Microsargane (Microtholia) ios, Andrew Hamilton, K. G., 2016

Andrew Hamilton, K. G., 2016, Neotropical spittlebugs related to Neaenini (Hemiptera, Cercopidae) and the origins of subfamily Cercopinae, Zootaxa 4169 (2), pp. 201-250 : 216-217

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Microsargane (Microtholia) ios


Microsargane (Microtholia) ios sp.nov.

Etymology. ios (noun in apposition), arrow

Diagnosis. Dark brown with margins and venter pale ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 A); smaller than M. habrotes .

Description. Face tan with black muscle arcs; coronal margin, pleura and costal margin orange, veins of corium (especially at wing tips) paler brown to reddish. Male genitalia as in M. habrotes , but fused subgenital plates more evenly arched, with lateral notches halfway between prominent basal spines and tip. Length: male 8.5 mm; female unknown.

Type. Holotype male, COSTA RICA : Cartago ─ Tapanti National Park , visitor cabinas outside main gate, 1276m, 9o45.671'N 83o47.087'W, 7 Jan. 2004 (A.E.Z. Short) HG light; No. 24219 in CNC GoogleMaps .

Microsargane (Microtholia) karykroua sp. nov.

Etymology. karykrous (adjective) nut-brown.

Diagnosis. Brown marked with pale stripes and spots ( Figs 9 View FIGURES 9 B–C).

Description. Orange brown, paler on sides of crown, on costa of tegmina, venter (except for blackish laterotergites and genital capsule) and dorsal median stripe ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 B; female tegminal tips with dark brown border and irregular dark blotch across anteapical crossveins defining 1–3 pale spots on apical cells; male tegmina distinctly darker than dorsum, chocolate brown, contrasting with costa ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 C); claval suture variable from contrasting white to scarcely paler than clavus, two contrasting white spots on central anteapical cell, the larger just above base of outer anteapical cell, the smaller just beyond crossvein m-cu on apical cell. Coronal margin carinate at antennal ledge, becoming only angular on tylus (first muscle arc of face visible from dorsal aspect). Male subgenital plates wider at tip than at base, almost half as wide as genital segment ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 55 – 60 D); style nearly parallelmargined with numerous setae on dorsal surface near midlength, and tip sharply angled dorsad and tapered to point ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 55 – 60 A); theca narrow, 9 × as long as wide in lateral aspect ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 55 – 60 B, almost 20 × as long as wide in caudal aspect, bearing 3 pairs of filiform appendages ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 55 – 60 C). Length: male 6.7–7.4 mm, female 7.5–8.3 mm.

Types. Holotype male, COSTA RICA: S. Jose Pr. ─ 19 km N Sn. Isidro , km 117 [on] Pan-Am. Hwy., 1750m [ASL], 20–25 VI 97, mont. For. F [light] I[ntercept] T[rap] (S. & J. Peck) 97–23 . Paratypes; 10 males, 9 females, same data as holotype ; 1 male, COSTA RICA : Guanacaste ─Cacao Field Stn. 1100–1250m, 12 Feb. 1996 (S.A. Marshall), residue ; 1 female, COSTA RICA: Punta [renas]─Sta. Elena Cloud For. Res., 1700 m [ASL], IX-8-1998 (C.W. & L.B.O’Brien) ; 1 male, Puntarenas ─ Golfito , 1 July 1976 (M. Wasbauer) along forest trail. All types in AMNH, except 2 paratypes No. 24220 in CNCI , 1 male in UCAB, 1 female in ILNHS and 1 male in UGIC.

Microsargane (Microtholia) sobria sp. nov.

Etymology. sobria (adj.), not drunk, serious.

Diagnosis. Externally resembling the nominate subgenus but with male genitalia of the Microtholia type.

Description. Male with dorsum blackish brown, female frons pale brown, at least at tip, clypellus and muscle arcs darker; legs and rostrum pale brown, contrasting with blackish brown venter; tegmina dark brown, in male with apex of costa white, apical cells pale brown bordered with dark veins, and 2 oblique pale stripes across anteapical cells, in female with slightly paler costal plaque and small, pale dashes before and after large, triangular hyaline area near apex of costa. Pecten of baritarsomere with 6 spines, that of second hind tarsomere with 8–9 spines in male, 7 in female. Male subgenital plates broadly rounded, tip setose, with small preapical notch on each side and basal spines directed mesad ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 55 – 60 D); pygofer with broadly furcate process ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 55 – 60 A), its longer process directed mesad ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 55 – 60 F); style straight, tip angled dorsad, margined with long setae on preapical concavity ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 55 – 60 E); theca lamellate, armed with 2 pairs of long, retrorse processes with enlarged bases ( Figs 56 View FIGURES 55 – 60 B–C). Length: male 6.6 mm, female 6.6–6.7 mm.

Types. Holotype male, COSTA RICA: Punt. ─Monte Verde Res., 16 Aug. 1986 (L. Masner) . Paratypes: 4 females, same data as holotype. All types No. 24231 in CNCI .

Other specimens: dark females without associated males, from BELIZE: Toledo, 25m [sic] NW Punta Gorda, Salamanca , 28 Aug.–4 Sept. 1978 (P.S. Broomfield) primary/ secondary forest, in BMNH ; GUATEMALA: Tikal ruins, 2 Sept. 1972 (G.F. & S. Hevel), in NMNH ; MEXICO: Chiapas, Município de Ocosingo, 70–75 km SW Palenque on road to Ocosingo 762 m, 31 Aug. 1981 (D.E. & P.M. Breedlove), in CAAS .


Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes


American Museum of Natural History


Canadian National Collection Insects


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History