Caprimulgidae, Vigors, 1825

Somenzari, Marina, Amaral, Priscilla Prudente do, Cueto, Víctor R., Guaraldo, André de Camargo, Jahn, Alex E., Lima, Diego Mendes, Lima, Pedro Cerqueira, Lugarini, Camile, Machado, Caio Graco, Martinez, Jaime, Nascimento, João Luiz Xavier do, Pacheco, José Fernando, Paludo, Danielle, Prestes, Nêmora Pauletti, Serafini, Patrícia Pereira, Silveira, Luís Fábio, Sousa, Antônio Emanuel Barreto Alves de, Sousa, Nathália Alves de, Souza, Manuella Andrade de, Telino-Júnior, Wallace Rodrigues & Whitney, Bret Myers, 2018, An overview of migratory birds in Brazil, Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 58, pp. 1-66: 27

publication ID 10.11606/1807-0205/2018.58.03

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Lurocalis semitorquatus (MPR)   : occurs from southern Mexico to northern Argentina ( Cleere,1999).There are records of breeding activity of the subspecies L. s. nattereri in lowland Atlantic Forest in SP between September and March, and of it departing from this area between April and August ( Aleixo & Galetti, 1997). In the Carlos Botelho State Park/SP, it has been considered locally migratory and its records are centered in the period between September and April ( Antunes et al., 2013), which also happens with its photographic records for the entire South and Southeast regions – RJ, SP, PR, SC, RS (WikiAves, 2016).The species seems to fly to regions further north of the country during winter, including the Amazon, where there is a resident population (L. s. semitorquatus   ) that gathers with migratory populations. Important vocal distinctions possibly prevent population cross-breeding during the wintering season of L. s. nattereri in the Amazon (T.V.V. Costa, pers. comm.). Museum data confirms the described pattern once records for South and Southeast regions are restricted to the period of September to April (MZUSP,MPEG, MNRJ) and for Amazonian region all over the year (MZUSP, MPEG).

Hydropsalis parvula (MPR)   : occurs from eastern Peru to northern Argentina and Uruguay and all through Brazil, especially south of the Amazon River. The species seems to be migratory in Brazil ( Cleere, 1999) and is present in the Central-West, Southeast and South regions especially between September and April, and in the Amazon, where it overwinters, it is restricted between April and August. In the Northeast, it seems to be present all year round. There are records of breeding activity for GO, DF, MT, MS, MG, CE, BA, AL, SE, ES, RJ, SP, PR (WikiAves, 2016) and RS ( Belton, 1984).

Podager nacunda (MPR)   : the subspecies P. n. nacunda   breeds in temperate and tropical regions in South America and migrates to hotter, more humid regions in the continent ( Azpiroz et al., 2012), where it joins the resident taxon P. n. minor ( Barbosa et al., 2015)   . Its migratory pattern is less known ( Cleere, 1999) and the overlap of the two subspecies makes it harder to differentiate records of the migratory from those of the resident population. There are records for almost the entire Brazilian territory and they are distributed in all months of the year, while evidence of breeding activity is restricted to PA, TO, GO, RJ, SP, PR and RS between September and December (WikiAves, 2016).