Eviulisoma dabagaense Kraus, 1958

Enghoff, Henrik, 2018, A mountain of millipedes VII: The genus Eviulisoma Silvestri, 1910, in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, and related species from other Eastern Arc Mountains. With notes on Eoseviulisoma Brole, European Journal of Taxonomy 445, pp. 1-90: 47-52

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.445

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:852A3F68-B728-413A-B12E-56F306D56C35

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A10B47-FFD6-FFB5-FDBA-F98CFC5BFC72

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eviulisoma dabagaense Kraus, 1958
status

 

Eviulisoma dabagaense Kraus, 1958 

Figs 6E View Figure , 22 View Figure

Eviulisoma dabagaense Kraus, 1958: 2  (holotype (not studied) in the Überseemuseum Bremen).

Diagnosis

Differs from other species of the E. dabagaense  group by the combination of a gonopod coxa without a distolateral process and a parallel-margined map with two strong apical denticles and several smaller ones on the dorsal margin.

Material studied (total: 5 ♂♂)

TANZANIA: 1 ♂, Iringa Region, Iringa District, New Dabaga / Ulangambi FR, 08°06′47.4″ S, 38°56′50.4″ E, montane, 1800 m a.s.l., Plot MS–Plot A, 9 Nov. 2000, Frontier Tanzania leg. (near topotype) ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC);GoogleMaps  3 ♂♂, Iringa Region, Udzungwa Scarp FR, above Chita Village , 1600–1650 m a.s.l., 8–13 Nov. 1984, pitfall traps in montane rain forest, N. Scharff leg. (ZMUC);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Kitungulu FR, 1500 m a.s.l., 08°09′ S, 36°05′ E, forest, Jan.1996, M. Andersen, P. Gravlund and A. Jakobsen leg. (ZMUC);GoogleMaps  3 ♀♀, tentatively referred to this species, same collection data as preceding (ZMUC).GoogleMaps 

Descriptive notes (male)

SIZE. Length 17–18 mm, max. width 1.8–2.1 mm.

COLOUR. After 17–33 years in alcohol overall colour of body, antennae and legs whitish. Occipital region of head, as well as collum, light brown. Dorsal half of posterior ¾ of metazonites also light brown, making entire animal transversely striped.

ANTENNAE. Reaching back to middle of ring 4.

BODY RINGS. Paranota represented by a tiny keel on ring 2 (as Fig. 4C View Figure ), otherwise completely absent. Stricture between pro- and metazonite smooth or indistinctly striolate. A transverse row of setae on all body rings.

HYPOPROCT. Rounded trapezoidal, without distinct tubercles.

LEGS. Length 1.3–1.5× body width. Relative lengths of podomeres: femur> prefemur = tarsus> tibia> postfemur. Scopulae on anterior legs on femur, postfemur, tibia and tarsus, disappearing from femur and postfemur on posterior legs.

STERNUM 5. A trapezoidal process between legs 4 ( Fig. 6E View Figure ).

STERNUM 6. Deeply excavated, rim simple.

GONOPODS ( Fig. 22 View Figure ). Coxa without a lateral process; coxal lobe (cxl) small. Prefemoral part (prf) ca 0.25 × as long as acropodite; mesal acropodital process (map) large, lamelloid, straight, with parallel margins, tip of process with two strong denticles, a few smaller denticles distally on dorsal margin; solenophore (sph) a rolled sheet, less than ⅔ as long as map, forming a tube with two small apical denticles and a slender process (sph-p) ca at mid-length.

Distribution and habitat

Known from three forest reserves in the western Udzungwas (New Dabaga/ Ulamgambi FR, Kiranzi/ Kitungulu FR, Udzungwa Scarp FR). Altitudinal range 1500–2100 m a.s.l. (upper limit according to Kraus 1958). Habitat: montane rain forest (studied specimens) and semi-rainforest ( Kraus 1958). Collected together with E. navuncus  sp. nov. and E. nessiteras  sp. nov. in Kitungulu / Kiranzi FR.

Remarks

The studied near-topotype agrees completely with the original description ( Kraus 1958); a side-by-side comparison with the holotype was therefore deemed unnecessary. Several juveniles with a colour pattern like that of E. dabagaense  were found in samples from New Dabaga-Ulangambi FR containing no males of E. dabagaense  , but one or several males of the entirely pallid E. ottokrausi  sp. nov. Although a safe identification of these juveniles cannot be made, they probably belong to E. dabagaense  .

E viulisoma coxale  sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:10D5E316-6E8F-4 A 38-8D58-197DDA963339

Figs 3B View Figure , 6F View Figure , 7E–F View Figure , 23 View Figure

Diagnosis

Differs from other species of the E. dabagaense  group, except E. culter  sp. nov., by having a distolateral process on the gonopod coxa. Differs from E. culter  sp. nov. by having map with two strong apical denticles and several small denticles along the dorsal margin.

Etymology

The name, an adjective, refers to the peculiar modification of the gonopod coxa.

Material studied (total: 7 ♂♂)

Holotype

TANZANIA: ♂, Iringa Region, Mahenge District, West Kilombero Scarp FR, Nyambanitu Mts, S of Udekwa Village , 07°48′ S, 36°21′ E, 1500 m a.s.l., Dec. 1993, J.O. Svendsen leg. ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC)GoogleMaps  .

Referred non-type material

TANZANIA: 2 ♀♀, tentatively referred to this species, same collection data as for holotype (ZMUC);  1 ♂, Morogoro Region, Mwanihana FR, 1800–1850 m a.s.l., 28–29 Sep. 1984, litter in montane forest, N. Scharff leg. (ZMUC);  1 ♂, same collection data as preceding, but 1650 m a.s.l., 25–29 Sep. 1984, pitfall trap in montane rain forest (ZMUC);  1 ♂, same collection data as preceding, but 1400–1650 m a.s.l., montane rain forest (ZMUC);  1 ♂, Mwanihana Forest above Sanje , 1650 m a.s.l., 18 Aug. 1982, litter, M. Stoltze and N. Scharff leg. (ZMUC)  ; 1 ♀ (tentatively assigned), 2 ♂♂, Morogoro Region, Udzungwa Mts National Park, Mito Mitatu, Plot 15, 07°49′39.8″ S, 36°50′26.0″ E, 1552 m a.s.l., 27 Nov. 2014, pitfall trapping, J. Malumbres-Olarte leg., sample codes 15 PT6 and 15 PT8 (ZMUC).GoogleMaps 

Description (holotype, male)

SIZE. Length 22 mm, max. width 2.0 – 2.5 mm.

COLOUR ( Fig. 3B View Figure ). Specimen from Nyambanitu Mts after 24 years in alcohol pallid, except collum and large lateral spots on body rings brownish, on poriferous rings the spots cover the ozopore. Specimens from Mito Mitatu and Mwanihana FR almost all pallid.

ANTENNAE. Reaching back to middle of ring 4.

BODY RINGS. Paranota absent, except for barely discernible keels on ring 2 (as in Fig. 4C View Figure ). Stricture between pro- and metazonite indistinctly striolate. A transverse row of setae on most body rings (probably abraded where absent).

HYPOPROCT. Rounded-trapezoidal, without distinct tubercles.

LEGS. Length 1.3× body width. Relative lengths of podomeres: femur> prefemur = tarsus> tibia> postfemur. Scopulae ( Fig. 7E–F View Figure ) on anterior legs on femur, postfemur, tibia and tarsus, diminishing and eventually disappearing on more posterior legs, especially on femur.

STERNUM 5. A rounded-trapezoidal process between legs 4 ( Fig. 6F View Figure ).

STERNUM 6. Deeply excavated, rim simple.

GONOPODS ( Fig. 23 View Figure ). Coxa with a long, digitiform distolateral process (cxp). Other gonopodal characters as in E. dabagaense  : coxal lobe (cxl) moderate; prefemoral part (prf) ca 0.25 × as long as acropodite; mesal acropodital process (map) lamelloid, straight, with parallel margins, tip of process with two strong denticles, a row of smaller denticles along apical part of dorsal margin; solenophore (sph) a rolled sheet, separated from map by a distinct gap, less than ⅔ × as long as map, forming a tube with two small apical denticles and a slender process ca at mid-length.

Specimens from Udzungwa Mts National Park

Similar to type specimens, except as follows:

SIZE. Length 25 mm, max. width 2.5 mm. COLOUR. Overall pallid after 3 years in alcohol; only head and collum slightly ochre-yellow; a small brown patch between antennae.

ANTENNAE. Reaching back to middle of ring 4. Antennomeres 2–6 subequal.

Distribution and habitat

Known from two sites in the Udzungwa Mts National Park. Altitudinal range 1400–1850 m a.s.l. Habitat: montane rain forest. Collected in litter and pitfall traps, together with E. breviscutum  sp. nov. in Mwanihana Forest.

Remarks

This species is very similar to E. dabagaense  , but differs in the presence of a distolateral finger-formed process on the gonopod coxa, the latter character being shared with E. culter  sp. nov. There are several females and juveniles in the same sample as the holotype, in addition to the listed females. They agree with the holotype in all non-sexual characters except that they are uniformly pale. Whether this is due to fading of the large lateral spots seen in the holotype, or to the possibility that they represent a different species, is difficult to say. Several specimens from Udzungwa Mountains National Park carry large lumps of an amorphous mass (see Discussion) on the tip of process map ( Fig. 23E View Figure ). These specimens are slightly larger than the holotype and they do not have large lateral spots on the body rings, but these differences hardly warrant the recognition of a separate species.

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Diplopoda

Order

Polydesmida

Family

Paradoxosomatidae

Genus

Eviulisoma

Loc

Eviulisoma dabagaense Kraus, 1958

Enghoff, Henrik 2018

2018
Loc

Eviulisoma dabagaense

Kraus, 1958 : 2