Calligrapha ancoralis Stål, 1860

Gómez-Zurita, Jesús, 2015, Systematic revision of the genus Calligrapha Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Chrysomelinae) in Central America: The group of Calligrapha argus Stål, Zootaxa 3922 (1), pp. 1-71: 23-28

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3922.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F62A98A5-5B57-415F-BC44-845B097A5436

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039E355D-643E-FFB8-8F9C-F956FDA1FB8A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Calligrapha ancoralis Stål, 1860
status

 

Calligrapha ancoralis Stål, 1860 

Stål, C. 1860: 462.

(Figs 6 f, 8, 9a, 9 d)

Chrysomela ancoralis: Stål, 1865  , Mon. Chrys. Amer., 3, p. 278.

Calligrapha ancoralis: Gemminger & Harold, 1874  , Cat. Col., XI, p. 3432. Calligrapha ancoralis: Jacoby, 1882  , Biol. Centr. Am., vol. 6, pt. 1, p. 197. Calligrapha ancoralis: Dugés, 1901  , Cat. Col. Coleópt. Mex., p. 97.

Polyspila ancoralis: Weise, 1916  , Col. Cat., pars 68, 12, p. 38.

Calligrapha ancoralis: Leng, 1920  , Cat. Col., p. 295.

Calligrapha ancoralis: Blackwelder, 1946  , Checklist Col., Pt. 4, p. 674. Calligrapha ancoralis: Scherer, 1959  , Ent. Arb. Mus. Frey 10, p. 609. Calligrapha ancoralis: Wilcox, 1975  , Checklist, Biol. Res. Inst. Amer., p. 66. Calligrapha ancoralis: Montelongo & Gómez-Zurita, 2014  , Zool. Scr. 43, p. 607.

Holotype: Mexique / 68 [small pink square] / ancoralis Stål  / Type Stål Coll: Deyrolle / Baly Coll. / ancoralis Stål  Mexico [handwritten underneath: Type by Stål Col Deyrolle] (NHM). Specimen lacks right mesotarsus.

Habitus (Fig. 6 f). Length: 9.46 mm, width: 6.06 mm. Body elongated oval, moderately convex. Head, pronotum, scutellum, legs, ventral surfaces, elytral markings, fine margin of elytra and epipleura very dark reddish, almost black; antennae, labrum and mouth parts paler; mandibles darker, almost black at apex; ground of elytra dark yellow.

Head large, deeply inserted in pronotum; rather strongly and evenly punctured on frons, clypeus and near eyes, unpunctured on antennal calli; supraocular sulci deep, straight, surpassing eye margin above; frontal suture joining broadly V-shaped frontoclypleal suture; clypeal margin feebly concave. Antennae relatively short, reaching humeri; first antennomere long, thick but narrower basally, posteriorly curved; antennomeres 2–5 elongated, thin, relatively smooth and nearly glabrous; second antennomere half as long as first, third slightly shorter than first; antennomeres 3–5 shortening progressively, sixth longer than second, and 5–7 subequal; antennomeres 7–11 thicker, widening from base to apex, rugose and pubescent, lengthening gradually beyond seventh antennomere; eleventh about as long as first, tappering towards blunt apex and slightly emarginate dorsally; eighth antennomere 0.8 x as wide as long. Labrum small, moderately emarginate apically. Mandibles strong, with straight sides before pronounced preapical curvature. Last maxillary palpomere subsquare, parallel-sided, obliquely truncated at apex; preceding palpomere slightly broader at apex than width of last segment, much narrower basally, outer edge regularly curved. Pronotum transverse (W/L= 1.93), wider at base than apically; surface very finely microreticulate, almost smooth, with moderately strong and evenly distributed punctures, disappearing narrowly at sides and on longitudinal disc line; sides and apical border finely margined. Hypomeral suture deep and entire, only interrupted near base of pronotum, and slightly and gradually diverging from pronotal border anteriorly; hypomera finely microreticulate, unpunctured, concave at base, convex anteriorly. Prosternum finely microreticulate, densely punctured except on two lateral transversal calli, each puncture with fine whitish seta; prosternal process narrow between procoxae, expanding apically to twice median width; apex feebly curved, almost straight. Mesanepisterna finely microreticulate, unpunctured. Metepisterna coarsely punctured. Metaventrite relatively strongly punctured on anterior half, gradually becoming almost unpunctured posteriorly. Scutellum narrower at base than long (W/ L= 0.83), sides regularly curved towards a round pointed apex. Ground of elytra finely, rather densely punctured with dark minute spots, forming regular premarginal line laterally, slightly confused in humeral area; punctures somewhat stronger around predominant markings, arranged as: (i) sutural stripe entire from base of elytra, surrounding scutellum, to gradual preapical narrowing, almost disappearing at apex; (ii) subsutural stripe almost entirely confluent with sutural stripe, except briefly basally, starting at level with apex of scutellum; slightly enlarged preapically; (iii) arcuate band anchor-shaped [giving name to the species], entire, gently curved and connected laterally to subsutural stripe by long dark area for most of its length, except briefly basally and less so behind; apical end prolonged as broadly curved hook-shape, bent forward and confluent in posterior border with some small discal markings (two on the left elytron and three on the right elytron of type); (iv) humeral spot large, elongated and laterally confluent with (v) humeral lunule, both joining basal elytral margin at base; apical end of humeral lunule obliquely directed towards suture, ending near and slightly beyond basal tip of arcuate band; (vi) spot enclosed by humeral lunule large, broadly emarginate anteriorly and laterally confluent with humeral lunule, appearing as bifurcation of humeral marking; (vii) midlateral spot large, subrectangular, laterally confluent with dark margin of elytron; (viii) spot of apical declivity large, roundish, weakly connected to apical enlargement of subsutural stripe by areas of dark suffusion; (ix) apical spot small, roundish, free; (x) seven additional markings on disc, free or connected to prolongation of arcuate band; three forming diagonal row behind and parallel to apical arm of humeral lunule; two other aligned spots present laterally in apical declivity of elytron. Femora shiny, sparsely and finely punctured, with fine short whitish hairs; transversal section of tibiae roundish, slightly flattened externally with feebly marked longitudinal furrow for half their length. Abdominal ventrites delicately, rather densely punctured medially and at sides; first ventrite with several short longitudinal furrows at coxal margin. Penis figured in Figs 9 View Figure a, 9 d.

Distribution. This species is widely distributed in the northern part of Mesoamerica, along both Sierra Madre chains and reaching the Transvolcanic Belt, from southern Arizona in the USA to the state of Veracruz in Mexico ( Fig. 8 View Figure , black circles). C. ancoralis  is also present in the southern tip of Baja California in Mexico and it has been reported from the Lee County in Texas, although the latter is an extremely doubtful record. This species is one of the fews that has colonized the California-Rocky Mountain domain to the north, otherwise is mostly present in the Mexican Transition and Caribbean Mesoamerican zones.

Material examined (201 specimens).

MEXICO

EGRC: (1) one specimen: Mexico, Nayarit, 3 km WNW Jala, 3800 ft, 24.vii. 93, C. Bellamy, tropical thorn forest, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (2) one specimen: Mexico, Baja California Sur, vic. Todos Santos, 30.viii. 1994, J. Huether, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (3) nine specimens: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma, 7 km SSE Gomez Farias, 19–23.v. 1979, E.G. Riley, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål det.  Daccordi ’ 79 [one with: Calligrapha ramulifera Stal det.  Daccordi ’ 81, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J.  Gómez- Zurita det. 2011]; (4) four specimens: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma, 6 mi S Gomez Farias, 12–23.v. 1979, Marlin E. Rice Coll.; (5) three specimens: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma w.s., 7 km SSE Gomez Farias, 1.vi. 1982, R. Turnbow; (6) one specimen: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma w.s., 7 km SSE Gomez Farias, 15.x. 1985, R. Turnbow; (7) one specimen: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma area, 7 km SSE Gomez Farias, 1–4.vi. 1982, J.E. Wappes; (8) one specimen: Mexico, Veracruz, Puente Nacional, 25.x. 1979, J.E. Wappes, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål det.  Daccordi ’ 81; (9) one specimen: Mexico, Sinaloa, 30 mi N Mazatlan, 18.viii. 1964, H.R. Burke & J. Apperson; (10) one specimen: Mexico, Sinaloa 10 mi NW Mazatlan, 15.viii. 1965, H. Burke & J. Meyer; (11) one specimen: Mexico, Tamaulipas, 5 mi N Llera, 4.vi. 1965, H.R. Burke, J. Meyer & J.C. Schaffner; (12) one specimen: Mexico, Nuevo León, Linares, 1.vii. 1973, taken at light, Mastro & Schaffner; (13) four specimens: Mexico, Nuevo León, 2400 ft, 16 mi W Linares, Hwy58, 11.x. 1982, C.W. and L. O’Brien & G. Wibmer; (14) one specimen: Mexico, Nuevo León, 20 mi W Linares, 3250 ft, Hwy58, 21.vii. 1982, C. and L. O’Brien & G. Wibmer; (15) two specimens: Mexico, Nuevo León, 15 mi W Linares, 1800 ft, Hwy58, 21.vii. 1982, C. and L. O’Brien & G. Wibmer; (16) one specimen: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Grutas de Quintero, 8 mi S Ciudad Mante, 24.viii. 1965, Reiber & Hollingsworth; (17) one specimen: Mexico, Tamaulipas, 8 km E Campo, 16.x. 1985, R. Turnbow; (18) one specimen: Mexico, Veracruz, Puente Nacional, 17.viii. 1960, H. Howden, Calligrapha stillatipennis  det. Daccordi ’ 86, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011. FSCAAbout FSCA: (1) one specimen: Mexico, Sinaloa, 14–15 mi N Los Mochis, 16.vii. 1984, B.K. Dozier, Calligrapha ancoralis St. Det. J. Watts 1993  ; (2) one specimen: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Galeana, 31.v. 1982, R. Turnbow, Calligrapha ancoralis St. Det. E.G. Riley  ’ 82; (3) one specimen: Mexico, San Luis de Potosí, El Salto Falls, 1.vii. 1968, Debra Weems; (4) one specimen: Mexico, Baja California Sur, Sa. Victoria trail, La Burrera-La Laguna 550–730 m, 13.x. 1978, Dozier & Wescott; (5) four specimens: Mexico, Sonora, 13 mi SE Los Alamos, 30.x. 1972, K. Stephan; (6) one specimen: Mexico, Veracruz, Puente Nacional, 25.x. 1979, J.E. Wappes, Calligrapha ancoralis Stal Det. E.G. Riley  ’ 82; (7) four specimens: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma Area, 7 km SSE Gomez Farias, 1–4.vi. 1982, J.E. Wappes; (8) one specimen: Mexico, Tamaulipas, 9 mi W of 85, on Ocampo rd, 16.x. 1985, R. Morris II, Calligrapha ancoralis (Stal)  det. I.S. Askevold 1990; (9) one specimen: Mexico, San Luis de Potosi, 12 km E Ocampo, 16.x. 1985, R. Morris II; (10) two specimens: Mexico, Sonora, 25 km W Santa Ana Viejo, 31.vii. 1985, W. Opitz, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (11) two specimens: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Cd. Victoria, 1.x. 1985, H. Dozier, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (12) one specimen: Mexico, San Luis Potosi, El Salto Falls, 1.vii. 1968, P. Weems, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (13) one specimen: Sinaloa, Puente de Quemalo, 30.viii. 1962, W. Rossember, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011. IBE-JGZ: (1) one specimen: IBE-JGZ-C 328, Mexico, Tamaulipas, Ciudad Victoria, spring 2011, Alexey G. Moseyko leg. MCZAbout MCZ: (1) one specimen: Ventanas, Durango, Höge, Calligrapha ancoralis  ; (2) eight specimens: Ventanas, Durango, Höge, Jacoby 2 nd Coll. [one with: Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2010]; (3) one specimen: Jalapa, Mexico, Hoege, 1 st Jacoby Coll.; (4) one specimen: Mexico, Sallé Coll., 1 st Jacoby Coll.; (5) one specimen: Ventanas, Mex. 2000 ft, Forres, Jacoby 2 nd Coll.; (6) one specimen: Guadaljiro [Guadalajara], Mexico; (7) two specimens: Guadalajara, Mexico, Dr. Buller, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2010; (8) one specimen: Sierra San Lazaro, Horn Coll., C. Calligr. ancoralis  . MfNAbout MfN: (1) one specimen: Ventanas; (2) one specimen: Canel., Canelas Becker; (3) one specimen: Ventanas, Durango, Höge, ancoralis Stål  ; (4) one specimen: 585, San Andres de la Sierra, Calligrapha ancoralis  det. Daccordi ' 80; (5) one specimen: Ven., suffriani Jac., Caligrapha  ancoralis Stål 1860  , J. Gómez-Zurita det. 2009. NHM: (1) one specimen: E. Coll. Thomson, Mexiq., 182; (2) two specimens: Ventanas, Mex., 2000ft, Forrer, Godman-Salvin Coll., Biol. Centr.-Amer.; (3) seven specimens: Ventanas, Durango, Höge, Godman-Salvin Coll., Biol. Centr.-Amer.; (4) one specimen: Jalapa, Mexico, Hoege, Godman-Salvin Coll., Biol. Centr.-Amer.; (5) one specimen: Mexico, Sallé Coll., 646, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål, Godman-Salvin Coll., Biol. Centr.  -Amer.; (6) one specimen: Ex Coll. J. Sturm, Mexico, C. imperialis Mihi, Godman-Salvin Coll., Biol. Centr.  -Amer.; (7) one specimen: Mex., Baly Coll. NMBAbout NMB: (1) one specimen: Ventanas, Durango, Höge, Calligrapha ancoralis Stal J. Bechyné  det. 1951; (2) one specimen: Mexico, 1888, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2010; (3) two specimens: Mazatlan, Sin., Mex., x. 1958, leg. G. F r ey. NMNHAbout NMNH: (1) one specimen: on orchid foliage, Mex., Feb. 18 ’ 39, Laredo Tex. # 15715, Calligrapha notatipennis (Stål)  HSBAbout HSB 1939, return to the national collection, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (2) one specimen: Venodio [El Venadillo], Sinaloa, Mex., Kusche, vii. 31. ’ 18, F. Monrós Collection 1959, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (3) one specimen: 32 km E of Guerrero, San Luis Potosi, Mex., v. 29.1948, dry scrub area, F. Werner & W. Nutting, F. Monrós Collection 1959; (4) one specimen: 47 km S of Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mex. (Rt. 1 km 659) 900 ft, vii. 5.1948, semi arid plateau and jungle valley, F. Werner leg., F. Monrós Collection 1959; (5) two specimens: Mexico, Chiapas, 1 -III- 65, Heinrich et al. on Bromeliads, Bro. 88450, 65- 9816, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2003 [one with: Calligrapha  sp. det. R. White]; (6) one specimen: Ventanas, Durango, Höge, Calligrapha ancoralis  ; (7) two specimens: Mex., Tamaulipas, Bocotoma area, 7 km SSE Gomez Farias, June 1 –4, 1982, J.E. Wappes [one with: Calligrapha anchoralis Stal  det. JE Wappes 2002]; (8) one specimen: Mexico, Mazatlan, Sin., Mex., Kusche 15.ix. 1917, F. Monrós Collection 1959, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål F. Monrós  det. 1954; (9) one specimen: 20 mi W Linares, N. León, Mex. xi- 8-46, E.C. Van Dyke collector, Van Dyke Collection, Calligrapha ancoralis Stal F. Monrós  det. 1953; (10) one specimen: Miraflores, L. Cal., vii. 8.38, Michelbacher & Ross collectors; (11) one specimen: Alamos, Sonora, viii. 2.1940, R.P. Allou Collector; (12) one specimen: Mexico, 14.xii. 62, Randolph with Tillandsia, Laredo  63695, 63- 33 Calligrapha  sp. prob ancoralis Stal, Det. G.B. Vogt  ; (13) two specimens: Mex., S.L.P., 1.8 mi N El Naranjo 1000 ’, x. 4 & 13.65, George E. Ball, D.R. Whitehead collectors; (14) sixteen specimens: Mexico, Veracruz, 22.0 mi E Jalapa, Rte. 140, 1000 ’ iii. 9.66, in bromeliads, George E. Ball & D.R. Whitehead collectors [one with: Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011]; (15) two specimens: Mexico, Veracruz, 4.0 mi SW Puente Nacional 600 ’ iii. 8.1966, in bromeliads, George E. Ball & D.R. Whitehead collectors; (16) four specimens: Venodio [Venadillo], Sin., Mex., Kusche, B.P. Clark donor [one with: 7.vii. ’ 18; one with: 27.vi. ’ 18; one with: 31.vii. ’ 18; one with: 5– 6.vii.’ 18]; (17) one specimen: Mazatlan, Sin. Mex., Kusche, 15–17.ix. ’ 18, B.P. Clark donor, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (18) one specimen: Cordoba VC, Mex., Mch. 11 ’08, Fredk Knab Collector; (19) one specimen: Mexico, Veracruz, at Brownsville, vi. 3.66, Heinrich, Burgess on Tillandsia ionantha  (bromeliad) 66-20832, Calligrapha  sp. d. RE White; (20) one specimen: Mexico, Sonora, Alamos, 15.vii. 1963, Paul J. Spangler; (21) one specimen: Laredo Tex. ex. S. L. Potosi Mex. iii- 19-56, Watt, Tillandsia  plants 56-3677; (22) one specimen: Tampico, Mex. 7.12, E.A. Schwarz Collector; (23) nine specimens: Mexico, at Miami, 6.xi. 1968, w. Tillandsia  plants 68-27129 [one with: Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011]; (24) one specimen: Mexico, Veracruz, 16.xi. 65, Brown et al. on Tillandsia, Bro.  88417, 65- 11596, Calligrapha  sp. Dt. R. White; (25) one specimen: Mexico, Veracruz, Ver. at Laredo 9.iv. 1969, D.L. Dillehay on Bromeliad plants 69-5807, Calligrapha  sp. d. RE White; (26) one specimen: Mexico, Veracruz, 30.i. 67, Gonzalez et al., #Brownsville 90502 Lot#: 67-4685, host: Tillandsia ionantha  , Calligrapha  sp. Det. R.E. White; (27) one specimen: Monterrey, Mex., Lar. Tex. 60648, 3- 15 -’60, 8555, E. Tillandsia  plants, Calligrapha  sp. DMW; (28) one specimen: Mexico, San Luis Potosi at Brownsville, v. 16.66, Burgess, Tillandsia ionanth  . (Brom.) 66.21549, Calligrapha  sp. d. R.E. White; (29) one specimen: Laredo, Tex. ex Huichinrayan, S.L.P., Mexico, iii. 19.56, Watt, Tillandsia  plant 56-3678, Calligrapha  sp. DMW 56; (30) three specimens: Laredo, Tex., ex. S. L. Potosi, Mex., iii. 19.56, Watt, Tillandsia  plants 56-3677 [one with: Calligrapha  sp. DMW 56]; (31) one specimen: Tampico, Mex. 7 / 12, E.A. Schwarz collector, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (32) one specimen: Ventanas, Durango, Höge, 386, gift of F.C. Bowditch, gift ex MCZAbout MCZ dupl. series, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (33) one specimen: Mexico at Miami, 6.xi. 1968, B.K. Dozier, w. Tillandsia  plants 68-27129, Calligrapha  sp. nr. ramulifera Stal  d. R.E. White, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (34) one specimen: Vera Cruz, Mex., Lar. Tex. 59422, Jan. 13, ’59, 1685, bromeliad plant, Zygogramma  sp. DMW, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (35) three specimens: Mexico, 26.iii. 1970, A.S. Millis, Bromeliad Lot 70-6302 [one with: Zygogramma  sp. det. RE White, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011]. TAMUICAbout TAMUIC: (1) two specimens: X0533714 and X0535353, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 97 km E Ciudad Victoria, Hwy 70, vii. 3.1986, Robert W. Jones, Peter Kovarik, Joseph C. Schaffner leg., Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (2) one specimen: X0535667, Mexico, Veracruz, La Cumbre, 29.viii. 1962, William F. Chamberlain, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (3) one specimen: X0536715, Mexico, Sonora, 53 km SW Moctezuma, 23.vii. 1980, S. McCleve & P. Jump; (4) four specimens: X0538805, X0540387, X0543221 and X0548738, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 5 mi N Llera, 4.vi. 1965, Horace R. Burke, J.R. Meyer & Joseph C. Schaffner; (5) two specimens: X0538979 and X0546003, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 5 mi SSE Gomez Farias, 19.vii. 1970, at light, Joseph C. Schaffner, Ellwood R. Hart, Robert R. Murray & Robert G. Phelps; (6) one specimen: X0539658, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 3 mi W Ciudad Victoria, behind Army Camp, 6.x. 1985, Robert W. Jones, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (7) one specimen: X0540728, Mexico, Nuevo León, 9 mi S Monterrey, 11.viii. 1972, E.E. Grissell; (8) two specimens: X0541548 and X0550793, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 5.7 mi N La Encarnación, 11.vii. 1973, Gaumer & Clark; (9) one specimen: X0542299, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 21 mi N Ciudad Victoria, 19.vii. 1970, Robert G. Phelps, Robert R. Murray, Hart & Schaffner; (10) one specimen: X0542904, Mexico, San Luis de Potosí, 8.7 mi S Santa María del Río, 5.vii. 1974, Clark, Murray, Ashe & Schaffner leg.; (11) one specimen: X0544229, Mexico, Tampico, 27.viii. 1962, William F. Chamberlain, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (12) one specimen: X0544629, Mexico, Aguascalientes, 6 mi E Calvillo, 11.vii. 1983, P.W. Kovarik, Harrison, Joseph C. Schaffner, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011; (13) one specimen: X0547099, Mexico, Nuevo León, 23.6 mi SW Linares, 3.vii. 1974, Wayne Clark, Robert R. Murray, James S. Ashe & Joseph C. Schaffner; (14) one specimen: X0547429, Mexico, Sonora, 19 km NW Nacori Chico, 5.viii. 1982, S. McCleve, G.E. Ball & K.E. Ball; (15) three specimens: X0548127, X0549273 and X0550400, Mexico, San Luís de Potosí, Tamazunchale, 22.vii. 1970, Robert R. Murray, Robert G. Phelps, Ellwood R. Hart & Joseph C. Schaffner; (16) two specimens: X0548748 and X0550035, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 2 mi SE Gomez Farias, 20.vii. 1970, Robert R. Murray, Robert G. Phelps, Hart & Joseph C. Schaffner; (17) one specimen: X0549943, Mexico, Tamaulipas, 7 km SSE Gomez Farias, Bocatoma w. s., 20.vii. 1982, R. Turnbow; (18) one specimen: X0552047, Mexico, Durango, El Salto, 7.viii. 1967, Horace R. Burke & J. Hafernik; (19) one specimen: X0552320, Mexico, San Luis de Potosí, 2 mi SE Pedro Montoya, 25.vii. 1970, Robert R. Murray, Robert G. Phelps, Hart & Joseph C. Schaffner.

USA

FSCAAbout FSCA: (1) one specimen: USA, Arizona, Santa Rita Mts., Madera Cyn., 21.vii. 1968; (2) one specimen: USA, AZ, Santa Cruz, Pena Blanca Pajarito, 25.vii. 1962, R.H. Arnett, Jr. & E. Van Kassell, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011. NMNHAbout NMNH: (1) one specimen: Nogales, Ariz. ix. 25.1959, D.E. Noel, Calligrapha  sp. det ’ 60 D.M. Weisman; (2) one specimen: U.S.A. Texas, Lee Co., Fedor, F. Monrós Collection 1959, Calligrapha wickhami Bowditch, F. Monrós  det. 1954, Calligrapha ancoralis Stål J. Gómez-Zurita  det. 2011.

UNKNOWN SOURCE

MfNAbout MfN: (1) one specimen: ancoralis St.  ; (2) two specimens: Calligrapha ancoralis Stål 1860  , J. Gómez-Zurita det. 2009.

Variation. Dark parts of body can have a blackish or even greenish or bluish more or less metallic sheen, while pale areas of elytra can be orange. Of the additional markings on disc of elytra, 3–4 are always free: in the 3 -spot row behind humeral lunule, the spots at ends are free, while the middle one can be confluent with the apex of the curved prolongation of arcuate band (as seen on the right elytron of the holotype); the two additional markings at the apical declivity of elytra are nearly always free, although the internal spot can be sometimes confluent with other markings (as seen on the right elytron of the holotype), or they can be narrowly connected with each other or missing altogether (as respectively seen in two specimen from Ventanas, Mexico; MfNAbout MfN). In two specimens held at MCZAbout MCZ, the apex of the humeral marking is connected to the base of the arcuate band. The anchor-like marking can be more or less broken at apical arms, the apical spot can be minute or missing, and the spot on apical declivity can be largely confluent with sutural stripe.

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

MfN

Museum für Naturkunde

NMB

Naturhistorishes Museum

NMNH

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

HSB

Universidad Mayor Real y Pontifícia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca

TAMUIC

Texas A&M University Insect Collection