropodial postchaetal lamellae on chaetiger 1; large, subtriangular neuropodial lamellae on chaetiger 3; ventrally pointed, not ventrally open, pockets on the anterior chaetigers; all hooks with 4 pairs of small teeth above the long, main tooth and no secondary hood. P. austella  is also very similar to P. oligopinnulata  sp. nov. in having large, subtriangular ventrally pointed lamellae on chaetigers 2 and 3 and dorsal folds on the postbranchial chaetiger. However, P. austella  differs from P. oligopinnulata  in having a bottleshaped prostomium that is truncate on the anterior margin with a small medial peak; a long, narrow caruncle extending to the anterior edge of chaetiger 3; branchial pairs 1 and 4 with long, dense digitiform pinnules on the posterior face; low dorsal folds limited to chaetigers 6–11; the ventral and dorsal edges of the notopodial and neuropodial lamellae touching on chaetiger 3; very large notopodial prechaetal lamellae on chaetigers 2–7, basally fused with the notopodial postchaetal lamellae; large neuropodial prechaetal lamellae on chaetigers 5–11; neuropodial hooded hooks from chaetiger 16; notopodial hooded hooks from chaetiger 46 and all hooks without a secondary hood. Further differences between this new species from the other species examined are provided in the key and Table 1.

Type locality. Southern from Mexico Gulf: Campeche.

Etymology. The specific name is from the Latin austellus meaning south and refers to the southern region of the Gulf of Mexico.

UNAM

Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Spionida

Family

Spionidae

Genus

Prionospio