Quedius (Raphirus) hermonensis, Coiffait, 1963

Assing, Volker, 2018, On the taxonomy and zoogeography of some West Palaearctic Quedius species, with a focus on the East Mediterranean and the species allied to Quedius umbrinus and Q. nivicola (Coleoptera: Staphy, Linzer biologische Beiträge 50 (1), pp. 149-182: 154-157

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Quedius (Raphirus) hermonensis


Quedius (Raphirus) hermonensis  COIFFAIT, 1963 ( Figs 1-14View Figs 1-12View Figs 13-24, Map 1View Map 1)

Quedius hermonensis COIFFAIT, 1963: 417  f.

Quedius  coiffaitianus FAGEL, 1968a: 11 ff.; nov.syn.

Quedius  rugosipennis FAGEL, 1969: 115 ff.; nov.syn.

T y p e m a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d: Q. coiffaitianus: Paratypes: 15 exs.: " LIBAN: Nabeh Safa, mousses gorges d'eau [1 specimen: "bois marécageux"], 1000 m, V.1966 G. Fagel / G. Fagel det., coiffaitianus n.sp. / Paratype / Quedius hermonensis Coiffait  , det. V. Assing 2018 " (IRSNB).

Q. rugosipennis: Holotype ♂ [dissected prior to present study; aedeagus missing]: " Anatolie mér., Antalya, V.1968 G. Fagel / G. Fagel det., rugosipennis n.sp. / Type / Quedius hermonensis Coiffait  , det. V. Assing 2018 " ( IRSNB)  . Paratypes: 1♂, 3♀♀: same data as holotype (IRSNB).

A d d i t i o n a l m a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d: Turkey: 2♂♂ [1teneral], Antalya, Anamur- Gazipaşa, Kalandere, 36°07'N, 32°34'E, 40 m, 24.IV.2008, leg. Brachat & Meybohm (cAss).GoogleMaps  Cyprus: 1♂, Troodos , 34°55'N, 32°52'E, 1550 m, 9.IV.2008, leg. Lompe (cAss).GoogleMaps  Israel: 1♂, Sea of Galilee , Beit Tsaida Reserve , 32°53'N, 35°38'E, 0 m, 19.IV.2005, leg. Assmann (cFel)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, Sea of Galilee, Capernaum , bank of Jordan river, 26.III.2008, leg. Assmann (cFel)  ; 1♂, Hula N. R., 33°04'N, 35°36'E, 65 m, shore of pond, 13.XI.2010, leg. Drees (cFel)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, S Ashdod, Nitzanim , 31°45'N, 34°37'E, sand dunes, pond shore, 12.IV.2013, leg. Buse (cFel)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, Sea Genezareth, Jordan River , 32°54'N, 35°37'E, - 215 m, 19.III.2011, leg. Meybohm (cAss)GoogleMaps  .

C o m m e n t: The original description of Q. hermonensis  is based on a male holotype and a female paratype from " Liban: Hasbaya" and one female paratype from "Nahr es Safa" ( COIFFAIT 1963), that of Q. coiffaitianus on a male holotype and 27 paratypes from "Nabeh Safa" ( FAGEL 1968a) (i.e., from the same locality as that of one of the paratypes of Q. hermonensis  ), and that of Q. rugosipennis on a male holotype and four paratypes (one male and three females) from "Anatolie méridionale: Antalya, route de Lara" ( FAGEL 1969). An examination of the type material of Q. coiffaitianus and Q. rugosipennis, as well as of additional material from various regions revealed that in both external and the male sexual characters they are within the range of intraspecific variation of Q. hermonensis  by COIFFAIT (1963). Hence the synonymy proposed above.

Based on similar external characters (coloration, punctation, habitus, etc.), on the similar general morphology of the aedeagus, and a similar ecology, Q. hermonensis  is closely allied to Q. umbrinus  , not to Q. nigriceps KRAATZ, 1857 as suggested by COIFFAIT (1978a). Like Q. umbrinus  , Q. hermonensis  is subject to pronounced variation of coloration and of the shape of the aedeagus ( Figs 1-14View Figs 1-12View Figs 13-24). The colour of the forebody ranges from brown to black, often with the anterior and posterior margins of the elytra narrowly yellowish to reddish (especially in material from Cyprus). The length of the aedeagus ranges from 1.0- 1.3 mm. The width of the paramere is rather variable, too; in material from Cyprus it is more slender and basally sometimes slightly constricted, whereas in material seen from other regions it is less slender and basally not constricted.

The habitat is similar to that of Q. umbrinus  . The examined specimens were primarily collected in moist substrates: in moist leaf litter, swamps, on the shores of lakes and ponds, and on the banks of rivers and streams.

The revised distribution ( Map 1View Map 1) ranges from the Aegean Island Samos in the west across Turkey and Cyprus to the Middle East ( Lebanon, Israel). While the species is fairly common in Cyprus (ASSING & WUNDERLE 2001), it appears to be rather rare elsewhere. For previous records from Cyprus (as Q. rugosipennis), Samos (as Q. rugosipennis), and Israel see ASSING & WUNDERLE (2001), ASSING (2015), SMETANA (1978), and ASSING (2014), respectively. A previous record of Q. hermonensis  from Iraq ( ASSING 2014), however, which was overlooked by SCHÜLKE & SMETANA (2015), refers to Q. microcapillatus  (see below).


Belgium, Brussels, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique


Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique














Quedius (Raphirus) hermonensis

Assing, Volker 2018

Quedius hermonensis COIFFAIT, 1963: 417

COIFFAIT H 1963: 417


FAGEL G 1968: 11


FAGEL G 1969: 115