Enicospilus shadaensis Gadallah & Soliman

Gadallah, Neveen S., Soliman, Ahmed M., Rousse, Pascal & Al Dhafer, Hathal M., 2017, The genus Enicospilus Stephens, 1835 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ophioninae) in Saudi Arabia, with twelve new species records and the description of five new species, European Journal of Taxonomy 365, pp. 1-69: 46-47

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.365

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:11B4AFCD-23A0-4170-BB02-9AD628C16925

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3852596

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F2609434-0E0C-4ACB-BAE7-2A1FCB4F89CB

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:F2609434-0E0C-4ACB-BAE7-2A1FCB4F89CB

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Enicospilus shadaensis Gadallah & Soliman
status

sp. nov.

Enicospilus shadaensis Gadallah & Soliman   sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:F2609434-0E0C-4ACB-BAE7-2A1FCB4F89CB

Figs 5B View Fig , 8F View Fig , 12F View Fig , 16F View Fig , 20F View Fig , 27C View Fig , 31F View Fig

Diagnosis

B 19–21, F 12–13; ML 0.2; CT 1.2; POL1.0; FI 0.65; Fl1–2 1.6; AI 0.87; CI 0.3; ICI 0.5; SDI 1.2; NI 3.8.

Moderately large sized and reddish brown overall including antennae and legs, with ivory yellow on face (except the middle broadly extending from behind the fore ocellus), posterior margin of eyes, gena, two pale rounded markings on lateral sides of clypeus, lateral sides of mesoscutum that are broad anteriorly, becoming very thin laterally, scutellum, subalar prominence, two markings on upper and lower ends of mesopleuron, upper one distinctly larger, a large one on lower part of metapleuron just above hind coxa. Metasoma with T1 entirely dark brown to black, T2 reddish brown with orange or lighter posterior margin, remaining tergites mostly light red to orange blackish medially, last tergite reddish with dark posterior end; mandible reddish with black teeth, upper tooth 2.0 × as long as lower tooth; clypeus flat in profile, ventral margin truncate, antenna with 50 flagellomeres; meso- and metapleura puncto-striate; basal transverse carina of propodeum distinct, anterior area of propodeum nearly smooth, posterior area superficially reticulate rugose; proximal sclerite triangular, dark brown to black; fore tibia not spinose.

Etymology

The species epithet “ shadaensis   ” refers to Shada Al Ala, one of the localities where specimens were collected.

Type material

Holotype

SAUDI ARABIA: ♀, Raydah (Asir), light trap 8, 18°11.618′ N, 42°23.420′ E, alt. 1772 m, 26 Aug. 2014, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( KSMA).

GoogleMaps  

Paratypes

SAUDI ARABIA: 1 ♂, Shada Al Ala (Al Bahha), light trap 4, 8 Dec. 2014, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( EFC); 1 ♂, Muzahmiah (Al Khararah), 17 May 2011, leg. Al Drayhim et al. ( EFC); 1 ♀, Shada Al Ala (Al Baha), light trap 4, 14 Nov. 2015, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( EFC); 1 ♂, Wadi Turubah (Al Baha), light trap, 1 Jun. 2011, leg. Al Dhafer H. and Al-Gharabawi A. ( KSMA); 1 ♂, Shada Al Ala (Al Baha), light trap (House), 15 Feb. 2014, leg. Abdel-Dayem M. and Rasool I. ( KSMA); 1 ♀, Raydah (Asir), light trap 9, 21 Feb. 2014, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( KSMA); 1 ♂, Raydah (Asir), light trap 7, 26 Aug. 2014, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( KSMA); 1 ♀, Raydah (Asir), light trap 9, 20 Oct. 2014, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( KSMA); 1 ♂, Shada Al Ala (Al Baha), light trap 5, 27 Jan. 2015, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( KSMA); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Shada Al Ala (Al Baha), light trap 4, 14 Nov. 2015, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( KSMA); 2 ♀♀, Shada Al Ala (Al Baha), light trap 2, 18 Nov. 2015, leg. Al Dhafer et al. ( KSMA).

Description

Female (7 specimens)

B 19–21; F 12–13; ML 0.2; CT 1.2; POL1.0; FI 0.65; Fl1–2 1.6; AI 0.87; CI 0.3; ICI 0.5; SDI 1.2; NI 3.8.

COLOUR. Reddish brown overall including antennae and legs, with ivory yellow on vertex, orbits, lateral sides of mesoscutum (which are broad anteriorly, becoming very thin laterally, but not reaching end) scutellum, subalar prominence, two markings on upper and lower ends of mesopleuron, upper one distinctly larger, a large marking on lower part of metapleuron (just above hind coxa); metasoma with T1 entirely dark brown to black, T2 with lighter posterior margin, remaining metasomal tergites mostly light red to orange, blackish medially, last tergite reddish, with dark posterior margin; mandible reddish with black teeth; fore wing with dark to black pterostigma with yellow proximal corner, parastigma yellow, distal end of pterostigma pale brown, sclerites and wing venation dark brown.

HEAD. Mandible hardly twisted, parallel-sided, with black thin outer margin, upper tooth about 2.0 × as long as lower tooth, outer mandibular surface with dense fine pale setae, without groove on outer surface; clypeus superficially punctate, flat in profile, ventral margin truncate; labrum semicircular, about 0.3 × as high as wide; face 1.3 × as high as wide; gena constricted behind eyes; occipital carina complete and thin; ocelli relatively large, lateral one nearly touching eyes; antenna with 50 flagellomeres.

MESOSOMA. Pronotum normal, with deep transverse furrow; epicnemial carina more or less distinct, weak; postpectal carina only distinct laterally, interrupted or indistict medially; mesoscutum densely punctate-reticulate, notauli indistinct; scutellum smooth, impunctate, slightly longer than basal width, carinate to apex; mesopleuron and metapleuron densely punctate; basal transverse carina of propodeum weak, anterior area of propodeum nearly smooth, posterior area shallowly rugose.

WINGS. Disco-submarginal cell of fore wing with well developed fenestra, proximal sclerite triangular, dark brown to black; central sclerite totally absent; Rs+2 r slightly   thickened ventrally at basal third, more or less straight; cu-a subopposite Rs & M by about 0.25 × length of cu-a; hind wing with 7 distal hamuli on R1.

LEGS. Fore tibia not spinose; claws with black teeth, denser and shorter basally.

METASOMA. Slender; T 2 in profile about 4 × as long as high; thyridium very shallow, linear basally and widened apically, slightly posterior to one third length of tergite.

Male (7 specimens)

B 23; F 16.

Resembles female except for the following: body more slender; antenna with 52 flagellomeres; ivory markings on meso- and metapleura are distinctly smaller in size. Otherwise very similar to female.

BOLD Identification Number

ABX3540.

Remarks

This species agrees completely with the key characters of Enicospilus   sp. 4 in Gauld & Mitchell (1978). But compared to the full description, it differs in the following characters: antenna with 50 flagellomeres (in sp. 4 62–64 flagellomeres); alar sclerite resembles that of sp. 4 ( Gauld & Mitchell 1978: fig. 379); the mesoscutal ivory margins do not extend the whole length of the mesoscutum (in G. & M. it extends along the whole margins of the mesoscutum); no central ivory marking could be seen on the mesopleuron of our specimen (in G. & M. a central marking is present); metapleuron with a posterior ivory marking (in G. & M. it is present centrally); T1 entirely black (not so in G. & M.).

Enicospilus shadaensis   sp. nov. resembles E. pseudoculator   sp. nov. but differs in the following characters: body dark reddish brown, metasoma patterned with bright red to orange (in pseudoculator   sp. nov. lighter orange to brown, metasoma not patterned with red); proximal sclerite dark brown to black, triangular (in pseudoculator   sp. nov. proximal sclerite bright red and dome-shaped); face narrow, 1.5 × as high as wide (in pseudoculator   sp. nov. face subquadrate, 1.1 × as high as wide); CI> 0.2 (in pseudoculator   sp. nov. CI <0.2); moderately large species (B> 27; F> 12) ( pseudoculator   sp. nov. smaller species (B <19, F <12)).

Distribution

Saudi Arabia.