Hexophthalma hahni ( Karsch, 1878 )

Lotz, Leon N., 2018, An update on the spider genus Hexophthalma (Araneae: Sicariidae) in the Afrotropical region, with descriptions of new species, European Journal of Taxonomy 424, pp. 1-18: 11-14

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.424

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2A452A63-0B25-4110-B9E1-61A69CD0E7FB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF87DA-FFD0-D53E-FD95-8B9AFAD79B89

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hexophthalma hahni ( Karsch, 1878 )
status

 

Hexophthalma hahni ( Karsch, 1878) 

Figs 11–15 View Figure , 21 View Figure , 26

Hexomma hahnii Karsch, 1878: 325  .

Sicarius testaceus Purcell, 1908: 224  . Syn. nov.

Hexophthalma hahni  – Karsch, 1879: 109. — Magalhaes et al. 2017: 850, figs 13B, 14B–C, 16G, 18G, 19C, 23A–C, 24A, 61A–D.

Sicarius hahni  – Simon, 1893: 269. — Purcell 1908: 225. — Newlands 1986: 51. — Lotz 2012: 8.

Sicarius testaceus  – Newlands 1986: 57. — Lotz 2012: 12.

Hexophthalma testacea  – Magalhaes et al. 2017: 852.

Note: Sicarius oweni Newlands, 1986: 53  is an unpublished synonym.

Diagnosis

Female inner spermathecae consist of finger-like sacs that branch close to the copulatory tube end, similar to in H. albospinosa  except that the finger-like tubes are shorter and more bulbous ( Figs 11–15 View Figure ). Male embolus consisting of a thin pointed apical part and a straight-sided thicker basal section ( Fig. 21 View Figure ), similar to in H. albospinosa  except that the thin apical part is shorter in relation to the thicker basal part. Material examined

COUNTRY UNKNOWN: 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, 4 imm. ( SAMC B7732, B8870). 

NAMIBIA: 1 ♂ [no locality or date], G. Brown leg. ( SAMC B5704);  1 ♂, Ganab , 23°04′ S, 15°10′ E, 13– 16 Sep. 1971, P.G. Olivier leg. ( NMNW 35311View Materials);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, same data as for preceding ( NMNW 35313View Materials);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, Grootfontein, Nosib Cave , 1917Bd, 8 Feb. 1995, SEGL leg. ( NMNW 43454);  1 ♂, 1 ♀, Keetmanshoop, Khabus 146 , 2618Ac, 7 Dec. 1987 – 17 Jan. 1988, Mar. 1992, N. and G. Olivier leg. ( NMNW 40752View Materials);  2 ♂♂, same data as for preceding but 23 Jul.–1 Dec. 1988 ( NMNW 42120View Materials, 42788View Materials);  1 ♀, Naukluft Park, Gifgat 2 , 2215Da, 11 Jul. 1995, E. Marais leg. ( NMNW 43673View Materials);  1 ♀, 1 imm., Naukluft Park, Gobabeb , 23°33′28.2″ S, 15°02′14.32″ E, 25 Oct. 1968, R.F. Lawrence leg. (AMSA);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, same data as for preceding but 21 Aug. 2005, G. Binford leg. ( NMNW 45835View Materials);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, Naukluft Park, Kuiseb River, near Gobabeb [23°34′ S, 15°03′ E], 18 Feb.–20 Mar. 1983, Kuiseb survey leg. ( PPRI 83/341);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, same data as for preceding but 27 Aug. 1985, C.S. Crawford leg. ( NMNW 41116View Materials);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 1 ♀, Otjiwarongo, Waterberg Plateau Park , 20°30′17.94″ S, 17°14′32.16″ E, 14 Aug. 2005, G. Binford leg. ( NMNW 45838);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Sossusvlei , 24.7° S, 15.42° E, Dec. 1988, B. Grobbelaar leg. ( PPRI 92/54);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Valencia , 96 km SW of Windhoek, 2316Ab, 23 Jun. 1969, A. Kemp leg. (AMSA);  1 ♂, 1 imm., Windhoek, Daan Viljoen Game Reserve , 22°32′16.14″ S, 16°54′44.16″ E, 12 Aug. 2005, G. Binford leg. ( NMNW 45845);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Windhoek, Verloren Cave , 23°09′ S, 16°20′ E, 28 Jun. 1993, J. Irish leg. ( NMBA 7361);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 1 imm., Messum Crater, 21°20.430′ S, 14°13.218′ E, 4–10 Apr. 2000, E. Griffin leg. ( NMNW 44724View Materials);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, 10 miles W of Okombahe [ca 21°24′ S, 15°14′ E], 10 May 1958, E.S. Ross and R.E. Leech leg. (CAS).GoogleMaps 

SOUTH AFRICA – Limpopo Province: 1 ♂, Kruger National Park, Pafuri area , 22.46° S, 31.3° E, 14 Oct. 1995, A. Leroy leg. ( PPRI 98/405);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, Limpopo Valley National Park , 22.22° S, 29.13° E, 29 Apr. 1997, J. Leroy leg. ( PPRI 97/816);GoogleMaps  4 ♂♂, Makgabeng area, W of Senwabawana , 23.24° S, 28.85° E, 22 Dec. 2006, M. Burger and R. Hawkins leg. ( PPRI 2008/3788, 2008/3807);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Rochdale, near Waterpoort , 22.54° S, 29.41° E, 4 Apr. 1993, A. Leroy leg. ( PPRI 2007/1626);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Vhembi Biosphere, Gondeni , 22.914° S, 30.050° E, 4 Dec. 2012, C. Schoeman leg. ( PPRI 2015/632).GoogleMaps  Mpumalanga: 1 ♀, 2 imm., Bango Poort, Cave Poort , 24.58° S, 31.1° E, Mar. 1984, L. Braak leg. ( PPRI 85/174). –GoogleMaps  Northern Cape Province: 1 ♂, Blackridge, E of Langberge, E-NE of Groblershoop , 28°49′ S, 22°32′ E, 22 Dec. 2005, M. Burger leg. ( PPRI 2009/3835);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Bo-Seekoebaard, SE of Groblershoop [29°05′ S, 22°17′ E], 13 Dec. 2005, M. Burger leg. ( PPRI 2009/3834);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Bushmanland, Krapohl Island [28°50′30″ S, 18°43′30″ E], 1909 ( SAMC 14708View Materials);GoogleMaps  2 ♀♀, 4 imm., Calvinia, Klein Arendskraal , 31°24′ S, 19°03′ E, 19 Feb. 2004, L.N. Lotz leg. ( NMBA 9259, 9269);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, Douglas [29°04′ S, 23°47′ E], R. Broom leg. (AMSA);GoogleMaps  3 ♂♂, Eselsfontein, south of Grootdrink , 28.62° S, 21.68° E, 13 Nov. 2005, M. Burger, P. Braad and A. Hill leg. ( PPRI 2009/3830–32);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, same data as for precedings but 22 Nov. 2005, M. Burger leg. ( PPRI 2009/3833);GoogleMaps  1♂, 1 imm., Little Namaqualand, Kamies [Kamieskroon?] [ca 30°13′ S, 17°56′ E] ( SAMC B7442);GoogleMaps  1♂, 1 imm., Namaqualand, Kap Kap 382 , 30°16′ S, 18°22′ E, 20 Oct. 1990, L.N. Lotz leg. ( NMBA 5122);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, 1 ♀, Nieuwoudtville, Oorlogskloof Nature Reserve , 31.45° S, 19.1° E, 27 Apr. 2000, A. Leroy leg. ( PPRI 2010/187);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, 2 imm., NW Gordonia , C.A. Anderson leg. ( AMSA 1967);  1 ♂, Port Nolloth, 2916Bd, 13 Mar. 1973, M.-L. Penrith leg. ( NMNW 35722View Materials);  2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Quaggafontein 476 , 15 km S-SW of Soebatsfontein , 30°11′14.6″ S, 17°32′58.6″ E, 29 Sept. 2002, BIOTA leg. ( PPRI 2009/5561, 2009/5562). –GoogleMaps  North West Province: 1 ♀, Groot Marico, 25.6° S, 26.43° E, 21 Jan. 1991, M. Filmer leg. ( PPRI 91/1323). –GoogleMaps  Western Cape Province: 1 ♀, 10 km N of Bitterfontein [ca 30°59′ S, 18°14′ E], 15 Sept. 1983, J.V. leg. ( SAMC C1981);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, Clanwilliam District ( SAMC 3548View Materials);  1 ♀, Clanwilliam, Sanddrif (Dwarsrivier 330) , 32.16° S, 18.89° E, Feb. 1993, G. Müller leg. ( PPRI 93/261);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, Donkins Bay, 3118Cd, 14 Mar. 1973, M.J. and M.-L. Penrith leg. ( NMNW 35729View Materials);  1 ♀, Doringbaai [31°49′ S, 18°14′ E], Nov. 1956, SAMC Expedition leg. ( SAMC C1235);GoogleMaps  3 ♀♀, Swartberg Nature Reserve, Gamkaskloof , 33.36° S, 21.69° E, Dec. 1995, M. de Jager leg. ( PPRI 96/399);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, 12 imm., same data as for preceding but 1 Jul. 2000, Z. van der Walt leg. ( PPRI 2002/44);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, Hans Strydom Dam Nature Reserve, Mogol , 33.95° S, 22.46° E, 19 Jan. 1983, M. Mansell leg. ( PPRI 83/198);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, The Island, S of Herbertsdale , 34.08° S, 21.77° E, 3 Jan. 2006, M. Burger leg. ( PPRI 2009/3828);GoogleMaps  1 ♂, same data as for preceding but 30 Jan. 2006 ( PPRI 2009/3829);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, 19 km SE of Klawer [ca 31°54′ S, 18°39′ E], 1 May 1958 (CAS);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, Lutzville, Vlêrmuisklip, near Vredendal , 31.39° S, 18.32° E, 2 Oct. 1986, M.W. Mansell and J. Hoffman leg. ( PPRI 86/650);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, Papendorp, near Olifants River Estuary [ca 31°42′ S, 18°13′ E], 12 Nov. 1949, B. Malkin leg. (CAS);GoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, 1 imm., Prince Albert, Swartberg Nature Reserve, Gamkaskloof , Die Hel , 33°20′ S, 21°40′ E, Sep. 1998, Z. van der Walt leg. ( NMBA 8695, 8860);GoogleMaps  1 ♀, 3 imm., Vanrhynsdorp, Van Rhyn’s Pass , 31.6° S, 18.75° E, 3 Oct. 1986, M.W. Mansell and J. Hoffman leg. ( PPRI 86/648).GoogleMaps 

ZIMBABWE: 1 ♀, Pande Mine, 2230Ad, 9 Feb. 1994, F. Nyathi leg. ( NMZB A/11518);  1 ♀, 1 imm., Sentinel Ranch, Hunters Camp , 2229Ab, 16 Apr. 1990, Falcon Collage-NHMZ leg. ( NMZB A/9940). 

Natural history

Hexophthalma hahni  have been collected in the Fynbos, Grassland, Karoo, Desert and Savanna biomes, by pitfall traps and by hand, in caves and from under rocks and logs.

Distribution

Hexophthalma hahni  is distributed in Namibia, South Africa and southern Zimbabwe ( Fig. 26 View Figure ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Sicariidae

Genus

Hexophthalma

Loc

Hexophthalma hahni ( Karsch, 1878 )

Lotz, Leon N. 2018

2018
Loc

Hexomma hahnii

: 325

Loc

Sicarius testaceus

: 224

Loc

Hexophthalma hahni

: 109 : 850

Loc

Sicarius hahni

: 269 : 225 : 51 : 8

Loc

Sicarius testaceus

: 57 : 12

Loc

Hexophthalma testacea

: 852