Hypaeus arhuaco

Martinez, Leonel & Galvis, William, 2017, Three new species of jumping spiders of the genus Hypaeus Simon, 1900 from Colombia (Salticidae: Salticinae: Amycini), Zootaxa 4282 (1), pp. 192-200: 193-194

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4282.1.12

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A8BE5C50-0C25-4D91-9B6F-81C24C2D0345

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A08795-FFEC-573C-FF3B-FAF3973FF9EC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hypaeus arhuaco
status

sp. nov.

Hypaeus arhuaco  sp. nov.

Figs 1–2View FIGURES 1 – 2, 5View FIGURES 5 – 6, 7–11View FIGURES 7 – 11, 23View FIGURE 23

Types. Holotype: male from Hacienda Hierba Buena , Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta , San Pedro de la Sierra, Ciénaga, Magdalena, Colombia, 2104 m, 10.895138°N, 73.999611°W, 6.V.2016, L. Martínez (ICN-Ar 8205). Paratypes: one male and one female with same data as holotype (ICN-Ar 8206–8207).GoogleMaps 

Etymology. The species epithet is a noun in apposition that honors the Chibcha-speaking indian tribe, the Arhuaco  , who lives today in the area of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, and is a direct descendant of the Tayrona indigenous people, together with the Kankuamo, Kogui and Wiwa.

Diagnosis. Males of H. arhuaco  sp. nov. can be recognized from those of the remaining species of the genus by its semi-membranous quadrangular retroventral tibial apophysis (RvTA), the straight RTA, and a very long embolus ( Figs 7–9View FIGURES 7 – 11). Females can be diagnosed by the epigyne with transverse posterior digitiform glands (dg), oval spermathecae and large atria containing the posteromedial copulatory openings ( Figs 10–11View FIGURES 7 – 11).

Description. Male (holotype, ICNAbout ICN -Ar 8205). Total length: 5.20. Carapace dark brown, 2.40 long, 2.00 wide, 1.60 high. Dorsal eye field 1.25 long, with orange-brownish hairs. Anterior eye row 2.00 wide, posterior 1.30 wide ( Figs 1View FIGURES 1 – 2, 5View FIGURES 5 – 6). Sternum yellow, 1.00 long, 0.75 wide. Chelicerae dark brown, frontal face slightly concave, with a distal short blunt mastidia ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 5 – 6), with three promarginal and four retromarginal teeth. Labium brown. Palp as described above ( Figs 7–9View FIGURES 7 – 11). Legs 1342. Coxae I dark brown and II–IV yellow. Trochanters I–IV yellow, and femora I–IV yellow, distally darker. Patellae to metatarsi I–IV dark brown. Leg macrosetae: Femur, I d 1 di, p 2 di. Patella, II–III p 1 di, IV re 1 me. Tibia, I v 2-2 -2, p 1-0-1; II v 2-2 -2, p 1-1-1; III v 1 -0-2, p 1-1-1, r 1-1-1; IV v 1 -0- 1, p 1-1-1, r 1-1-1. Metatarsus, I–II v 2 -0-2; III v 2 -0-2, 1-0-2, r 1-0-2; IV v 1 -0-1, p 1-1-1, r 1-1-1. Abdomen dorsally gray with dark brown markings ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1 – 2); ventrally gray with a wide, longitudinal dark brown wide stripe. Spinnerets brown.

Variation (n=2). Total length: 5.00–5.22. Carapace length: 2.00–2.40.

Female (paratype, ICN -Ar 8206). Total length: 6.40. Carapace yellow, 3.00 long, 2.40 wide, 1.60 high. Ocular quadrangle dark brown, with orange and brown hairs, 1.75 long. Anterior eye row 2.20 wide, posterior 2.00 wide ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1 – 2). Sternum yellow, 1.25 long, 0.75 wide. Chelicerae yellow, with four promarginal and four retromarginal teeth. Labium brown. Sternum yellow. Legs 1342, all yellow. Leg macrosetae: femur, I–IV d 1 di, p 2 di. Patella, IV r 1 di. Tibiae, I–II v 2-2 -2; III–IV v 1 -0-1, d 2-2-2. Metatarsus, I–II v 2 -0-2; III–IV v 2 -0-2, d 2-2-2. Abdomen dorsally gray with dark brown markings ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1 – 2); ventrally gray with a wide, longitudinal dark brown wide stripe. Epigyne as described above ( Figs 10–11View FIGURES 7 – 11). Spinnerets brown.

Comments. The type material was collected beating low shrubs, on foliage, in a preserved high mountain wet forest ecosystem, together with the type specimens of H. proszynskii  sp. nov.

Distribution. Only known from its type locality, in the Magdalena department, Colombia ( Fig. 23View FIGURE 23).

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Hypaeus