Brachygasterina andina Carvalho & Pont

De Carvalho, C. J. B. & Pont, A. C., 2006, Taxonomy, cladistics and biogeography of the South American genus Brachygasterina Macquart (Diptera: Muscidae), Zootaxa 1151, pp. 1-26 : 5-7

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.172153


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scientific name

Brachygasterina andina Carvalho & Pont

sp. nov.

Brachygasterina andina Carvalho & Pont View in CoL , sp. nov. ( Figs 1 View FIGURES 1 – 5 , 6 View FIGURES 6 – 12 , 15 View FIGURES 15 – 16 )


This species is similar in its generally dark metallic violet­blue body colour to most species of Brachygasterina but can be distinguished by the narrow parafacial, in lateral view at narrowest point 0.2 of the width of first flagellomere (male not known) ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 6 – 12 ); from B. violaceiventris and B. valdiviensis , which also have a narrow parafacial, it differs by the absence of setulae on the facial ridge.


Female. Head: frons broad, at narrowest point 0.37–0.39 of head width ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 5 ). Eye with short and sparse hairs ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 6 – 12 ). Fronto­orbital plate matt, black with brownish­grey pruinosity; parafacial, face and gena brownish­grey pruinose; occiput metallic blue to violet. 7–8 pairs of frontal setae; 2 reclinate orbital setae, the anterior weak. Facial ridge without setulae. Parafacial narrow, in lateral view at narrowest point 0.2 of first flagellomere width ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 6 – 12 ). Proboscis mainly shining, dusted behind. Palpus black.

Thorax. Ground­colour subshining dark metallic violet­blue, dulled by pruinescence in posterior view. Mesonotum with 4 stripes, 2 median and 2 lateral. 3+3 developed acrostichals; 3 posterior intra­alars, the anterior weaker; prealar strong, subequal to anterior notopleural seta; notopleuron with sparse setulae, mostly around second notopleural seta. Scutellum laterally setulose; with strong apical, basal and lateral setae, and corresponding setae on disc. One strong proepisternal seta and 3–4 long setulae; 3 strong proepimeral setae and many long setulae. Katepisternals 1+3. Katatergite distinctly setulose.

Legs. Dark brown. Fore tibia without posterior seta. Mid femur with 1 short anterior and 3 posterior preapical setae. Mid tibia with 3 posterior setae, without anterodorsal or ventrals. Hind femur with a row of strong anteroventral setae, and with strong posteroventrals in basal half; 2 anterodorsal and 4 anteroventral setae; dorsal preapical strong, anterodorsal preapical weak, without posteroventral apical.

Wing. Smoky, veins dark brown. Veins bare, except costa. Crossvein dm­cu weakly sinuous. Vein M straight, parallel with R4+5. Calypters dark brown, lower one 1.5 times length of upper one. Knob of haltere dark brown.

Abdomen. Subshining metallic violet ­blue. Sternite 1 bare.

Ovipositor: see Fig. 15 View FIGURES 15 – 16 .

Measurements (n=2): Body length, 7.4–8.2 mm. Wing length, 7.8–8.6 mm.

Type material examined

Holotype, female, ECUADOR: Pichincha, 72 Km NW Quito, 6800’ [feet], 24–29.viii.1976 (J. Cohen) ( FMNH).

Paratype, ECUADOR: 1 female, same data as holotype ( DZUP).


According to the labels, these specimens were collected in carrion traps.

Geographic distribution



Field Museum of Natural History


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure













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