Selenophorus undatus Messer and Raber, 2021

Rajab, Abubakarsidiq Makame, 2021, Indoor Radio Map localization WiFi fingerprint datasets, The Coleopterists Bulletin 75 (1), pp. 9-55 : 36-37

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.21227/ybfj-me86

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ACA32B-FFA1-FF81-2FB5-14B8FB87FA2A

treatment provided by

Marcus

scientific name

Selenophorus undatus Messer and Raber
status

new species

Selenophorus undatus Messer and Raber , new species

zoobank.org/ urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:B10057F0-ADA5-4C90-AC5A-33FA7D942847 ( Figs. 33–36)

Type Material. Holotype male [deposited in TAMU] labeled: “USA: TEXAS: Hidalgo Co. / LRGVNWR, La Coma (site 1)/ 26.05302° N, 98.04665° W / X-2-2008, UV light / J. King & E. Riley-142 / re-vegetated site // TAMU –ENTO / X0704419”; pinned with holotype label [red paper topmost] and genitalia in glycerin vial GoogleMaps . Paratypes [yellow paper] as follows. Capture method is at light, mostly UV light, unless noted otherwise. USA: TEXAS: Bastrop Co.: Smithville, 6 IV 1983 (2♂ 1♀ CMNH) ; Bexar Co.: 9 XI 1936, “soil peach orchard” (1♂ USNM) , 22 III 1937, “under litter on soil in peach orch.” (1♂ USNM) ; San Antonio : 5 VII 1968 (1♂ 1♀ FSCA) , 18 V 1985 (1♀ CMNH) , 25 V 1992 (1♀ TAMU) ; Leon Valley : 20 VII 1968 (1♂ FSCA) , 14 VI 1971 (1♀ FSCA) ; Leon Springs : 16–17 V 2015 (3♀ ACMT) ; Blanco Co.: Cypress Mills, n.d. (1♂ USNM) ; Brazos Co.: College Station : 17 VIII 2010 (1♂ CMNH) ; 5 km SW Welborn : 19 IV 2017 (1♂ TAMU) , 5 IV to 27 IX 2018 (7♀ TAMU) ; Brooks Co.: 10 mi N. Encino, 10 XI 2002 (1♂ DAHC) ; Brown Co.: Brownwood : 24 VI–4 IX 2008 (1♂ UTA), 2 VI–20 VII 2009 (1♂

UTA), 20 VII 2009 (2♂ UTA) ; Cameron Co.: S. Padre Island, 6 XII 1978, saline soil dead veg. (1♂ UASM) ; Hwy 4– Palmetto Hill: 3 X 2008 (1♀ TAMU) ; Sabal Palm Grove : 28 IX–29 2004 (1♀ PWMC) , 3–16 IX 2008, palm forest (6♀ TAMU) , 1 X 2008 (1♂ TAMU) , 3–15 X 2008 (2♂ 2♀ TAMU) , 25 IV–29 V 2009 (2♂ BTRC) , 29 V–27 VI 2009 (1♀ BTRC) , 27 VI–25 VII 2009 (1♂ 1♀ BTRC), 29 VII–19 IX 2009 (1♀ BTRC) , 4 IX 2009 (1♀ TAMU) , 19 IX–10 X 2009 (1♂ 2♀ BTRC), 27 III–24 IV 2010 (1♂ BTRC) , 23 IV–17 V 2010 (1♀ BTRC) , 14 or 15 V–5 VI 2010 (12♂ 7♀ BTRC, 2♂ PWMC), 5 VI 2010 (1♂ 3♀ TAMU) , 5 VI–16 VII 2010 (13♂ 22♀ BTRC, 1♂ 3♀ PWMC, 1♂ MPM, 1♀ WIRC), 16 VII–7 VIII 2010 (2♂ 6♀ BTRC, 2♂ 1♀ PWMC), 9 V 2016 (1♀ CMNH) ; Brownsville : 11 III 1936, on roots in soil (2♀ USNM) ; 12 VI 1969 (1♀ UASM) ; 28 IX 2004 (2♀ CMNH) ; Laguna Atascosa NWR: 2 IV 2009, ebony grove (1♀ TAMU) , 20 V 2009 (1♂ 1♀ TAMU) , 19 IX 2009 (3♂ 3♀ TAMU) , 28 III–25 IV 2010 (1♀ BTRC) , 25 IV–15 V 2010 (1♂ PWMC) ; Los Indios : 1–9 IX 2015 (1♀ FSCA) ; Fort Bend Co.: Brazos Bend St. Pk.: 10 IV 1999 (1♀ TAMU) , 18 VI 1999 (1♂ TAMU, 2♀ BTRC) ; Galveston Co.: Galveston: 26 V 2011 (1♀ CMNH) ; Guadalupe Co. : 23 IV 2015 (1♂ ACMT) ; Hardin Co.: Village Creek St. Pk.: 14 VIII 2010 (1♀ CMNH) ; Hidalgo Co.: McAllen Valley Bot. Garden, “XI–73” Malaise trap (1♂ FSCA) ; Bentsen St. Pk.: 14 X 1983 (3♂ 2♀ CMNH) ; LRGVNWR, La Coma : 4 IX–19 IX, 20 IX–3 X, 2 X, 4–17 X, 15 X 2008 (12♂ 9♀ TAMU) ; 28 II–12 III, 26 III, 23 IV, 6 V, 12 V, 3 X, 4–17 X, 5 IX, 20 IX, 21 IX–3 X, 3 X, 4–17 X, 18 X–1 XI, 2–18 XI 2009 (12♂ 25♀ TAMU) ; 28 II–15 III, 16–29 III, 30–27 IV, 26 IV, 28 IV–15 V, 15 V, 16 V–3 VI, 3 VI 2010 (25♂ 33♀ TAMU) ; Bentsen Rio Grande St. Pk.: 6–19 IX 2008 (4♀ TAMU) , 20 IX–3 X 2008 (1♂ TAMU) , 5 IV 2009 (1♀ BTRC) ; La Joya : 28 IX 1992 (1♂ CMNH) ; LRGVNWR, McManus unit: 3 IX 2008 (4♂ 3♀ TAMU) , 18 IX 2008 (1♂ TAMU) , 19 IX–2 X 2008 (2♂ TAMU) , 2 X 2008 (1♂ 2♀ TAMU) , 16 X 2008 (1♂ TAMU) , Santa Ana NWR: 6 V 1967 (3♂ 1♀ USNM) , 20 X 1970 (2♂ USNM) , 20 IX 1974 (1♀ ACMT) , 3–17 X 2008 (1♂ TAMU) , 17 X 2008 (2♀ BTRC, 1♀ PWMC, 1♂ TAMU) , 8 III–5 IV 2009 (2♂ BTRC, 1♂ PWMC), 26 IV–31 V 2009 (1♂ 2♀ TAMU) , 31 V–27 VI 2009 (3♂ 3♀ BTRC), 27 VI–26 VII 2009 (1♂ BTRC) , 30 VIII–20 IX 2009 (5♂ 20♀ BTRC, 4♂ 4♀ CMNH, 2♂ 2♀ DAHC) , 12–13 IX 2009 (2♂ 3♀ TAMU) , 23 IV–17 V 2010 (1♂ 1♀ BTRC, 2♀ PWMC), 17 V–6 VI 2010 (1♂ 3♀ BTRC), Casa Santa Ana B&B: 21 V 2015 (1♀ ACMT) , 18–19 IX 2015 (8♂ 9♀ CMNH) , 1 IX 2016 (4♀ ACMT) , 19 IX 2016 (1♀ ACMT) ; Port of Progresso : 31 VIII–6 IX 2016 (1♀ FSCA) ; Kerr Co.: Kerrville, 16 VI 1985 ; Kimble Co.: Texas Tech Field Station , 12–13 X 2001 (1♀ TAMU) ;

Kleberg Co.: Kingsville : 5 VII 1983 (2♂ CMNH) , 28 IX 1991 (1♀ CMNH) ; La Salle Co.: Chaparral WMA, 12 IX 2003 (1♀ PWMC) ; Live Oak Co.: 13 IX 2015 (1♂ ACMT) , 16 IX 2015 (1♀ ACMT) , 6 IX 2016 (1♂ ACMT) ; Maverick Co.: ∼ 9 mi N Eagle Pass , 18 VIII 2016 (1♀ FSCA) ; Nueces Co.: Hazel Bazemore Pk., 29 V 1970; San Patricio Co. : Corpus Christi , 2 VI 1970 (1♀ TAMU) ; Lake Corpus Christi SP, 13 IV 1974 (1♀ FSCA) ; Welder Wildlife Refuge : 27 IX 1976 (2♂ CMNH) , 27 IX 2004 (1♀ CMNH) , 1 XI 2013 (1♂ PWMC, 1♂ 1♀ TAMU) ; Starr Co.: Falcon State Park , 30 IX 1976 (2♀ UGCA) ; 5 mi W Roma-Los Saenz , 18 XI 1998 (1♂ DAHC) ; Rio Grande City , 9 XI 2002 (1♀ DAHC) ; Chapeno, 6 X 2017 (3♂ 4♀ BTRC); Terrell Co.: Independence Ck. , 1 VII 1959 (1♀ UASM) ; 16 mi. S. Sheffield, Blackstone Rch. 23 VI–2 VII and 3 VII 1959 (2♀ UASM) ; Travis Co.: Austin , 2 X 1983 (1♂ CMNH) , 9 VII–20 VIII 2007 (2♀ UTA) , 20 VIII–17 IX (1♂ UTA) , 17 IX–05 XI 2007 (1♂ UTA) ; Austin : 2–3 VII 1948 (1♂ UASM) , 4 V 2016 (1♀ CMNH) ; Uvalde Co.: Garner SP, 19 VI 1968 (1♂ FSCA) ; Val Verde Co.: “ Devil’ s Riv/ V.4.07” (1♀ USNM) ; Victoria Co.: Victoria : 31 V to 21 IX 2014 (4♂ 4♀ PWMC); Webb Co .: 1 mi. east Mills Benet, 5 IX 1982; Zapata Co.: Falcon St. Pk. : 15 X 1985 (10♀ CMNH) . MEXICO: Nuevo Leon: Monterrey , 9 VII 1963 (2♂ CNCI) ; Monterrey , 7 V 1964 (2♀ FSCA) ; nr. Monterey, Mesa de Chipinique , 16–18 VII 1965 (3♂ 1♀ CUNY) ; 14.8 mi w. Linares , 18–20 X 1965 (1♂ 1♀ UASM) ; Monterrey, Siesta Motel , 27 VI 1966 (27♂ 61♀ FSCA / UASM) and 28 VI 1966 (60♂ 89♀ FSCA / UASM) ; Oaxaca: Oaxaca , 20 VII 1937 (1♂ CAS) ; Tamaulipas: Ciudad Mante , 5–8 VII 1969 (6♂ 30♀ UASM) ; 25 mi. e. Ciudad Mante , 18 VI 1966 (2♂ 1♀ UASM) ; 23.1 mi. e. Villa de Casas , 30 X1965 (1♀ UASM) ; 20.6 mi. e. Villa de Casas , 5 VII 1966 (2♂ 5♀ UASM) ; 8 mi. w. El Limon 20 VII 1970 (1♂ TAMU) ; Victoria , 22 V 1952 (37♂ 64♀ AMNH) ; Rio Corona , 25 X 1965 (1♀ UASM) ; Rancho del Cielo , 24–29 VII 1971 (1♂ 4♀ UASM) ; 73.1 mi. n. Manuel , 3 VII 1966 (3♂ 2♀ UASM) .

Description (Holotype). Adult male. Size: ABL 8.4 mm. Color/Luster: Dorsum shiny black, venter piceous. Mouth parts, first two antennomeres, and legs testaceous. Elytra strongly iridescent. Microsculpture: Mesh absent on dorsum at 80× magnification. Head: HW/PW = 0.70. Pronotum: PL/ PW = 0.66. Sides somewhat straightening and converging posteriorly toward obtuse hind angles. Bilateral basal impressions with punctules dense; sparse laterally on evenly convex hind angle areas. Anterior angles strongly projected forward. Elytra: Seriate setigerous punctures in striae 2, 5, and 7 small. ABS1 well developed, longer than maximum width of interval 2. Intervals with sparse, very fine punctules. Venter: Prosternal process like that of

subgenus. Ventrites with dense, very short pubescence. Ventrite 6 with 1 pair of anal setae. Legs: Male protarsi and mesotarsi typical of genus. Metatibia length like that of species group. Median lobe: Bulb narrow; dorsoapical plate abruptly narrow, markedly sinuate with tip recurved abruptly ventrad. Endophallus is without spines or welldefined macules.

Variation. ABL 7.3–9.0 mm. Pronotum brownish in teneral specimens. Females with tarsi unmodified; with 2 pairs of anal setae.

Etymology. The specific name is derived from Latin masculine adjective undatus , in reference to the wave shape of the median lobe.

Diagnosis. Selenophorus undatus is limited to Texas and Mexico where it is distinguished from other species of Selenophorus by its shiny and iridescent black elytra, dorsal microsculpture absent, pronotum not notably cordate, elytral striae not densely punctulate, abdomen without subapical carinae in males, and body length at most 9 mm. It is most similar to S. trepidus , but that precinctive species is limited to southern Florida. Examination of the male genitalia is the most reliable way to distinguish species. Compared to the females of S. trepidus , the stylomeres in S. undatus are shorter, evenly curved with smaller radius.

Type Habitat. The holotype was collected at the La Coma 1 tract within the La Coma unit of the Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge LRGVNWR. This 12.9-hectare site is a restored mid-valley riparian woodland habitat ( King 2015) that was formerly agricultural fields and was purchased to become part of the LRGVNWR. The La Coma 1 tract was revegetated with native plant seedlings in October 1995, fourteen years before the start of the LRGV beetle biodiversity project.

Remarks. This common species occurs throughout the southern two-thirds of Texas and extends southward to Oaxaca in southern Mexico. Texas examples were present in most of the institutional collections that we studied. Specimens previously labeled “ Hemisopalus sp. UASM-5” are conspecific with S. undatus . Surprisingly, this species has remained undescribed until now.

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

TAMU

Texas A&M University

UTA

University of Texas at Arlington

UASM

University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Carabidae

Genus

Selenophorus