Neoseiulus Hughes,

Guanilo, Alberto Daniel, Moraes, Gilberto José De, Toledo, Silvana & Knapp, Markus, 2008, Phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Argentina, with description of a new species, Zootaxa 1884, pp. 1-35: 17-21

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.184278

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3510812

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF553D-FFA5-FFB4-FF1F-D3859B3AB2C8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neoseiulus Hughes
status

 

Neoseiulus Hughes 

Neoseiulus Hughes 1948: 141  ; Chant & McMurtry 2003 a: 15; 2007: 22.

Neoseiulus argentinus Guanilo & Moraes  , n. sp. ( Figure 1View FIGURE 1)

Diagnosis. Species characterized by having dorsal shield imbricate, with a smooth transversal band across bases of setae Z 4 and S 4; setae serrate, except j 4, j 5, j 6, J 2, J 5 and z 5, smooth; ventri-anal shield pentagonal and reticulate; movable and fixed cheliceral digits with 2 and 4 teeth, respectively; calyx of spermatheca bellshaped. Leg macrosetae absent.

FEMALE. (3 specimens measured)

Dorsum ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 A). Dorsal shield imbricate, with a smooth transversal band across bases of setae Z 4 and S 4; 352 (345–360) long and 200 (195–205) wide. Setae j 1 23 (22–24), j 3 24 (24–25), j 4 17, j 5 17 (16–17), j 6 17 (16–18), J 2 21 (20–23), J 5 12 (11–13), z 2 23 (20–25), z 4 27 (25–29), z 5 18 (18–19), Z 1 27 (26–28), Z 4 36 (34–38), Z 5 44 (42–49), s 4 31 (31–32), S 2 32 (30–34), S 4 28 (24–30), S 5 28 (25–30), r 3 27, R 1 22 (20–24). Setae serrate, except j 4, j 5, j 6, J 2, J 5 and z 5, smooth.

Venter ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 B). Sternal shield mostly smooth, with few lateral striae; posterior margin slightly concave; distances between st 1 -st 3 57 (54–60) and st 2 -st 2 59 (58–60). Genital shield smooth; distance between st 5 -st 5 58 (57–60) Ventri-anal shield pentagonal, reticulate, with anterior margin slightly convex and lateral margins slightly concave between ZV 2 and JV 4; 119 (115–125) long, 86 (85–88) wide at level of ZV 2 and 73 (70–75) wide at level of anus; with 3 pairs of pre-anal setae (JV 1, JV 2 and ZV 2); JV 4, JV 5, ZV 1 and ZV 3 on soft cuticle; JV 5 35 (34–36), serrate; rounded pre-anal pores posterior to and in longitudinal line with JV 2. With 2 pairs of metapodal shields.

Peritreme. Extending forward to level of j 1.

Chelicera ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 E). Movable digit 27 long, with 2 teeth; fixed digit 29 long, with 4 teeth.

Spermatheca ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 D). Calyx bell-shaped 13 (12–15) long; atrium nodular.

Legs ( Fig 1View FIGURE 1 C). Without macrosetae. Chaetotaxy: genu II 2, 2/ 1-2 /1, 1; genu III 1, 2/ 1-2 /0, 1.

MALE. (1 specimen measured)

Dorsum. Dorsal shield pattern as in female; 260 long and 176 wide. Setae j 1 16, j 3 18, j 4 12, j 5 15, j 6 15, J 2 16, J 5 10, z 2 21, z 4 15, z 5 16, Z 1 21, Z 4 23, Z 5 32, s 4 22, S 2 27, S 4 18, S 5 17, r 3 20, R 1 17. Setae serrate, except j 4, j 5, j 6, J 2, J 5 and z 5 smooth.

Venter ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 G). Ventri-anal shield subtriangular, reticulate; 117 long and 145 wide at the anterior corners; with 3 pairs of pre-anal setae, 4 pairs of lyrifissures (1 pair anterior to and in longitudinal line with JV1, 1 pair slightly posterior and laterad of JV1, 1 pair laterad to and in transversal line with ZV 1 and 1 pair laterad to and in transversal line with JV 2), rounded pre-anal pores posterior and in longitudinal line with JV 2; JV 5 21, serrate.

Peritreme. Extending to level between j 1 and j 3.

Chelicera. Spermatodactyl about 19 long, L-shaped ( Figure 1View FIGURE 1 F).

Legs. Without macrosetae.

Locality and type material. Holotype female, allotype and 3 paratype females: Entre Ríos, Chajarí, Taue (30 ° 45 ' 44.3 ''S, 58 °0' 53 ''W), 5 -V- 2007, on Solanum americanum, A. D. Guanilo  , deposited at Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil (ESALQ-USP). Three paratype females, same collection data as holotype, deposited at “Fundación Miguel Lillo”, Tucumán, Argentina.

Etymology. The name argentinus  refers to Argentina, the country of origin of the type specimens of this species.

Remarks. This new species is similar to Neoseiulus plumosus  Denmark & Muma, Neoseiulus tunus  ( De Leon) and Neoseiulus neotunus  ( Denmark & Muma) but differs mainly by the absence of macrosetae on all legs. In addition N. neotunus  differs by having setae j 1, z 5, Z 4, Z 5 and S 5 approximately 1.7, 1.4, 0.7 and 0.7 times as long as in this new species; N. plumosus  differs by having setae S 4, S 5 and z 2 approximately 1.7, 2.8 and 1.5 times as long as in this new species; and N. tunus  differs by having the setae Z 5 and S 5 approximately 0.7 and 1.6 times as long as in this new species. N. argentinus  n. sp. belongs to the tunus  species subgroup of the cucumeris species group, as defined by Chant & McMurtry (2003 a).

Neoseiulus barkeri Hughes 

Neoseiulus barkeri Hughes 1948: 141  ; Moraes et al. 1986: 70; 2004: 104; Chant & McMurtry 2003 a: 35; 2007: 25. Lasioseius polonicus Willmann 1949: 117  (synonymy by Nesbitt 1951).

Typhlodromus (Neoseiulus) barkeri, Nesbitt 1951: 35  –36.

Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) barkeri, Chant 1959: 61  .

Amblyseius mckenziei Schuster & Pritchard 1963: 268  (synonymy by Ragusa & Athias-Henriot 1983). Amblyseius (Amblyseius) usitatus  Van der Merwe 1965: 71 (synonymy by Ueckermann & Loots 1988). Amblyseius oahuensis Prasad 1968: 1518  (synonymy by Ragusa & Athias-Henriot 1983). Amblyseius picketti Specht 1968: 681  (synonymy by Ragusa & Athias-Henriot 1983).

Amblyseius mycophilus Karg 1970: 290  (synonymy by Ragusa & Athias-Henriot 1983). Amblyseius masiaka Blommers & Chazeau 1974: 308  (synonymy by Ueckermann & Loots 1988).

Previous records. Argentina [Tucumán ( Furtado et al. 2007)], Algeria, Australia, Brazil, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, China, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, The Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Reunion Island, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, West Bank and Yemen.

Remarks. No additional specimens of this species were found in this study. Neoseiulus chascomensis (Sheals)  was described based only on the holotype, collected in Buenos Aires, Argentina. No further specimens of this species have been reported in the literature. N. tranversus  is known only from the holotype, the allotype and a specimen reported by Furtado et al. (2007) from Argentina. Ragusa & Athias-Henriot (1973) considered N. chascomensis  to differ from N. barkeri  and N. tranversus  Denmark & Muma by having gland pore “gd 2 ” present, by the different lengths of setae z 2 and s 4 and macrosetae on tarsus IV, as well as by the different shapes of the ventri-anal shield and of the spermatheca. These differences could represent intra-specific variations. A conclusion in relation to the possible synonymy among those species would require the collection of additional specimens of N. chascomensis  and N. transversus  .

Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) 

Typhlodromus californicus McGregor 1954: 89  .

Typhlodromus chilenensis Dosse 1958: 55  (synonymy by Chant & McMurtry 2003 a; El-Banhawy 1979). Cydnodromus californicus, Athias-Henriot 1977: 62  .

Neoseiulus californicus, Moraes et al. 1986: 73  ; 2004: 109; Chant & McMurtry 2003 a: 21; 2007: 25. Amblyseius (Amblyseius) californicus, Ehara & Amano 1993: 10  .

Amblyseius (Neoseiulus) californicus, Ehara & Amano 1998: 33  .

FEMALE. (3 specimens measured)

Dorsal shield 347 (325–360) long and 167 (150–175) wide; j 1 21 (20–22), j 3 28 (25–30), j 4 21 (20–22), j 5 21 (20–24), j 6 25 (22–28), J 2 32 (30–35), J 5 11 (10–13), z 2 25 (20–30), z 4 28 (25–30), z 5 21 (19–23), Z 1 30 (28–32), Z 4 45 (40–48), Z 5 65 (62–67), s 4 35 (30–39), S 2 36 (32–38), S 4 34 (31–37), S 5 28 (25–30), r 3 23 (20–25), R 1 21 (18–22); distances between st 1 -st 3 60 (58–62), st 2 -st 2 57 (53–60) and st 5 -st 5 62 (58–65); ventri-anal shield 118 (105–125) long, 98 (88–105) wide at level of ZV 2 and 68 (63–75) wide at level of anus; JV 5 47 (45–50); movable cheliceral digit 25 long, with 1 tooth; fixed cheliceral digit 26 long, with 3 teeth; calyx of spermatheca 12 long; St IV 50 (45–54). Chaetotaxy: genu II 2, 2/ 0-2 /0, 1; genu III 1, 2/ 1-2 /0, 1.

MALE. (1 specimen measured)

Dorsal shield 280 long and 160 wide; j 1 16, j 3 27, j 4 20, j 5 19, j 6 23, J 2 28, J 5 10, z 2 26, z 4 23, z 5 19, Z 1 28, Z 4 43, Z 5 45, s 4 29, S 2 34, S 4 32, S 5 22, r3, 20, R 1 19; ventri-anal shield 155 long and 150 wide at the anterior corners; St IV 37.

Specimens examined. Entre Ríos: Paraná – Paraná (31 ° 44 ' 27.2 ''S, 60 ° 31 ' 6.8 ''W), 3 -V- 2007, on unidentified plant (3 Ψ); Paraná – Ruta Crespo (II) (31 ° 57 ' 53.3 ''S, 60 ° 20 ' 4.9 ''W), 3 -V- 2007, on Solanum  sp 2. (1 Ψ). Salta: Joaquín V. Gonzalez – Desvío (25 ° 9 ' 51.2 ''S, 64 ° 5 ' 10.2 ''W), 12 -V- 2007, on Physalis angulata  (4 Ψ, 1 ɗ, 1 immature). Tucumán: San Miguel de Tucumán – Zanja Abierta (26 ° 48 ' 19.6 ''S, 65 ° 20 ' 26.2 ''W), 15 -V- 2007, on Salpichroa origanifolia  (1 Ψ); San Miguel de Tucumán – 7 de Abril (26 ° 34 ' 9.4 ''S, 64 ° 32 ' 16.4 ''W), 15 -V- 2007, on P. angulata  (1 Ψ); San Miguel de Tucumán – Vipos (26 ° 28 ' 34.2 ''S, 65 ° 18 ' 42.3 ''W), 15 -V- 2007, on Solanum melongena  (1 Ψ); on Nicandra physaloides  (3 Ψ).

Previous records. Algeria, Argentina [unspecified location ( McMurtry 1977); Buenos Aires ( Monetti & Fernandez 1995; Cedola 1999), Río Negro ( Ruiz et al. 2005) and Tucumán ( Furtado et al. 2007)], Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, France, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Greece, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Peru, Spain, Taiwan, Tunisia, USA, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Remarks. This species was originally described from a single adult male; measurements of specimens from California, USA (the state from where this species was originally described) were given by Schuster & Pritchard (1963). In specimens collected in this study, seta z 4 was 0.8 times as long as reported by Schuster & Pritchard (1963); otherwise, the measurements of the specimens collected in this study are very similar to those given by those authors.

Neoseiulus chascomensis (Sheals) 

Typhlodromus chascomensis Sheals 1962: 101  .

Amblyseius chascomensis, Schicha 1981: 214  .

Neoseiulus chascomensis, Ragusa & Athias-Henriot 1983: 668  ; Moraes et al. 1986: 75; 2004: 112; Chant & McMurtry 2003 a: 21; 2007: 25.

Previous records. Argentina [Buenos Aires ( Sheals 1962)]. Remarks. See the remarks under N. barkeri  . No additional specimens of this species were found in the present study.

Neoseiulus idaeus  Denmark & Muma

Neoseiulus idaeus  Denmark & Muma 1973: 266; Moraes et al. 1986: 83; 2004: 124; Chant & McMurtry 2003 a: 21; 2007: 29; Guanilo et al. in press.

Amblyseius idaeus, Moraes & McMurtry 1983: 134  .

Neoseiulus tridenticus Ueckermann, Moraes & Zannou  , in Zannou et al. 2006: 271 (synonymy by Guanilo et al. in press).

FEMALE. (3 specimens measured)

Dorsal shield 347 (325–358) long and 164 (155–175) wide; j 1 22 (20–23), j 3 48 (42–54), j 4 44 (37–51), j 5 44 (40–51), j 6 52 (47–58), J 2 52 (49–55), J 5 10, z 2 48 (42–52), z 4 53 (47–59), z 5 39 (32–47), Z 1 54 (48–60), Z 4 66 (62–72), Z 5 71 (68–76), s 4 62 (57–67), S 2 58 (55–61), S 4 36 (32–39), S 5 29 (26–31), r 3 32 (25–38), R 1 33 (26–41); distances between st 1 -st 3 59 (56–63), st 2 -st 2 58 (55–61) and st 5 -st 5 61 (58–64); ventri-anal shield 114 (108–123) long, 90 (83–100) wide at level of ZV 2 and 74 (70–77) wide at level of anus; JV 5 53 (49–56); movable cheliceral digit 23 (21–25) long, with 2–3 teeth; fixed cheliceral digit 23 (22–23) long, with 4–6 teeth; calyx of spermatheca 12 (11–13) long; St IV 46 (45–47). Chaetotaxy: genu II 2, 2/ 0-2 /0, 1; genu III 1, 2/ 1-2 /0, 1.

Specimens examined. Corrientes: Goya – Gomez (29 ° 5 ' 36.5 ''S, 59 ° 10 ' 13.9 ''W), 7 -V- 2007, on Solanum  sp. 1 (1 Ψ). Salta: Metán – Crestón (25 ° 29 ' 25.3 ''S, 64 ° 58 ' 28.10 ''W), 12 -V- 2007, on Va ss o bi a breviflora  (11 Ψ). Tucumán: San Miguel de Tucumán – 7 de Abril (26 ° 34 ' 9.4 ''S, 64 ° 32 ' 16.4 ''W), 15 -V- 2007, on Physalis angulata  (1 Ψ); San Miguel de Tucumán – Portal La Virginia (26 ° 42 ' 41.4 ''S, 64 ° 57 ' 44.5 ''W), 15 -V- 2007, on Nicotiana glauca  (2 Ψ, 1 ɗ); on Salpichroa origanifolia  (1 Ψ); on Solanum melongena  (1 Ψ); on Nicandra physaloides  (6 Ψ).

Previous records. Argentina [Tucumán ( Furtado et al. 2007)], Brazil, Colombia, Kenya ( Zannou et al. 2006), Paraguay, Peru (Guanilo et al. in press) and Venezuela.

Neoseiulus transversus  Denmark & Muma

Neoseiulus transversus  Denmark & Muma 1973: 267; Ragusa & Athias-Henriot 1983: 668; Moraes et al. 1986: 98; 2004: 148; Chant & McMurtry 2003 a: 37; 2007: 31.

Previous records. Argentina [Tucumán ( Furtado et al. 2007)] and Brazil. Remarks. See the remarks under N. barkeri  . No additional specimens of this species were found in this study.

Neoseiulus tunus  ( De Leon)

Typhlodromips tunu  s De Leon 1967: 29; Moraes et al. 1986: 151.

Amblyseius tunus, McMurtry & Moraes 1989: 181  ; Feres & Moraes 1998: 126.

Neoseiulus tunus, Moraes et al. 2000: 248  ; 2004: 135; Chant & McMurtry 2003 a: 21; 2007: 31; Lofego et al. 2004: 8 View Cited Treatment .

FEMALE. (3 specimens measured)

Dorsal shield 290 (275–300) long and 181 (175–185) wide; j 1 23 (21–25), j 3 29 (28–30), j 4 14 (12–16), j 5 14 (14–15), j 6 20 (19–22), J 2 26 (22–28), J 5 8 (7–10), s 4 42 (42–43), S 2 41 (38–43), S 4 25 (23–30), S 5 16 (13–18), z 2 25 (24–27), z 4 35, z 5 16 (15–16), Z 1 29 (26–32), Z 4 47, Z 5 70 (67–72), r 3 26 (23–30), R 1 18 (17–20); distances between st 1 -st 3 54 (53–55), st 2 -st 2 62 (60–63) and st 5 -st 5 61 (60–63); ventri-anal shield 97 (90–105) long, 75 wide at level of ZV 2 and 62 (60–63) wide at level of anus; JV 5 48 (45–50); movable cheliceral digit 32 (31–33) long, with 3 teeth; fixed cheliceral digit 30 long, with 6 teeth; calyx of spermatheca 7 (6–9) long; Sge IV 20 (20–21), St IV 32 (30–33). Chaetotaxy: genu II 2, 2/ 0-2 /1, 1; genu III 1, 2/ 1-2 /0, 1.

Specimens examined. Entre Ríos: Paraná – Paraná (31 ° 44 ' 27.2 ''S, 60 ° 31 ' 6.8 ''W), 3 -V- 2007, on amaranthaceous plant (3 Ψ); on Nicotiana glauca  (15 Ψ). Corrientes: Curuzú Cuatiá – Ex Ruta 14 (29 ° 46 ' 34.6 ''S, 58 ° 4 ' 42.8 ''W), 6 -V- 2007, on Solanum americanum  (2 Ψ). Salta: San Ramón de la Nueva Orán – Ingenio Lote Verona (23 ° 9 ' 45.9 ''S, 56 ° 19 ' 41.6 ''W), 10 -V- 2007, unidentified plant (1 Ψ); Joaquín V. Gonzalez – Desvío (25 ° 9 ' 51.2 ''S, 64 ° 5 ' 10.2 ''W), 12 -V- 2007, on Cestrum  sp. (1 Ψ). Tucumán: San Miguel de Tucumán – Portal La Virginia (26 ° 42 ' 41.4 ''S, 64 ° 57 ' 44.5 ''W), 15 -V- 2007, on N. glauca  (1 Ψ); San Miguel de Tucumán – Vipos (26 ° 28 ' 34.2 ''S, 65 ° 18 ' 42.3 ''W), 15 -V- 2007, on Solanum melongena  (1 Ψ).

Previous records. Argentina [Tucumán ( Furtado et al. 2007)], Brazil, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Marie-Galante, Martinique, Peru and Trinidad.

Remarks. Females collected in this study differ by having the setae S 2 1.25 longer than the original description.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Mesostigmata

Family

Phytoseiidae

Loc

Neoseiulus Hughes

Guanilo, Alberto Daniel, Moraes, Gilberto José De, Toledo, Silvana & Knapp, Markus 2008
2008
Loc

Neoseiulus tridenticus

Zannou 2006: 271
2006
Loc

Neoseiulus

Chant 2003: 15
Hughes 1948: 141
2003
Loc

Neoseiulus californicus

Chant 2003: 21
Ehara 1993: 10
Moraes 1986: 73
2003
Loc

Neoseiulus tunus

Lofego 2004: 8
Chant 2003: 21
2003
Loc

Amblyseius tunus

Feres 1998: 126
McMurtry 1989: 181
1998
Loc

Neoseiulus barkeri

Chant 2003: 35
Moraes 1986: 70
Willmann 1949: 117
Hughes 1948: 141
1986
Loc

Neoseiulus chascomensis

Chant 2003: 21
Moraes 1986: 75
Ragusa 1983: 668
1986
Loc

Neoseiulus idaeus

Chant 2003: 21
Moraes 1986: 83
Denmark 1973: 266
1973
Loc

Neoseiulus transversus

Chant 2003: 37
Moraes 1986: 98
Ragusa 1983: 668
Denmark 1973: 267
1973
Loc

Typhlodromips tunu

Moraes 1986: 151
De 1967: 29
1967
Loc

Typhlodromus (Neoseiulus) barkeri

Nesbitt 1951: 35
Loc

Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) barkeri

Chant 1959: 61
Loc

Amblyseius mckenziei

Prasad 1968: 1518
Specht 1968: 681
Schuster 1963: 268
Loc

Amblyseius mycophilus

Blommers 1974: 308
Karg 1970: 290
Loc

Typhlodromus californicus

McGregor 1954: 89
Loc

Typhlodromus chilenensis

Athias-Henriot 1977: 62
Dosse 1958: 55
Loc

Amblyseius (Neoseiulus) californicus

Ehara 1998: 33
Loc

Typhlodromus chascomensis

Sheals 1962: 101
Loc

Amblyseius chascomensis

Schicha 1981: 214
Loc

Amblyseius idaeus

Moraes 1983: 134