TETRATOMIDAE Billberg, 1820

Tamutis, Vytautas, Ferenca, Romas & Pollock, Darren A., 2019, Faunistic review of Tetratomidae and Melandryidae (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) in Lithuania with an annotated checklist of the species, Zootaxa 4668 (2), pp. 183-206: 186-187

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TETRATOMIDAE Billberg, 1820


Family TETRATOMIDAE Billberg, 1820 

Subfamily Tetratominae Billberg, 1820 

Genus Tetratoma Fabricius, 1790 

Subgenus Abstrulia Casey, 1900 

T. (A.) ancora Fabricius, 1790 

New records. None.

Earlier records. Only one record is known, from Akmenė district ( Monsevičius & Pankevičius 2001) (KZM).

General distribution. This species is distributed throughout the temperate forest zone of the Palaearctic region, from Great Britain to the Far East (Nikitsky 2008).

Notes. This species is regarded as rare over its entire distribution range ( Nikitsky 1992; Kubisz et al. 2014); it is listed among endangered species in Germany ( Schmidl & Bussler 2004). Ecologically it is associated with bracket fungi, with its larvae developing in Peniophora rufomarginata  and Chondrostereum purpurem ( Nikitsky et al. 1996)  . Adults were found also on Bjerkandera adusta  , Fomes fomentarius  , Phellinus punctatus  , Piptoporus betulinus  , and Tremella mesenterica  ( Nikitsky et al. 1998; Nikitsky & Schigel 2004).

Subgenus Tetratoma  s.str.

* T. (T.) fungorum Fabricius, 1790 

New records: Kau: Kleboniškio miškas, 7 XII 2008, in fruiting body of Polyporus betulinus  , leg. G. S., 1³, KZM; Panemunės šilas, 12 III 2010, in fruiting body of Polyporus betulinus  leg R. F., 2♀, KZM  ; Kėd: Vincentava, 05 X 2014, in fruiting body of Polyporus betulinus  leg V. T., 1³ 2♀ ( KZM)  .

Earlier records. This species was noted from southwestern Lithuania, without definite date ( Pileckis 1976; Pileckis & Monsevičius 1997).

General distribution. This species is distributed in western and central Europe, northward to southern Finland ( Rassi et al. 2015) but is yet unknown from Byelorussia, and northern and central parts of European Russia (Nikitsky 2008); it is however common in Poland ( Kubisz et al. 2014).

Notes. It is an insufficiently known species in Lithuania; all records are from a two districts. Ecologically the species is associated with bracket fungi, such as Polyporus betulinus  , P. squamosus  , Laetiporus sulphureus  , Pho- liota adiposa, Ph. aurivella ( Burakowski et al. 1987)  , Bjerkandera adusta  , Fomes fomentarius ( Alekseev & Bukejs 2010)  , Ischnoderma benzoinum (Nikitsky et al. 2008)  , and Inonotus radiatus ( Jonsell et al. 2016)  .

Subfamily HallomeninaeMulsant, 1856

Genus Hallomenus Panzer, 1793 

Subgenus Hallomenus  s. str.

H. (H.) axillaris (Illiger, 1807) 

New records: Jurb: Viešvilės rezervatas, 18 VII 2006, 19 VI 2007, leg. R. F., (5³ 1♀), 1♀, (KZM); Šak: Tervydoniai, 13 VI 2009, 05 VII 2015, leg. R. F., 1³, 1♀, KZM.

Earlier records. This species was found in Mažeikiai ( Monsevičius & Pankevičius 2001) (KZM), and Neringa districts ( Ivinskis et al. 2009) (NRC).

General distribution. This species is recorded from most European countries, West Siberia and China (Nikitsky 2008).

Notes. This species is insufficiently known in Lithuania. It is often regarded as rare or even endangered in most European countries ( Franc 2008; Kubisz et al. 2014; Irurzun & Moreno 2017; Schmidl & Bussler 2004). The larvae develop in various bracket fungi, such as Hapalophilus rutilans  , Laetiporus sulphureus  , Postia fragilis  , Pycnoporel- lus fulgens, and Tyromyces chioneus ( Nikitsky & Schigel 2004)  .