Mycale (Mycale) quadripartita Boury-Esnault, 1973,

Van, Rob W. M., 2017, Sponges of the Guyana Shelf, Zootaxa 1, pp. 1-225: 160-161

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.272951

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6D68A019-6F63-4AA4-A8B3-92D351F1F69B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03A80010-77C8-FF0C-FF14-A02F952FF817

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Mycale (Mycale) quadripartita Boury-Esnault, 1973
status

 

Mycale (Mycale) quadripartita Boury-Esnault, 1973 

Figures 100View FIGURE 100 a –l

Mycale quadripartita Boury-Esnault, 1973: 278  , pl. II fig. 2, text-fig. 31.

Mycale (Mycale) quadripartita  ; Hajdu & Desqueyroux-Faúndez 1994: 582, figs, 55–63.

Material examined. RMNH Por. 6310, Suriname, ‘ Snellius O.C.P.S. ’ Guyana Shelf Expedition, station A28, 6.5667°N 55.255°W, depth 37 m, Van Veen grab, 28 April 1966 (1 specimen)GoogleMaps  ; RMNH Por. 7421, Suriname, ‘ Snellius O.C.P.S. ’ Guyana Shelf Expedition, station F46, 6.312°N 56.57°W, depth 25–29 m, bottom sand, 7 May 1966 (2 specimens)GoogleMaps  ; RMNH Por. 9394, Suriname, ‘ Snellius O.C.P.S. ’ Guyana Shelf Expedition, station F45, 6.4417°N 56.5467°W, depth 34 m, Van Veen grab, 7 May 1966 (1 specimen)GoogleMaps  ; RMNH Por. 9739, Guyana, ‘Luymes’ Guyana Shelf Expedition, station 104, 7.9°N 57.555°W, depth 80 m, bottom muddy sand, Van Veen grab, 4 September 1970 (1 specimen)GoogleMaps  ; RMNH Por. 9781, Guyana, ‘ Snellius O.C.P.S. ’ Guayana Shelf Expedition , station E66, 7.1°N 56.178°W, depth 65 m, Agassiz trawl, 10 May 1966 (1 specimen)GoogleMaps  ; RMNH Por. 9845, Suriname, ‘ Snellius O.C.P.S. ’ Guyana Shelf Expedition, station E5, 6.8217°N 56.2225°W, depth 44 m, dredge, 6 April 1966 (1 specimen)GoogleMaps  ; RMNH Por. 9856, 9857, Suriname, ‘ Luymes O.C.P.S. II’ Guyana Shelf Expedition, station M88, 6.7133°N 53.975°W, depth 48 m, bottom muddy sand, 12 April 1969 (2 specimens)GoogleMaps  ; RMNH Por. 9907 Suriname, ‘ Snellius O.C.P.S. ’ Guyana Shelf Expedition, station G7, 7.28°N 56.7933°W, depth 64 m, bottom sand, 7 May 1966 (2 specimens)GoogleMaps  .

Description. ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 a) Upright fistules, occasionally provided with a thinner stalk-like part (in life presumably buried in the sand), length 1–2 cm, diameter 3–5 mm. Color in alcohol pale greyish brown. Consistency compressible, with tough skin.

Skeleton. The surface skeleton is a thick mass of intercrossing styles overlying large subdermal spaces. Choanosomal skeleton ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 a1) with a thick (0.5–1 mm diameter) central column of styles, from which issue at right angles and at regular distances four to five 0.5 mm thick spicule tracts fanning out into thinner tracts carrying the surface skeleton. Ectosomal skeleton crowded with rosettes of anisochela I ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 b) and fusiform trichodragmas ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 c).

Spicules. ( Figs 100View FIGURE 100 d –l) Styles, anisochelae, sigmas, trichodragmas.

Styles ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 00d,d1,e), mycalostyles, fusiform, with narrow necks below elongate slightly swollen heads, in two size categories, (1) larger ( Figs 100View FIGURE 100 d,d1), 522– 644 –734 x 13 – 16.3 –19 µm, and (2) smaller ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 e), 341– 387 –462 x 8 – 10.7 –15 µm.

Anisochelae in three distinct size categories, the larger anisochela I ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 f) and the middle-sized anisochela II ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 g) similar in shape with broadly flaring upper alae, the smallest anisochela III ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 h) with more narrow alae; anisochelae I, 83– 87.2 –92 µm, anisochelae II, 42– 43.9 –46 µm, anisochelae III, 24– 27.1 –36 µm.

Sigmas, in a large size range, including very large ones, divisible in three (possibly four) size categories, (1) largest ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 i), 168– 200.2 –234 µm, (2) middle-sized ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 j), 54– 69.1 –78 µm, and (3) smallest ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 k), 13– 20.9 –29 µm.

Trichodragmas, shaped like tight, fusiform packages of about ten spicules, 45– 57 x 8–11 µm, individual raphides ( Fig. 100View FIGURE 100 l), 40– 50 x <1 µm.

Distribution and ecology. Guyana Shelf, North and East Brazilian coasts, on soft bottoms, 23–80 m depth (previously down to 60 m).

Remarks. This species has been clearly described and illustrated by previous authors ( Boury-Esnault 1973; Hajdu & Desqueyroux-Faúndez 1994). The present material represents the northernmost occurrence of the species, but from the dozen of specimens reported here it can be concluded it is rather common on the Guyana shelf.

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Porifera

Class

Demospongiae

Order

Poecilosclerida

Family

Mycalidae

Genus

Mycale

Loc

Mycale (Mycale) quadripartita Boury-Esnault, 1973

Van, Rob W. M. 2017
2017
Loc

Mycale (Mycale) quadripartita

Hajdu 1994: 582
1994
Loc

Mycale quadripartita

Boury-Esnault 1973: 278