Pandionidae, Bonaparte, 1854

Somenzari, Marina, Amaral, Priscilla Prudente do, Cueto, Víctor R., Guaraldo, André de Camargo, Jahn, Alex E., Lima, Diego Mendes, Lima, Pedro Cerqueira, Lugarini, Camile, Machado, Caio Graco, Martinez, Jaime, Nascimento, João Luiz Xavier do, Pacheco, José Fernando, Paludo, Danielle, Prestes, Nêmora Pauletti, Serafini, Patrícia Pereira, Silveira, Luís Fábio, Sousa, Antônio Emanuel Barreto Alves de, Sousa, Nathália Alves de, Souza, Manuella Andrade de, Telino-Júnior, Wallace Rodrigues & Whitney, Bret Myers, 2018, An overview of migratory birds in Brazil, Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 58, pp. 1-66: 7

publication ID 10.11606/1807-0205/2018.58.03

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Pandion haliaetus (MGT)   : occurs on all continents except Antarctica and is migratory across most of its distribution. It migrates from the Northern Hemisphere to the Amazon Basin and the northern coast of South America between August and November and from Florida to South America through the Caribbean ( Poole et al., 2014). The subspecies P. h. carolinensis is a migrant from the north that occurs in Brazil at a higher rate between the end and the beginning of the year, but it can be found there throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016), since immature individuals can remain in the country at least for the first three years of their life (B. Whitney, pers. obs.). Breeding in South America has not been reported, but individuals carrying sticks have been seen, which can be regarded as “learning or practicing” breeding behavior as seen in the Northern Hemisphere (B. Whitney, pers. obs.). Some 28 individuals banded in the USA were recovered in AM; one individual born near New York was collected in Ilhéus/BA (August); two chicks banded in Maryland, USA (July) were recovered in Mato Grosso (MT) (September) and on the Madeira River/AM (October) ( Sick, 1997).This species is recorded throughout the year near Manaus, but it is very common from September to March ( Stotz et al., 1992). In addition, individuals banded in North and Central America in June and July were recovered in Brazil in 17 different states – AP, RR, AC, Rondônia (RO), AM, PA, MT, MS, Goiás (GO), MG, MA, CE, PB, BA, RJ, SP and PR – especially from October to January ( Mestre et al., 2010). Specimens have been collected in Brazil from August to May (MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG).