Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933 )

Faleiro, Bárbara T. & Santos, Adalberto J., 2019, Revision of the crab-spiders of the genus Runcinioides Mello-Leitão, 1929 (Araneae, Thomisidae), Zootaxa 4567 (1), pp. 25-46: 37-40

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4567.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:13DBDF5F-66C4-4A8E-9A97-9F55BC0A59FB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AB87B1-FFDF-C123-84F6-FA8F79896751

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933 )
status

 

Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933) 

( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 a–b, 9–14, 15b)

Metadiaea litterata Piza, 1933: 46  , fig. 2. Piza 1937: 179; Soares 1944: 153.

Misumenops litteratus (Piza)  . Rinaldi 1988: 23, figs 5–8.

Runcinioides litteratus (Piza)  . Lehtinen & Marusik 2008: 191.

Type material. Female holotype (IBSP 138196) from Brazil, São Paulo, Piracicaba, W.C. Vasconcellos leg., examined.

Diagnosis. Males of R. litteratus  differ from those of R. argenteus  in the distinct bulging base of embolus ( Figs 9cView FIGURE 9, 11eView FIGURE 11, 14View FIGURE 14 a–b, d). Females differ in the coupling pocket longer than wide and with a tubular shape ( Figs 9aView FIGURE 9, 10eView FIGURE 10, 13View FIGURE 13 a–c).

Description. Female (holotype): Carapace brown, with one median, pale-yellow band ( Figs 10a, cView FIGURE 10). Ocular area pale-yellow ( Fig. 10cView FIGURE 10). Chelicerae pale-yellow with a dark spot at the proximal margin of the basal segment ( Fig. 10cView FIGURE 10), endites light brown at the base, gradually becoming lighter towards the apex ( Fig. 10dView FIGURE 10). Labium and sternum light brown ( Fig. 10dView FIGURE 10). Legs I and II brown, III and IV pale-yellow ( Fig. 10View FIGURE 10 a–b). Legs I and II with five pairs of lateroventral macrosetae on the tibia and eight pairs on the metatarsus ( Fig. 10View FIGURE 10 a–b). Anterior half of opisthosoma dark yellow, with a marginal brown band, one median, inverted V-shaped brown spot and two brown spots. Posterior half is pale-yellow ( Fig. 10aView FIGURE 10). Venter of opisthosoma, spinnerets and anal tubercle pale-yellow ( Fig. 10bView FIGURE 10).

Measurements. Total length 8.47, prosoma length 3.55, width 3.8, clypeus height 0.33, sternum length 1.65, width 1.63, opisthosoma length 4.92, width 4.31. Measurements of palp and legs: Palp: 2.59 (0.76, 0.38, 0.56, -, 0.89), I: 13.25 (3.91, 1.53, 3.3, 3.09, 1.42), II: 12.55 (3.8, 1.4, 3.09, 2.84, 1.42), III: 6.55 (2.28, 0.84, 1.53, 1.14, 0.76), IV: 7.14 (2.54, 0.84, 1.6, 1.4, 0.76).

Variation. Female (N=15), total length 6.75–9.74, prosoma length 2.84–4.06, width 3.2–3.96, opisthosoma length 3.5–5.83, width 3.3–6.34. The color pattern of females is very variable; prosoma and legs I and II can be brown to almost white; the dorsum of the opisthosoma can vary from dark brown with many spots to almost white, without spots ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 a–b, 12).

Male (from Brazil, Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, UFMG 5963): Color pattern as in the male of R. argenteus  ( Figs 11View FIGURE 11 a–d).

Measurements. Total length 3.44, prosoma length 1.53, width 1.73, clypeus height 0.23, sternum length 0.74, width 0.81, opisthosoma length 1.91, width 1.5. Measurements of palp and legs: Palp: 0.82 (0.51, 0.18, 0.13 -, 0.86), I: 7.89 (2.29, 0.76, 1.96, 1.81, 1.07), II: 7.65 (2.36, 0.71, 1.91, 1.86, 0.81), III: 3.48 (1.12, 0.25, 0.84, 0.76, 0.51), IV: 3,59 (1.12, 0.36, 0.84, 0.81, 0.46).

Variation. Male (N=24), total length 2.62–3.71, prosoma length 1.27–1.63, width 1.45–2.68, opisthosoma length 1.35–2.08, width 0.89–1.86.

Natural history. Like the other species of the genus, R. litteratus  live in flowers. It has been collected in Gardenia jasminioides J. Ellis  ( Rubiaceae  ) (UFMG 22088), Bauhinia  sp. ( Caesalpinioideae  ) (UFMG 4104) and in Melostomataceae (UFMG 22086).

Distribution. Eastern Brazil, from the state of Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul ( Fig. 15bView FIGURE 15).

Material examined. BRAZIL. Alagoas:GoogleMaps  4 ♂, Maceió, Bairro Mangabeiras   GoogleMaps, [9°38'50''S, 35°42'50''W], C. A. Camargo & E. Dante leg., 30 October 1952 ( MZSP 2380View Materials). Bahia  : 1 ♂, Iraquara, Pratinha , [12°21'9''S, 41°32'30''W], L.S. Rocha leg., 22 December 1998 ( IBSP 20758View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Mata de São João, Reserva Particular de Camurujipe , [12°31'0''S, 38°2'14''W], P. Fonseca leg., May 2006 ( IBSP 68565View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, São José da Vitória, Serra do Areial , [15°5'41.5''S, 39°22'35.5''W, 223m], A. Anker et al. leg., 30 December 2014 ( UFMG 17862View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Una, Reserva Biológica de Una , [15°10'23''S, 39°7'56''W], A.D. Brescovit et al. leg., 15–28 November 2000 ( IBSP 47140View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Distrito Federal: 1 ♀, Brasília , [15°46'47''S, 47°55'47''W], C.C. Nogueira et al. leg., April 1997 ( IBSP 11921View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Minas Gerais: 1 ♀, Belo Horizonte , [19°55'15''S, 43°56'16''W], A.J. Santos leg., 15 April 1994 ( IBSP 26664View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Bairro Coração Eucarístico, Campus da PUC-MG, [19°55'0''S, 43°59'0''W], J.E.M. Dias leg., 5 July 2010 ( UFMG 4104View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Bairro Jardim América , [19°56'41''S, 43°58'24''W, 937 m], J.G.L. Costa leg., 24 March 2009 ( UFMG 1505View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Bairro Luxemburgo , [19°56'54.4''S, 43°57'24.44''W, 957 m], L.C. Montresor leg., 20 April 2001 ( UFMG 841View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Bairro Ouro Preto , [19°52'38.5''S, 43°58'53''W], A.J. Santos leg., 14 March 2016 ( UFMG 22089View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Bairro Santa Mônica , [19°49'30.53''S, 43°58'45.95''W, 825 m], C. Freitas leg., 17 February 2001 ( UFMG 920View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Campus da UFMG, ICB, [19°52'6''S, 43°57'57''W, 835 m], P.H. Martins leg., 25 April 2013 ( UFMG 12660View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Campus da UFMG, Jardim do CAD II, [19°51'53''S, 43°57'38''W], R.F. Magalhães leg., 11 January 2018 ( UFMG 22088View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Estação Ecológica da UFMG, [19°52'38''S, 43°58'16''W, 845 m], E. S.S. Álvares & E.O. Machado leg., January 2001 ( UFMG 121View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, January 2001 ( UFMG 3968View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, December 2000 ( UFMG 3973View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, E.S.S. Álvares leg., 11 May 2002 ( UFMG 1676View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, October 2000 ( UFMG 5963View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, B.T. Faleiro leg., 9 September 2009 ( UFMG 3220View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, 14 November 2015 ( UFMG 22086View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, B.T. Faleiro et al. leg., 19 November 2011 ( UFMG 10072View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, P.L.S. Miranda leg., 26 May 2010 ( UFMG 4777View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, [19°52'50.6''S, 43°58'19.6''W, 840 m], A.F. Kumagai et al. leg., 23–30 January 2017 ( UFMG 22087View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, [19°52'38''S, 43°58'16''W, 845 m], E.S.S. Álvares leg., 3 February 2000 ( UFMG 22101View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Parque Ecológico da Lagoa do Nado , [19°50'5.27''S, 43°57'34.7''W, 785 m], M. de Maria et al. leg., 6 October 2004 ( UFMG 1302View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Parque Municipal das Mangabeiras , [19°57'14.86''S, 43°54'19.15''W], H.H. Santos et al. leg., 20–22 January 2009 ( UFMG 8001View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 10 ♂ ( UFMG 22102View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, Catas Altas, Serra do Caraça , [20°5'51''S, 43°29'18''W], 17 November 1961 ( MZSP 3329View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Contagem, Bairro Nossa Senhora de Fátima, Rua Virgílio César , [19°54'38.5''S, 44°5'8.3''W, 904 m], P.H. Martins leg., 13 January 2015 ( UFMG 22090View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 3 ♂, Itaobim , [16°31'58.6''S, 41°30'37.5''W, 464 m], I.L.F. Magalhães et al. leg., 25 November 2011 ( UFMG 10103View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Monte Santo de Minas , [21°11'24''S, 46°58'48''W], F.S. Pereira leg., 1–5 April 1942 ( MZSP 100View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Santana do Riacho , [19°7'5.98''S, 43°40'47.48''W, 1122 m], P. Henrique leg., 2 June 2011 ( UFMG 7615View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♂, São Gonçalo do Rio Abaixo, Estação de Preservação e Desenvolvimento Ambiental de Peti , [19°53'0''S, 43°22'0''W], C.S. Azevedo leg., 12 November 1999 ( UFMG 831View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Pernambuco   : 1 ♂, Santa Cruz do Capibaribe, Serra do Pará , [7°52'29.2''S, 36°24'10.06''W], F.M.G. Las-Casas leg., 26 March 2012 ( UFMG 13592View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 23 May 2013 ( UFMG 13618View Materials)  . Rio Grande do Sul   : 1 ♀, Derrubadas, Parque Estadual do Turvo , [27°14'51''S, 53°57'28''W, 440 m], G. H.F. Azevedo & A.J. Santos leg., 21 March 2011 ( UFMG 10244View Materials)GoogleMaps  . São Paulo: 1 ♀, Águas da Prata , [21°56'12''S, 46°43'0''W], V.C. Onófrio leg., 11 April 1998 ( IBSP 17522View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 4 ♂, Baruerí , [23°30'38''S, 46°54'34''W], K. Lenko leg., 7 January 1961 ( MZSP 1263View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 5 ♂, 21–22 January 1960 ( MZSP 1270View Materials)  ; 3 ♂, 13 January 1962 ( MZSP 2182View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, 20 March 1965 ( MZSP 5537View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, Botucatu , [22°53'9''S, 48°26'42''W], H. Rubião & C.A. Mantovan leg., 5 May 1965 ( MNRJ 11504View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Campinas, Loteamento Três Pontes Souza , [22°49'39''S, 46°56'13''W], 30 March–1 April 2009 ( IBSP 137428View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Carapicuiba , [23°31'21''S, 46°50'8''W], R.M.N. Gervauskão leg., 11 September 2000 ( IBSP 27458View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Diadema , [23°41'9''S, 46°37'22''W], P. Biasi leg., 11 February 1961 ( MZSP 1243View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Iporanga , [24°35'9''S, 48°35'34''W], K. Lenko & H. Reichardt leg., January–November 1901 ( MZSP 6824View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Itirapina , [22°15'10''S, 47°49'22''W], 21 May 1992 ( IBSP 6108View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Jundiaí, Reserva Biológica Municipal da Serra do Japi , [23°12'31''S, 46°57'58''W], A.D. Brescovit leg., 27 April 1996 ( IBSP 7038View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, A.J. Santos leg., 19 December 1996 ( IBSP 38788View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, Mairiporã , [23°19'8''S, 46°35'13''W], 5 June 2002 ( IBSP 34897View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♂, Monte Alegre do Sul, Fazenda Santa Maria , [22°40'55''S, 46°40'51''W], B.A.M. Soares leg., 27–31 December 1942 ( MZSP 342View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Osasco , [23°31'58''S, 46°47'31''W], 2005 ( IBSP 5View Materials 7290)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, A.R. Miranda leg., 18 July 2012 ( IBSP 212148View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, Piracicaba , [22°43'30''S, 47°38'56''W], A. Corrêa leg., 27 February 1942 ( MZSP 113View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Reserva do Iguaçu, UHE Governador Ney Aminthas de Barros Braga , [25°59'53''S, 51°59'14''W], R. Pinto-da-Rocha & A.P. Barreto leg., 22 November 1991 ( MZSP 74364View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Santo André, Distrito Paranapiacaba , [23°46'39''S, 46°17'59''W] ( IBSP 212275View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, São Bento do Sapucaí , [22°41'20''S, 45°43'51''W], C. Costa, 22 March 1 998 ( IBSP 16220View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, São Paulo , [23°32'51''S, 46°38'10''W], L.H. Pereira leg., July 1991 ( IBSP 5728View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, March 1996 ( IBSP 6923View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, S.E. Soares leg., 25 March 1997 ( IBSP 11922View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, March 1997 ( IBSP 13994View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, A. Eterovic leg., June 1997 ( IBSP 14018View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, P.E. Vilella leg., 30 April 1997 ( IBSP 14033View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, W. Adinolti leg., 5 June 1996 ( IBSP 14038View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, R.A. Pinto leg., 11 January 1998 ( IBSP 16256View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, C.R. Bertim leg., 1 August 1998 ( IBSP 20419View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, M. Procópio leg., 13 March 2000 ( IBSP 27414View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, S.C. Scoldafemi leg., 20 May 2002 ( IBSP 34907View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, [23°33'1''S, 46°38'2''W], V.W. Maier leg., 9 July 2016 ( IBSP 211560View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, I.R. Presoto leg., 20 April 2015 ( IBSP 211700View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, E.B. Crispino leg., 23 March 2013 ( IBSP 211810View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, Bairro Butantãn, Parque da Previdência , [23°34'51''S, 46°43'34''W], J. Império leg., 15 February 2001 ( IBSP 29111View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 27 November 2000 ( IBSP 29112View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, Bairro Cháacara Flora , [23°38'44''S, 46°41'1''W], O.M. Emaculada leg., 17 April 2014 ( IBSP 165095View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Campus da USP, [23°33'33.51''S, 46°42'56.4''W, 723 m], E.S.S. Álvares leg., 8 June 2002 ( UFMG 1681View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Campus da USP, Instituto de Biociências , [23°33'55''S, 46°43'51''W], L. Camargo leg., 12 May 2003 ( IBSP 39879View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Campus da USP, Creche USP, [23°33'50''S, 46°42'55''W], 26 February 2016 ( IBSP 211470View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Campus do Instituto Butantan , [23°34'3''S, 46°43'6''W], L.T. Miglio leg., 8 May 2004 ( IBSP 43687View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Morumbi , [23°35'48''S, 46°43'15''W], E.R. Kiritschenco leg., 15 February 2000 ( IBSP 26856View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, C.V. Janini leg., 22 March 2007 ( IBSP 73195View Materials)  ; 1 ♀, Parque Ibirapuera , [23°35'18''S, 46°39'32''W], M. Gervatawskos leg., 15 April 2002 ( IBSP 35016View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♂, Parque Residencial Cocaia, Represa Billings , [23°45'55''S, 46°40'59''W], H. Urban leg., 4 December 1952 ( MZSP 1701View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 23 November 1952 ( MZSP 1750View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, November 1949 ( MZSP 1809View Materials)  ; 1 ♂, Sacomã , [23°36'53''S, 46°35'49''W], J.L. Lima leg., 14 February 1942 ( MZSP 74368View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Tremembé , [22°57'30''S, 45°32'58''W], M. Kratzsch leg., 2 May 1973 ( IBSP 2644View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, São Roque , [23°31'44''S, 47°8'6''W], F. Lane leg., 7 March 1976 ( MZSP 74367View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Vargem Grande Paulista , [23°36'10''S, 47°1'33''W], W.G. Cintra leg., 20 April 2015 ( IBSP 211539View Materials)GoogleMaps  . Sergipe   : 1 ♂ 1 imm., São Cristovão, Campus da UFSE, [10°55'34''S, 37°6'8''W] ( IBSP 10347View Materials)GoogleMaps  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Thomisidae

Genus

Runcinioides

Loc

Runcinioides litteratus ( Piza, 1933 )

Faleiro, Bárbara T. & Santos, Adalberto J. 2019
2019
Loc

Runcinioides litteratus

Lehtinen, P. T. & Marusik, Y. M. 2008: 191
2008
Loc

Misumenops litteratus

Rinaldi, I. M. P. 1988: 23
1988
Loc

Metadiaea litterata

Soares, B. A. M. 1944: 153
Piza, S. T. 1937: 179
Piza, S. T. 1933: 46
1937