Barycnellus Khalaim & Ward

Khalaim, Andrey I. & Ward, Darren F., 2018, Tersilochinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from New Zealand. Part 1. Generic key and three new genera, Zootaxa 4425 (1), pp. 41-77: 56

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Barycnellus Khalaim & Ward

gen. nov.

Genus Barycnellus Khalaim & Ward  , gen. nov.

Type species: Barycnellus globosus Khalaim & Ward  , sp. nov.

Diagnosis. Small species with body length 2.4–4.5 mm and fore wing length 2.0– 3.5 mm. Head weakly transverse in dorsal view; with occipital foramen clearly above centre and antennal insertion displaced downwards in lateral view. Clypeus very transversely lenticular, separated from face by sharp groove. Mandible slender, with upper tooth longer than lower tooth. Flagellum usually filiform, sometimes weakly tapered towards apex or slightly clavate, with 14–23 flagellomeres. Occipital carina complete. Hypostomal carina absent. Mesosoma from weakly to very strongly compressed laterally, weakly granulate to polished, without distinct punctures. Notauli weakly impressed, or completely absent. Foveate groove situated more or less in centre of mesopleuron, sometimes thin and rather sharp. Propodeum with more or less developed transverse carina and, sometimes with a pair of basal longitudinal carinae (often with these carinae absent and a shallow groove or rugose area present instead). Fore wing with 2m-cu vein antefurcal, except B. cuvierensis  which has this vein distinctly postfurcal. Veins Rs and Rs+2 r meeting  at obtuse angle (distinctly more 90°). Hind wing with vein cu1&cu-a strongly reclivous. Legs moderately slender to very robust; femora and tibiae sometimes thick and short while tarsus is unusually long. Metasoma with first tergite subcylindrical, with glymma situated just before the centre. Female with ovipositor slender to rather robust, short to moderately long (0.35 to 1.6× as long as hind tibia), with short dorsal subapical notch and abruptly thickened just behind this notch. Male with genital capsule large.

Comparison. Structurally Barycnellus  resembles the genus Barycnemis Förster  , where some species also have a globose head with eyes and insertions of antennae displaced downwards, elongate mesosoma, robust legs and abscissae of radius angled more than 90°.

Barycnellus  is readily distinguished from other New Zealand genera by the following combination of features: fore wing with veins Rs and Rs+2 r angled  at obtuse angle ( Figs 12–16View FIGURES 10–15View FIGURES 16–20); ovipositor with a step-like nodus on upper valve ( Figs 64 View Figure , 68 View Figure , 75 View Figure , 81 View Figure ); head subglobose, with foramen magnum very high, at or above level of upper margin of eye ( Figs 60, 63 View Figure , 66, 71 View Figure , 78 View Figure ); antennae inserted low down, at or below level of centre of eye ( Figs 60, 63 View Figure , 66, 71 View Figure , 78 View Figure ); mesosoma weakly to very strongly compressed laterally; clypeus strongly transverse; and male genital capsule unusually large ( Fig. 76 View Figure ).

Etymology. Named after the morphologically similar genus Barycnemis Förster. Gender  masculine.

Remarks. Barycnellus  is endemic to New Zealand and represented by five distinct species. Details of the biology of these species are unknown, but in the NZACAbout NZAC are 74 females and 1 male of one species, all similarly labelled which have apparently been reared from the larva of one elaterid ( Coleoptera  : Elateridae  ). This large brood suggests polyembryonic development.


New Zealand Arthropod Collection